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Pemberian Buah Merah (Pandanus conoideus Lam) sebelum Dipapar Timah Hitam Menekan Ekspresi Caspase-8 dan Jumlah Sel Hofbauer Mencit (Mus musculus) Bunting (THE PROVISION OF RED FRUIT (Pandanus conoideus Lam) BEFORE EXPOSED BY LEAD DECREASE EXPRESSION OF C Ika Wahyuni; Widjiati Widjiati; Sri Pantja Madyawati; Fedik Abdul Rantam
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 18 No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (173.904 KB) | DOI: 10.19087/jveteriner.2017.18.1.128

Abstract

The research aims to observed the provision of red fruit in placenta pregnat mice before exposed by lead. The observed case are expression of caspase-8 and number of hofbauer cells. Red fruit was expected to decrease expression of caspase-8 and number of hofbauer cells. The study design used was complete randomized design. Each treatment utilized four pregnant mice as negative control group (K-), for this group given distilled water orally during gestation 6th-15th. Positive control group (K+) given lead (0.011mg/20 g BW in 1 mL distilled water) orally during gestation 6th-15th. The treatment group namely P1, P2, and P3 treated by red fruit with different doses i.e., 8.29 mg/20 g BW, 23.98 mg/20 g BW, and 25.68 mg/20 g BW, respectively, during gestation 6th-15th, then one hour later exposed with lead. The obtained data were analyzed by Kruskal-Wallis and Mann Whitney test for calculate caspase-8 expression, ANOVA and Duncan for calculate the number of hofbauer cells. The result indicated that treatment groups which provided by red fruit of 0.8 mL/20 g BW and 0.9 mL/20 g BW showed decline expression of caspase-8 and number of hofbauer cells compare control group without admission of red fruit antioxidant and P1. Inconclusion red fruit can decrease expression of caspase-8 and number of hofbauer cell that means decrease apoptosis. ABSTRAK Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh pemberian buah merah pada plasenta mencit bunting sebelum dipapar timah hitam. Variabel yang diamati adalah ekspresi caspase-8 dan jumlah sel hofbauer. Buah merah dapat menurunkan ekspresi caspase-8 dan jumlah sel hofbauer. Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan acak lengkap (RAL). Setiap kelompok perlakuan menggunakan empat mencit bunting sebagai kelompok kontrol negatif (K-), untuk kelompok ini diberi aquades pada kebuntingan hari ke-6 sampai 15. Kelompok kontrol positif (K+) diberi timah hitam dosis 0,011 mg/20 g BB dalam 1 mL aquades selama kebuntingan hari ke-6 sampai 15. Kelompok perlakuan (P1, P2, dan P3) diberi minyak buah merah dengan dosis yang berbeda yaitu 8,29 mg/20 g BB, 23,98 mg/20 g BB, dan 25,68 mg/20 g BB. Data dianalisis dengan Kruskall-Wallis dan Mann Whitney untuk menghitung ekspresi caspase-8, sidik ragam dan uji Duncan digunakan untuk menghitung jumlah sel hofbauer. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan kelompok perlakuan yang diberi buah merah 23,98 mg/20 g BB dan 25,68 mg/20 g BB dapat menurunkan ekspresi caspase-8 dan jumlah sel hofbauer dibandingkan dengan kelompok kontrol positif dan P1. Simpulan penelitian ini adalah bahwa minyak buah merah dapat menurunkan ekspresi caspase-8 dan jumlah sel hofbauer yang berarti menekan terjadinya apoptosis.
Peningkatan Ekspresi Vascular Endothel Growth Factor dan Mitogen Activating Protein Kinase Plasenta Tikus yang Dipapar Carbon Black ((INCREASING EXPRESSION ON VASCULAR ENDOTHELIAL GROWTH FACTOR AND MITOGEN ACTIVATING PROTEIN KINASE IN PLACENTA RATS EXPOSE Viski Fitri Hendrawan; Widjiati Widjiati; Suherni Susilowati; Pudji Srianto
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 18 No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (195.745 KB) | DOI: 10.19087/jveteriner.2017.18.1.59

Abstract

Carbon black is one of the components of particulate matter (PM), known as cytotoxic, causing inflammationin the respiratory and cardiovascular system, and able to pass through the placental barrier, which may affect the fetus. The effects caused by pollutants depend on the intensity and time length of the exposure.The objective of this study is to identify Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) and Mitogen Activating Protein Kinase (MAPK) as an indicator of maternal placental inflammation in pregnant rats (Rattus norvegicus) exposed to carbon black with immunohistochemical technique. This study was a laboratory experiment with three treatment groups and seven replications using pregnant female white rats (Rattus norvegicus). Pregnant female rats were exposed to carbon black with a dosage of 523 mg/m3 and 1064 mg/m3 during pregnancy of day 6 up to day 11. The next phase was the observation and examination of the expressions of VEGF and MAPK by immunohistochemical staining toward placenta of the white rats exposed to carbon black. The result of the study showed an increase in the expression of VEGF in the placenta of the rats exposed to carbon black with a dosage of 523 mg/m3 and 1064 mg/m3 per inhale during the mid-period (6-11) of pregnancy. In addition, there was also an increasein the expression of MAPK on the placenta of the rats exposed to carbon black with a dosage of 523 mg/m3and 1064 mg/m3 per inhale during the mid-period (day 6-11) of pregnancy. In conclusion, the expression of VEGF and MAPK are increased along with the increased dosage of carbon black and age of gestation. ABSTRAK Carbon black merupakan salah satu komponen partikulat matter (PM) yang diketahui bersifat sitotoksik serta menyebabkan terjadinya inflamasi pada sistem pernapasan dan kardiovaskular serta dapat melewati barier plasenta fetus sehingga dapat memengaruhi fetus. Efek yang ditimbulkan oleh polutan tergantung dari besarnya paparan dan lama waktu paparan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi Vascular Endothel Growth Factor (VEGF) dan Mitogen Activating Protein Kinase (MAPK) sebagai indikator imflamasi pada plasenta maternal tikus (Rattus norvegicus) yang dipapar carbon black dengan teknik imunohistokimia. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan tiga kelompok perlakuan dan tujuh kali ulangan yang menggunakan tikus betina bunting. Tikus betina bunting dipapar dengan carbon black dosis 523 mg/m3 dan 1064 mg/m3 selama kebuntingan hari ke-6 sampai 11. Tahap berikutnya adalah pengamatan dan pemeriksaan ekspresi VEGF dan MAPK dengan pewarnaan imunohistokimia terhadap plasenta tikus putih yang telah dipapar dengan carbon black. Hasil penelitian adalah terjadi peningkatan ekspresi VEGF pada plasenta tikus yang dipapar carbon black dosis 523 mg/m3 dan 1064 mg/m3 per inhalasi selama masa pertengahan (6-11) kebuntingan. Selain itu terjadi peningkatan ekspresi MAPK pada plasenta tikus yang dipapar carbon black dosis 523 mg/m3 dan 1064 mg/m3 per inhalasi selama masa pertengahan(6-11) kebuntingan. Simpulan penelitian ini adalah ekspresi VEGF dan MAPK meningkat seiring dengan peningkatan dosis carbon black dan umur kebuntingan.
Mozart Music Increases The Number Of Glial Cells Compared To Indonesia Pop And Religious Music Pipit Sri Estuning Rahayu; Hermanto Hermanto; Widjiati Widjiati
Saintika Medika Vol. 15 No. 2 (2019): December 2019
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22219/sm.Vol15.SMUMM2.10265

Abstract

Music stimulation is an important component for prenatal fetal development. Both pop and religious music are easy to listen and widely accepted in Indonesia. This study was to analyze the effect of Mozart, pop, and religious music exposure during pregnancy to the number of glial cells in the brain of Rattus norvegicus offspring. The samples were divided into three groups based on the exposure for each group, namely Mozart, pop, and religious music, duration of 60 minutes with 65dB intensity, initiated on the 10th day of pregnancy for 9 days in the soundproof chamber. Three brains of the offsprings were dissected and prepared for Hematoxylin-Eosin staining counted on 5 fields of view and 400 magnification strength.Different glial cells number of Rattus norvegicus brain between groups were observed. Mozart music (28,29) showed a highest mean and pop music (18,67)  showed the lowest mean. Significant difference of the number of brain glial cells between Mozart music compared to pop and religious music groups were observed, with p value <0,005.The number of brain glial cells of Rattus norvegicus offsprings in the Mozart group were significantly higher than those in pop and religious groups.
- Musik Mozart Memiliki Ekspresi Brain Deriverd Neurotrophic Factor Tertinggi Pada Serebrum dan Serebellum Rattus norvegicus Dibandingkan Dengan Gamelan Jawa, Sunda Dan Bali Selama Kehamilan Virki Widoyanti; Hermanto Tri J; Widjiati Widjiati
coba Vol 8 No 2 (2020): Mei 2020
Publisher : Akademi Keperawatan Dharma Husada Kediri

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (251.414 KB) | DOI: 10.32831/jik.v8i2.243

Abstract

Introduction: Music can affect the parasympathetic nervous system or the automatic nervous system, both directly and indirectly. The exposure of Mozart's music, Javanese, Sundanese and Balinese gamelan influences neurotropic factors in the brain. Methods: This study was an experimental laboratory with a random post-test design only in the design of the control group used by Rattus norvegicus as a model. Results: There were significant differences in brain deriverd neurotrophic factor expressions in Rattus norvegicus children between groups with p = 0.018 (mean 1.60 ± 0.42 for the control group, 4.00 ± 1.85 for the mozart music group, 3.00 ± 0.96 for Javanese gamelan groups, 2.48 ± 0.68 Sundanese Gamelan groups, and 2.16 ± 1.27 in Balinese Gamelan groups) also in the cerebellum with p = 0.022 (average 1, 44 ± 0 , 29 for the control group, 3.92 ± 1.81 for the Mozart event, 3.04 ± 0.94 Javanese gamelan groups, 2.92 ± 0, 41 Sundanese gamelan groups, and 2.57 ± 1,053 Balinese gamelan groups). Discussion: There are differences in the expression of brain derived neurotrophic factors in the cerebrum and Rattus norvegicus cerebellum between those exposed to Mozart music, Javanese, Sundanese, Balinese gamelan and control.. Key words : Mozart, Javanese Gamelan, Sundanese Gamelan, Balinese Gamelan, Brain Deriverd Neurotrophic Factor
PENGARUH PEMBERIAN INSULIN-LIKE GROWTH FACTOR-I (IGF-I) DARI SERUM KUDA CROSSBREED BUNTING TERHADAP KETEBALAN ENDOMETRIUM MENCIT (Mus musculus) Dyah Ayu Roro Risna Y; Sri Mulyati; Roesno Darsono; Imam Mustofa; Arimbi Arimbi; Widjiati Widjiati
Ovozoa : Journal of Animal Reproduction Vol. 7 No. 2 (2018): Ovozoa : Journal of Animal Reproduction
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (612.027 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ovz.v7i2.2018.120-125

Abstract

The purpose of the research was to know  the effect of Insulin-Like Growth Factor-I (IGFI) derived from pregnant crossbreed mare serum (PMS) on endometrium thickness of mice (Mus musculus). The subject of this research were 35 female mice. The research was arranged by Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with seven treatment and five replications. The treatment were P0 = 10 ng/ml of physiological NaCl, P11 = 10 ng/ml of IGF-I PMS, P12 = 20 ng/ml of IGF-I PMS, P13 = 40 ng/ml of IGF-I PMS, P21 = 10 ng/ml of IGF-I recombinant mouse, P22 = 20 ng/ml of IGF-I recombinant mouse, and P23 = 40 ng/ml of IGF-I recombinant mouse. Observed variables include histopatological endometrium thickness of mice. The data were analyzed by Analysis of Variance (ANOVA), followed by HSD (Honestly Significant Difference) test. The data was also be analyzed using General Linear Model Univarieted to see the comparison between IGF-I PMS and recombinant mouse. The result showed that the addition of IGF-I PMS did not significantly affect (p>0,05) on endometrium thickness of mice . It showed that did not significantly difference (p>0,05) between the effect of IGF-I PMS and IGF-I recombinant mouse against the endometrium thickness of mice.
Pengaruh frekuensi paparan stresor cahaya saat kebuntingan terhadap jumlah dendrit dan ekspreis mTorc1 otak mencit (Mus musculus) baru lahir Dwi Puji Wijayanti; Hermanto Tri Joewono; Widjiati Widjiati
Jurnal Keperawatan Vol 17 No 1 (2019): Jurnal Keperawatan Volume 17 No 1
Publisher : STIKES Insan Cendekia Medika Jombang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35874/jkp.v17i1.471

Abstract

Latar Belakang : Pada stres prenatal akan memicu peningkatan kadar CRH dan kortisol maternal. ini akan meningkatkan jumlah CRH dan kortisol pada janin dan menurunkan ekspresi 11β-HSD2 di plasenta. Meningkatnya kadar CRH akan meningkatkan aktifitas glukokortikoid yang akan menurunkan Growth Factors,juga akan mempengaruhi ekspresimTORC1 sebagai mekanisme pertahanan sel. GH, dan IGF-1 sedangkan menurunnya ekspresi 11β-HSD2 pada akhirnya akan menyebabkan perkembangan organ yang tak seimbang. Tujuan.Untuk mengetahui pengaruh frekuensi paparan stresor cahaya selama kebuntingan terhadap jumlah dendrit dan ekspresi mTORC1 anak mencit (Mus musculus). Metode : Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian eksperimen dengan post test only group design. Jumlah dendrit diukur dengan Golgy Cox hasil rerata jumlah dendrit dalam 5x lapangan pandang. Ekspresi mTORC1diukur dengan indeks skala Remelle . Analisis data menggunakan uji Post Hoc dengan tingkat kemaknaan 95% (0,05). Hasil : Hasil penelitian menunjukkan adanya perbedaan rerata jumlahdendrit yang signifikan antara kelompok kontrol (22.30) dan kelompok perlakuan 2 (7.55 ) lebih rendah. Hal yang serupa juga didapatkan padaekspresimTORC1. Terdapat perbedaan yang berarti padaekspresimTORC1. kelompok kontrol (1.14) dan kelompok perlakuan 2 (4.28) lebih tinggi. Selain itu, didapatkan juga hubungan (p < 0,05) antara jumlah sel dendrit danekspresimTORC1 otak anak mencit baru lahir dengan menggunakan korelasiPearson. Hasil uji korelasi Pearson didapatkan nilai signifikansi 0,068 dengan p < 0,05 dan nilai korelasi 0,338 dengan arah korelasi negative Kesimpulan : Jumlah dendrit pada kelompok perlakuan1 dan 2 lebih rendah dibandingkan kelompok kontrol, sedangkan ekspresi mTORC1 pada kelompok perlakuan1 dan 2 lebih tinggi dibandingkan kelompok kontrol.