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HUBUNGAN SHIFT KERJA DENGAN STRES KERJA PADA KARYAWAN BAGIAN OPERATION PT. NEWMONT NUSA TENGGARA DI KABUPATEN SUMBAWA BARAT Firmana, Andri Andri Satriadi Firmana, Widodo Hariyono; Hariyono, Widodo
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health) Vol 5, No 1 (2011): Jurnal Kes Mas FKM UAD Januari 2011
Publisher : Universitas Ahmad Dahlan

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Abstract

Background: Work shift is one of major source of job stress for workers that affect the biological, psychological and social life. Stress can happen in a short notice, but also can happen in a long moment. The excessive stress to threaten a persons ability to cope with the environment. The objective of this study is to determine the relationship shifts with work stress on the operation of PT. Newmont Nusa Tenggara in West Sumbawa regency. Method: This was an observational research with cross sectional design. The population of this study consists of 250 employees of the operation crew A of PT. Newmont Nusa Tenggara. The research sample is some staff the operation crew of A PT. Newmont Nusa Tenggara. The sampling used is proportionate with stratified random sampling technique. The sample takes 71 people. Analysis of descriptive data using frequency distribution tables and analytically to determine the relationship between two variables with bivariate data analysis, chi-square test. Result: The results showed a significant relationship between work shift and work stress with chi square value of 5.329 compared with T-score tables 3, 841 on df = 1 at ? = 5 percent (0.05) and prevalence ratio (RP) = 2065 (95% CI = 1.093-3.89), so that Ho refused and Ha accepted. Conclusion: : Independent variables studied (work shift) has a significant relationship to job stress. Keywords: Work shift, Work stress
PENERAPAN KESELAMATAN DAN KESEHATAN KERJA PADA CV. CIPTA MANDIRI DI KABUPATEN KENDAL Setiawan, Muhammad Nanang; Hariyono, Widodo; Mulasari, Surahma Asti
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health) Vol 5, No 2 (2011): Jurnal Kes Mas FKM UAD Juni 2011
Publisher : Universitas Ahmad Dahlan

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Abstract

Background: the realization management health and occupational very important to a company. In the CV Cipta Mandiri still occured job accident that can damage employee although facilities that available. As long as CV Cipta Mandiri has perform management system safety and health occupational until necessary does evaluation of realization system. Method: this research constitute of descriptive research with planning cross sectional. The collect of data with does analysis direct on field and interview going deep to researce person. Result : the facilities of work is good, but it need completed wirh maintanance for good function. The company have comitment for does management system safety and job safety program for prevent occupational accident, such as training and counseling. Generally, realization of apply safety and system can run well. Conclusion: the management system of safety and healthy job includes having good facilities. Comitment of the company and the program of preventing accident in a job has been run well, but there must be luck in other aspect that must be improved. Keywords: health, occupational, safety, implementation
HUBUNGAN MASA KERJA DENGAN KAPASITAS VITAL PARU OPERATOR EMPAT STASIUN PENGISIAN BAHAN BAKAR UMUM (SPBU) KOTA YOGYAKARTA Setiawan, Irvan; Hariyono, Widodo
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health) Vol 5, No 3 (2011): Jurnal Kes Mas FKM UAD September 2011
Publisher : Universitas Ahmad Dahlan

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Abstract

Background: Motor vehicles contributed almost 100 percent plumbum, 70,5 percent of carbon monoxide, 8,89 percent oxide nitrogen, 18,34 percent hydro carbon and 1,33 percent particles. Many pollutants would cause bad effect especially to respiratory system. Air pollution in Yogyakarta city, were above norml threshold of air qualiy standards. One point area with with high air pollutionis in SPBU. The officers also had high risk to exposed danger chemicals especially plumbum by gaso-line and gas emissions of motor vehicle that waiting queue refueling or vehicle departing after refu-eling. The longer someone worked so the more he has exosed the danger that generated by work environment. The purpose of this study was to determine the relation between work period with lung vital capacity operator in four public refueling stations Yogyakarta city. Methods: this study was analytic observational with kuantitatif methods. Design used cross sctonl. The sample of this study were operator four public refueling stations amount 43 persons. The measurements of lung vital capacity used electric spirometer and themeasure of work period used questionnaire. Data analsys used univariate and bivariate. Result: there was a significant relation between work period with lung vital capacity operator in four public refueling Yogyakarta city with significancy value (p) amount 0,018 with p=0,018,<?=005, so Ho which states there is no relationship between work periods with lung vital capacity in four public refueling stations “rejected”. Ha which states there is relationship between work periods with lung vtal capacity I four public refueling stations “accepted” Conclusion: work periods had significant relation to lung vital capacity operator in four public sta-tions in yyogyakarta city. Keywords: work periode, lung vital capacity, public refueling station operator
HUBUNGAN ANTARA DUKUNGAN KELUARGA DENGAN KEINGINAN UNTUK SEMBUH PADA PENYALAHGUNA NAPZA DI LEMBAGA PEMASYARAKATAN WIROGUNAN KOTA YOGYAKARTA Isnaini, Yulia; Hariyono, Widodo; Utami, Isti ken
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health) Vol 5, No 2 (2011): Jurnal Kes Mas FKM UAD Juni 2011
Publisher : Universitas Ahmad Dahlan

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Abstract

Background: Drugs abuse case like the iceberg phenomenon to appear above the sea surface, while underneath the biggest does not appear. Mortality or the number of the case continue to increase in geometrical progression and risk of disease spread hepatitis B / C of 80% and HIV / AIDS as much as 40-50% and the number was about the abuse of all sections of the community. So that the efforts that seriously not only in prevention but the recovery of those who have become a votary affected which includes the restoration of the medical and social. Family support is considered able to weaken the impact of stress and can directly strengthen the individuals mental health. Goal of this research is to find out the relationship between family support with the desire to recover the drugs abuse Wirogunan correctional facility in Yogyakarta. Method: This was analytical observations cross sectional design. The respondent was 50 people related to criminal cases drugs abuse. Samples taken with the technique Totality Sampling with the criteria set inklusi and eksklusi. Analysis of the data used was the Chi Square test statistics. Results: There was relationship between the support the family with the desire to recover in drugs abuse in the correctional facility Wirogunan Yogyakarta to see the value of Asymp. Sig < á (0.002 <0.05) and the calculated Chi Square 12.605> Chi Square table (df = 2 ? 5.991). Hypothetical possibility or the probability is zero (Ho) is small, so Ho rejected the hypothetical alternative (Ha) accepted. Conclusion: There was relationship between the support family with the desire to recover in drugs abuse in the correctional facility Wirogunan Yogyakarta with the support of the family contributed to 44.9 percent against the desire to recover. Keywords: Family support, desire to recover, drugs abuse.
HUBUNGAN PAPARAN WHOLE BODY VIBRATION DAN MASA KERJA DENGAN PENURUNAN KETAJAMAN PENGLIHATAN PENGEMUDI PADA PO NIKKO PUTRA DI KOTA YOGYAKARTA Wibowo, Andi; Hariyono, Widodo; Septiasih, Kentari
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health) Vol 5, No 3 (2011): Jurnal Kes Mas FKM UAD September 2011
Publisher : Universitas Ahmad Dahlan

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Abstract

PO Nikko Putra is a bus company which serves Yogyakarta - Tempel route. The condition of bus machine which have old and lack of maintenance will cause high exposure a whole body vibration felt by the driver. The long exposure whole body vibration will generate health troubles, one of them degradation of visus. This research is aimed to know the correlation whole body vibration and working time with visus degradation of the driver. This research is conducted observasionally with cross sectional design. Research population are 55 people and the sample obtained is 26 people which meet the inclusion criterion. Exopusure whole body vibration suffered by driver is 1.257 m /s² presence during 11 hours in one day, according to ISO 2631 included in category exopusure limit. The result of correlation analysis on Pearson coefficient of exposure whole body vibration and visus for right eye with p 0.981 and the left eye p 0.592, hence Ho is accepted because the p value > 0.05. Whereas, the analysis on the working time with degradation of right eye visus with p 0.709 and the left eye with p 0.990, hence Ho is accepted because probability value > 0.05. This research conclude that there is no correlation whole body vibration and working time with degradation of visus that the driver. Keyword: driver, whole body vibration and visus
ANALISIS KETAATAN KARYAWAN DALAM PEMERIKSAAN KESEHATAN BERKALA DI RUMAH SAKIT PKU MUHAMMADIYAH KOTA YOGYAKARTA Salhah, Afridah; Suwarni, Agus; Hariyono, Widodo
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health) Vol 5, No 1 (2011): Jurnal Kes Mas FKM UAD Januari 2011
Publisher : Universitas Ahmad Dahlan

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Abstract

Background: The hospital is one workplace where there is staff, patients, visitors, medical devices and non-medical, so in the hospital there are a variety of exposures, among others, chemical, biological, ergonomics. Employees at the hospital is a potential resource that must be nurtured to become productive and quality. But apparently in carrying out daily sociality services especially in the work environment, employees are more exposed to the various factors that may cause negative impact and affect their health status. Employees in hospitals vary greatly in terms of type and number in executing its duties is always associated with a variety of potential hazards if not properly and correctly anticipated to have a negative impact on safety and health, which in turn can affect the productivity of work. Low labor productivity will also have an impact on health services provided by the hospital. The implementation of occupational safety and health program (K3) in the hospital is required to prevent various hazards that may cause health effects. However, the implementation of K3 in particular areas of work on employee health in RS PKU Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta has not fully run optimally, citing the cost is relatively expensive. Method: This study was an observational study that was descriptive qualitative located in RS PKU Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta. The subjects consisted of Chairman PK3, PK3 Secretary, and 50 permanent employees in RS PKU Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta. Results: Based on the research of 52 employees, obtained results showed that the level of employee compliance in following the health checks can be quite good even as many as 65%. Conclusion: Factors inhibiting the implementation of occupational health in RS PKU Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta is the lack of socialization from the hospital to its employees, employee behavior, and no sanctions for employees who do not want to follow the program. While the reasons for employees to check their health on a regular basis is self-protection, and to know his health. Compliance level employees in the following periodic medical examinations in hospitals PKU Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta good enough. Level of occupational health services in RSU PKU Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta good enough. Keywords: Analyze, Employees Compliance, the Periodic Health Examination
HUBUNGAN TINGKAT PENGETAHUAN PERAWAT DENGAN PENERAPAN UNIVERSAL PRECAUTION PADA PERAWAT DI BANGSAL RAWAT INAP RUMAH SAKIT PKU MUHAMMADIYAH YOGYAKARTA Yulianti, .; Rosyidah, .; Hariyono, Widodo
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health) Vol 5, No 2 (2011): Jurnal Kes Mas FKM UAD Juni 2011
Publisher : Universitas Ahmad Dahlan

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Abstract

Background: Universal Precaution is common caution which is nursing must be obeyed by nurse or medical labor in doing every nursing action towards the patient to protect from some of infection material. The nurses knowledge about the universal precaution is needed to be high on guard towards spreading disease. This research purposes to know the relation between nurses knowledge in application universal precaution in PKU Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta hospital. Method: This was an observational analytic with research using cross sectional approach. The population in this research is the nurse in patient II and III classes amounted to 34 nurses. The sample taken by total sampling technique is number of 34 nurses. The data of research is taken by observation and spreading question and processed by using the chi square test. Result: The degree of nurses knowledge in hospital categorize high amounted to be 26 nurses by percentage of 76,47 %. (1) the degree of nurses knowledge in application wash hand to the nurse categorize good amounted by percentage of 79,41%, gotten the score p= 0,019, it means that there is a significant relation between the degree of nurses knowledge with the application of wash hand to the nurse in hospitalized ward of PKU Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta hospital (2) the degree of nurses knowledge with application of antiseptic use and the disinfectant to the nurse categorize good amounted by percentage of 82,35%, gotten the score p= 0,006, it means that there is a significant relation between the degree of nurses knowledge with the application of antiseptic use and the disinfectant to the nurse in PKU Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta hospital. (3) The degree of nurses knowledge with the application the use of self protector to the nurse categorize good amounted by percentage of 85,29%, gotten the score p= 0,037, means that there is a significant relation between the degree of nurses knowledge with application of self protector use to the nurse in the PKU Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta hospital. (4) the degree of nurses knowledge with the application the discharge of medical rubbish to the nurse categorize good amounted by percentage of 85,29%, gotten the score p= 0,001, means there is a significant relation between the degree of nurses knowledge with the application of medical rubbish discharge to the nurse in PKU Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta hospital. Conclusion: There was a significant relationship between the degree of nurses knowledge with application universal precaution to the nurse in patient in PKU Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta hospital. Key word: the nurse, the degree of knowledge, nosocomial infection, universal precaution
HUBUNGAN ANTARA BEBAN KERJA DENGAN KELELAHAN KERJA KARYAWAN LAUNDRY DI KELURAHAN WARUNGBOTO KECAMATAN UMBULHARJO KOTA YOGYAKARTA MZ, Murleni Wati; Hariyono, Widodo
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health) Vol 5, No 3 (2011): Jurnal Kes Mas FKM UAD September 2011
Publisher : Universitas Ahmad Dahlan

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Abstract

Background: A problem which related with ergonomy factor commonly caused by conformity between the worker with occupation circles completely include occupation tools and the energy need or the amount of calori which used by the worker. Light in weight occupation which must be done by a worker will depend on changes indication appear and can be measured by measuring human part of body such as the rapid artery beat. The kind of measuring done for knowing how big the physical load accepted by the worker so that cause weariness. This experiment as a purpose to know the relation between the occupation weariness of the laundry workers in Kelurahan Warungboto Kecamatan Umbulharjo Yogyakarta City. Method: The kind of this experiment is observational analytic with study program Cross Sectional. The data interpretation done by measuring of artery beat on wrist (radical artery) to see the respondent occupation load and measuring weariness by Reaction timer tool. Result: From the test result statistic, so respondent there are relation between occupation load with occupation weariness Laundry worker in Kelurahan Warungboto Kecamatan Umbulharjo Yogyakarta city statistically mean (Sig-2 tailed 0,0000). Ho which states is no relationship between load with occupation weariness of the laundry worker “rejected” Ha which states there is relationship between load with occupation weariness of the laundry worker “accepted”. Conclusion: There are relation that mean between occupation load with occupation weariness of the laundry worker in Kelurahan Warungboto Kecamatan Umbulharjo Yogyakarta city. Keyword: Occupation load, Artery beat, Occupation weariness and Reaction timer.
PENERAPAN MANAJEMEN KESELAMATAN DAN KESEHATAN KERJA (MK3) DI INSTALASI GAWAT DARURAT RSU PKU MUHAMMADIYAH YOGYAKARTA Rahayuningsih, Puji Winarni; Hariyono, Widodo
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health) Vol 5, No 1 (2011): Jurnal Kes Mas FKM UAD Januari 2011
Publisher : Universitas Ahmad Dahlan

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Abstract

officers, which can cause transmission of diseases to theofficer. conditions that can reduce the hazards and accidents in work such as work that is organized, executed in accordance with procedures, workplace safety and cleanlinessassured, and adequate rest. accidents do not happen by itself, but usually occurs with a sudden and not planned or unexpected. emergency department is a service unit that provides services in hospital first in patients with the threat of death and disability that has a primary role to provide initial treatment of patients with a spectrum of diseases and injuries are more extensive. This study aims to determine how the image of the application of occupational safety and health management (K3) in the emergency department RSU PKU Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta. Method: This was qualitative descriptive research using non-experimental approach. This study provides an assessment of a material or object that is based on a criteria that has been there. qualitative descriptive study aimed to describe objectively existing reality that is expressed in words, sentences or pictures. Results: The results showed that health care emergency department personnel, the use of personal protective equipment, hazard or accident prevention, periodic health checks, and training of K3 in the emergency department are in accordance with manual operation of safety, fire, and disaster awareness RSU PKU Muhammadiyah in Yogyakarta in 2005. Conclusion: Health care workers have been conducted properly in accordance with established procedures RSU PKU Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta. Usage of personal protective equipment has been properly implemented by emergency department staff in accordance with the procedures set RSU PKU Myhammadiyah Yogyakarta. Hazards and accident prevention work has been carried out properly by emergency department personnel. Periodic medical examinations are in accordance with established procedures RSU PKU Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta. Health and safety training are not addressed in the implementation manual safety, fire, and disaster awareness but especially hospital emergency department has implemented well. Keywords: Implementation, Management, Safety and Occupational Health, Emergency.
HUBUNGAN ANTARA BEBAN KERJA, STRES KERJA DAN TINGKAT KONFLIK DENGAN KELELAHAN KERJA PERAWAT DI RUMAH SAKIT ISLAM YOGYAKARTA PDHI KOTA YOGYAKARTA Hariyono, Widodo; Suryani, Dyah; Wulandari, Yanuk
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health) Vol 3, No 3 (2009): Jurnal Kes Mas FKM UAD September 2009
Publisher : Universitas Ahmad Dahlan

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Abstract

Background :  Hospital are organizations that are running health service to the society in certain area of coverage. In giving its service, there is residential service that dominates the services available. It’s because the service giving such contribution for patient care. According to the medical record RSIY PDHI in the current 2 months the residential service experiences increase of patient number, about 10 percent. Thus however causes  the service burden increased and  if it’s continuing may causing fatigue that decreases the services quality. A lot of work may give trouble and stress to the nurses. This research’s goal is to figure out relation between burden or work, jon stress, and the level of conflict to nurse’s exhaustion in RSIY PDHI.Methods :  This research was a quantitative research using analytical survey method (explanatory study) with cross sectional plan of research. Samples are nurses of residential service, 52 persons in number. This research utilizes questionnaire and data analysis with chi-square equation (?=0.05).Results :  This research showed there are strong relationship between burden of work, job stress, and  the  level of conflict to nurse’s exhaustion among  the nurses with  level of significance burden of work (?=0.000), job stress (?=0.026), and the level of conflict (?=0.000).Conclusion :  Any  relation between burden of work with nurse’s  exhaustion  in  residential  service. Any relation between job stress with nurse’s exhaustion and any relation between the level of conflict with nurse’s exhaustion. That’s way it’s needed to develop the nurse’s career, well stress management, and conflict optimizing that the nurses would be kept motivated in working that it would tackle nurse’s exhaustion. Keywords: Burden of Work, Job Stress, The Level of Conflict, and Nurse’s Exhaustion