Haryono Supriyo
Bagian Silvikultur, Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Gadjah Mada Jl. Agro No 1., Bulak Sumur Yogyakarta

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Kelimpahan Cacing Tanah pada Beberapa Jenis Tegakan Pohon di Wanagama I Supriyo, Haryono; Musyafa, Musyafa; Figyantika, Arom; Gamayanti, Saptuti
Biota : Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu-Ilmu Hayati Vol 15, No 2 (2010): June 2010
Publisher : Universitas Atma Jaya Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (536.801 KB) | DOI: 10.24002/biota.v15i2.2705


Earthworms feed exclusively on dead organic matter (OM). The earthworm population is regulated by organic matter availability and soil characteristics. The aim of the research was to investigate the effect of seasonal change to the abundance and biomass of earthworms in Wanagama I. Collection of the soil samples was conducted from a quadrangle 25 x 25x 25 cm with the depth of 0-10, 10-20 and 20-30 cm with 5 replications under stands of Glyricidae, Leucaena, Teak, Acacia, Eucalyptus and Mahogany. Soil samples were taken at rainy season (February), early dry season (July) and dry season (October) 2004. The earthworms were manually extracted from soil samples and the abundance was stated as number and biomass of dry weight. The result showed the abundance and biomass of earthworms were high only in February at the soil depth of 0-10 cm. The highest number of earthworm and biomass was found in Mahogany stand (224,000 individual.ha-1/105.6 kg.ha-1). Multiple linier regression analysis showed that abundance of earthworms was affected by soil moisture content, while the biomass of earthworms was affected by soil pH and bulk density (aeration).
Productivity of Arrowroots and Taro Grown Under Superior Teak Clones with Several Levels of Stand Density Prehaten, Daryono; Hardiwinoto, Suryo; Na’iem, Mohammad; Supriyo, Haryono; Widiyatno, Widiyatno; Rodiana, Dian
Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education Vol 13, No 1 (2021): April 2021
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences, Semarang State University . Ro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/biosaintifika.v13i1.26428


Perum Perhutani has an important role in providing food and wood for people. Diversity and diversification of food will reduce the need for one type of food, namely rice as a staple food. Some tuber and rhizome are source of alternative foodstuffs, such as taro and arrowroot. This study aimed to determine the suitability and productivity of arrowroot and taro planted under old superior teak clones with several levels of stand density. Arrowroot and taro were planted under 14-year-old teak stands with 4 levels of density. Both plants were planted in the form of an array, measuring of 3m x 15m, with a spacing of 75cm x 75cm between plants. They were arranged in Randomized Completely with Block Design (RCBD) placed in 4 blocks of observation as replications.  The results showed that under superior teak clone had the potential to be planted with arrowroot and taro. Teak stand density influenced significantly some characteristics of arrowroot (leaves number, leaves area, stem height, stem diameter, root length) and taro (stem diameter, tuber diameter). Arrowroot productivity per hectare increased with low density of teak stands, accounted for 55, 59, 80, and 88 kg respectively. Meanwhile, taro productivity from very high to low teak density were 365, 301, 523, and 426 kg/ha. The novelty of this study is that there is no record of intercropping studies on old superior teak clones, so this is among the first studies. The benefit of from this research result, it could be employed by Perhutani to support the Indonesian government in the national food security program
Jurnal Wana Tropika Vol 5 No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Fakultas Kehutanan Institut Pertanian STIPER Yogyakarta

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Land is a natural resource with a limited number so that the utilization of this resource should consider its ability to be able to produce sustainably. Inappropriate use may result in land degradation as indicated by the amount of erosion. This study aims to (1) evaluate the land use capability (LUC) classes and their conformity with the actual land use, (2) determine the impact of mismatches between the LUC classes and actual land use on erosion. Study was conducted in Tapan and Ngunut I Sub-Sub-watershed, Karanganyar District, Central Java. Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE) was used to predict the potential erosion on the area while modified FAO method was used to analyze LUC. The results showed that the percentage of disagreement between LUC class and with actual land use in Tapan was 23% while in Ngunut was only 0.02%. The percentages of those disagreements have no effect on the magnitude of the annual erosion. Annual erosion in Tapan (15.12 tonnes / ha) is still smaller than in Ngunut I (25.63 tonnes / ha). Composition of land cover types and land management affect the amount of erosion. Cultivation of crops at dry land and land tillage during growing season in accordance with the rainy season has great contribution on erosion. Keywords : Unsuitability, land covers, LUC, erosion
Jurnal Wana Tropika Vol 6 No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Fakultas Kehutanan Institut Pertanian STIPER Yogyakarta

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Plant litter is the major source of organic matter in the forest floor and litter decomposition plays an important role in the organic matter and nutrient entry to the soil. The decomposition rate is strongly influenced by climatic conditions and initial chemical composition of the litter. Litter in the rehabilitated forest area of Wanagama 1 Education Forest is dominated by Gamal (Gliricidia sepium) litter which isconsisted of leaves, twigs and fruit pods. This study assessedthe decomposition rate of leaf, twig and fruit podlitter of Gamal in compartment 5 and 6 of Wanagama 1 Education Forest. To assess effect of season, the research was conducted in dry season (August to November 2012) and in rainy season (from January to March 2013). The results showed that the decomposition rates of leaf, twig and fruit pod litter of Gamal in dry season were moderate with k (decomposition index) = 0.0074 – 0.0065, slow (k = 0.0043 – 0.0040), andslow (k = 0.0031 – 0.0026), respectively.In the rainy season, the decomposition process was faster with decomposition rates were high (k = 0.0132 – 0.0161), moderate (k = 0.0073 – 0.0065) and moderate (k = 0.0055 – 0.0063), respectively. There was no effect of compartments which differed in the stand density. Keywords : Decomposition Rate, Kind of Litter, Gamal (Gliricidia sepium), Season