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Pendidikan Ramah Anak Berbasis Kurikulum Syariah di SD Muhammadiyah Program Khusus Kotta Barat Surakarta Widodo .
Al Iman: Jurnal Keislaman dan Kemasyarakatan Vol. 5 No. 1 (2021): Al-Iman Jurnal Keislaman dan Kemasyarakatan
Publisher : STID Raudlatul Iman Sumenep

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Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui implementasi, kendala, dan solusi implementasi pendidikan ramah anak berbasis kurikulum syariah di SD Muhammadiyah Program Khusus Kotta Barat Surakarta. Jenis penelitian kualitatif di SD Muhammadiyah Program Khusus Kotta Barat Surakarta pada bulan Juli – Nopember 2019. Nara sumber penelitian adalah kepala sekolah, guru kelas 2a, 2b, dan 2c dan siswa kelas 2a, 2b, dan 2c. Teknik pengumpulan data melalui wawancara mendalam, observasi, dan dokumentasi. Teknik keabsahan data menggunakan triangulasi data dan triangulasi metode. Teknik analisis interaktif melalui pengumpulan data, sajian data, reduksi data, dan penarikan kesimpulan. Hasil penelitian bahwa (1) Implementasi pendidikan ramah anak berbasis kurikulum syariah di SD Muhammadiyah Program Khusus Kotta Barat Surakarta diimplikasikan dengan sekolah yang nyaman, siswa yang mudah bertanya, tidak sungkan mengkritik guru, terpenuhinya kebutuhan anak, keamanan yang baik, dan berpartisipasi dalam pemilihan guru baru. (2) Kendala implementasi pendidikan ramah anak berbasis kurikulum syariah di SD Muhammadiyah Program Khusus Kotta Barat terletak pada kompetensi guru baru yang belum bisa memahami arti dari kurikulum syariah, (3) Solusi implementasi pendidikan ramah anak berbasis kurikulum syariah di SD Muhammadiyah Program Khusus Kotta Barat adalah guru baru digabungkan dengan guru lama. This study aims to determine implementation, constraints, and implementation solutions for child friendly education based syariah curriculum in SD Muhammadiyah Program Khusus Kotta Barat Surakarta. Type of qualitative research at SD Muhammadiyah Program Khusus Kotta Barat Surakarta in July - November 2019. The research sources are principal, 2a, 2b, and 2c grade teachers and 2a, 2b, and 2c grade students in SD Muhammadiyah Program Khusus Kotta Barat Surakarta. Data collection techniques through in-depth interviews, observation, and documentation. The data validity technique uses data triangulation and method triangulation. Interactive analytical techniques through data collection, data presentation, data reduction, and conclusions. The results of the research are (1) Implementation of syariah-based child-friendly education at SD Muhammadiyah Program Khusus Kotta Barat Surakarta is implied with convenient schools, easy-to-ask students, does not hesitate to criticize teachers, fulfill children's needs, good security (2) Obstacles implementation of child-friendly education based on syariah curriculum in SD Muhammadiyah Program Khusus Kotta Barat lies in the competence of new teachers who have not been able to understand the meaning of syariah curriculum (3) The implementation solution of syariah-based child-friendly education at SD Muhammadiyah Program Khusus Kotta Barat is a new teacher combined with the old teacher.
Production of Yoghurt Shiitake (Yoshitake) as a Dairy-Based Nutraceutical Food Indratininingsih .; Widodo .; Siti Isrima Oktavia Salasia; Endang Wahyuni
Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan Vol. 15 No. 1 (2004): Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan, IPB Indonesia bekerjasama dengan PATPI

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Abstract

The objective of this project was to produce shiitake-containing yoghurts as nutraceutical food. Preliminary analysis was conducted to measure nutrient contents of shiitake followed by evaluation of shiitake’s addition on the growth of yoghurt bacteria and probiotics. Yoghurt fermentation was conducted at 420C until pH reached 4.5. Culture starter used were Lactobacillus bulgaricus, Streptococcus thermophillus and Lactobacillus casei with proportion of 1:1:1. During fermentation, acidification rate, pH, titratable acidity, total of yoghurt bacteria, total of probiotics, and concentration of lentinan in the products were measured. The result showed that shiitake powder contains crude protein (22.35%), starch (16,66%), fat (11,56%), ash (7.73%), dry matter (87.57%), dietary fibre (33.35%) and unsoluble dietary fibre (5.45%). The result also showed that supplementation of 4% shiitake powder support the growth of probiotics L. casei and resulting in growth optimum at 1.26 x 109 cells/ml and 2.86 x 109 cells/ml after incubation of 6 and 10 hours respectively. Time needed to reach pH 4.5 of yoghurt supplemented with 4% shiitake powder was achieved after 7 hours of incubation as compared to 8 hours for the unsupplemented one. Total number of probiotics after fermentation of yoghurt with 4% shiitake was higher (7.16 x 109 cells/ml) as compared to the control at 5.3 x 109 cells/ml. Lentinan analysis in yoghurt showed that supplementation 4% of shiitake powder resulted in the highest lentinan accumulation at 22.8% compared with 2.3% for control and 2.9% for 2% shiitake supplementation. It can be concluded that yoghurt shiitake could be applied as nutrient food due to its high nutritious and lentinan content in the product. Key words : Yoghurt, shiitake, nutraceutical food