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Indonesian Journal of Tropical and Infectious Disease Vol. 8 No. 2 (2020)
Publisher : Institute of Topical Disease Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/ijtid.v8i2.16027


Elderly are especially prone to the adverse health effects of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). COPD is a typical aging disease which is found to be about 12% in the age group more than 64 years old. Frailty is an important geriatics syndrome, while adiponectin is an important adipokine that regulate homeostasis of energy. Adiponectin is affected by age, especially in males. Adiponectin levels increases as subcutaneous fat cells in older men decreases. Increased adiponectin can lead to muscle wasting which will further reduce body weight and body mass index (BMI), which indirectly also increases the degree of frailty. Until now the relationship between adiponectin with frailty degree in advanced COPD is still unknown.The aims of this study was to investigate the relationship between plasma adiponectin level and frailty in COPD elders. This was an observational analytic cross-sectional study. All anthropometric parameters, including weight, height, and body mass index (BMI), were measured. Adiponectin was measured by ELISA methods obtained from venous blood samples. Aged more than or equal to 60 years old, the patients underwent spirometry to determine the degree of airflow limitation and the degree of frailty defined by the Fried criteria. Statistic analysis used Rank Spearman. Thirty-eight male COPD patients became the subject of the study. The average age was 70-74 years, with a total of 13 robust, 12 prefrails and 13 frail patients. Level of adiponectin (mean and SD) in robust, prefrail, and frail were 6.84+ 2.66 , 6.58 + 4.27, and 11.62 + 4.90 respectively, p=0.015. Further analysis showed that level of adiponectin rose progresively with an increasing number of components of frailty. The degree of obstruction mostly with mild (42.1%), and no subjects with very severe. There were an increase in serum adiponectin levels in all subjects. In conclusion, level of adiponectin serum correlates positively with the degree of frailty.
The Bacterial Pneumonia Characteristics based on Climate and Meteorological Parameters in Indonesia, the Tropical Country: A Preliminary Study Bramantono Bramantono; Brian Eka Rachman; Erika Marfiani; Neneng Dewi Kurniati; Muhammad Vitanata Arifijanto; Tuksin Jearanaiwitayakul
Biomolecular and Health Science Journal Vol. 4 No. 1 (2021): Biomolecular and Health Science Journal
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/bhsj.v4i1.26926


Introduction: As a tropical country, Indonesia has the potential to influence the characteristics of infectious diseases. The purpose of this study was to see how the pattern of pneumonia on various weather components such as rainfall, humidity, and temperature.Methods: This study was carried by retrospective screening in the infectious ward in one of the tertiary referral hospitals.Results: A total of 876 cases of pneumonia from eight treatment rooms were included in the study. The highest pneumonia cases occurred in February with 239 (27.2%) cases followed in April and May with 169 (19.2%) and 159 (18.2%) cases respectively. After microbiological examination, bacterial growth was found in 191 cases. The highest number of bacteria was found in February with 62 (32%), followed by May with 33 (17.2%) and April with 31 (16.2%) samples. Most of the bacterial grown were gram-negative (94.3%), dominated by Klebsiella pneumoniae (35%), followed by Acinetobacter baumanii 17.2%  and Pseudomonas aeruginosa  12%. On the examination of antibiotic sensitivity, it was found that amikacin has a consistently high sensitivity (90%) for pneumonia caused by most bacterial causes (Acinetobacter baumanii, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and Escherichia coli).Conclusion: The study did not show any remarkable bacterial patterns based on weather components such as rainfall, humidity, and temperature during the rainy season. However, increasing the surveillance period will provide a better insight into the bacterial pattern and can compare it in the rainy and dry seasons.
Diagnostic Patterns of Suspected Covid-19 Patients Using Scor Covid-19, PCR Test and Serological Test in Dr. Soetomo Hospital Surabaya, Indonesia Usman Hadi; Bramantono Bramantono; M Vitanata; Musofa Rusli; Brian Eka Rahman; Tripudi Asmarawati; Erika Marfiani; Erwin Astha Triyono
Current Internal Medicine Research and Practice Surabaya Journal Vol. 2 No. 2 (2021): CURRENT INTERNAL MEDICINE RESEARCH AND PRACTICE SURABAYA JOURNAL
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/cimrj.v2i2.28956


Objective: To find out the diagnostic pattern of COVID-19 using RT-PCR or a rapid antibody test in the suspected group of patients.Method: The study was conducted in  Dr. Soetomo General Hospital (referral hospital for covid-19, 1500 beds). The study used data on patients with suspected covid-19 who were hospitalized at the Dr. Soetomo General Hospital in Surabaya.Result: There were 200 suspected COVID-19 patients enrolled in this study, the main complaints of cough, fever, dyspnoea, around 69.5%, 75%, and 76.5%, respectively. Although not a common symptom, it seems that anosmia (14%) is typical for COVID-19. Based on this scoring system, a total of 196 patients had a high risk of being infected with COVID-19, and 125 (64%) of them finally showed a positive PCR test. PCR test mostly positive (62.5%), while serological test (rapid immunoglobulin test) mostly nonreactive, but there were no significant differences between PCR and Serological test (p=0.16 OR: 1.5(0.84-71). Furthermore, if we compare the various existing variables, namely the covid-19 score, immunoglobulin rapid test, and radiological examination, only the radiological examination results can be used as a strong predictor of positive PCR results (p=0.005, OR: 1.68 (0.17-16.43).In this study, we found that abnormal chest radiographs are a good parameter for diagnosing COVID-19, (OR: 2.92; 95% CI, 1.34 -6.34).Conclusion: The initial radiological examination combined with the clinical symptoms of Covid-19 is the most important thing to predict the presence of this disease.