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ANALISIS BIAYA PENGOBATAN PENYAKIT GINJAL KRONIK RAWAT INAP DENGAN HEMODIALISIS DI RUMAH SAKIT UMUM DAERAH UNDATA PALU Muhamad Rinaldhi Tandah; Ihwan Ihwan; Khusnul Diana; Zulfiah Zulfiah; Nurul Ambianti
Jurnal LINK Vol 15, No 2 (2019): NOVEMBER 2019
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (196.006 KB) | DOI: 10.31983/link.v15i2.5222

Abstract

Penyakit Ginjal Kronik (PGK) merupakan masalah kesehatan global. Pembiayaan penyakit ginjal merupakan peringkat kedua terbesar dari BPJS kesehatan setelah penyakit jantung. Indonesia memasuki era Jaminan Kesehatan Nasional (JKN) sejak 01 Januari 2014. Pola pembayaran JKN adalah dengan sistem Indonesia Case Base Group (INA-CBGs). Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui rata-rata biaya pengobatan, komponen biaya yang paling besar, serta selisih antara biaya pengobatan pasien PGK dengan JKN rawat inap terapi hemodialisis dengan standar tarif INA-CBGs. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif dengan pengumpulan data sekunder berupa biaya medik langsung dari perspektif rumah sakit pada pasien PGK rawat inap dengan JKN terapi hemodialisis di RSUD Undata Palu periode Januari - Desember 2017. Hasil penelitian menunjukan rata-rata biaya medik langsung pasien PGK rawat inap dengan hemodialisis sebesar Rp 11.074.834. Komponen biaya terbesar adalah biaya hemodialisis sebesar Rp 155.122.000  (37,86%) dari total pembayaran, dan selisih antara biaya medik langsung pasien PGK JKN rawat inap hemodialisis dengan standar tarif INA-CBGs sebesar Rp 191.920.841 (46,84 %) dari total biaya rumah sakit.
PENGARUH JENIS ASAM ALAMI TERHADAP PENURUNAN KADAR LOGAM BERAT TIMBAL DALAM DAGING IKAN TERI (Stelophorus indicus Sp) ASAL TELUK PALU Yulita Nelin Sipa; Jamaluddin Jamaluddin; Ihwan Ihwan
KOVALEN: Jurnal Riset Kimia Vol. 2 No. 3 (2016)
Publisher : Chemistry Department, Mathematics and Natural Science Faculty, Tadulako University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (333.499 KB)

Abstract

Research on the effect of type natural acid against decline of content heavy metals plumbum in meat anchovy (Stelophorus indicus Sp) origin bay Palu. The purpose of this study was to determine the best type of acid used in dissolving levels of plumbum as heavy metals for 1 hour immersion and to determine the number of levels of heavy metals of lead that can be dissolved during immersion 1 hour. This study begins with a sample digestion using nitric acid, further qualitative test reagents dithizon 0.005% (positive), potassium iodide (positive) and sodium carbonate (postitif). Qualitative results test that showed a positive result then measured in metal content of plumbum  using atomic absorption spectrophotometer (AAS) at λ 283.3 nm. Then soaking using tamarind are 5%, acetic acid 10%, the filtrate pineapple 100%, starfruit 100% and lime 25% for 1 hour at room temperature, after measuring the metal content of plumbum with atomic absorption spectrophotometer (AAS) in λ 283.3. The results show levels of heavy metals plumbum before immersion average of 0.8 mg/kg, the average concentration of heavy metals plumbum after soaking tamarind 5% amounting to 0.787 mg/kg (1.64%), 10% acetic acid at 0.789 mg/kg (1.39%), pineapple filtrate 100% of 0.7882 mg/kg (1.49%), starfruit 100% 0.789 mg/kg (1.39%) and lime 25% of 0.7916 mg/kg (1.06%). Thus tamarind 5% is the best type of acid to reduce levels of plumbum metal in Palu bay anchovy origin.Keywords: Acid, Anchovy (Stelophorus indicus Sp), Content, Plumbum
GAMBARAN INDEKS MASSA TUBUH PENDERITA TUBERKULOSIS (TB) POSITIF YANG MELAKUKAN PENGOBATAN DI GERDUNAS TB PARU RUMAH SAKIT UNDATA PALU SULAWESI TENGAH Fadhalna Fadhalna; Ihwan Ihwan; I Nengah Suwastika
Biocelebes Vol. 11 No. 1 (2017)
Publisher : Biology Department, Mathematics and natural science, Tadulako University

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Abstract

Research on the description of the patient's BMI (body mass index) of tuberculosis (TB) in the positive treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis at the unit of integrated movement prevention of tuberculosis Undata Hospital Palu has been implemented since April until September 2015. This research aimed to look at the dynamics of BMI of patients during treatment. The method used was the retrospective design patients who present within 2014, which qualified as research sample. There are 45 respondents of eligible subjects complete data up to the end of treatment. The results showed a changeof each category of BMI from the early phase to the final phase of treatment. In theearly phase of treatment, is very thin and thin BMI were 30 respondents fromcategory 1 and category 2, its hows that most patients with early diagnosis of tuberculosis have a BMI below normal. While in the early phase until the end of treatment showed a significant frequency changes in norma lBMI reaches 24.5% categorized 1 and 0.1% incategory 2. This is due to irregular treatment undergone by the patient from the early phase to the final phase of treatment. This indicates that the category 1 more treatment success which is marked by the increasing quality of BMI’s Patients return to normal. While in Category 2 does not show the amount of success, because with drawing treatment.
TERATOGENIK EKSTRAK ETANOL UWI BANGGAI UNGU (Dioscorea alata L.) PADA MENCIT BETINA (Mus musculus) Ihwan Ihwan; Rahmatia Rahmatia; Khildah Khaerati
Jurnal Ilmiah Ibnu Sina (JIIS): Ilmu Farmasi dan Kesehatan Vol 5 No 2 (2020): JIIS
Publisher : Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan ISFI Banjarmasin

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (355.37 KB) | DOI: 10.36387/jiis.v5i2.511

Abstract

Teratogenic is an abnormal development on embryo and is the cause of congenital defect or birth defect. This study aims to determine the effect of the addition of Dioscorea alata L. ethanol extracts to the embryo development on pregnant mice whose given orally to 24 mice which divided to 4 treatment groups, they are the normal group (NG) with NaCMC 0.5%; 28 mg/KgBB treatment group; 35 mg/KgBB; 42 mg/Kg BB. The addition of Dioscorea alata L ethanol extracts was done on the sixth day until the 15th day of pregnancy. On the 18th day of pregnancy, Laparaktomi was done to the pregnant mice and the embryo was taken out of the uterus. The observation was done to the fetus numbers, weight weighing of the fetus's body, dan length measurement of the fetus's body. Another observation is the observation of the external organ defect of the embryo. The study results that the addition of Dioscorea alata L ethanol extracts with various doses have no significant effect (P>0.5) to the mice external fetus development. On the examination of the fetus, we can conclude that Dioscorea alata L ethanol extracts don’t give any effect that may cause the defect of the fetus’ external organ.
Biosecurity Implementation and Detection of Infectious Myo Necrosis Virus in Penaeus monodon Seed at Hatchery Surya Prima Benur Zainal Usman; Siti Aisyah Saridu; Ihwan Ihwan; Supryady Supryady; Ardana Kurniaji; Fanggi Fanggi
Berkala Perikanan Terubuk Vol 50, No 2 (2022): Juli 2022
Publisher : Fakultas Perikanan dan Kelautan, Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31258/terubuk.50.2.1509-1517

Abstract

Diseases control in tiger shrimp farming activities needs to be done by applying biosecurity and early detection of IMNV. This study aimed to identify the application of biosecurity and IMNV detection in tiger shrimp hatchery activities at the Hatchery Surya Prima Benur. The method of collecting data on the application of biosecurity at the Surya Prima Benur Hatchery is carried out by observing field activities, interviews and participating in activities directly. IMNV detection in tiger prawn fry was carried out by PCR machine. The results of the study indicated that the application of biosecurity at the research site includes infrastructure biosecurity, personnel biosecurity, biota biosecurity, and environmental biosecurity. Detection of IMNV in 6 samples of fry showed negative IMNV results indicated by the absence of a band on the 139 bp molecule according to the positive control. The results of this study can be used as technical guidelines for the implementation of biosecurity and the IMNV inspection process in tiger shrimp hatchery activities.
Uji Efek Antibakteri Ekstrak Etanol Herba Seledri (Apium graveolens Linn.) Terhadap Escherichia coli dan Staphylococcus aureus dan Analisis KLT Bioautografi Khildah Khaerati; Ihwan Ihwan
Biocelebes Vol. 5 No. 1 (2011)
Publisher : Biology Department, Mathematics and natural science, Tadulako University

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Abstract

This research divided into two stage which are the inhibition growth capacity test using agar diffusion method with the incubator period 1 x 24 jam hours as the first stage and second stage testing the TLC-Bioautographic. Sample made with the concentration 0,5%, 1 %, 2% and 4% w/v. The capacity of growth inhibited showed on Staphylococcus aureus and than. The TLC-Bioautographic test to the chromatogram of fractionation result with Chloroform : Metanol (15 : 6) on Escherichia coli 1 active stains with Rf value 0,32, for Staphylococcus aureus resulted 2 active stains with Rf value in a row 0,88 and 0,32 Key words: Antibacteri, Apium graveolens, bioautographic.
EFEK ANTIPIRETIK EKSTRAK DAUN PALIASA (Kleinhovia hospita L.) TERHADAP TIKUS PUTIH JANTAN (Rattus norvegicus L.) YANG DIINDUKSI VAKSIN DIFTERI PERTUSIS TETANUS Shella Desiana; Yuliet Yuliet; Ihwan Ihwan
Biocelebes Vol. 12 No. 1 (2018)
Publisher : Biology Department, Mathematics and natural science, Tadulako University

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Abstract

Paliasa (Kleinhovia hospita L.) is a plant that is empirically used as a fever-lowering drugs. Antipyretic activity test Paliasa leaf ethanol extract of the white male rats (Rattus norvegicus) aims to determine the effect of the antipyretic effect of ethanol extract of leaves Paliasa and determine the effective dose as an antipyretic. Tests were carried out using inducers of fever vaccine Diphtheria Tetanus Pertussis (DPT) 0.2 ml. The antipyretic tests effect is divided into six treatment groups. The first group was given Na CMC 1% and DPT vaccine induced as a negative control, a group of the 2nd given paracetamol as a positive control, all three groups were given Na CMC 1% as the normal control group 4th, 5th, and 6th each given Paliasa leaf ethanol extract at a dose of 100 mg/kg BW, 200 mg/kg BW, and 300 mg/kg BW. Rectal temperature measurements carried out for 6 hours with a 30 minute interval. Temperature measurement data were statistically analyzed using One way ANOVA followed by Duncan test at 95% confidence level. Antipyretic activity test results showed that the ethanol extract of leaves Paliasa have antipyretic activity in male rats and the effective dose is 200 mg/kg BW.
Population Policy in Government Politics from The Utstman Time to The Recep Tayyib Erdogan Period in Raising Turkey Islamism Ihwan Ihwan; Muzani Jalaludin; Muhammad Zid
Budapest International Research and Critics Institute (BIRCI-Journal): Humanities and Social Sciences Vol 5, No 3 (2022): Budapest International Research and Critics Institute August: In Progress
Publisher : Budapest International Research and Critics University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33258/birci.v5i3.5825

Abstract

Population policy in government politics is dynamic from time to time. This study was conducted to answer the question of how the population policy in the political field of government in Turkey from the Ottoman period to the time of Recep Tayyib Erdogan built Turkey as a country with an Islamic pattern. This research uses descriptive qualitative methods and secondary data from books, journals, articles, and the internet to answer this question. Turkey stands on the ruins of the Ottoman Empire, which ruled for nearly six centuries (1342-1924 AD). The Ottoman Empire reached its peak during the reign of Suleiman Akanuni. The Ottoman Empire was utterly ruined at the end of the early 19th century. During 1924-1928, the government of Mustafa Kemal tried to abolish all institutions and symbols that referred to traditional Islam, which are considered to hinder the modernization of Turkey. In 1983, democracy in Turkey was restored. Erdogan's domestic political policies include: (a) Freeing education fees and (b) Erdoan reinstating the old habit of teaching the Koran and Hadith in public schools. (c) The policy requires Islamic religious education from primary and secondary school to 12 levels. This is the new face of Turkey under Erdogan's political management