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JURNAL YAQZHAN: Analisis Filsafat, Agama dan Kemanusiaan Vol 7, No 2 (2021)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24235/jy.v7i2.9372


Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mendeskripsikan hakikat ideologi menurut Karl Mannheim serta menganalisis landasan ontologis, epistemologis, dan aksiologis yang mendasari pemikirannya. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian pustaka (library research), dengan memakai beberapa unsur metodis, yakni deskripsi, historis, analitika bahasa, abstraksi, hermeneutika, dan heuristika. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa menurut Mannheim, ideologi mengacu pada sebuah kondisi yang belum atau tidak terjadi, dalam arti tidak ada dalam kenyataan. Ideologi berarti ramalan tentang masa depan berdasarkan pada sistem yang saat ini sedang berlaku. Selain itu, Mannheim juga membedakan dua macam ideologi, yaitu ideologi partikular dan ideologi total. Ideologi partikular adalah ideologi yang dipahami secara psikologis oleh seorang individu; sedangkan ideologi total adalah ideologi yang dimiliki oleh suatu komunitas sehingga sangat dekat dengan pengertian welstanchauung. Dari perspektif ontologis, dalam pemikiran Karl Mannheim tentang ideologi terkandung asumsi adanya realitas objektif. Dari perspektif epistemologi, pemikiran Karl Mannheim tentang ideologi menyiratkan pemikiran subjektivisme epistemologis. Dari perspektif aksiologis, kekuasaan yang berkaitan dengan politik masih menduduki hierarki yang tertinggi dalam ideologi.
EMPAN PAPAN: ETIKA KOMUNIKASI DI MEDIA SOSIAL DALAM PERSPEKTIF BUDAYA JAWA Shely Cathrin; Reno Wikandaru; Achmad Busrotun Nufus; Sri Sudarsih; Destriana Saraswati
JURNAL LENSA MUTIARA KOMUNIKASI Vol 4 No 2 (2020): Jurnal Lensa Mutiara Komunikasi

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Communication ethics is still a problem in the public domain, especially on social media. There were several viral cases on the internet due to ethical issues in communicating on social media lately. The bias of social media space as private space which is consumed publicly has caused ethical problems in the field of communication. This ethical problem needs to be overcome by educating society about communication ethics in the public sphere, especially on social media. This study aims to describe the concept of empan papan as one of the key concepts in Javanese communication ethics. Based on literature studies combined with hermeneutic analysis, the results show that empan papan can be an alternative communication ethics in the era of information technology. Empan papan is the concept of Javanese situational communication ethics which emphasizes communication on five principles, namely the principle of self-placement, the principle of truth, the principle of accuracy, the principle of situation, and the principle of conditions. This study recommends the need to educate society about the use of communication ethics on board leaders in social media.
Rasa Sebagai Prinsip Pertama Ontologi Harmoni dalam Pathet Pergelaran Wayang Reno Wikandaru; L. Lasiyo; Suminto A. Sayuti
Wawasan: Jurnal Ilmiah Agama dan Sosial Budaya Vol 3, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : the Faculty of Ushuluddin, UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (277.979 KB) | DOI: 10.15575/jw.v3i2.5629


This study aims to find and critically analyze the first principle of harmony in the wayang performance’s concept of pathet. The wayang performance’s concept of pathet as a material object which is analyzed from the perspective of the ontology as a formal object. The methodical elements of the study used include interpretation, induction, and deduction, internal coherence, holistic, historical continuity, idealization, comparison, heuristics, inclusive or analogous language, and description. The results of the study indicate that pathet is a concept that has an important position in the performance of wayang. Philosophically, pathet has many function and meaning. First, pathet is a representation of the structure of wayang performances. Second, pathet is the reference to the sound space in musical instruments. Third, pathet is the atmosphere builder or atmosphere of wayang performances. Fourth, pathet is a guide to the mastermind in building the aesthetic of wayang performance. Pathet, in addition, to have a function also consist of philosophical meaning. First, pathet as an aesthetic manifestation in puppet shows. Second, pathet is a symbol of the stages in human life. Third, pathet as a representation of the cosmic cycle. The investigation of pathet from the perspective of ontology yields the following conclusions. First, the concept of pathet is a representation of the concept of harmony in wayang performance. “Rasa” is the first principle of harmony in the wayang performance’s concept of pathet. This “rasa” has a spiritual dimension so that the ontology of harmony, in this case, is spiritualism. The dynamics of harmony moves with the law of “empan papan”, towards the ultimate goal of reality, namely the perfection of life. Ontology of harmony in the pathet of wayang performances shows monistic-spiritualistic thinking.
Critical Analysis of Javanese Epistemology and Its Relevance to Science Development in Indonesia Reno Wikandaru; Shely Cathrin; Erwinsyah Satria; Dian Rianita
Humaniora Vol 32, No 3 (2020)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jh.49065


Humans have developed science to understand the phenomena they face in their lives. As such, the development of science is inexorably linked with epistemology because it emphasizes the question of truth—the focus of epistemology. The development of science and knowledge has been influenced by specific interests, motives, needs, and historic/cultural backgrounds. To ensure that science is developed in a manner best suited for Indonesian society, such development must be rooted in extant Indonesian cultural values, such as those found in Javanese culture. This study attempts to formulate Javanese epistemology as a basis for scientific development in Indonesia. It finds, first, that knowledge is known as “kawruh” among the Javanese people; second, knowledge is not always limited to the cognitive dimension; and third, a specific criterion for truth is harmony, or “pener”. Javanese people consider “rasa” capable of bringing humans to the supreme knowledge. Although objective knowledge exists, every individual achievement of reality is different. Javanese people consider the validity or truthfulness of statements/actions rooted in their harmony with the empirical rational principle of truth and the existing order, following the adage “bener tur pener”.
Jurnal Filsafat "WISDOM" Vol 26, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Fakultas Filsafat, Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jf.12627


Socialism is an ideology assumed that shared ownership is the best way of life. Socialism did not proposed any private property because it makes people selfish and destroy the community harmony. Socialism wants the organization of production by the state as a suggestion to remove poverty and exploitation. Socialism proposed equal rights for all groups, and classes of people to enjoy prosperity, wealth and prosperity. The state has to secure as much as possible factor of production for the welfare of all the people, and not focused on personal well-being. Socialism assumes that the state is above public institutions that govern society selflessly. The key values in socialism is equality, cooperation, and compassion. The production is done on the basis of usability and not just for the profit. Competition replaced with planning. Every person working for the community and contribute to the common good so that it appears concern for others. Second, the underlying ontological foundation of socialism ideology associated with the ethical nature of man; human nature; and harmony of the society. The ideology of socialism found ethical nature of man is good; human nature is a social being; and assumes that there is harmony in the society.
Jurnal Filsafat "WISDOM" Vol 27, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Fakultas Filsafat, Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jf.32804


The 21st century is the age of information. Information spreads through newspapers, magazines, television; and also scattered very massively over the internet. This paper was written for two reasons. First, people sometimes perceive information identical with truth. Second, the metaphysics of information is important to be discussed when it is associated with the phenomenon of media and politics in Indonesia. This paper analyses the metaphysics of information by 'disclosing' information structures that refer to Jean Baudrillard's thought. For Baudrillard, behind the phenomenon of information there are actually three elements at once, namely representation, manipulation, and simulation. The three elements above, influence each other. Real information is the result of the process of representation, ie the process of re-preserving reality and then transmitting that representation of reality to others. Manipulation also becomes an important element in information. According to Baudrillard, the element of simulation in this information is still closely related to the first element, namely representation. Baudrillard said that in the simulation, information will be actualized, meaning that it will be dramatized in a spectacular fashion, but at the same time kept away from communication, and reduced to a sign.
Jurnal Filsafat "WISDOM" Vol 24, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Fakultas Filsafat, Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jf.34760


Terrorism is one of the most terrible crimes. Various efforts have been conducted by the government, however, until now terrorism is still a serious issue. As a human behavior, the crime of terrorism is one thing that can be analized from various perspectives, as well as from the existentialism philosophy framework of Gabriel H. Marcel as described in this article. In relation to the analysis of terrorist behavior in Indonesia, it can be concluded that acts of terrorism, espe- cially those committed by suicide bombings, are ontologically behavioral parts of human chosen efforts to achieve "Being", which also involves meeting between "I" and "You". Regardless of any deed done (in terms of material deeds), in Marcel's perspective, such deeds are formally examples of "human" acts be- cause of the "procedure" passed by the terrorist according to the phases pro- posed by Marcel. Although it may be a barbaric act, but judging from the formal side of the decision he chooses, the perpetrator of terror is the actor who attains "Being" because he finds the presence of "Thou" in the decisions he takes.
Ontologi Pathet: Kajian Kritis Terhadap Pathet sebagai Representasi Norma Ontologis Transendental dalam Pergelaran Wayang Reno Wikandaru; Lasiyo Lasiyo; Suminto A. Sayuti
Jurnal Filsafat "WISDOM" Vol 29, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Fakultas Filsafat, Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (250.082 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jf.48784


Pathet is one of the most important parts in a puppet performance. Unfortunately, discussions about pathets, especially from a metaphysical perspective are very rarely found so that the wayang metaphysics is not comprehensive. This study examines the metaphysical dimensions in the puppet performance pathet in Anton Bakker's metaphysical perspective, with the aim to complete the existing puppet metaphysics studies. This research uses the methodical method of assessment, namely interpretation; induction and deduction; internal coherence; holistic; historical continuity; idealization; comparison; heuristics; inclusive or analogous language; and description, and reflection. The results of this study indicate that: first, pathet is a representation of the concept of harmony in puppet shows. Pathet is a transcendental ontological norm in puppet shows. Transcendental ontological norms, in the perspective of Anton Bakker's ontology thinking, are called harmony. In other words, it can be said that the pathet is a representation of harmony or ontological norms that apply in a puppet show. All aesthetic elements of the show are returned to the pathet, and must remain in the corridor of the applicable pathet.
The future of character education in the era of artificial intelligence Shely Cathrin; Reno Wikandaru
Humanika Vol 23, No 1 (2023): Humanika, Kajian Ilmiah Mata Kuliah Umum
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21831/hum.v23i1.59741


This study aims to analyze the future and sustainability of character education in the era of artificial intelligence. This issue is very important because several research findings show that artificial intelligence-based technology threatens the process of internalizing academic ethical values in education. If this problem is not overcome, it is feared that the implementation of character education will be marginalized by the use of artificial intelligence technology. This research is a philosophical research model on actual problems using a qualitative approach. Data collection techniques use document studies, while the methodical elements used in data  analysis are description, analysis, synthesis, hermenutics, language analytics, and heuristics. This research found that the development of artificial intelligence technology in education is an unavoidable phenomenon. The world of education as one of the strategic vehicles for improving the quality of human self, has a double duty. First, education must continue to maintain and preserve academic ethical values amid the development of artificial intelligence technology. Second, education at the same time must also be able to eliminate anxiety, fear, or phobia of the use of artificial intelligence. Based on these findings, this study emphasizes the importance of developing character education and artificial intelligence education in a harmonious and balanced manner in order to maintain the future sustainability of character education in the era of artificial intelligence.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis masa depan dan keberlanjutan pendidikan karakter di era kecerdasan buatan. Isu ini sangat penting karena beberapa temuan penelitian menunjukkan bahwa teknologi berbasis kecerdasan buatan mengancam proses internalisasi nilai-nilai etika akademik dalam pendidikan. Jika masalah ini tidak diatasi, dikhawatirkan implementasi pendidikan karakter akan terpinggirkan oleh penggunaan teknologi kecerdasan buatan. Penelitian ini merupakan model penelitian filosofis tentang permasalahan aktual dengan menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif. Objek material dalam penelitian ini adalah penggunaan artificial intelligence dalam pendidikan; sedangkan objek formal yang digunakan adalah filsafat teknologi. Teknik pengumpulan data menggunakan studi dokumen, sedangkan elemen metodis yang digunakan dalam analisis data  adalah deskripsi, analisis,  sintesis, hermenutika, analisis bahasa, dan heuristika. Penelitian ini menemukan bahwa perkembangan teknologi kecerdasan buatan dalam pendidikan merupakan fenomena yang tidak dapat dihindari. Dunia pendidikan sebagai salah satu wahana strategis untuk meningkatkan kualitas diri manusia, memiliki tugas ganda. Pertama, pendidikan harus terus menjaga dan melestarikan nilai-nilai etika akademik di tengah perkembangan teknologi kecerdasan buatan. Kedua, pendidikan sekaligus juga harus mampu menghilangkan kecemasan, ketakutan, atau fobia terhadap penggunaan kecerdasan buatan. Berdasarkan temuan tersebut, penelitian ini menekankan pentingnya pengembangan pendidikan karakter dan pendidikan kecerdasan buatan secara harmonis dan seimbang guna menjaga keberlangsungan pendidikan karakter di masa depan di era kecerdasan buatan.