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Identification and Prevalence of Blood Protozoa on Culling Layer Hen That Were Sold in Wonokromo Traditional Market Surabaya City Moch. Rizky Darmawan; Poedji Hastutiek; Arimbi Arimbi; Sunaryo Hadi Warsito; Dian Ayu Permatasari; Ririn Ririn
Journal of Parasite Science (JoPS) Vol. 6 No. 1 (2022): Journal of Parasite Science
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (460.274 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/jops.v6i1.34199

Abstract

The most common types of blood protozoa in chickens are from the phylum of Apicomplexa, including Plasmodium, Leucocytozoon and Haemoproteus. Blood protozoan diseases can cause decreased egg production, stunting and death in poultry farms. This study aims to identify and calculate the prevalence of blood protozoan infection in casted off laying chickens sold at Wonokromo Market, Surabaya City. One hundred blood samples from casted off laying chickens were taken by purposive sampling method. Blood samples were collected in Ethylene Diamine Tetra Acetate (EDTA) tubes, and then taken to the Parasitology Laboratory to make a blood smear which was then examined using a microscope with a magnification of 1000x. The results showed that the single infection was 43% positive for Plasmodium sp., 3% positive for Leucocytozoon sp. and 3% for mixed infections (Plasmodium sp. and Leucocytozoon sp.), with a total prevalence of positive samples infected with blood protozoa was 49%.
Prevalensi dan Analisis Faktor Risiko Multidrug Resistance Bakteri Escherichia coli pada Ayam Komersial di Kabupaten Blitar: Prevalence and Risk Factors Analysis of Multidrug Resistance of Escherichia coli Bacteria in Commercial Chicken, Blitar District Freshinta Jellia Wibisono; Bambang Sumiarto; Tri Untari; Mustofa Helmi Effendi; Dian Ayu Permatasari; Adiana Mutamsari Witaningrum
Jurnal Ilmu Peternakan dan Veteriner Tropis (Journal of Tropical Animal and Veterinary Science) Vol. 10 No. 1 (2020): Jurnal Ilmu Peternakan dan Veteriner Tropis (Journal of Tropical Animal and Ve
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan Universitas Papua

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.46549/jipvet.v10i1.74

Abstract

Multidrug resistance is a problem that is difficult to overcome in terms of treating infectious diseases. Multidrug resistance is the term used to describe when a bacteria is resistant to three or more different classes of antibiotics. Escherichia coli as a commensal bacterium which has multidrug resistance, this causes more issues because Escherichia coli can transfer its resistant properties to other bacteria within the poultry digestive tract. The observational study is used to determine the risk factors and to estimate the quantitative effects arising from various components that contribute to the emergence of a disease. The sampling in this study was carried out randomly through cloaca swabs from commercial chicken farms in Blitar and 345 samples were collected. Complementary data collection was carried out using questionnaires, interviews, and field observations. The results showed the incidence of multidrug resistance in commercial chickens in the Blitar District was 72.5%. There is a relationship between causative factors with the incidence of multidrug resistance in Escherichia coli bacteria that is significantly associated with positive risk factors. The strength of this relationship can be seen from the value of OR and RR, among others factors of chicken breed (OR = 3.07; RR = 1.34), breeder's education (OR = 2.3; RR = 1.29), type of livestock business (OR = 7.5; RR = 1.43), type of animal feed (OR = 1.91; RR = 1.2), veterinary support for livestock raising management (OR = 3.09; RR = 1.44). The reference variables are whether the antibiotics are administered by non-veterinarians (OR = 2.35) or by the TS (OR = 7.92), and whether there is an antibiotic administration program (OR = 3.16; RR = 1.47). The overseeing function of farm maintenance, management, and implementation of antimicrobial administration in commercial chicken farms needs to be improved, to increase breeders' awareness of the careful usage of antibiotics and controlling the incidence of antibiotic resistance.