cover
Contact Name
Abd. Ghofur
Contact Email
okara@iainmadura.ac.id
Phone
+6287850655003
Journal Mail Official
okara@iainmadura.ac.id
Editorial Address
Institut Agama Islam Negeri Madura, Jl. Raya Panglegur km.4 Pamekasan 69371
Location
Kab. pamekasan,
Jawa timur
INDONESIA
OKARA: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra
ISSN : 1907624X     EISSN : 2442624X     DOI : https://doi.org/10.19105/ojbs
Core Subject : Education,
The journal publishes research papers in the field of linguistics, literature, and language teaching, such as fundamentals of ELT, the sound of the word of the language, structure, meaning, language and gender, sociolinguistic, language philosophy, history of linguistic, origin/evolution, experimental linguistics, phonology, syntax, endangered minority language, language and nature, the communicative strategy of teaching, linguistic anthropology, the psychology of language, field methods in linguistic, interactive of language teaching.
Arjuna Subject : Umum - Umum
Articles 205 Documents
DISCOURSE ANALYSIS OF SYMBOLS IN BELIATN BAWO MANTRA IN TRADITIONAL HEALING RITE OF BENUAQ CULTURE IN EAST KALIMANTAN Ahmad Aris Mundir Sutaji
OKARA: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Vol. 7 No. 1 (2013): OKARA: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra
Publisher : IAIN MADURA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19105/ojbs.v7i1.433

Abstract

Makalah ini merupakan ringkasan dari penelitian yang telah dilakukan yang membahas mantra-mantra Beliatn Bawo (mantra pengobatan Suku Dayak) dan mendeskripsikan makna berbagai simbol dari sudut pandang analisis wacana. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa simbol yang digunakan dalam mantra Beliatn Bawo melambangkan orang yang sakit, penyebab terjadinya sakit, obat, dan motivasi untuk sembuh dari penyakit yang diderita oleh pasien.
SECULARISM IN PAMUK’S SNOW; A POSTCOLONIALISM STUDY Muh. Fajar
OKARA: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Vol. 7 No. 1 (2013): OKARA: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra
Publisher : IAIN MADURA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19105/ojbs.v7i1.434

Abstract

Postcolonial criticism has always analyzed colonial power through the multifarious signs, metaphors and narratives of both the dominating and indigenous cultures, in other words, the cultural formations and representational practices can be understood as colonial discourses. Initially these discourses were examined primarily in terms of binary oppositions, as exemplified in Edward Said’s notion of Orientalism. This paper explores secularism as one part of binary oppositions opposed to religion in Pamuk’s Snow. Before the writer analyses secularism in this novel, thus he would like to discuss the concept of postcolonial theory, mimicry and hybridity, binary oppositions, then he focuses to discuss secularism as one part of binary opposition as opposed to religion in Pamuk’s Snow.
Ben Jelloun’s Point of View on Racism in the Essay Le Racisme Expliqueé À Ma Fille Annisa Nitya Pradivta; Diah Kartini Lasman
OKARA: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Vol. 15 No. 1 (2021): OKARA: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra
Publisher : IAIN MADURA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19105/ojbs.v15i1.4512

Abstract

Moroccan literature has been growing since the 1950s, when Morocco was still under French occupation. The big themes that commonly appear in Moroccan literature are the issues of colonialism and racism. One Moroccan writer whose work speaks a lot about racism is Tahar Ben Jelloun. This article aims to analyze one of Ben Jelloun's works entitled Le Racisme expliquée à ma fille. The essay discusses a father and his 10-year-old daughter about racism and what makes people became racist. In the essay, some words are in bold, and these words are mostly phenomena or social events related to the dark history of world civilization due to racism. This study used a qualitative method by using Genette's focalization theory and opposition theory by Greimas markers. The analysis results show that the concept of racism in this essay is conveyed through the father's focalization even though the essay's form is a question and answer between the father and daughter. The selection of forms of dialogue with father and daughter figures can be seen as a narrative strategy to convey the implicit meaning to combat racism. Anti-racism education in the family is Tahar Ben Jelloun's reflection on solutions to racism in the world.
“You Look Fat in Red”: Fat Talk in the Workplace Desy Catur Karinatasa; Emy Sudarwati
OKARA: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Vol. 15 No. 1 (2021): OKARA: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra
Publisher : IAIN MADURA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19105/ojbs.v15i1.4509

Abstract

In the Indonesian context, commenting on one's less adequate body size is considered normal. However, the effect it has on the person who is subjected to it is quite surprising. The fat talk phenomenon in the workplace is one example of fat talk case that remains under-researched. This research reflects the phenomenon of fat talk in the workplace viewed from a sociolinguistics viewpoint. In analyzing and gathering the evidence, this research uses a descriptive qualitative approach and citizen sociolinguistics. The data were obtained from the discovery made by citizen sociolinguists in the workplace. Based on Bulik's 12 types of fat talk, the results showed that the most frequent types are personalized and generic (24%), followed by compliment fishing and bullying (21%). The least used types of fat talk are comparative, joking, and fat-is-ugly. The results also showed that the fat talk's linguistic features were found to be linked to body parts, clothing, food, body health, appearance, weight, and context of appearance and height. Eventually, fat talk is a new language variation that has fulfilled a specific language purpose in the workplace.
Communication Patterns in English Classes in Public Secondary Schools in Benguet, Philippines Jevera Cawilan Domogen
OKARA: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Vol. 15 No. 1 (2021): OKARA: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra
Publisher : IAIN MADURA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19105/ojbs.v15i1.4166

Abstract

Communication patterns assume a vital role in the English classroom. It shapes the type of discourse conveyed by the teachers and the learners. This study looked into communication patterns in English classrooms and levels of questions employed in the classroom. Communication barriers and measures to address these communication barriers were identified. The descriptive method of research was utilized in the study. The study found that the students' opportunity to express themselves is limited because the communication patterns adopted in the English classroom involve initiation-response-evaluation/feedback. Students' reasoning, creative, and critical thinking skills are not honed because of the prevalence of questions in discourse. Communication anxiety and other communication barriers directly affect the communication process. Student's success in the development of their communication skills needs to be addressed. It is recommended that teachers employ communication patterns to give learners more opportunities to express ideas. The higher levels of questions should be used in the English classroom to develop their communication skills. Teachers should also employ different learning strategies to address the communication barriers and develop learners' communication skills.
Tahlîlu al-Adab al-Lughawî Ladã al-Dã’i bi Mãdûrã Wafqa li al-Dirãsah al-Baraghmãtiyyah wa al-Qurãn Iswah Adriana; Waqiatul Masruroh
OKARA: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Vol. 13 No. 2 (2019): OKARA: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra
Publisher : IAIN MADURA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19105/ojbs.v13i2.2677

Abstract

The study of politeness in the language is very important to do for a dai in terms of pragmatics and the Koran. The utterance in multicultural propaganda, as conveyed by the dai in Madura, shows the politeness of language as proclaimed by Pranowo in pragmatics and also according to the Qur'anic point of view. The research data were in the preacher form of speech from Madura during the lecture. The data source is several recorded lectures by KH. Musleh Adnan and Nyai Hj. Mufarrohah on YouTube. The data collection techniques were free listening, observation of speech and note-taking techniques. Data were analyzed by critical descriptive. The results revealed that: (1) The existence of politeness in the pragmatics of language that includes a sense of taste, adu rasa, empan papan, humble, respectful, tepa selira, and the use of diction "apologize", "thank you", and greetings. Although impoliteness of language was also found in the speech which shows an attitude of self-praise; (2) The form of politeness in the language of the Koran which includes: qaulan karima, qaulan marufa, qaulan layyina, qaulan baligha, qaulan maysura, qaulan sadida dan qaulan tsaqila.
Working Memory Role on Gender towards Language Transfer: Study of Neurolinguistics Sofia Marwati; Gusdi Sastra
OKARA: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Vol. 13 No. 2 (2019): OKARA: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra
Publisher : IAIN MADURA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19105/ojbs.v13i2.2566

Abstract

Second language acquisition requires many aspects including how the working memory supports the system of the human input system. Working memory has a crucial identity in storing information for a short time. It is a limited complex ability required for holding and manipulating information in a brief period for learning, thinking, giving attention, counting, memorizing, comprehending, and problem-solving. The aims of this research are to predict the role of working memory capacity on males and females and to identify the language transfer in between. The subject of this research consisted of 14 Indonesian students (7 male 7 female) at International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM). They are signed as postgraduate students of many different majors. Data were taken by using the reading span test of Ronnberg version. Data were analyzed by referring to Baddeley, Hitch, and Ellis. The finding of the research declares that difference gender has different working memory capacity pattern and language transfer. Gender is also a crucial factor in improving second language acquisition.
Nominal Lexemes Morphemes Reduplication of Mandarin Shi Yuxin
OKARA: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Vol. 13 No. 2 (2019): OKARA: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19105/ojbs.v13i2.2504

Abstract

Morphologically, functions of Chinese reduplication may place categorically within the derivational domain of lexemes. In fact, whereas derivation typically forms new lexemes and can be category changing, reduplication often conveys values typically found in the inflectional domain. By using the test of categorical word and test of lexical decomposition, this research achieves shed new light on the reduplicative processes. As a result, in the nominal domain, reduplication gives as a result plural noun. In the derivational domain, nominal lexeme in reduplication has a flexible distribution of lexical items. In this case, the types of reduplication of noun in Mandarin show the process of AA, AAB, and AABB patterns.
Do I Talk Too Much in Class? A Quantitative Analysis of ESL Classroom Interaction Kaukab Abid Azhar; Nayab Iqbal; Mahvish Sohaib Khan
OKARA: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Vol. 13 No. 2 (2019): OKARA: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra
Publisher : IAIN MADURA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19105/ojbs.v13i2.2491

Abstract

Teacher-learner interaction in the classroom is dictated by how well the teacher manages classroom talk-time which has a direct influence on learner achievement in an ESL Classroom. Teachers often perceive that they allocate enough time for student talk time; however, the past literature suggests that teacher talk-time takes around 70-75% of overall time in the class. The purpose of this study is to analyze the TTT (Teacher Talk-Time) in the context of ESL classroom in Pakistan. Convenience based sampling was used to assess the Teacher Talk-Time through observational method. Findings of 12 sessions (30-hours) showed that average Teacher Talk-Time was 65% of the total classroom time. The study highlights that ESL teachers need to improve the Learner Talk-Time (LTT) as the analysis showed that on average each student only gets 22 seconds of talk-time in an ESL class. A blended learning model can help ESL teachers to eliminate some of the talk-time and engage learners with meaningful activities that encourage classroom interaction in the target language.
Implementation of Blended Learning through Youtube Media to Improve Students’ Speaking Skill Cynantia Rachmijati; Anita Anggraeni; Dewi Listia Apriliyanti
OKARA: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Vol. 13 No. 2 (2019): OKARA: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra
Publisher : IAIN MADURA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19105/ojbs.v13i2.2424

Abstract

With new technology and the way students learn, a vlog is one way to improve students' speaking skills. This research focuses on speaking skill via vlog to improve students' speaking and creativity skills and analyze the interrelationship between the implementation of blended learning and an increase in student self-confidence. This research used mixed methods. The subjects were 13 vlogs made by students on the topic of tourism. The 13 Vlogs are assessed using the rubric developed by Dan Rooney and Elijah Punzalan. The results showed that the highest vlog value was 84 and the lowest was 74, which generally increased students' creativity. Common mistakes on average are ways of delivering or introducing introduction and introduction that are still not good, how to give conclusions or provide summaries and finally the accuracy of the grammatical structure used. There is an increase in speaking ability including vocabulary, fluency, pronunciation and intonation sections. It can be seen that there is a ratio of 2.8 points for vocabulary, 7.9 points for fluency, 10.9 points for pronunciation and 2.1 points for intonation. The findings also infer that the application of speaking through blended learning vlogging media YouTube was declared successful and improved students' speaking abilities.

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