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Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Health
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Articles 96 Documents
PENGARUH TINGKAT PENGETAHUAN TERHADAP PELAKSANAAN PEMAKAIAN ALAT PELINDUNG DIRI SEBAGAI UPAYA PENCAPAIAN ZERO ACCIDENT DI PT. X Seviana Rinawati; Nilan Nur Widowati; Eka Rosanti
Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Health Vol 1, No 1 (2016): Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Health
Publisher : Universitas Darussalam Gontor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21111/jihoh.v1i1.606

Abstract

This study aim to determine the effect of knowledge toward Personal Protection Equipment usage to create the discipline of the labor force as an attempt zero accident achievement on the Spinning sector. This study applied observational analytical research using cross-sectional approach. Sampling technique using purposive sampling. As the object of study sample is 55 people. Data taken using questionnaires and observation sheets to know the characteristics of respondents, measuring knowledge, and personal protection equipment usage. Processing techniques and data analysis performed with Chi Square statistical test. The results by Chi Square test is known that the sig. as same as 0,009, or less than 0.05. Most respondents have a high knowledge level, while the implementation of PPE usage is mostly labor discipline. For conclusion of study, there is influence of knowledge toward Personal Protection Equipment (PPE) usage in the labor force spinning sector at  PT. X with value 6,839.  For further research to the study of other factors that influence the performance of the PPE usage in the workplace. Keywords: Knowledge; PPE usage; Zero Accident
PENGARUH PERBAIKAN KURSI KERJA TERHADAP KELUHAN MUSKULOSKELETAL PADA PEKERJAAN MENJAHIT DI DESA X Eka Rosanti; Dasri Wulandari
Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Health Vol 1, No 1 (2016): Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Health
Publisher : Universitas Darussalam Gontor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21111/jihoh.v1i1.605

Abstract

The objective of research is to find out and to study the effect of work seat reparation on the musculoskeletal complaints in sewing task in X Village. The research method employed in this study was a Quasi Experiment with one group pre-test and post-test design. The sampling technique used was random sampling. Random sampling means the selection of a group of subject through restriction obtained with inclusion and exclusion criteria. In this research, the population number was 31 male workers. The subject was done using random sampling with restriction so that 15 workers qualifying the inclusion and exclusion were obtained as the sample. The data collection was done using Anthropometry measurement, the work seat measurement before reparation, the administration of ergonomic seat according to the worker’s anthropometry and the use of Nordic body map questionnaire to find out the musculoskeletal complaints. Technique of processing and analyzing data used was nonparametric statistic test-wilcoxon test using SPSS version 16.0 computer software. The result of analysis on the difference of musculoskeletal complaints before and after the treatment using wilcoxon test shows the Asymp. Sig value (2-tailed) of 0.001 (P Value 0.001 < 0.01) means very significant that there is a value difference before and after the work seat reparation. After the work seat reparation the average (X) ± SD total score of musculoskeletal complaints decreases from 65.1 ± 3.1 to 41.3 ± 3.8. So the difference of musculoskeletal complaints is 23.8 (36.6%). The conclusion can be drawn that there is an effect of work seat reparation on the musculoskeletal complaints in sewing task in X Village. To prevent the musculoskeletal complaints, the ergonomic work seat in this research can be used. Keywords: Anthropometry; ergonomic seat; non-ergonomic seat; musculoskeletal complaints
HUBUNGAN PENGETAHUAN DAN SIKAP TENTANG ALAT PELINDUNG TELINGA DENGAN PENGGUNAANNYA PADA PEKERJA DI PT. X Ragil Retnaningsih
Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Health Vol 1, No 1 (2016): Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Health
Publisher : Universitas Darussalam Gontor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21111/jihoh.v1i1.607

Abstract

Weaving department at textile industry use machines with noise intensity >90 dB, the majority of workers do not use protective equipment because they feel uncomfortable with the tool and claims to have familiar and not bothered to work on a noisy workplace. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between knowledge and attitudes of the use of ear protection equipment toward workers at PT. X. This study is considered observational with cross-sectional approach. The samples were 86 workers in the weaving industry taken by using simple random sampling technique. The technique of collecting data was taken through observation and questionnaire. Data analysis was performed with the bivariate statistical test of contingency coefficient. Based on the results of statistical tests of contingency coefficient showed that there was a relationship between knowledge and attitudes of the use of ear protection equipment toward workers at PT. X, where the knowledge with the use of ear protectors with a value of p = 0.000 and r = 0389 attitude (p = 0.000) with r = 0.383. There is a relationship on the Knowledge and Attitudes of the Ear Protective Equipment Use of Workers at PT. X. Keywords: Knowledge; Attitude; The Use of Personal Protective Equipment Ear
ANALISIS RISIKO POSTUR KERJA PADA PEKERJA DI BAGIAN PEMILAHAN DAN PENIMBANGAN LINEN KOTOR RS. X Seviana Rinawati
Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Health Vol 1, No 1 (2016): Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Health
Publisher : Universitas Darussalam Gontor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21111/jihoh.v1i1.604

Abstract

This research objective is to determine and assess the valuation of REBA method in posture of workers in preventing disorders of the musculoskeletal. This study conducted using observational analytical research using qualitative descriptive analytic on a total sampling on workers in the laundry. Data were collected using a questionnaire and assessment form REBA be adjusted by Law no.1 1970. For the results, activities of weighing dirty laundry worker in the clothes in the category of low-risk level with a final score REBA is 3. While the activity of sorting dirty laundry clothes officers in the risk level high category with a final score REBA is 9, than required immediate action. For research conclusion, a high level of risk at this stage of the activity in the laundry attendant sorting soiled clothes caused by work postures of work attitude experiencing body twisting, bending and with the flexion. Advice given is the hospital attempts to control engineering, engineering management, administration procedures and procurement occupational health and safety promotion. Keywords: Rapid Entire Body Assessment (REBA); Work Posture
PENGARUH PAPARAN CH4 DAN H2S TERHADAP KELUHAN GANGGUAN PERNAPASAN PEMULUNG DI TPA MRICAN KABUPATEN PONOROGO Ratih Andhika Akbar
Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Health Vol 1, No 1 (2016): Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Health
Publisher : Universitas Darussalam Gontor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21111/jihoh.v1i1.603

Abstract

Methane (CH4) as gases with the highest concentration at a landfill and Hydrogen Sulfide (H2S) as a very pungent odor contributor due to bacterial or chemical processes will directly have impacts on scavengers who daily work at a landfill. When the concentration of CH4 and H2S gases at the landfill exceeds the standard quality and is inhaled by scavengers will cause respiratory disorder complaints such as cough, chest pain, and shortness of breath. The objective of this research is to analyze the effect of CH4 and H2S exposure on respiratory disorder complaints of scavengers at landfill of Mrican, Ponorogo Regency. This research used the observational analytical method with the cross-sectional design. Its population was 32 scavengers. The samples of research were taken by using the total sampling technique. The effect of CH4 and H2S gases was examined by a means of Fisher test. The measurement of correlational strength between the dependent and independent variables used the Odds Ratio (RO). The concentration of CH4 gas in active and passive zones in the morning and in the afternoon exceeds the standard quality with concentration of 0,11 %. The concentrations of H2S gas are 0,024 ppm in the active zone and 0,022 ppm in the passive zone respectively, which exceed the standard quality. The result of  Fisher test shows that there is an effect of CH4 and H2S gas exposure on the respiratory disorder complaints with p = 0,015 and 0,038 for each variable respectively (p < 0,05). The value of RO for CH4 gas is 0,101 with the probability to suffer from respiratory disorder complaints of 9,2 %. Meanwhile, the value of RO for H2S is 0,137 with the probability to suffer from respiratory disorder complaints of 12 %. Keyword: CH4; H2S; landfiill; respiratory disorder complaint; scavengers
GAMBARAN PENGGUNAAN ALAT PELINDUNG DIRI PEKERJA BONGKAR MUAT PETIKEMAS PT. X SURABAYA Tofan Agung; Yudi A.
Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Health Vol 1, No 1 (2016): Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Health
Publisher : Universitas Darussalam Gontor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21111/jihoh.v1i1.602

Abstract

Loading and unloading containers activities at one of terminal has a high operating level compared with some other terminals in the Port of Tanjung Perak Surabaya Loading and unloading activities with high operational causes various risks, especially risks to the health and safety of workers. One way to prevent accidents is to use PPE (Personal Protective Equipment) is appropriate. This research aims to describe the used of PPE on loading and unloading workers, with the observational method. Based on observations to 20 employees, the results was that majority of workers used safety shoes. Mask is a type of personal protective equipment used by workers at least. Data recorded in the company's result showed that the risk of work accidents index were at 9.103. Based on data obtained during observations showed that 25% of workers were not using the appropriate PPE. Conclusion: various PPE has been provided by the company and the use of masks need to be improved.
Pengaruh Kepemimpinan, Kompensasi, Budaya Organisasi dan Motivasi Kerja Terhadap Kinerja Karyawan PT. Indo Kaya Energi Dian Afif Arifah; Syafriyadi Miftahul Munir Lubis
Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Health Vol 3, No 2 (2019): Optimise The Collection and Use of Occupational Safety and Health Data
Publisher : Universitas Darussalam Gontor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21111/jihoh.v3i1.2364

Abstract

THE RELATIONSHIP OF THE WORK SAFETY PROGRAMS IMPLEMENTATION WITH THE PRODUCTIVITY OF EMPLOYEES IN PACKER PARTNERS PT. SEMEN BOSOWA MAROS Ani Asriani Basri; Hasbi Ibrahim
Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Health Vol 3, No 1 (2018): New Dimensions of Occupational Health and Industrial Safety
Publisher : Universitas Darussalam Gontor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21111/jihoh.v3i1.2457

Abstract

The application of work safety programs is one form of the company's efforts to create safe and healthy workplace conditions for the workforce, so as to reduce absenteeism and increase employee productivity.This study aims to find out how the "Relationship between Work Safety Program Implementation and Employee Productivity in the Packer Section of PT. Semen Bosowa Maros”. This type of research is a type of quantitative research, namely an analytical survey. This study uses an analytic international design with a cross sectional study approach. With a sample of 48 respondents in the cement filling packer section with sampling, the total sampling method. Data obtained from the results of questionnaires, observations, and interviews. Then the data will be analyzed using chy-square analysis and fisher's excat to see the relationship between the dependent variable and the independent variable. Fisher's exact statistical test results obtained p value = 0.650> 0.05, this shows that there is no relationship between the knowledge of safety signs with the achievement of cement filling targets, obtained p value = 0.369> 0.05 which indicates that no there is a relationship between the frequency of health and safety training with the achievement of cement filling targets. With the chy-square statistical test, the value of p = 0.04 <0.05 indicates that there is a relationship between the use of personal protective equipment and the achievement of cement filling targets. It is necessary to install safety signs in the packer section to improve and foster awareness of the workforce in protecting themselves, improve K3 training and provide strict sanctions to workers who are not disciplined in using complete personal protective equipment.Keywords: Safety Program, Work Productivity, Packer Worker
FACTORS RELATED TO THE USE OF PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT IN SHIPYARD WELDERS Rizky Agung Firnando
Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Health Vol 3, No 1 (2018): New Dimensions of Occupational Health and Industrial Safety
Publisher : Universitas Darussalam Gontor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21111/jihoh.v3i1.2421

Abstract

Welders can be exposed to occupational hazard. One way to prevent is by using proper PPE.There are many factors that relate to the use of PPE in welders. This was an observational analytic study with cross sectional design. The population of the study was welders of PT. X's Commerce Ship Division. The number of the sample was 52 welders who was selected randomly. Data were collected by means of questionnaires and observation checklist. The results of this study were welders of PT. X's Commerce Ship Division used enough personal protective equipment. There was significant correlation between antecedent variable (i.e. perceptions about potential hazards and PPE usage) with the used of PPE. Consequence variable (i.e. reward) was significantly correlate with the used of PPE. It can be concluded that perceptions about potential hazards and PPE usage,and reward are factors that relate to the use of PPE in welders of PT. X Commercial Ship Division. The suggestion is evaluate the reward system for the suitability of the use of personal protective equipment in welders.Keyword: determinant factors, the use of personal PPE, welders 
HEARING THRESHOLD VALUE ON THE EMPLOYEE AIR SEPARATION PLAN PT.X Hanis Prasetyaningtyas
Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Health Vol 3, No 1 (2018): New Dimensions of Occupational Health and Industrial Safety
Publisher : Universitas Darussalam Gontor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21111/jihoh.v3i1.2488

Abstract

Noise at work can causse disruption to worker, one of which is a decrease in hearing threshold value. There are many things that cause decrease in hearing threshold value to worker like age, exposure time, length of work,obedience with personal protective equipment, and also history of illness. In this company, there is a part that cause noise that exceed thershold limit value, one of them is in the Air Separation Plan. This research was descriptive observational with cross sectional design. Population of this research was all worker on Air Separation Plan amounted to 12 people. The variable were age, exposure time, length of work, obedience with personal protective equipment, and also history of illness. The result of this research was intensity of noise in this plan is 126 dB. The age of worker start from 23- 47 y.o. The exposure time start from 5 – 15 minute. The most length of work was 1- 15 years. In obedience with personal protective equipment there were many worker are obedience with personal protective equipment. And most worker have no history of illness. The result was there are relation of obedience with personal protective equipment and history of illness with decrease in hearing threshold value in the worker of Air Separtion Plan. out of 12 worker there are 8 worker who did not have hearing loss and there were 4 worker that have hearing loss.Keyword :noise, thershold limit value, the obedience with personal protective equipment

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