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Propaganda dan Teori Konspirasi: Wacana Masyarakat terhadap Covid-19 di Indonesia Akhirul Aminulloh; Myrtati Dyah Artaria; Latif Fianto; Emei Dwinanarhati Setiamandani
Jurnal Nomosleca Vol 7, No 2 (2021): Oktober, 2021
Publisher : Universitas Merdeka Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26905/nomosleca.v7i2.5821

Abstract

 The conspiracy theory allows non-existent information to be exist. Likewise with propaganda which causes information to roll without being able to ascertain its correctness because its purpose is to manipulate public opinion. This study aims to see the complexity of the fight against the Covid-19 discourse in Indonesian society. This study used a qualitative method with a critical discourse analysis approach. Data collection was obtained from online media and social media, especially Twitter in the April 2020 period. The data were analyzed by using the Critical Discourse Analysis model of Fairclough. The result of this study indicated that it was not enough for the Covid-19 outbreak to be reported as a natural virus, but to be explored into a controversial discourse in the form of a conspiracy theory. The propaganda of the Covid-19 conspiracy theory was carried out through social media. Belief in conspiracy theory was caused by three things, they were people needed definite and reasonable answer to the phenomenon of the Covid-19 pandemic, they wanted to have control over their lives, and the impact of Post Truth era. Keywords: Propaganda, Conspiracy Theory, Discourse, Covid-19
ANALISIS FRAMING BERITA KASUS KORUPSI KETUA MAHKAMAH KONSTITUSI AKIL MOCHTAR DI VIVANEWS.COM DAN DETIK.COM Latif Fianto; Akhirul Aminulloh
JISIP : Jurnal Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Vol 3, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Universitas Tribhuwana Tunggadewi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (264.886 KB) | DOI: 10.33366/jisip.v3i1.66

Abstract

Abstrak: Media online merupakan media generasi ketiga setelah media cetak dan media elektronik. Ada banya kelebihan yang dimiliki oleh media online dan salah satunya adalah kecepatan. Dalam konteks pemberitaan, media online tidak jauh berbeda dengan media yang lain, yaitu juga dipengaruhi oleh ideologi, ekonomi politik media serta berbagai kepentingan yang lain. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melihat bagaimana sebuah media online melakukan framing terhadap pemberitaannya, yaitu berita kasus korupsi Ketua Mahkamah Konstitusi Akil Mochtar di vivanews.com dan detik.com. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa framing yang dilakukan vivanews.com terhadap berita kasus korupsi Ketua Mahkamah Konstitusi Akil Mochtar ada kecenderungan memihak kepada kepentingan pemilik media yang memimpin partai Golkar. Sedang framing yang dilakukan detik.com masih menujukkan upaya media tersebut untuk obyektif dalam melakukan pemberitaan. Kata Kunci: Framing, Media Online, Kasus Korupsi Akil Mochtar
Analisis Customer Engagement pada Akun Instagram @Oksigen_Cafe Menggunakan The Circular Model of Some Fathul Qorib; Asfira Rachmad Rinata; Latif Fianto
Avant Garde Vol 9, No 2 (2021): Avant Garde
Publisher : Fakultas Komunikasi & Desain Kreatif - Universitas Budi Luhur

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36080/ag.v9i2.1464

Abstract

Malang City is one of the cities that has many cafes for the younger generation. These cafes compete to get consumers through various strategies, such as using Instagram. One of the exciting cafes in Malang is Oxygen Cafe because it is based on the arts, culture, and literature community. This study aims to see the effectiveness of using Instagram @Oksigen_Cafe in maintaining relationships with its customers through the circular model of some from Regina Lutrell, namely, share, optimize, manage, and engage. This study uses a qualitative method, the primary data source in the form of documentation @Oksigen_Cafe, then strengthened by secondary sources in interviews with cafe owners. The results show that this cafe makes maximum use of Instagram by uploading any exciting information (share) and having an empathetic conversation with followers (engage). However, social media optimization still lacks (optimize), including the lack of understanding of how to use marketing tools, both free and paid marketing (manage). The advantages of Instagram @Oksigen_Cafe, especially in the arrangement of feeds and stories that are compact and based on trending moments. In conclusion, @Oxygen_Cafe can grow through Instagram but still lacks in the technical field of social media. This study suggests that @Oxigen_Cafe expands technical understanding of the use of social media to maximize the potential of Instagram as a way to increase customer engagement.
Komodifikasi Agama dan Kepentingan Ekonomi Politik Media dalam Sinetron Para Pencari Tuhan Latif Fianto; Fathul Qorib
Jurnal Komunikasi Nusantara Vol 4 No 1 (2022)
Publisher : Unitri Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33366/jkn.v4i1.148

Abstract

Commodification is a process of transforming use value into exchange value. The soap opera The Search for God Volume 12 is the result of efforts to change the use value of religiosity into an exchange rate that can bring financial benefits. This study uses a critical perspective with an approach to the theory of media political economy. The concept of commodification of content offered by Mosco become the scalpel of this study. The data of this study is obtained from the main data source, namely the soap opera series of God Seekers Volume 12 which aired on SCTV. As for secondary data obtained from library studies or literature and internet. The result of the research shows that the soap opera of Para Pencari Tuhan (PPT) is nothing more than a commodification of aspects of spirituality or religion. Religious values that were originally viewed and used on the principle of use value were transformed into exchange values. Religion becomes a commodity in the midst of the industrialization of capitalist society. Media institutions have the power to determine a program will be used as new commodity on television screen. Every program produced by media institutions is a representative between the economic system and the political system. Abstrak Komodifikasi diartikan sebagai proses transformasi nilai guna menjadi nilai tukar. Sinetron Para Pencari Tuhan Jilid 12 adalah hasil upaya perubahan dari nilai guna relegiusitas ke dalam nilai tukar yang bisa mendatangkan keuntungan finansial. Nilai-nilai keagamaan dan ketuhanan dikomodifikasi menjadi tontontan yang layak jual. Kajian ini menggunakan perspektif kritis dengan pendekatan teori ekonomi politik media. Konsep komodifikasi isi yang ditawarkan Mosco menjadi pisau bedah kajian ini. Data kajian ini diperoleh dari sumber data utama, yaitu tayangan sinetron Para Pencari Tuhan Jilid 12 yang tayang di SCTV. Sedangkan untuk data sekundernya diperoleh dari studi kepustakaan atau literatur dan penelusuran internet. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa sinetron Para Pencari Tuhan (PPT) tidak lebih dari komodifikasi aspek spiritualitas atau agama. Nilai-nilai agama yang pada mulanya dipandang dan digunakan atas prinsip nilai guna ditransformasi menjadi nilai tukar. Agama menjadi komoditas di tengah industrialisasi masyarakat kapitalis. Lembaga media memiliki kekuatan (power) menentukan program apa saja yang akan dijadikan komoditas baru di layar kaca televisi. Setiap program yang diproduksi lembaga media adalah perwakinan antara sistem ekonomi dengan sistem politik.
Komodifikasi Agama dan Kepentingan Ekonomi Politik Media dalam Sinetron Para Pencari Tuhan Latif Fianto; Fathul Qorib
Jurnal Komunikasi Nusantara Vol 4 No 1 (2022)
Publisher : Unitri Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33366/jkn.v4i1.148

Abstract

Commodification is a process of transforming use value into exchange value. The soap opera The Search for God Volume 12 is the result of efforts to change the use value of religiosity into an exchange rate that can bring financial benefits. This study uses a critical perspective with an approach to the theory of media political economy. The concept of commodification of content offered by Mosco become the scalpel of this study. The data of this study is obtained from the main data source, namely the soap opera series of God Seekers Volume 12 which aired on SCTV. As for secondary data obtained from library studies or literature and internet. The result of the research shows that the soap opera of Para Pencari Tuhan (PPT) is nothing more than a commodification of aspects of spirituality or religion. Religious values that were originally viewed and used on the principle of use value were transformed into exchange values. Religion becomes a commodity in the midst of the industrialization of capitalist society. Media institutions have the power to determine a program will be used as new commodity on television screen. Every program produced by media institutions is a representative between the economic system and the political system. Abstrak Komodifikasi diartikan sebagai proses transformasi nilai guna menjadi nilai tukar. Sinetron Para Pencari Tuhan Jilid 12 adalah hasil upaya perubahan dari nilai guna relegiusitas ke dalam nilai tukar yang bisa mendatangkan keuntungan finansial. Nilai-nilai keagamaan dan ketuhanan dikomodifikasi menjadi tontontan yang layak jual. Kajian ini menggunakan perspektif kritis dengan pendekatan teori ekonomi politik media. Konsep komodifikasi isi yang ditawarkan Mosco menjadi pisau bedah kajian ini. Data kajian ini diperoleh dari sumber data utama, yaitu tayangan sinetron Para Pencari Tuhan Jilid 12 yang tayang di SCTV. Sedangkan untuk data sekundernya diperoleh dari studi kepustakaan atau literatur dan penelusuran internet. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa sinetron Para Pencari Tuhan (PPT) tidak lebih dari komodifikasi aspek spiritualitas atau agama. Nilai-nilai agama yang pada mulanya dipandang dan digunakan atas prinsip nilai guna ditransformasi menjadi nilai tukar. Agama menjadi komoditas di tengah industrialisasi masyarakat kapitalis. Lembaga media memiliki kekuatan (power) menentukan program apa saja yang akan dijadikan komoditas baru di layar kaca televisi. Setiap program yang diproduksi lembaga media adalah perwakinan antara sistem ekonomi dengan sistem politik.
MEDIA ONLINE DAN KONSTRUKSI PEMBERITAAN HASIL PEMILIHAN PRESIDEN 2019 Latif Fianto; Tony S Soekrani; Redi Panuju
Jurnal Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik (JISIP) Vol 11, No 3 (2022)
Publisher : Universitas Tribhuwana Tunggadewi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33366/jisip.v11i3.2524

Abstract

The declaration of victory for the presidential and vice presidential candidates Prabowo Subianto-Sandiaga Uno before the KPU centrally counted and officially announced the vote acquisition became interesting material to be constructed into the news.. However, the result of news construction carried out by the media differ from one another. The type of research used is descriptive qualitative with a framing approach to the Robert N. Entman model. The results show that Kompas.com defines Prabowo Subianto-Sandiaga Uno's declaration of victory as a unilateral victory claim with an estimated source of trouble (causal interpretation) of the results of the BPN internal vote count and evidence of fraudulent efforts in various regions. From a moral evaluation point of view, this is an inappropriate decision. The Prabowo-Sandiaga pair need to wait for the official results from the KPU and have legally protested to the court although in the end they could not change the result of the winner of the 2019 Presidential Election. Meanwhile, Cnnindonesia.com sees (problem identification) the incident as a morality problem with an estimate of the source of the problem. (causal interpretation) which is the same as Kompas.com. From a moral evaluation point of view, the Prabowo-Sandiaga camp does not believe in the 2019 Presidential Election voting process. Therefore, the recommended solution is to wait for the KPU's official results and file a procedural lawsuit regarding evidence of fraud. The direction of framing that was built by both Kompas.com and Cnnindonesia.com both directed the event to an unwise decision.Deklarasi kemenangan pasangan Calon Presiden dan Wakil Presiden Prabowo Subianto-Sandiaga Uno sebelum KPU secara terpusat menghitung dan mengumumkan perolehan suara menjadi bahan yang menarik untuk dikonstruksi ke dalam berita. Namun demikian, hasil konstruksi berita yang dilakukan oleh media berbeda satu sama lain. Jenis penelitian yang digunakan adalah kualitatif deskriptif dengan pendekatan framing model Robert N. Entman. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa Kompas.com mendefinisikan deklarasi kemenangan Prabowo Subianto-Sandiaga Uno sebagai klaim kemenangan sepihak dengan perkiraan sumber masalah (causal interpretation) hasil penghitungan suara pihak internal BPN dan ditemukannya bukti usaha kecurangan di berbagai daerah. Dari sisi moral evaluation, hal tersebut merupakan keputusan yang kurang tepat. Pasangan Prabowo-Sandiaga perlu menunggu hasil resmi dari KPU dan telah melakukan protes secara hukum ke pengadilan meski pada akhirnya tidak bisa merubah hasil pemenang Pemilu Presiden 2019. Sementara itu, Cnnindonesia.com melihat (problem identification) peristiwa tersebut sebagai permasalah moralitas dengan perkiraan sumber masalah (causal interpretation) yang sama dengan Kompas.com. Dari sisi moral evaluation, kubu Prabowo-Sandiaga tidak percaya pada proses pelaksanaan pemungutan suara Pemilu Presiden 2019. Oleh sebab itu, penyelesaian yang direkomendasikan adalah menunggu hasil resmi KPU dan melakukan gugatan prosedural terkait adanya bukti kecurangan. Arah framing yang dibangun baik Kompas.com maupun Cnnindonesia.com sama-sama mengarahkan peristiwa tersebut pada keputusan yang kurang bijakasana.
Analisis Kritis Pemberitaan Pemaksaan Pengunaan Jilbab bagi Siswi Non Muslim SMKN 2 Padang di Metro TV Martiniana Pasrin; Fathul Qorib; Latif Fianto
Jurnal Nomosleca Vol 8, No 2 (2022): Oktober, 2022
Publisher : Universitas Merdeka Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26905/nomosleca.v8i2.8761

Abstract

The news about the “forced” hijab for non-Muslim students at SMKN 2 Padang was crowded and became a national conversation. The mass media examines it from various sides with different emphases and approaches, one of which is the national media Metro TV. This study aims to see the construction and discourse built by Metro TV news that raised the case using the Critical Discourse Analysis, Teun van Dijk. The method used is descriptive qualitative with a critical paradigm. The study results show that Metro TV news considers the case part of intolerance, so the existing rules must be revised. The power used by Metro TV through the media channels is used to present two sources with different views. However, questions and conveying Metro TV's opinions led to the agreement that this case was part of the error in the regulations of the local government and the school.Keywords: Critical discourse analysis, Teun A. Van Dijk, corruption news discourse 
Propaganda and Political Memes on Social Media in the 2019 Indonesian Presidential Election Akhirul Aminulloh; Fathul Qorib; Latif Fianto; Emei Dwinanarhati Setiamandani
Journal of Islamic World and Politics Vol 6, No 2 (2022): December
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1203.572 KB) | DOI: 10.18196/jiwp.v6i2.16115

Abstract

Political memes colored the 2019 Indonesian presidential election campaign on social media. Political memes have become one of the propaganda strategies to influence public opinion to gain political support from the public before the presidential election. This study aims to analyze and understand political memes as a medium of political propaganda in the 2019 Indonesian presidential election. This study uses critical discourse analysis to uncover the meaning behind the text. The data collection technique uses documentation in the form of political memes of the two presidential candidates, both in images and political symbols scattered on social media in the January – March 2019 period. Furthermore, the data will be analyzed using Fairclough's critical discourse analysis model to find out the meaning of the text. This study indicates that social media plays an essential role in political communication in the 2019 presidential election campaign. Social media is a cheap and fast means of spreading political memes that reach potential voters widely and massively. Through political memes, Joko Widodo often talks about having links with the Indonesian Communist Party. Meanwhile, Prabowo Subianto is often spoken of by his political opponents as a supporter of the caliphate in Indonesia. These political memes are used as political propaganda to construct or deconstruct political presidential candidates' discourse and build or damage the reputation of presidential candidates to influence public opinion.
Jakarta dan Masyarakat Urban dalam Film Jakarta vs Everybody M. Abdul Ghofur; Latif Fianto; Elang Bhaskoro Adi
Jurnal Komunikasi Nusantara Vol 5 No 1 (2023)
Publisher : Unitri Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33366/jkn.v5i1.306

Abstract

Film is not just moving pictures, but these moving pictures contain meaning and become a representation of a reality. Likewise with the film Jakarta vs Everybody, which is not only entertainment but also a representation of a group of people who live in Jakarta. This study aims to dissect the representation of Jakarta urban society in the film Jakarta vs Everybody, in which the analysis knife used is Ferdinand de Saussure's semiotic theory, in which signs are associated with or are physical signs that can be sensed or are called signifiers and can take the form of concepts. mental concept or idea concept called signified. The type of research used is descriptive qualitative in order to reveal more deeply the representation of urban society in the film Jakarta vs Everybody. The results of this study reveal that there are three forms of representation describing urban society, namely the individualistic personality of society, a free and unattached lifestyle, full of nightlife and discotheques, as well as high mobility and doing anything to achieve prosperity. Abstrak Film bukan sekadar gambar yang bergerak, namun gambar-gambar yang bergerak tersebut mengandung makna dan menjadi representasi dari sebuah kenyataan. Begitu juga dengan film Jakarta vs Everybody, yang tidak hanya menjadi hiburan tetapi juga menjadi representasi dari sebuah kelompok masyarakat yang hidup di Jakarta. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk membedah representasi masyarakat urban Jakarta dalam film Jakarta vs Everybody, di mana pisau analisis yang digunakan adalah teori semiotika Ferdinand de Saussure, di mana tanda diaosiasikan dengan atau berupa tanda fisik yang dapat diindera atau disebut penanda (signifier) dan dapat berbentuk konsep mental atau konsep ide yang disebut petanda (signified). Jenis penelitian yang digunakan adalah kualitatif deskriptif guna mengungkap lebih mendalam representasi masyarakat urban dalam film Jakarta vs Everybody. Hasil penelitian ini mengungkap bahwa terdapat tiga bentuk representasi yang menggambarkan masyarakat urban Jakarta, yaitu kepribadian masyarakatnya yang individualis, gaya hidup yang bebas dan tidak terikat, penuh dengan kehidupan malam dan diskotik, serta mobilitas yang tinggi dan melakukan apa saja untuk mencapai kesejahteraan, termasuk dalam hal ini menjadi artis peran dan sekaligus pengedar narkoba.
Jakarta dan Masyarakat Urban dalam Film Jakarta vs Everybody M. Abdul Ghofur; Latif Fianto; Elang Bhaskoro Adi
Jurnal Komunikasi Nusantara Vol 5 No 1 (2023)
Publisher : Unitri Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33366/jkn.v5i1.306

Abstract

Film is not just moving pictures, but these moving pictures contain meaning and become a representation of a reality. Likewise with the film Jakarta vs Everybody, which is not only entertainment but also a representation of a group of people who live in Jakarta. This study aims to dissect the representation of Jakarta urban society in the film Jakarta vs Everybody, in which the analysis knife used is Ferdinand de Saussure's semiotic theory, in which signs are associated with or are physical signs that can be sensed or are called signifiers and can take the form of concepts. mental concept or idea concept called signified. The type of research used is descriptive qualitative in order to reveal more deeply the representation of urban society in the film Jakarta vs Everybody. The results of this study reveal that there are three forms of representation describing urban society, namely the individualistic personality of society, a free and unattached lifestyle, full of nightlife and discotheques, as well as high mobility and doing anything to achieve prosperity. Abstrak Film bukan sekadar gambar yang bergerak, namun gambar-gambar yang bergerak tersebut mengandung makna dan menjadi representasi dari sebuah kenyataan. Begitu juga dengan film Jakarta vs Everybody, yang tidak hanya menjadi hiburan tetapi juga menjadi representasi dari sebuah kelompok masyarakat yang hidup di Jakarta. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk membedah representasi masyarakat urban Jakarta dalam film Jakarta vs Everybody, di mana pisau analisis yang digunakan adalah teori semiotika Ferdinand de Saussure, di mana tanda diaosiasikan dengan atau berupa tanda fisik yang dapat diindera atau disebut penanda (signifier) dan dapat berbentuk konsep mental atau konsep ide yang disebut petanda (signified). Jenis penelitian yang digunakan adalah kualitatif deskriptif guna mengungkap lebih mendalam representasi masyarakat urban dalam film Jakarta vs Everybody. Hasil penelitian ini mengungkap bahwa terdapat tiga bentuk representasi yang menggambarkan masyarakat urban Jakarta, yaitu kepribadian masyarakatnya yang individualis, gaya hidup yang bebas dan tidak terikat, penuh dengan kehidupan malam dan diskotik, serta mobilitas yang tinggi dan melakukan apa saja untuk mencapai kesejahteraan, termasuk dalam hal ini menjadi artis peran dan sekaligus pengedar narkoba.