This research aims to educate children in ordering prayers in Islam and then analyze it in the child protection law. However, in general, Islam places more emphasis on gentleness, patience, and compassion than on violent ways in educating children, although in some instances showing disbelief and opposing children's mistakes is necessary, of course, correctly and appropriately. In the concept of Islamic law, violence has become an enjoyable theme to discuss. On the one hand, there is a hadith from the Prophet about educating children, which, if understood textually, raises the public perception of the necessity of violence in educating children. The Child Protection Law aims to guarantee and protect children and their rights to live, grow, develop and participate optimally following human dignity and protection from violence and discrimination.Keywords: Islamic Law; Prayer; Child Protection Act
Effective teaching method and strategy is of great importance as this may influence the model and future of our educational system. Effective method and strategy of teaching has a number of strengths, particularly, in enhancing students' enthusiasm to learn, improving quality and student self confidence, and, in the end, leading to maximum outcome of learning. This teaching method and strategy may also encourage lecturers to be more competent and be well prepared before teaching process in the classroom.
Maslahat merupakan indikator kuat keberagamaan dalam Islam, maslahat dapat menjadi legalitas boleh tidaknya seorang muslim melaksanakan suatu amalan. Legalitas maslahat ini menjadi sebuah diskursus yang panjang di kalangan tokoh-tokoh pemikir hukum Islam klasik hingga kontemporer. Salah satu tokoh pemikir hukum Islam yang identik dengan maslahat adalah Imam Malik dengan konsep istislahnya (maslahat mursalah). Maslahat mursalah merupakan integrasi nilai-nilai dan tujuan syariah yang mengandung kebaikan-kebaikan bagi mukalaf akan tetapi maslahat mursalah ini harus melewati sebuah analisis filosofis sebelum diakui dan diterima kedabitannya. Maslahat is the stronge issue in the Islamic religiously, it stressed the legality of implementation of Islamic tenet. The legality of maslahat had become a long discourse between the Islamic law of their schoolars however classicly and contemporary thought. One of Islamic thought about maslahat is Imam Malik with his Istislah or maslahat mursalah. How ever, it consists of values integrated with syariah goals or maqashid syariah that contain many utulity for the mukallaf that must be understood by philosophy aproach.
This article aims to uncover the phenomenon of ikhtilaf among the Islamic community of Makassar city which is devoted to the study of comparison between Nahdlatul Ulama and Wahdah Islamiyah). This type of field research uses a normative approach. The source of this research data is the primary data source namely the leadership of Nahdlatul Ulama and Wahdah Islamiyah Makassar city and secondary data source namely Qur'an, hadith, fiqh, books, journals, and literature related to the discussion of this article. The results of this study suggest that Nahdlatul Ulama and Wahdah Islamiyah Makassar city in applying the law using the legal resources agreed by jumhur Ulama, namely: Qur'an, As-Sunnah, ijma, and qiyas. Nahdlatul Ulama and Wahdah Islamiyah also use legal sources that are not agreed by jumhur Ulama such as istishan, mashlahah al-mursalah, and others but prefer the source of the law that has been agreed by jumhur Ulama. Nahdlatul Ulama and Wahdah Islamiyah Makassar city differ in terms of commemorating the maulid of the Prophet Muhammad. In this case, Nahdlatul Ulama commemorates the anniversary of maulid while Wahdah Islamiyah does not commemorate it. Nahdlatul Ulama and Wahdah Islamiyah Makassar city considers that the phenomenon of ikhtilaf will not be solved, but what can be solved is our way of addressing the ikhtilaf, and the attitude is mutual tolerance, mutual respect, mutual respect, and mutual support. The implication of this article is expected to be expected to the Islamic community when looking at the phenomenon of ikhtilaf, especially in terms of furu', should not be to concern each other. When the phenomenon of ikhtilaf happens the best thing to do is tolerate each other, respect each other, respect each other, and support each other
Penelitian ini membahas tentang penegakkan hukum tindak pidana korupsi dengan menggunakan analisi komparatif untuk membandingkan antara hukum positif Indoonesia dan pendapat dalam Mazhab Syafi’i tentang tindak pidana korupsi. Pokok masalah yang dianalisis dibagi menjadi tiga analisi permasalahan, yaitu; (1) mekanisme penegakkan tindak pidana korupsi di Indonesia, (2) Penegakkan hukum tindak pidana korupsi dalam pandangan Mazhab Syafi’i dan hukum positif Indonesia, (3) analisis perbandingan penegakkan hukum dalam pandangan Mazhab Syafi’i dan hukum positif Indonesia dalam kasus tindak pidana korupsi. Adapun tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui mekanisme penegakkan hukum tindak pidana koruppsi di Indonesia, serta mengetahui penegakkan hukum dalam menindak pelaku tindak pidana korupsi menurut pandangan Mazhab Syafi’i dan hukum positif di Indonesia, sehingga kita dapat memahami perbandingan antara pandangan Mazhab Syafi’i dan hukum positif Indonesia dalam hal hukum tindak pidana korupsi. Metode penelitian yang digunakan dalam penelitian untuk melakukan analisi terhadap pokok permasalahan adalah mengguakan metode library research dengan pendekatan yuridis-normatif. Setelah melakukan penelitian ini, dengan menggunakan analisi komparatif antara hukum positif Indonesia dan pendapat Mazhab Syafi’i penulis menemukan bahwa penegakkan hukum tindak pidana korupsi dalam hukum positif Indonesia secara subtansi tidak bertentangan dengan ajaran islam, atau bisa kita katakan sejalan dengan hukum islam hal ini didasarkan bahwa menurut Mazhab Syafi’iyyah korupsi di kategorikan sebagai jarimah al-ghulul yang berarti pengkhianatan terhadap amanah yang diberikan dan didalam Undang-Undang tindak pidana korupsi di Indonesia pelaku korupsi merupakan pejabat negara, orang serta korporasi yang telah diberikan amanah untuk mengelolah negara yang kemudian melakukan penggelapan yang berdampak merugikan negara
Islamic law teaches a variety of taharah. Muslims in taharah are prescribed beristinja ', gargling, putting water in the nose, brushing teeth (siwak), shaving hair and so on. All activities carried out realize personal hygiene while anticipating the arrival of disease. To perform prayers and other ghairu mahdhah worship, Muslims are required to perform ablution. Wudhu in the sense of pure water that is clean from najis in addition to cleansing the lahiriyah also cleanses oneself internally, because prayer is an approach to Allah SWT
This field research provides an overview and factual and explains the various relationships of all the data obtained. This research was conducted in Majene and precisely in the working area of the Majene Religious Court. The study is based on an application for marriage dispensation. Instruments used are researchers, observation, interview, and documentation data. The judge's consideration in granting or rejecting the application for marriage dispensation at the Majene Religious Court is the completeness of the administration at the time of applying for marriage dispensation following Perma No. 5 of 2019, and there is no pro; there on marriage as in Article 8 of Law No. 1 of 1974 concerning Marriage, while still taking into account the aspects of benefit and mudharatan arising from the granting of the application for marriage dispensation.
This article discusses about the aspects of maslahah harm against pelegalan cannabis as a drug in the perspective of islamic law. Pernelitian using this type of library research using the techniques of analysis. By using this approach, the study of normative-juridical. As for the source of the data used, namely: primary data and secondary data. Data processing method that uses the analysis of the content, i.e. to explain and analyze the data that have been found or observed. The results of this study indicate that 1) Maslahah in accordance with the understanding that: each of the everything that is beneficial to humans. While the harm that is something that can be detrimental to self or others and should be left alone when not in a state of dharurat, 2) Which became the basis pelegalan marijuana as a drug that the presence of some consideration by the state-state related benefits of marijuana. Therefore, in the UN Convention of the recommendations of the WHO, the united nations issued a cannabis from class IV to class I, which means Narcotic type of cannabis is legalized in the purposes of treatment, 3) in Terms of the rules of Islamic Law Cannabis equated or by analogy with the wine that is haraam because the same can be intoxicating for its users, there are opinions of scholars that there are scholars who remain forbidden even though as a drug and there are also allow. Scholars who forbid marijuana as a medicine because it argues that cannabis has more loses than maslahahnya, whereas that allow because in a state of dharurat for medical purposes. From the aspect of maslahah and the harm of marijuana, cannabis have much more beneficial compared to mudhratnya, not only in terms of aspects of health but also in terms of economic aspects, construction, and others. The implications of this research are: 1) People need to know more about the maslahah and harm of various aspects in order not to be abused, especially for the youth need education about the marijuana both in terms of religion and norms there. 2) As muslims in got information should really seek out the source of the clear order not to be mistaken in the understanding of maslahah and the harm of cannabis.
The Al-Qur'an provides freedom in trade which is marked by the concept of buying and selling. However, this buying and selling is sometimes tainted by the behaviors of individuals or groups who hoard goods which cause instability in the economy which results in crises and even inflation. This is none other than to get a big advantage. The seller of the goods deliberately keeps the goods and will sell them when the price of the goods rises. Therefore, in carrying out trading business activities or in all other forms of seeking sustenance, it must be carried out with a fair concept, not in a way that harms only one party or benefits only one party, but must be based on the way that Allah swt. pleased. This study aims to find out the basic concept of hoarding of goods (Ihtikâr), to know the concept of hoarding of goods from the perspective of Islamic legal philosophy, and to be able to find out the things that are a factor in the occurrence of hoarding of goods (Ihtikâr). The methodology used by researchers is descriptive qualitative method. With an approach to the philosophy of Islamic law. The results of the study show that hoarding of goods is basically prohibited or unlawful. Whereas in the perspective of Islamic legal philosophy with the concept of Mahasin al-ahkam or mazaya al-ahkam (the virtues of Islamic law) and Thawabi al-ahkam (characteristics of Islamic law) arising from the hoarding process, the law changes to be permissible with considerations for the benefit of the ummah, one one of them is the stockpiling of basic commodities carried out by Bulog by preparing food reserves when a staple food crisis occurs and maintaining market price stability.
The spirit of anti-usury in various Muslim communities in the country is getting more intense and active. one of which is that it can be seen from the increasing number of customers at Islamic banks with a significant number of developments from time to time. However, the reality that occurs in conventional banking is still the choice of customers as Muslims, including to borrow money or funds. Of course, conventional banking applies an interest system (Conventional Banking Applies), both loan interest and deposit interest. In Indonesia, the fatwa regarding the halal interest of banks is not very popular. Most Islamic scholars and organizations in Indonesia have issued a fatwa that bank interest is usury which is forbidden. The concept in the past was that transactions occurred individually, where someone borrowed money and the person who gave the loan charged interest. While transactions that include borrowing money from banks are more complex or more complete. In the matter of usury in bank interest, various opinions of scholars, there are scholars who argue that bank interest is lawful on the grounds that the practice of usury in the past was not the same as the phenomenon of bank interest that occurred at the moment now. The main problem is: is bank interest included in the usury category or not included in the usury category, Bank interest law in the perspective of contemporary Islamic law is permissible if there is a need or benefit by adhering to the principle "Mȃ hurrima lisadd al-dzarî'at ubîha li alhȃjat aw al-mashlahat.