FRANSISKUS BUSTAN
Faculty Of Teacher Training And Educational Sciences, Nusa Cendana University Kupang

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THE CULTURAL CONCEPTUALISATION OF MANGGARAI PEOPLE ON THE ORIGIN OF LIFE: CULTURAL LINGUISTIC ANALYSIS Bustan, Fransiskus; Semiun, Agustinus; Bire, Josua
Academic Journal of Educational Sciences Vol 4 No 1 (2020): AJES - ACADEMIC JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL SCIENCES
Publisher : Postgraduate School, Universitas Nusa Cendana

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Abstract

This study describes the relationship of between Manggarai language and Manggarai culture, as reflected in the culturalconceptualisation of Manggarai people on the origin of life that includes the origin of human beings, food plants, and animals. The study isviewed from the perspective of cultural linguistics. The study is descriptive. The results of study show that there is a close relationship betweenManggarai language and Manggarai culture, as reflected in the cultural conceptualisation of Manggarai people on the origin of life that includesthe origin of human beings, food plants, and animals.
FRAMEWORK FOR ENGLISH LANGUAGE LEARNING BASED ON SABUNESE FOLKLORE AS A MEANS FOR ENRICHING LEXICAL KNOWLEDGE RELATED TO SABUNESE TRADITIONAL ECONOMIC SYSTEMS Josua Bire; Fransiskus Bustan; Agustinus Semiun
Academic Journal of Educational Sciences Vol 3 No 2 (2019): Vol. 3, No. 2, Dec (2019): AJES-Academic Journal of Educational Sciences
Publisher : Postgraduate School, Universitas Nusa Cendana

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Abstract

This research aims to develop a framework for English language learning based on Sabunese folklore as a means for enriching lexical knowledge related to traditional economic systems within the Sabunese culture. Theoretical framework on which this research is based on is applied cultural linguistic which empowers local cultural products and practices of Sabunese people in form of folklores as the basis for modelling English language learning based on local culture. This research is that of a descriptive study which blends analysis and its application in form of framework development. Research results develop the English language learning framework based on Sabunese folklore which functions as an approach to enrichment of lexical knowledge related to traditional economic systems which encompasses agriculture, farming, and trading systems. The framework development is that of a single entry – multiple outputs, as the model provides several outputs besides enrichment approach to lexical knowledge related to traditional economic systems embedded within the Sabunese culture as the main focus of this research. The developed framework is applicable to other fields with necessary modifications depending on specific aims and context.
THE CONCEPTUALISATION OF MANGGARAI SPEECH COMMUNITY ON HOUSEHOLD ECONOMIC WELFARE Fransiskus Bustan; Agustinus Semiun; Yohanis Semuel Sarong
Academic Journal of Educational Sciences Vol 3 No 2 (2019): Vol. 3, No. 2, Dec (2019): AJES-Academic Journal of Educational Sciences
Publisher : Postgraduate School, Universitas Nusa Cendana

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Abstract

This study describes the conceptualisation of Manggarai people as members of Manggarai speech community on household economic welfare, with special reference to the forms and meanings of language they employ in verbal expressions in the texts of ritual speeches as cultural discourses. This is a descriptive study. The methods of collecting data were observation, interview, focused-group discussion, and documentary study. The sources of primary data were members of Manggarai speech community represented by five key informants. Data were analysed qualitatively by using inductive method. The results of study show that the forms and meanings of Manggarai language used in verbal expressions in the texts of cultural discourse in Manggarai language are specific to Manggarai culture as they reflect the conceptualisation of Manggarai speech community on household economic welfare. As onceptualised in the cognitive map of Manggarai speech community, the indicators of household economic welfare are designated by having meals three times a day, the availabity of full corn and rice as food stuff, the availability of vegetables in the farm lands, the availability of pigs and chickens raised.
THE CULTURAL CONCEPTUALISATION OF MANGGARAI PEOPLE ON THE ORIGIN OF LIFE: CULTURAL LINGUISTIC ANALYSIS Fransiskus Bustan; Agustinus Semiun; Josua Bire
Academic Journal of Educational Sciences Vol 4 No 1 (2020): AJES - ACADEMIC JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL SCIENCES
Publisher : Postgraduate School, Universitas Nusa Cendana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

This study describes the relationship of between Manggarai language and Manggarai culture, as reflected in the culturalconceptualisation of Manggarai people on the origin of life that includes the origin of human beings, food plants, and animals. The study isviewed from the perspective of cultural linguistics. The study is descriptive. The results of study show that there is a close relationship betweenManggarai language and Manggarai culture, as reflected in the cultural conceptualisation of Manggarai people on the origin of life that includesthe origin of human beings, food plants, and animals.
MAPPING OF LANGUAGES IN TIMOR TENGAH SELATAN REGENCY Jeladu Kosmas; Fransikus Sanda; Alex Djawa; Fransiskus Bustan
Academic Journal of Educational Sciences Vol 4 No 2 (2020): AJES-ACADEMIC JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL SCIENCES
Publisher : Postgraduate School, Universitas Nusa Cendana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35508/ajes.v4i2.3534

Abstract

The research about dialect mapping in Timor Tengah Selatan regency is one of the forms of the effort in expressing the truth of humanities researchers who have exposed the Dawan language on the map of languages ​​in East Nusa Tenggara. The researcher wants to minimize the doubts of Lauder (1997) who stated that if all linguistic and non-linguistic researchers agree to use research methods and criteria in selecting the same languages, dialects, sub-dialects, and variants, It is probable that the gap between the findings of one researcher and another can be minimized. Thus, this study specifically wants to map the languages, dialects, sub-dialects, and variants that are in TTS regency. The object of this research is targeting the portrait of the Dawan language map which contains languages, dialects, sub-dialects, and variants derived in the Timor Tengah Selatan Regency, East Nusa Tenggara Province. This study uses dialectometric techniques which are often used in diachronic linguistics. The findings of this study were (1) finding a map of Timor Tengah Selatan Regency which contains languages, dialects, sub-dialects, and variants. (2) then it was found diachronically related by linguistic means to be produced in diachronic relationships by the linguistic system. (3) there were three variants in this study, namely the Dawan R variant, the Dawan L variant, and the Tetun variant. (4) The study produced a map of the dialectic spiderweb of the TTS Regency.
THE FUNCTION OF PLANT METAPHOR AS A SYMBOL OF UNITY FOR MANGGARAI SPEECH COMMUNITY Fransiskus Bustan; Josua Bire; Agustinus Semiun; Hendrikus Jehane
Academic Journal of Educational Sciences Vol 5 No 1 (2021): AJES-ACADEMIC JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL SCIENCES
Publisher : Postgraduate School, Universitas Nusa Cendana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35508/ajes.v5i1.4616

Abstract

This paper explores the function of plant metaphor as a symbol of unity for Manggarai speech community with special reference to the forms and meanings of the linguistic phenomena used in the plant metaphor. The study is descriptive. The study is viewed from cultural linguistics with special reference to metaphor as a part of cultural conceptualization emerging in cognitive level. The result of study shows that the form and meaning of plant metaphor as a symbol of unity for Manggarai speech society is reflected in the verbal expression, Muku ca pu’u neka woleng curup ‘One clump of bananas doesn’t talk differently, one clump of canes doesn’t walk differently’. The forms and meanings of the linguistic phenomena used in the plant metaphor are specific to Manggarai culture revealing the conceptualization of Manggarai speech community on the signifincance of maintaining unity in their contexts of living together as members of the wa’u as a patrilineal-genealogic clan. Besides contributing to the significance of cultural linguistics as an approach to exploring language differences due to cultural differences, the study is also beneficial to remind Manggarai speech community that the content stored in the plant metaphor implies local wisdom enherited from their ancestors that should be maintained and preserved.
PERSEPSI GUYUB TUTUR MANGGARAI TENTANG SIGNIFIKANSI HARMONI SOSIAL: ANALISIS LINGUISTIK KEBUDAYAAN Fransiskus Bustan; Ni Wayan Sumitri
Linguistika: Buletin Ilmiah Program Magister Linguistik Universitas Udayana Vol 17 (2010): March 2010
Publisher : Program Magister Linguistik Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

This study examines the perception of Manggarai speech community (MSC) on the significance of social harmony in terms of cultural linguistics. In accordance with its problem, this study is descriptive-qualitative based on phenomenological philosophy. The methods and techniques of data collection are observation, interview, recording, note-taking, and documentation study. Data was analyzed qualitatively by using inductive method and encoding technique. The result of study shows, there are a number of traditional expressions in Manggarai language and culture conveying the perception of MSC on the significance of social harmony. In terms of the forms and meanings of linguistic phenomena used, such traditional expressions are the cultural oases inherited from the past functioning as moral and ethic guideline for MSC in maintaining social harmony. Recognizing the contents of those traditional expressions have been reduced out of function frame and meaning schema declared by their ancestors, such traditional expression should be documented, so that their social values be maintained according to real substances in the life of MSC nowadays and in the future.
MAKNA LAGU ARA DALAM RITUAL PENTI PADA GUYUP TUTUR ETNIK MANGGARAIAN DI FLORES FRANSISKUS BUSTAN
Linguistika: Buletin Ilmiah Program Magister Linguistik Universitas Udayana Vol 15 (2008): March 2008
Publisher : Program Magister Linguistik Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

Abstract This study examines the meanings of Ara folksong in the context of penti ritual or traditional new year party in the speech community of Manggarai ethnic group in Flores. In accordance with the characteristics of its linguistic units, the meanings implied and stated in Ara folksong cover religious, sociologic, and aesthetic meaning. The religious meaning deals with the belief system shared by the speech community of Manggarai ethnic group on the existence of the Supreme God, their ancestors, and the environmental spirits. The sociologic meaning is related to social value on the importance of unity in favor of maintaining cohesive social relationship. The aesthetic meaning is concerned with formal and sensual values, which cover behind them socio-religious value functioning as moral and ethic guideline for the speech community of Manggarai ethnic group.
KONSEPTUALISASI MASYARAKAT MANGGARAI TENTANG BUDAYA LONTO LEOK SEBAGAI PIRANTI HUKUM ADAT RESPONSIF-SOSIOLOGIK DALAM RANGKA PENYELESAIAN KONFLIK PERTANAHAN DAN PEMERTAHANAN HARMONI SOSIAL Fransiskus Bustan Agustinus Mahur
Jurnal Lazuardi Vol 2 No 2 (2019): Jurnal Lazuardi
Publisher : Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia Universitas Nusa Cendana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (542.113 KB) | DOI: 10.53441/jl.Vol2.Iss2.11

Abstract

This study explores the conceptualisation of Manggarai people on lonto leok culture (LLC) as a responsive-sociologic customary law device in solving land conflict and maintaining social harmony in view of cultural linguistics. In terms of its focus, the study is a decriptive study. The procedures of research were field and library research. The data wera analyzed qualitatively by using inductive method as the analysis was started from the data to the theory or concept dealing with the conceptualisation of Manggarai people on the conceptualisation of Manggarai people on the LLC as a responsive-sociologic customary law device in solving land conflict and maintaining social harmony in view of cultural linguistics. The results of research show that there are several verbal expressions in Manggarai language in which their forms and meanings reflect the function of LLC as a responsive-sociologic customary law device in an attempt to solve land conflicts and maintain social harmony for Manggarai people. The verbal expressions are as follows: (1) Muku ca pu’u neka woléng curup, téu ca ambo néka woléng lako, (2) Ipung ca tiwu neka woleng wintuk, nakeng ca wae neka woleng tae, (3) Ase-kae ca sosor wae neka woleng tae, ase -ka’e ca natas labar neka woleng bantang, and (4) Padir wa’i, rentu sa’i, bantang cama, reje leles nai ca anggit, tuka ca léléng.The result of this study might be beneficial as a source of reference in designing the model of revitalizing the LLC.
STRATEGI MARGINALISASI MELALUI WACANA SEBAGAI PRAKTEK SOSIAL DALAM BAHASA INDONESIA Fransiskus Sanda; Fransiskus Bustan; Alexander H. Kabelen
Jurnal Lazuardi Vol 3 No 1 (2020): Jurnal Lazuardi
Publisher : Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia Universitas Nusa Cendana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (703.957 KB) | DOI: 10.53441/jl.Vol3.Iss1.20

Abstract

This study describes and explains marginalisation strategy through discourse as social practice in Indonesian language, as reflected in language behavior appearing in the form of euphemism, disphemism, labelisation, and stereotype, one the basis of library research. The result of study shows that marginalisation strategy through discourse as social practice in Indonesian language designates the power dominance of upper level social class towards lower level social class. The manfestation of the marginalisation strategy is stated and implied in the use of the following words or terms (a) ;pemutusan hubungan kerja’ replacing ‘pemberhentian’ or ‘pemecatan’ (euphemism) in economy discourse, (b) ‘pencaplokan’ or ‘penyerobotan’ with the conotation of negative meaning (diphemism) in political discouse, (c) ‘penggarap liar’ and ‘penyerobot lahan’ with the negative meaning (labelisation) in political discourse, and (d) ‘perempuan’ with the negative meaning and ‘wanita’ with the positive meaning (stereotype) in social and cultural discourse .