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ING Wardana
Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, Brawijaya, University Malang

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Pengaruh Penambahan Tongkol Jagung Terhadap Performa Pembakaran Bahan Bakar Briket Blotong (Filter Cake) Hamidi, Nurkholis; Wardana, ING; Sasmito, Handono
Jurnal Rekayasa Mesin Vol 2, No 2 (2011)
Publisher : Jurusan Teknik Mesin, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

Studies have been carried out on utilizing agricultural wastes of corn cobs to enhance the properties of filter cake briquette. Briquettes of mixtures between filter cake and corn cobs were produced in order to increase the fiber content and reduce the ash content. In this study, the concentrations of corn cobs were varied at 0%, 2%, 6%, 10%, and 15%. The properties of the briquettes were compared. It was found that the burning rate, caloric value, burning temperature and combustion efficiency showed improvement with increase in corn cobs concentration. Keywords : filter cake, corn cobs, combustion performance
The Energy Flux Different Stability Estimation Of Hydraulic Flow in a Horizontal Pipeline With Longitudinal Grooves Number Variation Hadi, Abdul; Wardana, ING; Sutikno, Djoko
Jurnal Rekayasa Mesin Vol 2, No 2 (2011)
Publisher : Jurusan Teknik Mesin, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

The experimentally research was governed to estimate the external (source) and internal signal combined system without separate each other. Referring to that, the Lumped Parameter System (LPS) analytical modeling method by Matko et al (2001) as looked as possible is significance and accurately to estimate the internal pressure or difference pressure fluctuation of fluid lines. By using the LPS method were known that the horizontal fluid lines dynamic system with longitudinal grooves number variation (in fractal geometry image) for which will be used as an object in this research are fulfilled as a low frequency model class and small gain pressure fluctuation for every measurement acquisition result It’s properly in the LPS modeling method, the hydraulic fluid lines should be looked as a compressible fluid and over pass storage of energy charging so the response is not only affected by resistance but also by inductanc e and capacitance of the fluid. The three fluid elements respectively for a pipeline length unit are constant, have positive values eventually and modified as a function of the pipeline hydraulic diameter. It’s confirmed that the result could be given to predict the locally linearly stability character of the fluid flow energy flux different between upstream and downstream pipeline positions.Keyword: Energy flux different stability, hydraulic flow, horizontal pipeline, Longitudina grooves number variation, Lumped parameter system analytical modeling
Pengaruh Kadar Karbondioksida (CO2) dan Nitrogen (N2) Pada Karakteristik Pembakaran Gas Metana Wahyudi, Djoko; Wardana, ING; Hamidi, Nurkholis
Rekayasa Mesin Vol 3, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Jurusan Teknik Mesin, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

One of the renewable energy is biogas. Biogas has a great chance in its development. Biogas resulted from fermentation process is consists of: CH4 (55-75%), CO2 (25-45%), H2 (1- 5%), N2 (0-0.3%), O2 (0.1-0.5%), and H2S (0-3%). If biogas is cleared from polluter well it will have the same characteristics with natural gas. Components of the polluter water (H2O), hydrogen and as sulfide (H2S), carbon dioxide (CO2) and some particulates should be eliminated to achieve pipeline quality gas. In order to understand how the influence of the levels of CO2 and N2 of the methane combustion characteristic. The observation was conducted experimentally by burning a mixture of stoichiometry (methane gas and air) with a percentage of CO2 and N2 in the transparent fuel square-shaped space with dimensions 500 x 200 x 10 mm. The results showed that the levels of CO2 and N2 affect the combustion process, it causing the blue flame to be fade.It indicated the combustion is not perfect and the levels of CO2 and N2 inhibits the collision reaction between molecules of methane gas and air molecules. The result also showed that CO2 reduce the flame speed. Keywords: energy, CO2, N2, combustion characteristic, methane gas, air
Karakteristik Pembakaran CH4 Dengan Penambahan Co2 Pada Model Helle- Shaw Cell Pada Penyalaan Bawah Uwar, Nur Aini; Wardana, ING; Widhiyanuriyawan, Denny
Jurnal Rekayasa Mesin Vol 3, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Jurusan Teknik Mesin, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

Along with the development of industrial technologies is rapidly increasing the demand for renewable energy sources becomes a very important consideration. One of the alternative energy is now being developed is the energy derived from organic materials, this is because the organic compounds are classified as renewable energy. One energy technology in accordance with the requirements of the biogas technology. If biogas is purified or cleaned of impurities in this case CO2 is good, he would have the same characteristics as natural gas. How big is the influence of CO2 on heating value (heat) in the combustion process it is necessary to an investigation. one by looking at the characteristics of combustion, both the pattern and pace of rambatnya. Combustor used in this study is a model of Helle-shaw cell measuring 50 x 20 x 1 cm. Variation of the mixture used is the ratio 7,5:1 to 10: 1 with the addition of 10% 20%, 30% CO2. Performed on the ignition of ignition. Observation of the shape and rate of flame propagation is done using a high speed camera. The results showed that the ratio of 7,5:1 to 10: 1 blue color of the flame and the flame propagation speed greater penembahan but with 10% CO2 20%, 30% color changing flame reddish yellow which indicates incomplete combustion occurs, and the smaller the rate of flame propagation. This is influenced by the presence of buoyancy forces generated by the combustion.Keywords: energy, gas methane (CH4), CO2, the rate of propagation of flame
Peningkatan Implementasi 5S Dan Total Productive Maintenance Dengan Menggunakan Pendekatan Dmaic Dan Expert System (Studi Kasus PT. “XYZ”, Jawa Timur) Nafida, Wiluddyana Ghoisi; Wardana, ING; Soenoko, Rudy
Rekayasa Mesin Vol 3, No 3 (2012)
Publisher : Jurusan Teknik Mesin, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

This research aimed to increase implementation of 5S (Seiri, Seiton, Seiso, Seiketsu, Shitsuke) and Total Productive Maintenance (TPM) in a paper manufacture company using integration of DMAIC (Define, Measure, Analyze, Improvement, Control) approach and expert system. The DMAIC approach was used for obtain main problem why implementation worked ineffectively, root-cause problem, and improvement solution for business process. Expert system was used to help fastening consultation process while the expert of 5S and TPM, which is few in number, have no time to give consultation. Problems often occurred in 5S and TPM implementation during 2011-2012 are Seiso, Seiton, Autonomous Maintenance, and Seiri. Those problems are caused by the process business that only focused in audit system, instead of 5S implementation stage itself whereas many mechanic or electric still have wrong perception about 5S, and also caused by Autonomous Maintenance that not work effectively. The proposed improvement for the problem are to implement 5S activities on daily activities in simple way in order to introduce 5S culture and increase frequency and control of Autonomous Maintenance. Expert system development delivered application (called SIPAMS) that gives recommendation for main problem. SIPAMS help organization member, such as operator, mechanic, electric and others who didn’t receive 5S/TPM implementation training, to consult and to learn basic principles of 5S and TPM.Keywords: 5S, Total Productive Maintenace, DMAIC Approach, Expert System
Pengaruh Penambahan HHO terhadap Kinerja dan Ionisasi Pembakaran Motor Bensin Akbar, Ali; Wardana, ING; Yuliati, Lilis
Rekayasa Mesin Vol 5, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Jurusan Teknik Mesin, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

This aim of this research was to conduct the effect of HHO which injected into the combustion chamber through the intake manifold of the gasoline four-stroke motorcycle engine. HHO is a mixture of hydrogen and oxygen was produced by water electrolysis process.The experiments were carried out by using the HHO generatorin intake manifold to produced HHO gas, which injected into the combustion chamber. The HHO gas injection was varied of 0 ml/s, 0.75 ml/s, 1.5 ml/s, 2.25 ml/s and 3 ml/s based on the engine shaft revolution (rpm). The engine shaft revolutions were also varied at 1700 rpm, 2200 rpm, 2700 rpm, 3200 rpm, 3700 rpm, and 4200 rpm. The engine performance (power output effectively, SFC, and thermal efficiency), the ionization combustion (burning voltage and burning time) and exhaust gas emissions (HC and CO) were investigated. The results show that the additionof the HHO gascould improve the performance of the gasoline four-stroke engine. The effective of power out-put and thermal efficiency increase as increase the HHO injection.The specific fuel consumption (sfc) was also decreases as increases the HHO injection. The ionization combustion much better, which the voltage products of combustion increase and combustion time decrease as increase the HHO injection. The addition of HHO gas was also improved the quality of exhaust gas emission which are reduce the content of CO and HC gases due tothe HHO enhance the combustion process. The hydrogen gas has a high diffusivity which can improve of the fuel mixing, turbulence and homogeneity. The hydrogen gas has the flamehigh faster than gasoline, therefore its decrease the burning time as increase the HHO injection.Keywords: HHO, Hydrogen, Ionization, Gasoline Engine, Emissions
Pengaruh Temperatur Larutan Triethylamine (Tea), Air dan Ca(OH) 2 terhadap Pelepasan CO 2 pada Proses Pemurnian Biogas Kurniawan, Zulkifli; Wardana, ING; Widhiyanuriyawan, Denny
Rekayasa Mesin Vol 5, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Jurusan Teknik Mesin, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

Biogas is renewable fuel that generated by bacteria activities in anaërobic organic matter process. Biogas composed by CH 4 17 (54% to 70%), CO2 (27% to 45%) and impurities gas such as N2 , H2O, CO, H2S. The CO2 on biogas should be reduced because it’s as inhibitor that reduces heat of biogas flame. This research proposed to reduce CO 2 in the packed column purification system by using TEA, H2O, and Ca(OH)2 solution as absorber.The absorber temperature were variated 35o, 45o, 55omand 65oC for knowing performance absorber reduce CO2 at the flow rate of CO 2 and CH4 , entering packed collum by 0.1 l/m, release time of CO2 in heater was eight minutes by comparison CH4 , and CO2 i.e. 80 % -20 %, 85 % -15 %, 90 % -10 % and 95 % -5 %. The result of this study was the higher the temperature heating, the higher the percentage of CO2 released. Absorbentt TEA + H2O and combined TEA + H2O + Ca(OH)2 , improve absorption of CO2 in a linear manner at a temperature of warming 35, 45, 55, 65 c.Keywords : Biogas, Absorption, Temperature, TEA, H2O, Ca(OH)2
Analisis Pemodelan Sistem Hibrid Proton Conducting Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (pSOFC) – Turbin Gas Mikro Pada Matlab-Simulink Pranoto, Bayu; Tseng, Chung-Jen; Wardana, ING
Rekayasa Mesin Vol 7, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Jurusan Teknik Mesin, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Brawijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (346.39 KB) | DOI: 10.21776/ub.jrm.2016.007.01.5

Abstract

This study simulated Proton Conducting Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (pSOFC) – Micro Gas Turbine (MGT) hybrid system on three different configuration. The first configuration use bypass hot gas from combustor going to fuel heater without  pass the turbine first. The second configuration use bypass hot gas out of turbine going to fuel heater. The third configuration is combined bypass out of combustor and also bypass out of turbine. The performance of these system are analyzed by using variation of operating pressure, fuel utilization (Uf), steam to carbon ratio (S/C), and bypass valve. Moreover, the impact of different bypass position were also evaluated. The result shows that the efficiency of using a double bypass hot gas flow after combustor and turbine is about 67%. This configuration became the best one among of another two configuration which proposed in this research.  The utilization of heat by using a double bypass hot flow gas after turbine and combustor has proven more effective to increase the system efficiency. Means that it can reduce the heat losses of the system.
Pengaruh Penambahan Nanokatalis MnFe2O4 Terhadap Proses Pirolisis Sampah Plastik HDPE Wati, Rita Fajar; Wardana, ING; Winarto, Winarto; Sukarni, Sukarni; Puspitasari, Poppy
Jurnal Rekayasa Mesin Vol 9, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Jurusan Teknik Mesin, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Brawijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (177.71 KB) | DOI: 10.21776/ub.jrm.2018.009.03.9

Abstract

The effects of MnFe2O4 nanocatalyst addition toward HDPE plastic waste pyrolysis have been investigated by performing experiments on METTLER TOLEDE TGA DSC1 Simultaneous Thermal Analyzer at heating rates of 10oC/min by nitrogen and temperatures range from room temperature to 1000oC. The results of pyrolysis showed that the main polymer components of HDPE plastic waste, both, with and without MnFe2O4 nanocatalyst addition degraded in one stage. The MnFe2O4 nanocatalyst addition increases the maximum mass loss rate of HDPE plastic waste pyrolysis, however, it increase the degradation of the initial temperature.
Pengaruh Daya Penyinaran Gelombang Mikro Terhadap Karakteristik Pembakaran Droplet Minyak Jarak Pagar Dewi, Ray; Wardana, ING; Hamidi, Nurkholis
Jurnal Rekayasa Mesin Vol 3, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Jurusan Teknik Mesin, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

The objective this research is to investigate the effect of microwave irradiation power on the combustion characteristics of Jatropha curcas oil. Jatropha Curcas oil is one of alternative fuel. Some advantages of this oil are environmentally friendly, not included in food which can be consumed and renewable. But it can not be use directly because it has a long chemical chain with several double bonds and the viscosity and flash point are very high. One method to improve the combustion characteristics of Jatropha curcas oil, is to irradiate this oil with microwaves. This is due to the energy of microwaves can be absorbed by water, fats and sugars that can affect the Jathropa Curcas oil. The microwave frequency used is 2.45 GHz. Microwave irradiation power is given to the jatropha oil are 119 watt, 252 watt, 385 watt, 539 watt and 700 watt, and the time given 15 minute. And droplet diameter used is 1.5 - 2 mm. From this research was found that microwave can change the viscosity, visualization and dimension of the flame, increase the burning rate, percentage of microexplosion, accelerate the appearance and prolong the duration of microexplosion.Keywords: microwave irradiation, combustion characteristic,droplet