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Menyiapkan SDM Unggul dan Religius melalui Ikhtiar Kegiatan Keagamaan di Desa Jonjo Kabupaten Gowa Patahuddin, Askar; Jujuri Perdamaian Dunia
WAHATUL MUJTAMA': Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat Vol 1 No 2 (2020): WAHATUL MUJTAMA': Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengabdian Masyarakat (P3M) Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Islam dan Bahasa Arab (STIBA) Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36701/wahatul.v1i2.253

Abstract

Creating superior and religious human resources is a provision for realizing civil society. The aim of this community service is to prepare superior and religious human resources in Jonjo village through various religious programs in the village. Community service was carried out by ten STIBA Makassar students. Efforts to create a superior and religious Jonjo village community through activities of 1) dirosa; 2) teaching tahsin; 3) teaching TKA / TPA; 4) sunset and dawn rituals; 5) khutbah jum'at; 6) training for organizing the body; 7) pious children festival; 8) tabligh akbar. In general, the student KKN activities of the 3rd batch of STIBA Makassar students in Jonjo Village went well and smoothly. All work programs implemented have been welcomed and enthusiastically by the government and society. The obstacle that becomes a challenge in the process of implementing work programs is that the majority of community activities work as farmers in rice fields, making students need to manage the time for carrying out more activities at night so that the community can be more fully involved.
Takbir Zawāid dalam Salat Id Prespektif K.H. Lanre Said al-Bugisi Syandri, Syandri; Saifullah bin Anshor; Patahuddin, Askar; Miranto, Agus
NUKHBATUL 'ULUM: Jurnal Bidang Kajian Islam Vol 6 No 2 (2020): NUKHBATUL 'ULUM: Jurnal Bidang Kajian Islam
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengabdian Masyarakat (P3M) Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Islam dan Bahasa Arab (STIBA) Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36701/nukhbah.v6i2.251

Abstract

This research aimed to identify zawāid takbir in id prayer according to K.H Lanre Said al-Bugisi perspective. This research was a qualitative descriptive study using the library research method with juridical-normative and philosophical approaches. The results of this study indicate that in determining shari law, K.H. Lanre Said used several approaches and methods. The method of iṣtishābul hāl, muqaranāt al-maẓāhib, tarjih, and the principle of "al-khurūju minal khilāf. Based on this method K.H. Lanre Said al-Bugisi rejects the existence of zawāid takbir (additional takbir) in the id prayers arguing that all narrations describing zawāid takbir are of a weak degree. Therefore, the takbir for the id prayer must be returned to its original form, which is one takbir, just as the Friday prayer is only one takbir. In addition, K.H. Lanre Said al-Bugisi built his opinion using the method of al-aqly (reason) in which he argued that zawāid takbir was not needed because it would be one of the causes for the loss of solemnity in prayer. This research has a positive implication which is to reveal the shari law-setting method according to K.H. Lanre Said al-Bugisi and his arguments against the existence of zawāid takbir in id prayers.
Zakat Harta dari Hasil Undian Berhadiah dalam Perspektif Hukum Islam Muhammad Taufan Djafri; Patahuddin , Askar; Aqbar, Khaerul; Syarifuddin, Chaeril
BUSTANUL FUQAHA: Jurnal Bidang Hukum Islam Vol 1 No 3 (2020): BUSTANUL FUQAHA: Jurnal Bidang Hukum Islam
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengabdian Masyarakat (P3M), Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Islam dan Bahasa Arab (STIBA) Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36701/bustanul.v1i3.186

Abstract

This study aims to determine the law and position of the lottery results from prizes, and to know the zakat property laws from lottery results. This study uses a qualitative library method with deductive data analysis. The research results found are as follows; First, the lottery law in Islamic law may be based on the proposition which explains that the Messenger of Allah. had done the lottery, so did the argument that explained that the Prophet Yunus had been thrown from a ship after the draw, and in general there was no argument that explained the forbidden draw. The position of the property from the lottery results is halal. Secondly, the law of issuing zakat assets from the lottery results is mandatory if the assets obtained from the lottery results do not overlap with Islamic law, for example in the category of goods that are not required to pay zakat, such as houses, land, vehicles and remain in accordance with the reckoning of the lottery results. If the gift has reached the Nisab, the zakat must apply in accordance with the provisions of gold and silver and also haul (held for a year), because this asset has become his property as a gift, which when he receives it becomes his property and is intended to be traded, this provision applies to lottery proceeds in the form of gold, silver and cash, while the rest is returned to the intention of the recipient of the prize, if he does not want to sell but only to be used, then the law that applies to the lottery results is not obligatory zakat.
Hukum Penggunaan Aplikasi FaceApp dalam Perspektif Hukum Islam Muhammad Yusram; Patahuddin, Askar; Ahmad Risal
BUSTANUL FUQAHA: Jurnal Bidang Hukum Islam Vol 1 No 3 (2020): BUSTANUL FUQAHA: Jurnal Bidang Hukum Islam
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengabdian Masyarakat (P3M), Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Islam dan Bahasa Arab (STIBA) Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36701/bustanul.v1i3.202

Abstract

This study aims to determine the legal use of the FaceApp application in terms of the Qur'an, sunnah, and opinions of the scholars, as well as its relation to the problem of changing God's creation. This study uses descriptive-qualitative with content analysis and library research technique. The results showed that: first, FaceApp is an application that can change face photos using technology in the form of neural networks that automatically produce very realistic facial transformations in photographs. The opinions of the scholars in the matter of changing God's creation are: 1) neutering humans and animals ; 2) changing physical form; 3) make a tattoo on the body; 4) change the religion of God. Second, the legal use of the FaceApp application in an Islamic perspective by the scholars was divided into two: some scholars banned the use of the FaceApp application and others allowed it. Nevertheless, the majority of the scholars chose to forbid it, based on the evidence in the Qur'an and related hadith and the number of violations and harms posed by this application.
Khiyār al˗Majlis dan Aplikasinya dalam Jual Beli Modern (Studi Komparatif Pandangan Jumhur Ulama dan Imam Malik) Muhammad Taufan Djafri; Patahuddin, Askar; Ridha, Muhammad
BUSTANUL FUQAHA: Jurnal Bidang Hukum Islam Vol 1 No 4 (2020): BUSTANUL FUQAHA: Jurnal Bidang Hukum Islam
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengabdian Masyarakat (P3M), Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Islam dan Bahasa Arab (STIBA) Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36701/bustanul.v1i4.273

Abstract

This article aims to find out the jurisprudence khiyār al˗majlis according to Imam Malik and Jumhur Ulama, and to know the application of khiyār al˗majlis in modern buying and selling. This study uses qualitative methods with library research (library research) with content analysis of the selected data sources. The research results obtained: First, according to the Jumhur Ulama khiyār al˗majlis can be done either in person or online. Second, According to the Maliki School of Khiyār al-Majlis it is not allowed and what can be done is Khiyār. Requirements before transactions such as delivery of goods, as well as Khiyār disgrace when a buyer finds a deficiency / defect in the goods that have been purchased. Third, the application of Khiyār al-Majlis in modern buying and selling or online shop in the form of the right to continue or cancel the sale and purchase between the seller and the buyer, this can be done if one of the two requires a khiyar within a certain time and they are still in one transaction until he / she is receive the goods and this is in accordance with the opinion of the jumhur ulama, whereas according to Imam Malik it is not allowed because this can damage the terms of sale and purchase.
Program Qur’anic Teenagers untuk Menumbuhkan Minat Belajar Al-Qur’an bagi Anak dan Remaja di Desa Wakanimboro, Buton Selatan Aqbar, Khaerul; Patahuddin, Askar
WAHATUL MUJTAMA': Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat Vol 2 No 1 (2021): WAHATUL MUJTAMA': Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengabdian Masyarakat (P3M) Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Islam dan Bahasa Arab (STIBA) Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36701/wahatul.v2i1.348

Abstract

PkM aims to: (1) Foster social awareness of students in preaching based on Islamic science that has been obtained while in STIBA Makassar; (2) Practicing Tri Dharma of higher education for Field Guidance Lecturers (DPL) on the pillars of community service; (3) Develop the existence of STIBA Makassar as a university based on the recruitment of scholars and organizers who benefit the community. Therefore, PKM is held in the highland area of Wakinamboro Village, is one of 9 villages located in Siompu Subdistrict, South Buton Regency, Southeast Sulawesi Province. PkM is started by conducting a field survey and then continued by using SOAR analysis as a material to develop a work program, so that 2 activities for less touched areas da'wah because of its geographical location. The two activities are teaching the Qur'an and tahfiz class for teenager. The result of this activity is the ability to read and memorize the Qur'an children and adolescents in Wakinamboro Village increased. The community also felt very helped and thanked by the program held by students kkn STIBA Makassar because their children are able to read the Qur'an faster than ever.
قاعدة الضـرورات تبـيح الـمحـظـورات وتـطـبيقها في جـواز كـشف وجه الـمتـنـقـبة Mukran Usman; Askar Patahuddin; Andi Muhammad Ihsan Yusuf
البصيرة: مجلة الدراسات الإسلامية Vol 1 No 1 (2020): البصيرة: مجلة الدراسات الإسلامية
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengabdian Masyarakat (P3M), Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Islam dan Bahasa Arab (STIBA) Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36701/bashirah.v1i1.233

Abstract

Research presented in front of dear readers talks about the law of using and disclosing the niqab in necessity in implementing the rules of al-dharuratu tubiihul mahzhuraat. Among the objectives are identifying the laws of wearing the niqab, the dhabith of necessity, and the application of the principle of al-dharuratu tubiihul mahzhuraat. Researchers limit the application of the principle to four situations, namely: First, in the making of ID cards, passports, or other things that required photographs. Second, in the medical field and when a disaster strikes. Third, the husband and his family forced the wife to remove the veil. Fourth, what has recently emerged is the coercion of several universities or company directors on students or employees to remove their niqab. The scientific method that the researcher followed in this study to achieve the results of these problems were as follows: descriptive method, inductive method, and deductive method. The results showed: First, the preponderant one concerning wearing the niqab is that it is obligatory based on the strength of this argument, and it is closer to chastity in the time of fitnah spreading and the amount of immorality that is happening today. Second, the basic principle of a woman when she leaves her home or appears to strangers is the obligation to cover her face and the prohibition of opening it, whether she is worried about temptation in herself or against her, or even though she feels safe from temptation, but is allowed to remove it in a necessity because in a necessity, forbidden things are allowed, but it is important to know consideration of a situation so that it is called a necessity by which it can be known to what extent the implementation of the rule regarding the permissibility of showing one's face so that it is not used as an excuse for committing forbidden acts.
Hukum Jual Beli Online dengan Sistem Pre Order dalam Perspektif Hukum Islam (Studi Kasus Toko Online Nashrah Store) Hendra Wijaya; Askar Patahuddin; Aqbar, Khaerul; Wahyu Kurniawan Hasmudin
BUSTANUL FUQAHA: Jurnal Bidang Hukum Islam Vol 2 No 2 (2021): BUSTANUL FUQAHA: Jurnal Bidang Hukum Islam
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengabdian Masyarakat (P3M), Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Islam dan Bahasa Arab (STIBA) Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36701/bustanul.v2i2.379

Abstract

This study aimed to know and anlayze the process of buying and selling online with a pre-order system at the Nashrah Store online store according to Islamic law. This study was a qualitative type of research (field research) using a normative and sociological juridical approach. The research showed several things. First, in general, the process of buying and selling with a pre-order system carried out by Nashrah Store is in accordance with the laws governing electronic transaction. Second, the sale and purchase contract carried out by Nashrah Store based on the form and method of payment are to apply a salam contract. As for the final payment method, it does not apply a salam contract, but applies al-wa'd bi al-syira' which is only in the form of a purchase promise.
Studi Dampak Kontrasepsi Suntik terhadap Akseptor Puskesmas Antang Perumnas Antang dalam Kaidah al-Ḍarar Yuzāl Jujuri Perdamaian Dunia; Askar Patahuddin; Edi Gunawan
Al-Mizan Vol. 16 No. 2 (2020): Al-Mizan
Publisher : LP2M Institut Agama Islam Negeri Sultan Amai Gorontalo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30603/am.v16i2.1829

Abstract

This study aims to determine the impacts of contraceptive injection for acceptor health centers Antang Perumnas of the al-Ḍarar Yuzāl rule. This type of research is the qualitative approach to field research. The results of this research show that firstly, the condition of acceptors in health centers of Antang Perumnas Manggala is quite diverse, acceptors in this region belong to the middle and lower economic classes with varying levels of religious understanding; secondly, two reasons cause family planning acceptors to inject, namely internal and external reasons with different impacts on their acceptors; thirdly, the application of al-Ḍarar Yuzāl's rule for the use of contraceptive injections has the following Islamic legal implications: wajib when the acceptor is awake from diseases such as uterine cancer, or death if having a pregnancy, becomes makruh if the acceptor feels pain during menstruation and intercourse, or the emergence of uterine myoma in the endometrium, and becomes haram when removing sexual sensitivity, not passionate until the feeling of anger towards the husband that ends in divorce. This research is expected to contribute to the medical world to find healthy birth control solutions for acceptors and make acceptors wiser before deciding to use contraceptive injection.
KONSEP KEPRIBADIAN MUSLIM DAN RELEVANSINYA TERHADAP PENDIDIKAN KARAKTER; KAJIAN TAFSIR PENDIDIKAN TEMATIK didin hafidhuddin hafidhuddin; Askar Patahuddin Fatahuddin; Syamsuar Hamka Hamka
al-Iltizam: Jurnal Pendidikan Agama Islam Vol 7, No 1 (2022): Pendidikan dan Pembelajaran
Publisher : IAIN Ambon

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33477/alt.v7i1.2942

Abstract

Fungsi pendidikan dalam sistem pendidikan nasional dirumuskan yaitu untuk mengembangkan kemampuan dan membentuk watak serta peradaban bangsa yang bermartabat dalam rangka mencerdaskan kehidupan bangsa, yang diarahkan pada  berkembangnya potensi peserta didik agar menjadi manusia yang beriman dan bertakwa kepada Tuhan Yang Maha Esa, berakhlak mulia, sehat, berilmu, cakap, kreatif, mandiri, dan menjadi warga negara yang demokratis serta bertanggung jawab. Berdasarkan hal tersebut pendidikan nasional memiliki fungsi dan tujuan dalam membentuk karakter yang baik terhadap peserta didik. Dalam kajian ini, dibahas konsep kepribadian muslim dalam terminologi Mukmin, Muslih, Mujahid, Mutqin dan Muta’awin dari sisi tafsir tarbawy. Selain itu dilihat relevansinya dengan pendidikan karakter yang ada saat ini. Adapun metode yang digunakan adalah Penelitian Pustaka (Library Research) yang berfokus pada kajian tafsir pendidikan tematik (Tafsir Tarbawy  Maudhu’i). Hasil dari penelitian ini diperoleh konsep pendidikan karakter yang disebutkan dalam al-Quran dapat dirumuskan dalam bentuk seimbangnya zikir dan pikir, konsisten melaksanakan ibadah, dan meninggalkan yang buruk serta melaksanakan segala bentuk kebaikan. Relevansi kepribadian terhadap pendidikan karakter dapat dilihat dari upaya mendidik jiwa memiliki sikap keimanan diatas akidah yang lurus, ibadah yang sesuai petunjuk dan akhlak mulia. Adapun jiwa ‘Muslih’, Mujahid, ‘Mutqin’ dan ‘Muta’awin’ dapat dilihat dari upaya untuk terus belajar dan mengajarkan ilmu, berdakwah dengan mencegah kepada yang buruk dan mengajak kepada kebaikan, sikap sabar, kerja sama (gotong royong), dan mengupayakan yang terbaik (profesionalisme) dari setiap pekerjaan yang dilakukan.