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Contact Name
Ajie Ahmad Safari
Contact Email
ajieandriana@gmail.com
Phone
+6282116560248
Journal Mail Official
jhds@unjani.ac.id
Editorial Address
http://jhds.fkg.unjani.ac.id/index.php/jhds/about/editorialTeam
Location
Kota cimahi,
Jawa barat
INDONESIA
Journal of Health and Dental Sciences
ISSN : 27974464     EISSN : 28073126     DOI : https://doi.org/10.54052
Core Subject : Health,
Journal of Health and Dental Sciences or JHDS is a peer-reviewed and open access journal that focuses on promoting health and dental sciences generated from health and dental basic sciences, clinical, and community or public health and dental researches to integrate research in all aspects of human health (but not limited) to the following topics : Biomedical Sciences Oral Biology Sciences Clinical dentistry Public Health and Dental Sciences
Articles 60 Documents
MANAGEMENT OF RECURRENT EXFOLIATIVE CHEILITIS A/R LABIUM SUPERIOR AND INFERIOR IN PATIENT 12-YEAR-OLD Tjokorda Istri Rismarsa Ananda Puteri; Zwista Yulia Dewi
Journal of Health and Dental Sciences Vol. 2 No. 1 (2022): Journal of Health and Dental Sciences
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Unjani

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Abstract

Exfoliative Cheilitis (EC) is a chronic inflammatory condition of the lips, characterized by fissuring, desquamation, and the formation of a bleeding crust. EC causes a burning sensation of varying intensity and sometimes bleeding. EC has no clear etiology but is associated with bad habits such as lip licking and biting, stress or depression, and systemic disease states. The best treatment for EC is to eliminate the cause or predisposing factor. Treatment was given in the form of topical corticosteroid application and petroleum jelly. The use of corticosteroids can be discontinued if there are no complaints and to overcome the dryness of the lips it is recommended to apply petroleum jelly. One week after the treatment, there was a wound healing process, but the condition of the lips still showed redness and the patient's lips were still peeling. After one month, the patient's lips have healed, and the patient's bad habits such as licking the lips and peeling the lips have disappeared. DOI : 10.54052/jhds.v2n1.p27-38
PHOTOGRAPHIC ASSESSMENT OF SMILES: PRE AND POST-ORTHODONTIC TREATMENT Noviaranny Iy; Ramlan H; Mat Saad J
Journal of Health and Dental Sciences Vol. 1 No. 1 (2021): Journal of Health and Dental Sciences
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Unjani

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Abstract

This study aims for the smile assessment and comparison between pre and post- orthodontic treatment to induce patients' interest and awareness towards orthodontic treatment. Orthodontists are in benefit from improving the treatment plan. Methods research were photographs of 59 subjects taken from postgraduate students in an orthodontic clinic using a standardised technique. Patients' smile will be evaluated, including the smile line, midline of the dental arch and relationship of the smile arch to the lower lip curvature, by observing the patients' frontal smile photographs. The smile lines are classified into four types, with type three (average smile line: gingival embrasures only visible) is the most desirable smile. The results showed that for patients' smile line, the total numb er of patients that have achieved Type 3 post orthodontic treatment is 40.4%. As for the relationship of the smile arch to the lower lip curvature, 96.6% of the patients had their maxillary incisor edges in light contact or slightly apart from the lower lip. 61% of subjects showed no deviation from the midline. Based on the survey conducted regarding patients' perception of the smile, most patients preferred the type three smile line, 86% rather than type 2 (10%), type 4 (4%), and none on type 1. Regardless of the age group and gender, type 3 is the most preferable among the participants. It can be concluded that orthodontic treatment can improve patients' appearance and impact the smile aesthetically, thus aiding orthodontists to achieve a comprehensive treatment plan to enhance the smile aesthetic, patient's compliance, and motivation towards treatment. DOI : 10.54052/jhds.v1n1.p1-10
LONGER MASTICATION CYCLES TEND TO LOWER POST-PRANDIAL BLOOD SUGAR LEVELS Ike Rahmawaty Ali; Siska Nia Irasanti
Journal of Health and Dental Sciences Vol. 1 No. 1 (2021): Journal of Health and Dental Sciences
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Unjani

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Abstract

Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a metabolic syndrome occurred because of the lack of insulin hormone secretion or some factors disturbing insulin hormone or both of them. The mastication cycle is one of the factors related to the increasing in blood glucose. The research aims to analyse the relation between mastication cycle and DM risk factor on Faculty of Medicine students, Universitas Islam Bandung. The methodology was an experimental study. The subjects were 18 male Faculty of Medicine, Unisba, who fulfil the inclusive and exclusive criteria. First, scanning was conducted to know DM risk by questioners. Those students were divided into three groups of mastication cycle (15,30,45 cycle). Each group consisted of six students. The result showed that the tendency of average blood sugar was lower in the group with 45 cycles of mastication, compared to 30 and 15 cycles (86.5 vs 89.5 vs 92 mg/dL). However, according to a statistical calculation, there was no significant relationship between the mastication cycle and blood glucose (P =0.413; P>0.05). The average blood insulin level of 45 times the mastication cycle was the lowest compared to 30 and 15 mastication cycles (2.44 vs 2.97 vs 3.58 μg/ml). The result was that the mastication cycle was longer than the initial insulin release to work in the cell more effectively. In conclusion, DM needs to do more cycle in mastication food to maintain glucose in the blood. DOI : 10.54052/jhds.v1n1.p11-18
COMPARISON OF Manihot utilisima (PATI UBI WOOD) ADDITION TO DIMENSIONAL STABILITY OF IRREVERSIBLE HYDROCOLLOID MOLD Ilmianti; Muhammad Iqbal; Muhammad Hidayatullah
Journal of Health and Dental Sciences Vol. 1 No. 1 (2021): Journal of Health and Dental Sciences
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Unjani

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Abstract

Alginate impression material is used to print the teeth and the oral tissues; alginate molding material is from abroad and expensive. Modification to the impression material alginate with cassava starch with 1: 1 obtained detailed reproduction of the same printed material alginate without added with cassava starch. The study's objective was to get an alternative form of printed material alginate plus Manihot utilisima (cassava starch) with the nature of the physical properties following the standard. The study methods used laboratory experiments. The materials used in this study were printed material alginate (Hydrogum fast setting), starch cassava starch cap dua kelinci, water, and tools calliper inside digital. There were four groups of a control group, a group cassava starch ratio of 50: 50, groups of cassava starch ratio of 60: 40, and a comparison group of cassava starch 70: 30. The results were dimensional stability of printed materials Alginate without additions were (73.72, 48.77, 30.51), the dimensional stability of the printed material alginate with a ratio of 50: 50 were (74.24, 40.82, 30.76), the dimensional stability of the printed material alginate with a ratio of 60: 30 were ( 75.39, 49.67, 31.57), and the results of dimensional stability alginate ((irrevesible hydrocolloid ) molding material with a ratio of 70: 30 were (76.36, 50.94, 32.86). The conclusion is the addition of Manihot utilisima on standard printed material alginate (irrevesible hydrocolloid) obtained dimensional stability test results that met the standards at a ratio of 50: 50 of ANSI/ADA no.18/1992. Manihot utilisima was one of the appropriate alternatives as a mixture in impression material alginate (irrevesible hydrocolloid). DOI : 10.54052/jhds.v1n1.p19-26
PREVALENCE AND CHARACTERISTICS OF METABOLIC SYNDROME PATIENTS IN CIBEBER VILLAGE CIMAHI INDONESIA Iis Inayati Rakhmat; Hadi Jusuf; Sinta Rachmanita
Journal of Health and Dental Sciences Vol. 1 No. 1 (2021): Journal of Health and Dental Sciences
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Unjani

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Abstract

Metabolic syndrome is a health problem that often occurs among populations in Indonesia.Dataon the characteristics of patients with metabolic syndrome is still very limited, despite the importance of cardiovasculardiseaseprevention.The study aims to explain the prevalence and characteristics of patients with metabolic syndrome in Indonesia.The research methodology used descriptive research using a cross-sectional design. The number of respondents was seven men and 34 women, counted by consecutive sampling. The data was collected from the SQ-FFQ questionnaire and calculating the DQI-I score, analyzing physical activity through the GPAQ questionnaire converted into METs, measuring blood pressure, taking blood, measuring waist circumference, measuring fasting blood sugar. Through enzymatic tests, Serum triglyceride levels through the enzymatic colorimetric GPO-PAP test and HDL cholesterol levels were measured by the CHODPAP method. The results showed that the prevalence of SM was 20.45%, and the majority were women. The largest age group were the elderly. Most cases of metabolic syndrome have three components, with the largest components being central obesity (100%) and blood pressure (88.89%). Most categories of activity were moderate, and diet quality was low. All metabolic syndrome patients in this study were found not to smoke and not to consume alcohol. Based on these results, it can be concluded that SM incidence was high. Further research is needed regarding the relationship between acquired risk factors and metabolic syndrome. DOI : 10.54052/jhds.v1n1.p27-37
EFFECTIVENESS OF KATUK LEAVES ETHANOL EXTRACT TO AMOUNT OF OSTEOBLAST AND OSTEOCLAST IN ORTHODONTIC TREATMENT Hillda Herawati; Fahrauk Faramayuda; Rudi Satria Darwis; Sarah Syarifah
Journal of Health and Dental Sciences Vol. 1 No. 1 (2021): Journal of Health and Dental Sciences
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Unjani

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Abstract

The optimal achievement of orthodontic treatment is determined by a bone remodelling process involving osteoblast, osteoclasts, and the estrogen hormone. Estrogen deficiency can increase osteoclast age and decrease osteoblast, resulting in an imbalance between osteoclasts and osteoblasts. One natural alternative that can replace the role of the hormone estrogen is phytoestrogens. Sauropus androgynus (L.) Merr (katuk) is a phytoestrogen that contains isoflavones with many similarities with estrogens. This research aims to determine the effectiveness of the various doses of ethanol extract of katuk leaves on the number of osteoblasts and osteoclasts. This research was conducted using experimental laboratory methods using 24 female Guinea pigs divided into a control group and three groups with various doses of 39.15 mg/BW, 78.3 mg/BW, and 156.5 mg/BW. The observations made in this test were the number of osteoblasts and osteoclasts on the alveolar guinea pig on day 14 and analysed using the one way ANOVA test (p <0.05). All guinea pigs have applied a rubber separator to the left incisor and given a dose according to the group, and after 14th days, histological preparations were made. The results showed that the highest number of osteoblasts was at a dose of 78.3 mg/BW, and the lowest number of osteoclasts was at a dose of 39.15 mg/BW with values of 15.03 ± 2.27 and 1.73 ± 0.56, respectively. Statistically, the number of osteoblasts between the treatment and control groups significantly differed (p = 0.04), while the number of osteoclasts between the treatment and control groups had no significant difference (p = 0.228). DOI : 10.54052/jhds.v1n1.p38-48
ANTIBACTERIAL EFFECTIVENESS TEST of MINT LEAF EXTRACT (Mentha piperita L.) IN INHIBITING Stretococcus Sanguinis GROWTH Herryawan; Rahmadaniah Khaerunnisa; Fadhilah Nuraini Fajri
Journal of Health and Dental Sciences Vol. 1 No. 1 (2021): Journal of Health and Dental Sciences
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Unjani

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Abstract

Streptococcus sanguinis (s.sanguinis) is one of the normal flora in the oral cavity. These bacteria act as a pioneer in forming plaques that cause most dental and oral diseases. It takes an antibacterial agent to be able to inhibit the clips of the plaque. One of the herbal plants that have been known to have antibacterial power is the mint leaf (Mentha Piperita L.). The antibacterial potency of this plant comes from its chemical compound content, such as flavonoids, polyphenols, tannins, and menthols. This study aimed to determine the inhibitory of mint leaf extract on the growth of Sanguinis. An experimental laboratory carries out research. Tests were carried out using the diffusion method in four test groups, namely mint leaf extract with a concentration of 2.5%, 5%, 7.5%, and 10%, and one control group that uses DMSO. Each treatment group repeated five times on the Mueller-Hinton media (MHA) using disk paper and incubated for 24 hours. The inhibition zone can be seen in the transparent area formed around the disk paper and then measured using the Sorong term to find a large diameter. Statistical analysis was carried out using the Kruskal-Wallis test. The study results that the largest inhibitory zone diameter was obtained in a test group with a concentration of 10% (16.39 mm), while the lowest diameter in the control group (4.89 mm) 10% concentration was the highest among all test groups. The DMSO did not have an antibacterial effect. The higher the concentration of an antibacterial compound, it will also increase its effectiveness. DOI : 10.54052/jhds.v1n1.p49-59
THE DIFFERENCES OF CHRONOLOGICAL AGE WITH DENTAL AGE BASED ON THE ALQAHTANI METHOD AGED 6-12 YEARS Mutiara Sukma Suntana; Ira Artilia; Lucy Pertiwi
Journal of Health and Dental Sciences Vol. 1 No. 1 (2021): Journal of Health and Dental Sciences
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Unjani

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Abstract

The chronological age of a person can not provide sufficient information. We can use the dental age in panoramic radiographs to know the growth process appropriately compared to The London Atlas of the Alqahtani method. Children aged 6-12 years have various factors that can affect the velocity in tooth growth and development, such as male and female. This study aims to determine the chronological patient's age differences with dental age based on the Alqahtani method on a panoramic radiograph at Unjani Dental and Oral Education Hospital. This type of research is Analytical Observational with the Cross- Sectional Study method. Research subjects were obtained from all medical records panoramic radiographs with 72 panoramic radiographs aged 6-12 years, divided into 36 male patients and 36 female patients. Differences in chronological age with dental age were analyzed statistically using the Mann-Whitney test and Wilcoxon test, previously tested for the normality using Kolmogorov-Smirnov. The results showed a significant difference between chronological age and dental age by gender and in all patients at the Unjani Dental and Oral Education Hospital (p<0,05). Based on the analysis of the data obtained, all patients in RSGMP Unjani aged 6-12 years have different dental developmental growth processes, and the dental development growth of female patients was faster than male patients. It can be concluded that the dental age is not always comparable with chronological age because of various factors such as gender, genetics and environment, which can affect the dental age. DOI : 10.54052/jhds.v1n1.p60-70
UNIVERSAL PRECAUTION KNOWLEDGE LEVELS IN POSTGRADUATE STUDENTS FACULTY OF DENTISTRY Sri Sarwendah; Syarif Suwondo; Irena Nisa Harliani
Journal of Health and Dental Sciences Vol. 1 No. 1 (2021): Journal of Health and Dental Sciences
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Unjani

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Abstract

Universal precautions are one way to prevent the transmission of disease, which is transmitted by blood and all body fluids, including saliva, either from the patient to health worker and from patient to another patient. Patients should be treated as infected with the disease and potentially infectious every time. This action should be done by all health care staff in the risk of cross-infection between patients, and health workers can be minimized. Basic universal precautions include immunization, hand washing, personal protective equipment, medical equipment management, and hospital waste management. This study aims to describe the level of knowledge about universal precautions in clerkship student of the Dentistry Faculty of Unjani. This study used a descriptive design by cross- sectional. Collection data for research using a questionnaire containing 20 questions tested for validity and reliability, then a questionnaire filled out by respondents as many as 40 people. Presentation of research data is processed and presented to illustrate the level of knowledge in clerkship of frequency distribution table. The results showed that most of the clerkship has a high knowledge (60%), a clerkship with a moderate level of knowledge (27,5%), and a clerkship with the knowledge that a low level (12,5%). Conclusions of the research show that the majority of clerkship student of Dentistry of Medical Unjani about universal precaution is at a high level (60%). DOI : 10.54052/jhds.v1n1.p71-79
THE EFFECT OF Averrhoa Bilimbi L (BELIMBING WULUH) GEL EXTRACT ON INCREASING DEGREE OF EETH BRIGHTNESS (IN VIVO) Asih Rahaju; Zwista Yulia Dewi; Fikri Alatas; Kintan Putri Nur Shafarkiani
Journal of Health and Dental Sciences Vol. 1 No. 1 (2021): Journal of Health and Dental Sciences
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Unjani

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Abstract

Discoloration (extrinsic and intrinsic) reduce the beauty of someone's appearance and confidence. Discoloration affected the increased aesthetic treatment needs in dentistry. Discoloration can be treated by teeth whitening procedures. Teeth whitening can be done with dental bleaching from the application of chemicals on the surface of the teeth. However, dental bleaching has side effects such as reduce the amount of calcium, phosphate and fluoride in tooth enamel, reduce enamel hardness, enamel surface roughness, and dental hypersensitivity. Belimbing wuluh is one of the herbal ingredients to minimise the risk; it contains oxalic acid, a natural peroxide compound. This study purposed to determine the effect of belimbing wuluh gel extract in increasing the degree of teeth brightness colour by in vivo in rabbits. This study used an experimental analytic method with 27 rabbits' incisors, divided into three groups: 50% belimbing wuluh gel, 40% oxalic acid gel, and negative control group. Rabbits' incisors were previously coated in a transparent varnish on the specified area. Teeth bleaching is done for 4 hours in 14 days. Colour measurements used camera and ring-light, which MATLAB will convert. The data were analysed statistically with One way ANOVA followed by a post-hoc NSK test (p <0.05). The result showed that belimbing wuluh gel extract caused an increase in the teeth colour's brightness (p = 0.0030). So, it can be concluded that belimbing wuluh gel extract affects increasing the degree of teeth brightness. DOI : 10.54052/jhds.v1n1.p80-88