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Contact Name
Muttaqin
Contact Email
muttaqin@unida.gontor.ac.id
Phone
+6281335720560
Journal Mail Official
jcsr@unida.gontor.ac.id
Editorial Address
Jln. Siman Ponorogo, Jawa Timur, Indonesia, 63471.
Location
Kab. ponorogo,
Jawa timur
INDONESIA
Journal of Comparative Study of Religions
ISSN : 27768457     EISSN : 27750760     DOI : https://dx.doi.org/10.21111
ssues in the study of religions are increasingly interesting to discuss. For that, since Vol. 2. No. May 2, 2022, JCSR Journal of Comparative Study of Religions will focus on contemporary issues in religious studies. JCSR aims to publish original articles, book reviews, and review articles from researchers, academics, professionals, practitioners, and students. ️ JCSR is a semi-annual journal published in May and November by the Department of Comparative Study of Religions of Faculty of Ushuluddin, Universitas Darussalam Gontor, Indonesia. JCSR encompasses several topics of study as: ‎- Comparative studies in religion and politics ‎- History of religions ‎- Interfaith dialogue ‎- Philosophy of religion ‎- Psychology of religion ‎‎- Religion and art ‎- Religion and health ‎- Religion and linguistics ‎- Religion and literature ‎- Religion and media ‎- Religious anthropology ‎- Religious ethics ‎- Religious methodological research ‎- Religious phenomenology ‎‎- Religious sociology ‎- Religious tolerance ‎- Rituals on religion ‎- Role of religion in culture and society ‎- Sects ‎- Theology ‎‎- Thoughts, ideologies, and philosophies
Articles 26 Documents
The Influence of Liturgical Music and Song on Congregation of Saint Cornelius Madiun Church at 2019 Rif’at Husnul Ma’afi; Dzakiyyah Fauziyah Rif’at
Journal of Comparative Study of Religions Vol 1, No 2 (2021)
Publisher : Departement of Comparative Study of Religions

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (422.28 KB) | DOI: 10.21111/jcsr.v1i2.6382

Abstract

Music has an important role in the Catholic act of worship. Liturgy, as the mainact of worship, has always been using music and song to increase the number of its.Saint Cornelius Madiun Church as one of the Surabaya diocese has a big developmentin accord to the number of the congregation since its establishment. This parish hasthree thousand congregations and still increasing annually. One of these factors iscaused by the unique music and song served by the ministry of the church. Thisresearch is field research and employed the phenomenological approach to analyzethe data. The result is that the liturgical music and song which are played in SaintCornelius Madiun Church are in accord with what has been determined by the CouncilVatican 2, namely Sacrosanctum Concilium about liturgical Music. Both are music as apart of the liturgy, and music as accompaniment music during liturgy. The music andthe song of the liturgy give big influence in creating a sense of solem, sacred, humilityand delighted in living up to the liturgy of the mass because music has a variety oftempo, rhythm, and a style adapted to the liturgical activities. Besides, the lyrics ofthe song become the main factor to touch the heart of the congregation and expressesthe intention that wants to be conveyed by the performed music.
The Concept of Ruqyah in Islam and Exorcism in Catholicism Syamsul Hadi Untung; Abdul Muiz
Journal of Comparative Study of Religions Vol 1, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Departement of Comparative Study of Religions

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (241.71 KB) | DOI: 10.21111/jcsr.v1i1.4976

Abstract

Ruqyah is commonly understood merely as an Islamic ritual used to expel demons or jinn that disturb the body of Muslims similar to Exorcism in Catholicism. However, there are a lot of things related to both which are inappropriately known and caused misunderstandings ended with shirk. This article will discuss the concept of ruqyah in Islam comparatively with exorcism in Catholicism, as ruqyah is not only a religious ritual used to repel demons or jinn but also a form of Islamic medicine inherited from the Prophet Muhammad. Ruqyah is also classified as the Thibbun Nabawi, making it considered as a part of Sunnah. As such, Exorcism is the teachings of Jesus to the 12 Apostles. Ruqyah is done using Qur’anic verses by every Muslim, as it can be an option for Muslims in dealing with disasters in the form of pain either physical or meta-physical injury derived from the interference of Satan or Jinn. While in Exorcism, the practice can only be done by a few who have obtained the legality of the local bishop, so that the authenticity of this practice can be justified. Even so, there are still many ordinary Muslims and Catholics who do not know and even look for other solutions to the problem and even do shirk.
Naqd John Hick fi Tajassud Uluhiyah Yasu' Izzah Fitriani Muhajir
Journal of Comparative Study of Religions Vol 2, No 1 (2021): Journal of Comparative Study of Religions
Publisher : Departement of Comparative Study of Religions

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21111/jcsr.v2i1.6670

Abstract

This article discusses John Hick's critique of the concept of the incarnation of God Jesus and proves the deconstruction that occurs in the concept of Christian divinity. The author uses descriptive and analytical methods to describe and analyze John Hick's thoughts. According to a study of the Bible and history conducted by John Hick, Jesus never claimed to be God or the incarnate Son of God. In Christianity, the incarnation is not the teaching of Jesus Christ but comes from Paganism which originated in Rome. The incarnation was deliberately introduced by the church to invite the enthusiasm of Christians who were not convinced by the teachings of the church at that time. Jesus who is known in the life of Christians is more appropriate to be called a prophet or a nobleman than to think of him as God. John Hick's opinion is very correct because the Bible as the basis of Christianity never says the divinity of Jesus. 
The Methodology of Abdullah Jahangir in Challenging ‎Christianity in Bangladesh Md Helal Uddin; Md Maruf Hasan
Journal of Comparative Study of Religions Vol 2, No 2 (2022): Journal of Comparative Study of Religions
Publisher : Departement of Comparative Study of Religions

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21111/jcsr.v2i2.7285

Abstract

Professor Dr. Abdullah Jahangir is considered as one of the important prominent Islamic figures in Bangladesh for his various writings, lectures, and social activities. Due to his critical approach in writings and lectures, he is not only well-known in Bangladesh but also in India among Bengali native speaking people. On Islam and comparative Religion, he had outstanding knowledge and contribution as to provide solutions for existing problems in the context of Indian subcontinent. This paper aims to explore the methodology of Abdullah Jahangir in the study of Christianity with special reference to his master piece Pobitra Bible Porichiti O Porjalochona. The research is based on qualitative in nature method will be used in this article and to examine the methodology of Abdullah Jahangir to understand how he studied and viewed about Christianity especially Bible in the context of Indian subcontinent. The outcomes of this research will enhance new outlook in the field of comparative religion and improve our understanding in the study of religious studies. The outcomes of this research will enhance new outlook in the field of comparative religion and improve our understanding in the study of religious studies.
Mu’jizatu Yasû’ ‘n al-‘Ilâj al-Jismâniy fî al-Kâtûlîkiyyah Jarman Arroisi; Dea Felaputri
Journal of Comparative Study of Religions Vol 1, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Departement of Comparative Study of Religions

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (248.013 KB) | DOI: 10.21111/jcsr.v1i1.4981

Abstract

This article aims to examine non-medical healing as a miracle of Jesus. According to Christianity, non-medical healing is always being associate with miracles, also called divine healing which consists of healing physical and spiritual illness. Both are important parts of Christ's ministry. Jesus' ministry on earth, marked by healing, miracles, and miraculous signs. With descriptive and analysis methods, this study concludes that healing is a renewal of the body's condition to restore the strength of disease, and miracles are events that are difficult to reach by human reason. The relationship between Jesus' miracles and healing services in the Church is that there are several miracles of Jesus that have shown that faith and physical healing are interrelated. Healing from Jesus is not always instant because faith is a significant factor in getting healthy. One form of Jesus' healing is the law of touch and transmission, which is the means to make miracles. Not only that, but prayer is also a way to get healing from a distance. God wants the Church to fully operate on this earth as the empowered body of Jesus. For this to achieve, the gift and anointing of the Holy Spirit in believers must be activated. So that divine healing services can work in the Church along with traditional medicine while still being inseparable from the Christian faith.
Radikalisme Menurut Pandangan Islam dan Kristen Adi Rahmat Kurniawan
Journal of Comparative Study of Religions Vol 2, No 1 (2021): Journal of Comparative Study of Religions
Publisher : Departement of Comparative Study of Religions

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21111/jcsr.v2i1.6860

Abstract

Artikel ini bertujuan menganalisis dan membandingkan pemikiran radikal menurut Islam dan Kristen. Isu radikal dalam agama mencuat karena seringnya terjadi teror yang mengatasnamakan agama, terutama Islam dan Kristen. Kondisi ini membutuhkan suatu solusi agar terciptanya kerukunan antar umat beragama dengan cara memahami hakikat radikal. Pentingnya pemahaman ini karena banyak yang menganggap radikal sebuah paham, pemikiran atau ideologi yang mengarah pada tindakan kekerasan seperti terorisme. Jenis penelitian ini adalah literatur studies, menggunakan metode analisis kritis dan perbandingan, dimana mayoritas data dikumpulkan dari jurnal dan buku. Hasilnya ditemukan bahwa radikalisme memiliki terminologi positif dan negatif dari kedua agama. Dalam Islam kata radikal dimaknai sebagai akar sehingga orang yang beragama adalah orang yang ajaran agamanya mengakar dengan kuat. Namun jika radikal menjadi gerakan maka akan berubah menjadi tindakan yang dilakukan dengan menggunakan kekerasan. Dalam Kristen radikal dipahami sebagai sebuah tindakan yang menyebabkan seseorang mencintai agama Kristen sehingga melakukan kebaikan dengan mencontoh kepribadian Yesus dan kepatuhan terhadap wahyu yang dibawa-Nya. Sementara dari segi negatif dimaknai sebagai tindakan kekerasan yang dilakukan oleh kelompok tertentu yang mengatasnamakan agama.
Puja Mandala in Benoa, Badung, Bali as the Model of Religious Tolerance Muhamad Fajar Pramono*; Farissa Azmia Hud
Journal of Comparative Study of Religions Vol 1, No 2 (2021)
Publisher : Departement of Comparative Study of Religions

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (212.57 KB) | DOI: 10.21111/jcsr.v1i2.6383

Abstract

This research discusses the model of religious tolerance in Puja Mandala,Benoa, South of Kuta, Badung, Bali. Puja Mandala is an area with Mosque, CatholicChurch, Monastery, Christian Church, and Temple stand side by side. This researchalso discusses the supporting factors of religious tolerance in Puja Mandala, how dothey can communicate well and keep the harmony until now. Generally, Bali societyhas been dependent on upright religious tolerance far away before Puja Mandalawas built. This is supported by Hindu Teaching, Tri Hita Karana to do and get intouch well with other humans without seeing their religions, ethnicities, or eventheir tribes. The Research data had been taken from interview results with somereligions’ leader and some officials from each house of worship in Puja Mandalawith a qualitative method. Besides, the researcher also has observed and takensome documents from each house of worship as an accurate additional reference
Ellen G. White’s Prophecy According to Catholic Church View Asep Awaludin; Elzya Husana Anik
Journal of Comparative Study of Religions Vol 1, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Departement of Comparative Study of Religions

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (281.828 KB) | DOI: 10.21111/jcsr.v1i1.4977

Abstract

The term "sect" is familiar to all religious communities. This term is known not only in Islam but also in Christianity, namely Advent (Seventh-day Adventist Church). A church that keeps the Sabbath day holy was pioneered by a woman named Ellen G. White. Its doctrine and teachings are believed to be a vision from God in conflict with his prophecies, because the prophecies taught contradict the doctrine of the Catholic papacy. This research is library research (library research), using several methods including descriptive methods and critical analysis methods. This study found that Ellen G. White's prophecy is a vision from God according to Adventists. But not so with Catholics, they are aggressively looking for evidence and accusing Ellen White of being a false prophet. His claims about visions begin with great experiences in childhood. Conjecture after conjecture emerged from various sects, including the Catholic Church. Some scientists claim that his vision was a mistake because of the suffering he experienced. Finally, this research can contribute to further discussion, so that it can be used to explore the importance of understanding the prophecies of Allah's messengers to stay away from wrong thinking.
Makanah al-Masih fi al-Katsulikiyah 'inda al-Ghinustiyah Akbar Aisya Billah
Journal of Comparative Study of Religions Vol 2, No 1 (2021): Journal of Comparative Study of Religions
Publisher : Departement of Comparative Study of Religions

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21111/jcsr.v2i1.6794

Abstract

This study aims to show the attitudes and views of Gnosticism towards the position of Jesus in the Catholic Church. The researcher uses the descriptive method to explain the meaning of Gnosticism, history, and also the characters of Gnosticism. In addition, the researcher also uses a critical analysis method that explains the attitude of Gnosticism to the position of Jesus in Catholicism. The results of the study found that Gnosticism has a concept of a different understanding of the figure of Jesus, and rejects the understanding of Jesus in Catholicism. Gnosticism does not recognize Jesus as a savior, because man's salvation will be obtained from man's own efforts and knowledge of God (Shopia). While Jesus was merely a spiritual teacher who brought the knowledge of God, and Jesus' resurrection was a delusion, Jesus did not rise physically but only spiritually.
The Role of Nahdlatul Ulama in Strategizing Vaccine Communication during Covid-19 Naura Safira Salsabila Zain; Haekal Adha Al Giffari; Abda Kamalia Putri
Journal of Comparative Study of Religions Vol 2, No 2 (2022): Journal of Comparative Study of Religions
Publisher : Departement of Comparative Study of Religions

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21111/jcsr.v2i2.7257

Abstract

Nahdlatul Ulama, as the biggest Islamic civil society in Indonesia, has a significant contribution in managing the risks of the pandemic in Indonesia as Covid-19 affects adversely against Indonesian. The issue of Covid-19 and its development always ignites the debate in Indonesia, including the vaccination process to minimize the virus risks. A plethora of rumours related to vaccination is spreading widely among Indonesian society which is more likely leading to adverse attitudes and behaviour of the people against vaccination. This research will elaborate on the role of Nahdatul Ulama in managing public risk communication about vaccination. The Public Risk Communication concept will be used in this research as the main framework. Library studies and document analysis are employed in this research to explore related data and information. The data will be analyzed based on the framework suggested. The result shows that Nahdatul Ulama has sufficient public risk communication management as it fulfils the framework suggested in delivering the information about vaccination to penetrate the messages in a subtle way. In conclusion, Nahdlatul Ulama has a systematic public risk communication management in delivering the messages about vaccination for most Indonesians.

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