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Contact Name
Farhan Baehaki
Contact Email
farhanbaehaki@lighthouse-pub.com
Phone
+6285770406810
Journal Mail Official
farhanbaehaki@lighthouse-pub.com
Editorial Address
BKP Office and Residence S138, Bandar Lampung City, Indonesia 35135
Location
Kota bandar lampung,
Lampung
INDONESIA
Asian Journal of Health and Applied Sciences
ISSN : -     EISSN : 28298985     DOI : https://doi.org/10.53402/ajhas
Core Subject : Health, Science,
Asian Journal of Health and Applied Sciences (AJHAS) is an open access journal publishing high quality peer-reviewed articles across the breadth of health and applied sciences research. The journal takes an objective and constructive approach to peer-review, ensuring each manuscript is well evaluated on its own scholarly merits and research integrity. The journal considers research articles and literature reviews in the areas of medicine, nursing, midwifery, pharmacy, medical laboratory technology (hematology, clinical chemistry, immunoserology, bacteriology, clinical toxicology, immunohematology, cytotechnology, histotechnology), medical records, nutrition science, chemistry (biochemistry, health instrumentation, analytical chemistry, environmental chemistry, organic chemistry), biology (microbiology, molecular biology), occupational health and safety in the health sector, and public health.
Articles 14 Documents
Phylogenetic analysis of the SARS-CoV-2 virus gene-based on the chain A glycoprotein spike in Wuhan Suyarta Efrida Pakpahan; Ira Prima Sari; Dea Koesmawati
Asian Journal of Health and Applied Sciences Vol. 1 No. 2 (2022): Asian Journal of Health and Applied Sciences (AJHAS)
Publisher : Lighthouse Publishing

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Abstract

The spread of COVID-19 in various countries has increased the death toll due to COVID-19. Spike glycoproteins of the SARS-CoV-2 virus have an important role in binding to host cell receptors. This spike can identify the SARS-CoV-2 kinship in Wuhan and other countries by phylogenetic analysis. This study aims to determine the phylogenetic relationship of COVID-19 from Wuhan with the other countries obtained from the NCBI Gene bank based on spike chain A glycoproteins. The method uses NCBI's BLAST program to search for similar sequences, ClustalW's program to perform multiple alignment sequencing, and MegaX to create a phylogenetic tree. The research results Spike glycoprotein chain A in Wuhan has the closest kinship with the United States. This is indicated by the formation of tree branches close to each other but still in the same group as spike glycoproteins in other countries. Phylogenetic tree validated by the bootstrap test that value of 100%, which means it shows the sturdiness of the tree can be trusted. The conclusion is there is no significant difference in the characteristics of spike glycoprotein chain A, as for some countries that have spike amino acid differences in glycoprotein chain A, such as Pakistan, Poland, and Wuhan. The amino acid difference is considered normal because the virus will continue to evolve in order to adapt to the environment
Effect of lutein extract from spinach (Amaranthus sp) on n-hexane fraction on bulk cooking oil peroxide numbers Novia Aryanie; Nunung Kurniasih; Tina Dewi Rosahdi; Assyifa Junitasari
Asian Journal of Health and Applied Sciences Vol. 1 No. 2 (2022): Asian Journal of Health and Applied Sciences (AJHAS)
Publisher : Lighthouse Publishing

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Abstract

The use of cooking oil for too long can cause rancidity in cooking oil which produces cancer-triggering free radicals. This rancidity can be overcome by adding antioxidants, namely compounds that can ward off free radicals. Lutein is an antioxidant compound that contains a hydroxyl group. In this study, green spinach leaves were used as a source of lutein. Green spinach leaves have a high lutein content that is not inferior to Kenikir and Broccoli flowers. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of adding lutein as an antioxidant compound in bulk cooking oil. The test begins with the maceration extraction stage using n-hexane solvent, determining the Rf value of lutein with TLC using an eluent mixture of n-hexane: acetone: chloroform (6: 2: 2) and analyzed by iodometric titration method. The results show that lutein has an Rf value of 0.58, which is almost the same as the standard Rf of lutein, which is 0.59, while the lutein content in green spinach leaves is quite high at 7.86 ppm. Lutein can inhibit the rancidity process caused by an increase in the number of peroxides. At a concentration of 3% lutein has a peroxide value smaller than 1% tocopherol which in this study was used as a comparison, namely synthetic antioxidant compounds.
Validity test of POCT (Point of Care Testing) method on blood glucose examination using whole blood samples, serum, and EDTA plasma Ally Kafesa; Santi Noviyanti; Nurdin Nurdin; Muhammad Alwi Sutomi
Asian Journal of Health and Applied Sciences Vol. 1 No. 2 (2022): Asian Journal of Health and Applied Sciences (AJHAS)
Publisher : Lighthouse Publishing

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Abstract

Medical laboratory services can support disease diagnosis or monitor patient recovery. The reality of the POCT method has been widely used by clinical laboratories. The tool is not only used for screening but is also used to check the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus. This research aims to determine the validity of the POCT method on whole blood, serum, and plasma EDTA samples on blood glucose tests. The research method of this study used the descriptive-analytical method using the POCT method on blood glucose tests using three different types of samples, whole blood, serum, and plasma EDTA. Precision tests were accepted on normal and pathological serum samples with CV% of 2.02% and 2.27%. The accuracy test was accepted on a normal and pathological serum with TE% values ​​of 8.54% and 6.03%. The linearity test is accepted on serum–plasma EDTA samples with an r2 value of 0.998. The sigma values ​​are in the unacceptable area. The use of the POCT tool for blood glucose examination has a valid performance value. The deviation of the examination results is influenced by pre-analytical errors such as sampling and processing samples so that the total error obtained is higher than the total allowed error. The POCT tool can be used for all types of samples.
Peel-off mask formulation from bintangur (Calophyllum inophyllum L.) leaf ethanol extract and its antibacterial activity Liska Liska; Hairil Amanah; Shindi Novianti; Robby Gus Mahardika
Asian Journal of Health and Applied Sciences Vol. 1 No. 2 (2022): Asian Journal of Health and Applied Sciences (AJHAS)
Publisher : Lighthouse Publishing

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Abstract

One of the most widely distributed plant species in Bangka Belitung is Bintangur (Calophyllum inophyllum L.) which is a genus of the Clusiaceae family. Bintagur leaf has the potential as a mask against acne-causing bacteria because it has high bioactivity such as antioxidants and antibacterials. Bitangur leaf extract masks were made by mixing the raw materials in the form of PVA 10 g; HPMC 1 g; glycerin 6 g; TEA 0.5 g; methylparaben 0.1 g; propylparaben 0.025 g; 30 ml distilled water and ethanol extract of Bintangur leaf formulation 0% 0 g; formulation 1% 0.5 g; 2% formulation 1 g and 3% formulation 1.5 g. Bintangur leaf ethanol extract mask in formulations F3 and F2 was the highest concentration producing an inhibition zone to inhibit the growth of Staphylococcus aureus and Propionibacterium acnes bacteria which were in the medium category and for formulations F1 and F3 the highest concentrations were to inhibit the growth of epidermal Staphylococcus bacteria which were categorized as The ethanol extract of Bintangur leaf whose antioxidant activity was measured obtained an IC50 value of 9.87 g/mL which was included in the very strong category. The mask of Bintangur leaf extract in the form of the peel-off gel has the potential to be used and marketed.
Mung beans (Phaseolus radiates L.): Utilization as components of the growth medium Bacillus subtilis Wasiyah Khusna Fadhilah; Heru Agung Saputra; Nimisha Baby
Asian Journal of Health and Applied Sciences Vol. 1 No. 2 (2022): Asian Journal of Health and Applied Sciences (AJHAS)
Publisher : Lighthouse Publishing

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Abstract

Bacillus subtilis is a bacterial contaminant widely discovered in laboratories and used in educational needs. Synthetic media are relatively expensive, which makes it difficult for microbiology laboratories to meet large-scale bacterial growth media demands. This has encouraged researchers to find alternative media with cheaper and easily available prices, namely Mung Beans, which are known to contain protein nutrients that are good for bacterial growth, which is as much as 24%. The purpose of this study was to determine the potential of mung beans’ alternative media as a medium for bacterial growth. This research is a descriptive study and the sample used is 1 tube of a pure isolate of Bacillus subtilis. The variable of this research is mung beans as an alternative medium for the growth of Bacillus subtilis. The results were obtained by observed macroscopically and microscopically, followed by a carbohydrate fermentation test and an IMViC test. Then showed that the colonies growing on the alternative medium of mung beans were in accordance with the characteristics of the colonies growing on Nutrient Agar medium (control), which indicated that these characteristics were Bacillus subtilis. Based on the research that has been done, it can be concluded that there is a qualitative growth of Bacillus subtilis in mung beans alternative media, which means that mung beans alternative media has the potential as a growth medium for Bacillus subtilis.
Benefits of breast milk according to the teachings of Islam, child psychology, and chemical science Assyifa Junitasari; Rika Rahmawati; Irfan Fahmi
Asian Journal of Health and Applied Sciences Vol. 1 No. 1 (2022): Asian Journal of Health and Applied Sciences (AJHAS)
Publisher : Lighthouse Publishing

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (480.965 KB) | DOI: 10.53402/ajhas.v1i1.1

Abstract

Breastfeeding is one of the most important activities for child development. Breastfeeding is a very important part of the process of growing children who are strong and healthy, both physically and spiritually. Breastfeeding activities not only have an impact on providing nutrition but also on the stimulation of the psychological aspects of the breastfed baby. Islam recommends that a mother breastfeed her baby for two years. Reviewing this explanation, it is necessary to conduct research that integrates religious studies related to the study of Al-Baqoroh verse 233 with chemistry related to the content of breast milk and also with psychology that examines the psychology of children who receive breast milk for 2 years and those who do not get breast milk at all. The research method was carried out by reviewing the interpretation of the Qur'an Surah Al-Baqoroh verse 233 from various experts, examining the chemical content of breast milk from various experts, and carrying out psychiatric observations on 50 school-age children. Based on the results of a literature study related to the study of Al-Baqoroh verse 233 and the chemical analysis of breast milk content with the results of psychological analysis of children who received breast milk for 2 years, it shows that there is an association or relationship. The commands in the Qur'an are in line with the many benefits of breastfeeding, as well as effects on child psychology.
A qualitative study on challenges and barriers encountered by nursing students during an internship program Ayman Ateq; Sami Alhamidi
Asian Journal of Health and Applied Sciences Vol. 1 No. 1 (2022): Asian Journal of Health and Applied Sciences (AJHAS)
Publisher : Lighthouse Publishing

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (17462.098 KB) | DOI: 10.53402/ajhas.v1i1.23

Abstract

Nursing students' attitudes and levels of self-confidence can be negatively impacted by unfavourable experiences they have while completing an internship. This demonstrates the importance of conducting research into the experiences of nursing students as they advance through their education. This study investigates the difficulties and obstacles that nursing students encounter while completing their internships at a hospital in Medina, Saudi Arabia. The hospital is located in Saudi Arabia. During the course of the research, a qualitative exploratory study design was utilized, and a total of eight nursing students participated. In order to collect data, face-to-face semi-structured interviews were carried out with participants. In addition to that, a thematic analysis was performed on the data. The nursing students faced a number of significant challenges and problems, the most significant of which were a lack of support, mistrust, improper behaviour, and an absence of a preceptorship program. These problems have a negative impact on nursing practice in clinical settings because of how they manifest themselves. The findings of the study indicate that there is a high probability of achieving favourable results by enhancing the internship program.
How do trauma nurses play their role and manage their emergency skills of management? A case study at a tertiary care hospital in Lahore Zubaida Akhtar; Mehdi Hayat Khan; Shazia Noureen
Asian Journal of Health and Applied Sciences Vol. 1 No. 1 (2022): Asian Journal of Health and Applied Sciences (AJHAS)
Publisher : Lighthouse Publishing

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (6563.4 KB) | DOI: 10.53402/ajhas.v1i1.26

Abstract

A greater understanding of the connection between a patient's history of trauma and the effects of that trauma on the patient's current mental illness can be gained by nurses who gain experience working in a trauma unit. One of the goals of this discussion is to find ways to provide care to patients without potentially further traumatising them. This educational discussion has the potential to provide nurses with content that describes the interplay of the neurological, biological, psychological, and social effects of trauma, which may reduce the likelihood of retraumatization. [This] discussion can be used to: It is unknown how the multidisciplinary nature of emergency departments (EDs) translates into clinical practise for nurses working in those departments. However, before emergency department nurses can begin working in the field, they must first receive an education that is both meaningful and specific to the role they will play. As a result, the purpose of this discussion was to assess the capabilities of emergency department nurses in terms of emergency management. Methods: This discussion was carried out in the form of exploratory research using a descriptive study layout. The pre-education and post-education questionnaires each had 18 questions, which allowed for the collection of quantitative data. The numbers show that there were a total of 34 emergency department nurses who took part in this education discussion. After the discussion, there was a significant change (p 0.01, r 0.35) in nine of the items in the list of eighteen. The perceived effectiveness of evaluating the role and emergency management skills of ED nurses was the primary point of contention in this argument. The nurses working in emergency departments became more knowledgeable about the impact that traumatic experiences can have on an individual's mental health. However, providing care to trauma patients in an emergency department setting was a significant challenge, and the primary reason for this was the limited amount of time that was available on a daily basis environment of the emergency department (ED) and the high volume of patients who may have multiple and/or complex presentations. Despite this, nurses played an important part in reducing the likelihood of the patients experiencing further trauma.
Nursing during the COVID-19 pandemic: known and less known aspects explained Deepak Battarcharya; Easter Khura
Asian Journal of Health and Applied Sciences Vol. 1 No. 1 (2022): Asian Journal of Health and Applied Sciences (AJHAS)
Publisher : Lighthouse Publishing

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.53402/ajhas.v1i1.28

Abstract

Covid pandemic is unique. Viremia –Corona virus is viewed as enigma. Affliction demands continuous alert and or intensive nursing and selective nutrition. Less known aspects presented, elaborated, explained, demystified along with co-morbidities; opportunistic infections\infestations and fatality causes & Paradigm shifts needed. Neo nursing modes; methods; medicine and innovative nursing grapples provided. S + H3BO3, 1:1, v\v antagonises mycosis topically. Lab-tonurse plain language used. Target: patient & family. Forget fear-adopt solid science is the ethos. Pan global regiments of actual front line workers converted to Covid combat winning warriors (nurses).
Review: Analysis of lead level in the blood of several professions in Indonesia Fahmi Rizal
Asian Journal of Health and Applied Sciences Vol. 1 No. 1 (2022): Asian Journal of Health and Applied Sciences (AJHAS)
Publisher : Lighthouse Publishing

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (504.174 KB) | DOI: 10.53402/ajhas.v1i1.3

Abstract

Lead is a toxic heavy metal found in the environment. Lead is an abundant, important, and dangerous element. In addition, lead cannot be decomposed, so it easily accumulates in the environment and causes poisoning. Lead poisoning is a condition when a person experiences lead deposition in the body. Lead is a metal-shaped chemical element with a very high toxic content. Lead toxins can affect the function of human organs and systems. A person can experience serious health problems if exposed to small amounts of lead for a long time. It can even be fatal if the level of lead exposure is very high. Lead exposure is particularly dangerous for workers who are directly or indirectly related to it. Therefore, there needs to be an in-depth analysis of lead exposure among some professional workers in Indonesia. The method used in this research is an observational study using a cross-sectional approach and laboratory analysis using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry (AAS). Based on the research that has been done, it is found that the level of lead (Pb) in the blood of some workers in Indonesia is still below the threshold because it is in accordance with Decree of the Minister of Health of the Republic of Indonesia Number 1406/MENKES/SK/IX/2002 concerning Standards for Examination of Pb Levels in Human Biomarker Specimens that the content of lead (Pb) is 0.1–0.25 µg/ml.

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