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Contact Name
-
Contact Email
harapan@unsyiah.ac.id
Phone
+62895600103060052
Journal Mail Official
harapan@unsyiah.ac.id
Editorial Address
School of Medicine Universitas Syiah Kuala Darussalam, Banda Aceh, 23111 Indonesia
Location
Kota banda aceh,
Aceh
INDONESIA
Narra J
ISSN : -     EISSN : 28072618     DOI : https://doi.org/10.52225/narraj
Core Subject : Health, Science,
Narra J is a multidisciplinary journal and it is published three times (April, August, December) a year. The objective is to promote articles on infection, public health, global health, tropical infection, one health and diseases in tropics. Narra J publishes original research work across all disciplines of medicine and allied sciences, related to infection, public health, global health, tropical infection, one health and diseases in tropics. The journal publishes Original articles, Short Report, Review articles, and Letters to the Editor. All articles published in Narra J are peer-reviewed and published online for immediate access and citation. Narra J publishes the primary research papers, review articles, short communications and letters on topics but not limited to: Public health Global health Infection Tropical diseases One health Biomedical sciences Epidemiology and clinical epidemiology Molecular biology Environmental health Microbiology Pharmacological sciences Diseases in tropics
Articles 29 Documents
Global prevalence of persistent neuromuscular symptoms and the possible pathomechanisms in COVID-19 recovered individuals: A systematic review and meta-analysis Jhonny K. Fajar; Muhammad Ilmawan; Sukamto Mamada; Endang Mutiawati; Milda Husnah; Hanifah Yusuf; Firzan Nainu; Salin Sirinam; Synat Keam; Youdiil Ophinni; Francesco Rosiello; Marhami Fahriani; Sandro GV. Rosa
Narra J Vol. 1 No. 3 (2021): 1 December 2021
Publisher : Narra Sains Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.52225/narra.v1i3.48

Abstract

This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of prolonged neuromuscular symptoms, including fatigue, anosmia, headache, myalgia, and joint pain in COVID-19 survivors hospitalized with mild, moderate, or severe infections worldwide. The search was conducted up to January 30th, 2021 using three databases (PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science) to identify potentially eligible studies. Data on study characteristics, follow-up characteristics, and severity of COVID-19 during hospitalization were collected in accordance with PRISMA guidelines. The Newcastle-Ottawa scale was used to assess the quality of relevant articles. The estimated prevalence of specific prolonged neuromuscular symptoms and the association between COVID-19 severity and occurrence of prolonged neuromuscular symptoms was analyzed wherever appropriate. Database search yielded 4,050 articles and 22 articles were included for meta-analysis. The estimated prevalence of prolonged fatigue was recorded in 21.2% (95%CI: 11.9%–34.8%) of 3,730 COVID-19 survivors. Persistent anosmia was recorded in 239 of 2,600 COVID-19 survivors (9.7%, 95%CI: 6.1%–15.2%). In 84 out of 2,412 COVID-19 survivors (8.9%, 95%CI: 3.2%–22.6%), prolonged headache was observed. A total of 53 out of 1,125 COVID-19 patients (5.6%, 95%CI: 2.1%–14.2%) complained of persistent myalgia even after being discharged from the hospital. The prevalence of prolonged joint pain was in 15.4% (95%CI: 8.2%–27.2%) of subjects. Due to data scarcity on COVID-19 severity and prolonged neuromuscular symptoms, association analysis could not be conducted. Widespread concern regarding long-term impacts of COVID-19 was raised after several studies reported prolonged symptoms in COVID-19 survivors. Numerous theories have been proposed to address this concern; however, as the research on this pandemic is still ongoing, no explanation is definitive yet. Therefore, follow-up studies in COVID-19 survivors after recovery from COVID-19 are warranted to determine the pathogenesis of prolonged symptoms. PROSPERO registration: CRD42021242332.
Correlation of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio and clinical outcome of acute thrombotic stroke in patients with COVID-19 Rizky Sarengat; Mohammad S. Islam; Mohammad S. Ardhi
Narra J Vol. 1 No. 3 (2021): 1 December 2021
Publisher : Narra Sains Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.52225/narra.v1i3.50

Abstract

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has caused millions of deaths worldwide. Acute ischemic stroke is a life-threatening risk factor for COVID-19 infection. Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is one of the predictors of poor prognosis in acute ischemic stroke. The aim of this study was to assess the correlation between NLR values and the clinical outcome of acute thrombotic stroke patients with COVID-19 that was measured using the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS). A cross-sectional hospital-based study was conducted in Dr. Soetomo General Hospital Surabaya, Indonesia. Patients with acute thrombotic stroke and COVID-19 admitted between 1 March 2020 and 31 May 2021 were recruited. The NLR values and the NIHSS scores were assessed during the admission and the correlation between NLR and NIHSS scores was calculated. This study included 21 patients with acute thrombotic stroke and COVID-19, consisting of 12 males and 9 females. The mean age was 57.6 years old. The mean NLR values was 8.33±6.7 and the NIHSS scores ranging from 1 to 33. Our data suggested a positive correlation between NLR values and NIHSS scores, r=0.45 with p=0.041. In conclusion, the NLR value is potentially to be used as a predictor of the clinical outcome in acute thrombotic stroke patients with COVID-19. However, further study is warranted to validate this finding.
Clinical management of a rare Peters’ anomaly-induced secondary childhood glaucoma: A case report Eva Imelda; Fany Gunawan
Narra J Vol. 1 No. 3 (2021): 1 December 2021
Publisher : Narra Sains Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.52225/narra.v1i3.53

Abstract

Childhood glaucoma is a rare disorder that occurs from birth until teenage years caused by an abnormality of aqueous humor pathways. About 50–70% of Peters' anomaly is accompanied by secondary childhood glaucoma. The presence of glaucoma will affect the prognosis. We reported the evaluation and treatment of secondary childhood glaucoma due to Peters’ anomaly. A 5 months-old boy was presented with the complaint of a enlarged left eye since 3 months old. The complaint was accompanied by a watering eye and frequently closed upon light exposure. The left eye looked opaquer than contralateral. Examination under anesthesia showed that the intraocular pressure (IOP) was 35 mmHg in the left eye and the corneal diameter was 14 mm. Other findings were keratopathy, diffuse corneal edema, buphthalmos, shallow anterior chamber, anterior synechiae, and linear slit shaped pupils in the nasal region. Patient was treated with ophthalmic timolol maleate which was later followed by trabeculectomy. After 1 week post-surgery, IOP assessment by palpation suggested the right eye within normal range while the IOP of left eye was higger than normal. Blepharospasm, epiphora, photophobia, bleb on superior, subconjunctiva bleeding, buphthalmos, keratopathy, minimal corneal edema, anterior chamber with shallow image, and posterior synechia were found in left eye anterior segment. In conclusion, trabeculotomy and trabeculectomy are recommended if there is no reduction of IOP observed after receiving timolol maleate therapy. The choice of surgical management is dependent on the feasibility of the protocol.
Acceptance of COVID-19 vaccination at different hypothetical efficacy and safety levels in ten countries in Asia, Africa, and South America Dott F. Rosiello; Samsul Anwar; Amanda Yufika; Rashed Y. Adam; Mohajer IH. Ismaeil; Asma Y. Ismail; Nesrine BH. Dahman; Montacer Hafsi; Manel Ferjani; Farah S. Sami; Fatma A Monib; Subramaniam R; Sunil Anandu; Md Ariful Haque; Lirane ED. Ferreto; José TO. Aburto; Jorge ET. Rojas; Seyi S. Enitan; Akele R. Yomi; Eyiuche D. Ezigbo; Elham Babadi; Edris Kakemam; Najma I. Malik; Irfan Ullah; Malik Sallam
Narra J Vol. 1 No. 3 (2021): 1 December 2021
Publisher : Narra Sains Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.52225/narra.v1i3.55

Abstract

Vaccine hesitancy, defined as the reluctance or rejection in receiving a vaccine despite its availability, represents a major challenge to global health efforts aiming to control the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. Understanding the possible factors correlated with COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy using a refined well-informed approach can be helpful to address the phenomenon. The current study aimed to evaluate COVID-19 vaccine acceptance rates using four hypothetical scenarios of varying levels of vaccine efficacy and safety profiles in ten Asian, African and South American countries. These scenarios included: 95% efficacy and 20% side effects (Vaccine A), 75% efficacy and 5% side effects (Vaccine B); 75% efficacy and 20% side effects (Vaccine C) and 50% efficacy and 5% side effects (Vaccine D). This study used a self-administered online survey that was distributed during February–May 2021. The total number of study respondents was 1337 with countries of residence as follows: India (21.1%), Pakistan (12.9%), Sudan (11.2%), Nigeria (9.3%), Iran (8.2%), Bangladesh and Brazil (7.9%), Chile (7.7%), Tunisia (7.6%), and Egypt (6.2%). The overall acceptance rates for COVID-19 vaccination were variable based on varying degrees of safety and efficacy as follows: 55.6% for Vaccine C, 58.3% for Vaccine D, 74.0% for Vaccine A and 80.1% for Vaccine B. The highest levels of COVID-19 vaccine acceptance were observed in Brazil followed by Chile across the four different safety and efficacy scenarios. The lowest COVID-19 vaccine acceptance rates were reported in Egypt and Tunisia for the low safety scenarios (20% side effects), and the low efficacy scenario (50% efficacy). The study revealed the potential effect of vaccine safety and efficacy on the intention to get COVID-19 vaccination. At the same efficacy level, higher possibility of side effects caused a large drop in COVID-19 vaccine acceptance rate. This indicates the importance of accurate communication regarding vaccine safety and efficacy on attitude towards the vaccine and intentions to get vaccinated. Regional differences in COVID-19 vaccine acceptance were observed with the Middle East/North African countries showing the lowest rates and the South American countries displaying the highest vaccine acceptance rates.
Global acceptance and hesitancy of COVID-19 vaccination: A narrative review Wardah Hassan; Syeda K. Kazmi; Muhammad J. Tahir; Irfan Ullah; Hibban Ar Royan; Marhami Fahriani; Firzan Nainu; Sandro GV. Rosa
Narra J Vol. 1 No. 3 (2021): 1 December 2021
Publisher : Narra Sains Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.52225/narra.v1i3.57

Abstract

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), is a major global health threat to human civilization and has disrupted many aspects of the community around the globe. Vaccination is one of the prominent measures to control the COVID-19 pandemic. More than 120 vaccines have entered human clinical trials and at least 8 vaccines have been fully approved. However, the success of the COVID-19 vaccination programs depends on how the community accepts the vaccines. Despite COVID-19 vaccination having been initiated for a while now, more than 50% of the global population have not been vaccinated. In some low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), the vaccine coverage is less than 20%. Since the decision to accept the new vaccine is complex, understanding the factors underpinning vaccine acceptance is critical. This review aimed to summarize the COVID-19 vaccine acceptance rate around the globe as well as its associated determinants. Information from this study might be important to formulate effective strategies to increase the COVID-19 vaccine coverage, and to be able to achieve herd immunity.
Investigation of the role of sleep quality and sleep duration on fasting blood glucose level in acute ischemic stroke patients: A preliminary study Riza P. Putra; Wardah R. Islamiyah
Narra J Vol. 1 No. 3 (2021): 1 December 2021
Publisher : Narra Sains Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.52225/narra.v1i3.59

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between the sleep quality and sleep duration with the level of fasting blood glucose in patients with acute ischemic stroke. A cross-sectional study was conducted among acute ischemic stroke patients admitted to Dr. Soetomo Hospital and Universitas Airlangga Hospital from May to October 2021. Patients who met the inclusion were enrolled. To assess the sleep quality, Pittsburgh Sleeps Quality Index (PSQI) was applied. To determine sleep duration during the nocturnal period, Fitbit Charge 2 HR device was used. Evaluation of plausible confounders was assessed through physical examination, interviews, and a set of validated questionnaires. A total of 30 acute ischemic stroke patients were included in this study. The mean age of the participants was 56.40±9.77 years and 60% were males. There were 63.3% patients classified as mild stroke and 36.7% moderate-severe stroke. The average PQSI score was 5.57±2.59, while the average sleep duration was 319.8±108.7 minutes. The average fasting blood glucose level was 89.03±14.71 mg/dL. Significant positive correlation was obtained between sleep duration and fasting blood glucose level (r=0.533; p=0.002). Similarly, there was no statistically significant correlation between sleep quality with the level of fasting blood glucose (r=-0.167; p=0.377). To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study assessing the correlation between sleep quality and sleep duration with the level of fasting blood glucose levels in patients with acute ischemic stroke. This study therefore might be of great interest to provide insights on the importance of sleep management in acute ischemic stroke patients.
Obstructive sleep apnea and chronic pain as risk factors of cognitive impairment in elderly population: A study from Indonesia Tiara Tiara; Fidiana Fidiana
Narra J Vol. 1 No. 3 (2021): 1 December 2021
Publisher : Narra Sains Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.52225/narra.v1i3.62

Abstract

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), one of the most prevalent sleep-related breathing disorders in the elderly, seems to be underdiagnosed. Meanwhile, the resulting complication on cognitive function could impact on patient’s quality of life. Association between OSA and cognitive function in the elderly varies highly, depending on study type, setting, and possibly by demographic differences. Therefore, this study sought to determine the risk of OSA among elderly and to assess the association of OSA risk and other plausible factors with cognitive function. In this cross-sectional study, patients aged 60 years and above who visited the outpatient clinic at two main hospitals in Surabaya of Indonesia were examined. A total of 178 participants were interviewed to evaluate the OSA risk using STOP-Bang questionnaire, the cognitive dysfunction using Montreal Cognitive Assessment Indonesian version (MoCA-Ina), depressive symptoms using Geriatric Depression Scale-15 (GDS-15), and sleep disorder using Insomnia Screening Questionnaire (ISQ). The Mann-Whitney and Chi-square tests were used to assess factors associated with cognitive impairment. In addition, logistic regression analyses were performed to evaluate the role of high risk of OSA on cognitive impairment. A total of 120 patients were considered having high risk of OSA (STOP-Bang score ≥3), and 129 had mild cognitive impairment (MCI) (MoCA-Ina <26). Among the elderly who had high risk of OSA, 94 were diagnosed with MCI (78.3%). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that high risk of OSA (OR: 2.99; 95%CI: 1.39, 6.46, p=0.005), chronic pain (OR: 5.53; 95%CI: 1.19, 25.64, p=0.029), and low education level (OR: 4.57; 95%CI: 1.79, 11.63) were associated with MCI. In conclusion, our data suggests a high prevalence of MCI among high risk OSA elderly. Screening and comprehensive management might be beneficial to improve or to preserve cognitive function in elderly group.
Correlation between depression level and headache severity: A study among medical students during the COVID-19 pandemic Dika C. Bintari; Devi A. Sudibyo; Azimatul Karimah
Narra J Vol. 1 No. 3 (2021): 1 December 2021
Publisher : Narra Sains Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.52225/narra.v1i3.64

Abstract

Headache is the most prevailing disorder and the third leading cause of disability worldwide. The prevalence of primary headaches has been reported to increase by 2-4 times in patients with psychiatric comorbidities, including depression. This study sought to assess the correlation between depression level and headache severity among medical students. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to evaluate the correlation between depression level and headache severity in Indonesia. A cross-sectional study was conducted among students of Airlangga University in 2021. To evaluate the level of depression and the severity of headache, Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS-42) and Headache Impact Test 6 (HIT-6) were used, respectively. A set of validated questionnaires were used to assess students’ demographic characteristics. A total of 82 medical students were included in this study and most of them were female (86.6%). The third-semester students represented the highest proportion (45.2%) of subjects. The mean age and body mass index (BMI) were 19.88 ± 1.03 and 22.55±4.44, respectively. The average DASS-42 score was 10.98±11.47 which indicated a mild depression level. The average HIT-6 score was 45.74±6.130 which revealed a mild impact. The data of Spearman correlation suggested that headache severity was significantly correlated with depression level (r=0.396, p<0.001). This study provides insights on the importance of stress management and depression prevention to decrease the risk of headache, and vice versa.
Accuracy of Meningitis Bacterial Score (MBS) as an indicator in establishing the diagnosis of acute bacterial meningitis in adults Imas R. Palupi; Paulus Sugianto
Narra J Vol. 1 No. 3 (2021): 1 December 2021
Publisher : Narra Sains Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.52225/narra.v1i3.66

Abstract

Bacterial meningitis persists as a worldwide threat contributing to high mortality and morbidity rate, where differentiating bacterial meningitis from aseptic meningitis is key for better management and outcomes. Hence, this study aimed to assess the Bacterial Meningeal Score (BMS) as a tool for early diagnosis of acute bacterial meningitis. This study employed a retrospective cross-sectional method using medical records of patients with meningitis and meningoencephalitis who were hospitalized at Dr. Soetomo Hospital, from January 2018 to September 2021. Data of demographics, clinical, laboratory and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) profile and culture were collected. The diagnostic performance of the BMS in diagnosing acute bacterial meningitis was evaluated by its sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV), positive likelihood ratio (LR +) and negative likelihood ratio (LR -). A total of 128 patients who had been diagnosed with meningitis and meningoencephalitis were included. Out of total patients, 53 samples were diagnosed with acute bacterial meningitis as confirmed by CSF culture. The sensitivity and specificity of BMS with cutoff >2.5 in diagnosing acute bacterial meningitis were 92.4% and 92.0%, respectively with PPV 89.1% and NPV 94.5%. The area under the curve (AUC) of BMS in diagnosing of acute bacterial meningitis was 95.6% (95%CI: 92.3%, 99%). A BMS score of greater than 2.5 indicates a high likelihood of acute bacterial meningitis, whereas a score less than 2.5 indicates a low likelihood.
Narra J Co-Editor-in-Chief is awarded as Highly Cited Researcher (HCR) 2021 Harapan Harapan; Abram L. Wagner
Narra J Vol. 1 No. 3 (2021): 1 December 2021
Publisher : Narra Sains Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.52225/narra.v1i3.67

Abstract

We acknowledge and congratulate Narra J Co-Editor-in-Chief, Dr. Kuldeep Dhama, as Highly Cited Researcher (HCR) 2021 by Clarivate. Dr. Kuldeep Dhama, is a Principal Scientist at ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute in Izatnagar, India. He is a NAAS (National Academy of Agricultural Science, India) Associate, Fellow-Royal Society of Medicine (FRSM), UK, and has worked as Nodal Officer, WTO, and a member of Wildlife Health Specialist Group (IUCN). His research and teaching experience cover microbiology, immunology, virology, public health, medicine, and biomedicine. He is actively serving as Editor-in-Chief, Co-Editor-in-Chief, Editor, Associate Editor, Guest Editor and Member of Editorial Board for more than 15 scientific journals. Dr. Kuldeep Dhama role as Co-Editor-in-Chief of Narra J will enhance the quality of the Narra J one of the reputable journals in the near future. In his 27 years of research experience, he has published not only a great quantity of research (over 578 research publications indexed in Scopus with h-index of 50), but has published in highly respected journals such as Nature. Congratulations on an impactful career!

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