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Analisis Pengaruh Intersepsi Lahan Kelapa Sawit terhadap Ketersediaan Air di Kabupaten Nagan Raya (Studi Kasus pada Sub DAS Krueng Isep) Safriani, Meylis; Yulianur, Alfiansyah; Azmeri, Azmeri
Jurnal Teknik Sipil Vol 23, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Institut Teknologi Bandung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1225.771 KB) | DOI: 10.5614/jts.2016.23.2.6

Abstract

Abstrak. Perkebunan kelapa sawit di Kabupaten Nagan Raya mengalami perkembangan pesat dalam hal perluasan lahan dalam lima tahun terakhir sejak tahun 2009 hingga tahun 2013. Pada tahun 2009, luas total perkebunan sawit 27.434 hektar menjadi 40.216 hektar di tahun 2013. Perubahan tata guna lahan ini perlu diperhatikan karena dapat berpengaruh terutama pada ketersediaan air pada suatu DAS. Salah satu proses yang mempengaruhi hasil air pada suatu DAS adalah proses intersepsi. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui pengaruh intersepsi lahan kelapa sawit terhadap ketersediaan air pada sub DAS Krueng Isep dimana sub DAS ini merupakan catchment area untuk perencanaan PDAM serta sumber air untuk DI Jeuram. Metode penelitian ini dengan pengukuran secara langsung di lapangan untuk mendapatkan nilai curah hujan, air lolos, dan aliran batang. Lokasi penelitian berada di perusahaan perkebunan Kelapa Sawit di PT. Sucfindo yang terletak di Kecamatan Kuala Pesisir, Kabupaten Nagan Raya. Hasil penelitian yang diperoleh menunjukkan bahwa ketersediaan air pada sub DAS Krueng Isep dengan kondisi lahan kelapa sawit ditanami seluruhnya tidak mampu memenuhi kebutuhan air minum dan air irigasi (kebutuhan air total). Namun, pada saat sub DAS dengan kondisi lahan kelapa sawit dibatasi masih mampu memenuhi kebutuhan air total. Batasan maksimum yang diperbolehkan atau diizinkan penanaman kelapa sawit pada sub DAS Krueng Isep adalah seluas 95,94 km2.Abstract. Palm plantations in Nagan Raya experienced rapid development in terms of expansion in the last five years from 2009 to 2013. In 2009, the total area of palm plantations from 40. 216 hectares to 27. 434 hectares in 2013. Changes in land use should be noted because it can influence mainly on the availability of water in a watershed. One of the processes that affect the outcome of water in a watershed is the interception process. This study was conducted to determine the effect of palm oil interception against the water availibity in the Krueng Isep sub watershed which is a sub-watershed catchment area for planning taps and water sources for DI Jeuram. This research method with direct measurements in the field to get the rainfall, throughfall, and stemflow.The research location is in the palm plantation company PT. Sucfindo located in Kuala Pesisir Subdistrict, Nagan Raya District. The results obtained show that the water availability of the Krueng Isep sub watershed with the condition of land planted with palm wholly unable to supply the water drinking and irrigation demand (total water requirements). However, when sub-watershed with oil palm land conditions is limited still able to supply the total water requirements. The maximum limits allowed or permitted the planting of oil palm in Krueng Isep sub watershed is an area of 95,94 km2.
Analisis Kelayakan Ekonomi Bangunan Bronjong Tebing Sungai Dalam Upaya Pengendalian Erosi dian febrianti; Meylis Safriani; Zakia Zakia
TERAS JURNAL Vol 12, No 1 (2022): Volume 12 Nomor 1, Maret 2022
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS MALIKUSSALEH

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29103/tj.v12i1.611

Abstract

Abstrak Studi Kelayakan sangat diperlukan oleh banyak kalangan seperti investor atau pemerintah. Salah satu program pemerintah untuk mensejahterakan masyarakat adalah dengan membangun fasilitas atau konstruksi yang dapat berpengaruh pada perekonomian masyarakat atau untuk keselamatan masyarakat, salah satunya yaitu bronjong. Pembangunan bronjong sebagai tebing sungai di Desa Padang Mancang, Kecamatan Kaway XVI, Kabupaten Aceh Barat diharapkan dapat memberikan keselamatan bagi warga yang tinggal di sekitar sungai dikarenakan pengikisan tebing sungai yang semakin parah. Pembangunan bronjong ini disarankan dapat menjadi bahan evaluasi bagi Dinas PU Pengairan untuk mengetahui tentang studi kelayakan ekonominya. Biaya modal yang dikeluarkan untuk pembangunan bronjong adalah sebesar Rp. 8.684.106.116,- dan biaya tahunan yang dikeluarkan (biaya operasional dan pemeliharaan) adalah sebesar Rp. 37.111.565,-. Manfaat yang diperoleh dengan adanya pembangunan bronjong didapat senilai Rp. 7.214.000.000,-. Studi Kelayakan Ekonomi Pada Pembangunan Bronjong Tebing Sungai bertujuan untuk mengetahui layak atau tidak proyek tersebut dijalankan dengan menggunakan metode NPV (Net Present Value), dan BEP (Break Even Point). Studi kelayakan ini menggunakan suku bunga 5% dan umur ekonomi bangunan 65 tahun. Hasil nilai NPV yang diperoleh sebesar Rp. 397.600.237,- atau NPV > 0 dan BEP terjadi pada tahun ke-60 bulan ke-6, sehingga waktu pengembalian modal kurang dari umur ekonomis proyek, yaitu 65 tahun. Kesimpulan dari hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa proyek pembangunan bronjong ini layak dilaksanakan dan dibangun untuk menghindari erosi pada tebing sungai. Kata kunci: Studi Kelayakan, bronjong, NPV, BEP.  Abstract A feasibility study is needed by many groups such as investors or the government. One of the government's programs for the welfare of the community is to build facilities or construction that can affect the economy of the community or for the safety of the community, one of which is the gabion. The construction of gabions as river cliffs in Padang Mancang Village, Kaway XVI District, West Aceh Regency is expected to provide safety for residents living around the river due to the increasingly severe erosion of river cliffs. The construction of gabions is suggested to be used as evaluation material for the Dinas PU Pengairan to find out about its economic feasibility study. The capital cost spent for the construction of gabions is Rp. 8,684,106,116, - and the annual cost incurred (operational and maintenance costs) is Rp. 37,111,565, -. The benefits obtained from the construction of gabion are valued at Rp. 7,214,000,000, -. The Economic Feasibility Study on the Development of the River Cliffs Gabion aims to determine whether the project is feasible or not to be carried out using the NPV (Net Present Value) and BEP (Break Even Point) methods. This feasibility study uses primary data, secondary data and assumptions to be used in the calculation of cash flow analysis. By using an interest rate of 5% and an economic age of 65 years, the NPV value obtained is Rp. 397,600,237, - and BEP occurs in the 60th year of the 6th month. The results of the three methods indicate that the gabion construction project is feasible to implement or build. Keywords: Feasibility Study, Gabion, NPV, BEP
Prediction of Land Erosion Events in the Down Stream Kreung Meureubo Watershed West Aceh District Muhammad Ikhsan; Meylis Safriani; Cut Suciatina Silvia; Refvina Dari
International Journal of Engineering, Science and Information Technology Vol 1, No 4 (2021)
Publisher : Master Program of Information Technology, Universitas Malikussaleh, Aceh Utara, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (564.94 KB) | DOI: 10.52088/ijesty.v1i4.173

Abstract

This study aims to predict the occurrence of erosion in the downstream Krueng Meureubo watershed, West Aceh Regency. Erosion is the loss of topsoil due to rain splash which is analyzed as a factor of rain erosivity, but the occurrence of erosion is not necessarily calculated by the occurrence of rain alone, but many other factors, such as soil erodibility, slope and length of land, land cover and the presence or absence of land conservation efforts. the. The Krueng Meurebo watershed shows a large sediment transport, with an indication that the river is getting shallower caused by sediment deposition at the riverbed, this sediment comes from sediment carried through the process of soil erosion. The method used in analyzing the occurrence of soil erosion in this study is the USLE method and uses a Geographic Information System (GIS). The results obtained are the distribution of erosion rate values in 228 polygons, with the largest erosion rate value occurring in polygon 1 with an erosion rate of 8495.308 tons/ha/year. The smallest erosion rate occurs in polygons 30, 34, 35, 179, and 180, with an erosion rate of 0 meaning that there is no land erosion event, which occurs in organosol and glehumus and regosol soil types, land cover is settlements and water bodies. It is concluded that the occurrence of erosion in a land is very dependent on the type of soil and the type of land cover. It is recommended for land with large erosion events to take serious land conservation actions so that erosion events can be minimized and do not occur continuously which of course can cause the watershed to become critical. Conservation efforts can be carried out in various ways, one of which is by vegetative means using plants that can reduce the rate of soil erosion.
Economic Feasibility Study on The Development of Irrigation Channels Zakia Zakia; Meylis Safriani; Nessa Radianica; M Faisi Ikhwali
International Journal of Engineering, Science and Information Technology Vol 2, No 1 (2022)
Publisher : Master Program of Information Technology, Universitas Malikussaleh, Aceh Utara, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (627.66 KB) | DOI: 10.52088/ijesty.v2i1.217

Abstract

Indonesia is an agricultural country where the livelihood of the majority of the population is farming. Geographically, Indonesia is an archipelagic country that has enormous natural potential, both in the marine and agricultural fields. The agricultural sector is a sector that has an important role in improving the welfare of the entire population of Indonesia. Rice fields in Blang Beurandang Village still rely on irrigation from using rainwater to meet irrigation water needs. To increase rice yields, an irrigation network is needed that can flow water to the rice fields. It is necessary to conduct a feasibility study on the irrigation to be built so that it can be calculated from an economic point of view whether the project is feasible or not. This feasibility study is equipped with an analysis using the first method; Net Present Value (NPV), the second is the Benefit Cost Ratio (BCR) analysis, the third is the Internal Rate of Return (IRR), and the fourth is the Break Event Point (BEP). The results of this study are the value of the investment cost of the construction project or the initial capital of the irrigation canal which is IDR. 2,088,058,500, and the value of the operational and maintenance costs is IDR. 9,578,250 per year. The results obtained that NPV was IDR. 30,614,330, BCR was 1.01%, IRR was 5.88% > 5% and BEP occurred in the 22nd year and the 7th month. Based on the calculation results obtained from these four methods, it shows that the irrigation channel construction project has met the eligibility requirements and the project can be implemented or built. This means that the construction of irrigation networks in the village is feasible.
Analisis Penanganan Masalah Banjir dengan Sumur Resapan Cut Suciatina Silvia; Meylis Safriani
Civilla : Jurnal Teknik Sipil Universitas Islam Lamongan Vol 5, No 1 (2020): March
Publisher : Litbang Pemas - Universitas Islam Lamongan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30736/cvl.v5i1.410

Abstract

Kuta Padang village is located in the city of Meulaboh, where the problems that often is flood and inundation caused by the capacity of drainage channels that are not able to accommodate runoff discharge and due to changes in land use into trade areas. The purpose of this study are apply the infiltration wells technique as an effort and strategic for handling inundation and flood by excessive rainwater runoff in drainage channels and as an alternative to groundwater conservation in minimize surface runoff. The results of Permeability test show that the value of the permeability coefficient (k) = 6,283.10-5 m/sec or 22.62 cm/hour with a types of soil in Kuta Padang Village including fine sand soils with a low permeability classification and satisfy the technical requirements of SNI No. 03-2453-2002 in infiltration well planning. At the location of research study, can be implemented planning individual infiltration wells and communal infiltration wells. Individual infiltration wells with a diameter of 1 meter or radius = 0.5 meter and depth of 2 meters. Communal infiltration well with discharge based on the area of the house and yard and planning discharge based on the area of the roof is planned to be 2 meters in diameter well or radius = 1 meter and depth of 2.5 meters. total required of communal infiltration wells is 30 units and 33 units with flood discharge efficiencies > 95%.
Studi Perencanaan Bangunan Ipal Di Desa Blang Beurandang, Kabupaten Aceh Barat Meylis Safriani; Cut Suciatina Silvia
Jurnal Teknik Sipil dan Teknologi Konstruksi Vol 4, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Teknik Sipil Dan Teknologi Konstruksi
Publisher : Universitas Teuku Umar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (276.365 KB) | DOI: 10.35308/jts-utu.v4i1.594

Abstract

Iom Housing Blang Beurandang Village is a dense neighborhood where the population consists of 56 families with 160 people. Based on the preliminary survey, every household in IOM Housing already has a toilet. However, it does not yet have wastewater treatment in a septic tank. Based on these problems, it is necessary to plan the installation of communal waste treatment to improve the sanitation system in this village. Data collection in this study with primary data collection and secondary data. Primary data includes interviews and site surveys as location of IPAL planning (to obtain data on the characteristics of waste water in Blang Beurandang Village). Secondary data include population data, house number data, and topographic map of planning area. The design result obtained dimension of IPAL Building is planned to have length 11 m and width of building 3.25 meter. This building consists of several spaces including an inlet tub with dimensions of 1.15 m long and 3.25 m wide, tub settler with a length of 4.00 m and 3.25 m width, dividing tub with length of 0.80 m and width of 3, 25 m, tub filter (tub media filter) with a length of 1 m and a width of 1 m of 12 pieces and outlet with a length of 1 m and width of 1 m. In the filter basin is used biofilter in order to grow bacteria with anaerobic system. Biofilter is usually used which is fabrication. However, in the design of this WWTP biofilter used from the materials used plastic bottles are recycled in order to reduce waste and also to save the cost of development expenditure. Keywords: waste, waste treatment, installation of communal waste treatment
STUDI PENENTUAN LOKASI RAWAN KECELAKAAN PADA RUAS JALAN NASIONAL TIPE 2/2 UD DI KOTA BANDA ACEH Rahmat Sofyan; Meylis Safriani
Jurnal Teknik Sipil dan Teknologi Konstruksi Vol 3, No 4 (2017): Jurnal Teknik Sipil Dan Teknologi Konstruksi
Publisher : Universitas Teuku Umar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (221.989 KB) | DOI: 10.35308/jts-utu.v3i4.218

Abstract

The number of accidents that occurred in the city of Banda Aceh between the years 2012 - 2014 which recorded as many as 425 accidents. The number of accidents needs to be reduced given the importance of road users' safety. Some of the existing national roads in Banda Aceh City have the potential for accidents. The national road in Banda Aceh City has 3 types, type 6/2 D, type 4/2 D, and type 2/2 UD. Study on the determination of accident prone locations to minimize the number of accidents that occur should be done especially in the city of Banda Aceh which is the capital of Aceh province. In this study, a study was conducted on the location of accident-prone on the national road in Banda Aceh City with type 2/2 UD. The roads included in this type are Jalan Laksamana Malahayati, Jalan Prof. Dr. Ibrahim Hasan, and Jalan Simpang Rima-Bts Banda. This study aims to analyze the determination of accident prone locations based on accident data on national roads type 2/2 UD in Banda Aceh City and analyze safety issues in accident-prone locations based on accident data, traffic conflicts, and direct observation on location Accident prone. The ranking of vulnerable locations is done using 4 criteria, namely: 1) accident frequency, 2) Equivalent property damage only (EPDO), 3) accident rate, and 4) critical rate. The ranking comparison of these 4 criteria will be used as a reference to determine the location of the most prone to accident. From the analysis result, it was found that the accident-prone location of the three roads on the 2/2 UD road segment is Jalan Laksamana Malahayati and the road segment or the most accident-prone location is Jalan Laksamana Malahayati (Km 3 - 4). This is based on the assessment of the location that has the highest accident rate value and exceeds the critical crash rate on each of those road segments. Keywords: traffic accident, road segment, accident prone location
ANALISIS PENGARUH PENGGUNAAN ABU SABUT KELAPA SEBAGAI FILLER PADA CAMPURAN ASPAL RETONA BLEND Meylis Safriani; Dian Febrianti
Jurnal Teknik Sipil dan Teknologi Konstruksi Vol 2, No 2 (2016): Jurnal Teknik Sipil Dan Teknologi Konstruksi
Publisher : Universitas Teuku Umar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (249.243 KB) | DOI: 10.35308/jts-utu.v2i2.388

Abstract

Transport infrastructure is one element of the regional development is indispensable for the smooth access to the existing facilities in the region. The material used in the construction of highways, among others, aggregates, asphalt and filler. During this time the filler material that is often used in asphalt mixtures are cement, lime, stone dust, fly ash. However, these filler materials inventory is limited and relatively expensive. Accordingly, the need to find alternative cheap and easily obtained. One alternative is the utilization of local natural resources. The ash of coconut fiber can not be used anymore and are usually thrown away by society. By using the principles of reuse, recycle and recovery, coconut husk ash is expected to be recovered thus reducing the waste bin. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of the use of coconut husk ash as filler to mix asphalt Retona Blend 55 and to find out the coconut husk ash can be used as a substitute for the filler material mixture highway or not. The method in this study using laboratory experiments. The research showed that most of the physical properties meet the requirements prescribed specifications. Examination of the physical nature of asphalt Retona Blend 55 which includes examination density, penetration, ductility, and the softening point indicates that the asphalt can be used for fulfilling the requirements set. The composition of the mixture that the best results are with the composition of the mixture by using coconut husk ash as filler by 4.5% with the optimum asphalt at 6.25%. The use of optimum asphalt of 6.25% resulted in a value of 1295.47 kg stability, flow plastically 4.0 mm, MQ 328.51 kg, density of 2.21 g / cm3, VIM 5.43%, 17.89% VMA, VFB 70.17%. Those values have been in accordance with the standard specifications of the Department of Public Works.Keywords: filler, coconut husk ash, Retona Blend 55, mixture of asphalt
Analisis Potensi Pemanenan Air Hujan Dengan Teknik Rainwater Harvesting Untuk Kebutuhan Domestik Cut Suciatina Silvia; Meylis Safriani
Jurnal Teknik Sipil dan Teknologi Konstruksi Vol 4, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Teknik Sipil Dan Teknologi Konstruksi
Publisher : Universitas Teuku Umar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (525.72 KB) | DOI: 10.35308/jts-utu.v4i1.590

Abstract

Gampong Leuhan is one of the areas in West Aceh district where most of the people still use ground water as a source of daily necessities. Some people have used artesian wells or drilled wells, but if we look at the cost of manufacture is very expensive. If more use of ground water from the drilling system, then will be inflict an impact of land subsidence. with these conditions, to overcome the problem of the need for clean water and lack of water for people's lives, it needs more effective and efficient system. One of proses is to make rainwater harvesting system from the rooftop of the building/housing by maximizing high rainfall.  Field survey  indicate building area in Gampong Leuhan already in good condition and livable with dominant house rooftop made of zinc, that this condition will be very maximum in rainwater harvesting process. The analysis of rain harvesting potential in Gampong Leuhan shows 887.892 liters/day, with average rainwater harvesting potential for each house is 862,031 liters/day. The ratio between the total amount of water harvested is 887.892 liters/day with the total use of water for the needs of the people of Gampong Leuhan amounted to 482.346,90 liters/day, indicates that with rainwater harvesting techniques will be sufficient and able to become one of the alternatives in the supply of clean water. Keywords: Clean water, Rainfall, Potential of rain water, Rainwater harvesting.
KAJIAN TINGKAT KERENTANAN BANGUNAN TERHADAP TSUNAMI DENGAN METODE BTV (STUDI KASUS PADA DESA KUTA PADANG, KABUPATEN ACEH BARAT) Dian Febrianti; Meylis Safriani
Jurnal Teknik Sipil dan Teknologi Konstruksi Vol 2, No 2 (2016): Jurnal Teknik Sipil Dan Teknologi Konstruksi
Publisher : Universitas Teuku Umar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (386.344 KB) | DOI: 10.35308/jts-utu.v2i2.350

Abstract

Meulaboh town is one of the areas affected by the tsunami with very severe category apart from Banda Aceh, Calang and Teunom. The tsunami devastated most of the social life and infrastructure the city of Meulaboh. Nowadays, after the tsunami struck there Meulaboh residents who reside in the area close to the sea, such as the residents of Kuta Padang village In fact, all the coastal areas prone Meulaboh an area affected by the tsunami. To minimize the impact of the damage caused by the tsunami hazard, it is necessary to tsunami disaster mitigation efforts with the analysis of the vulnerability of buildings to the tsunami in an area. The purpose of this study is to inform the public and local authorities about the vulnerability of homes to tsunami waves that can destroy homes and buildings. The object of this research is in the village of Kuta Padang, Johan Pahlawan sub-district. This research method by collecting secondary data and conducting surveys and conducted interviews with society who lived in the village. Analyzed using the Buildings Tsunami Vulnerability (BTV). From the results obtained indicate that the region Seulawah has an average value of vulnerability very highest, 95.65%, and 69.57% and 56.52%. Areas that have the lowest susceptibility value is Hamlet Singgah Mata by level of vulnerability value of 60.87% and 47.83% and 34.78%. For evacuation routes, Geurute and Singgah Mata  village is the most suitable for the people of Kuta Padang to shelter in case of a tsunami.