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PENERAPAN ANALISIS KELAS LATEN UNTUK MENGEKSPLORASI TIPOLOGI KEPRIBADIAN Widhiarso, Wahyu
Jurnal Psikologi Vol 5, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Universitas Gunadarma

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Abstract

Eksplorasi tipologi individu berdasarkan respons mereka pada alat ukur kini memungkinkandilakukan sejalan dengan munculnya teknik-teknik mutakhir di bidang psikometri. Salah satunyaadalah analisis kelas laten. Penelitian ini menerapkan teknik tersebut untuk mengeksplorasiadanya tipologi unik individu pada konstruk kepribadian lima faktor. Respons individu (N=397)pada skala kepribadian hasil adaptasi dari BFI-44 dapat dimodelkan menjadi 2 dan 3 kelas.Faktor emosi stabil menghasilkan 2 kelas sedangkan faktor ekstraversi, keramahan, ketelitian danketerbukaan menghasilkan 3 kelas. Perbandingan profil antar kelas pada tiap faktor kepribadianmenunjukkan adanya tipe-tipe unik individu. Tipe tersebut antara lain tipe aktif bicara pada faktorekstraversi, tipe keramahan dingin pada keramahan, tipe ketelitian tidak terorganisasi pada faktorketelitian dan tipe imajinatif pada faktor keterbukaan. Adanya tipe-tipe unik ini menunjukkanbahwa antar indikator pengukuran kepribadian lima faktor pada responden dengan tipe unik tidakmemiliki ekuivalensi ukur. Tidak ekuivalennya antar indikator terlihat dari hanya indikatortertentu saja yang melekat pada individu. Hal ini berbeda dengan konstruk psikologi yang idealyaitu semua indikator melekat pada individu secara berjenjang. Dari besar, sedang hingga kecil.Tiap tipe unik individu ini didiskusikan lebih lanjut di pembahasan.Kata Kunci: Analisis kelas laten, Tipologi individu, Kepribadian lima faktor
Aplikasi analisis kelas laten untuk mendeteksi karakteristik unik pada konstruk efikasi guru dalam mengajar Widhiarso, Wahyu; Hadjam, M. Noor Rochman
Jurnal Penelitian dan Evaluasi Pendidikan Vol 20, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Graduate School, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (302.334 KB) | DOI: 10.21831/pep.v20i2.7698

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi adanya kelompok-kelompok unik berdasarkan atribut yang terukur pada efikasi mengajar guru untuk memunculkan tipe-tipe unik efikasi guru. Penelitian ini melibatkan 142 guru yang diminta mengisi Skala Efikasi Mengajar. Analisis kelas laten yang dilakukan memunculkan empat tipe guru berdasarkan responsnya. Dua kelas menunjukkan tipe kategori yang berjenjang (efikasi tinggi dan rendah) dan dua kelas menunjukkan kategori unik (efikasi terkait dengan interaksi dengan siswa dan terkait  dengan persiapan mengajar). Adanya dua kelas unik tersebut menunjukkan bahwa dimensi-dimensi efikasi guru dalam mengajar tidak bersifat homogen. Ada guru yang dominan pada satu dimensi akan tetapi tidak dominan pada dimensi lainnya. Adanya guru dengan karakteristik unik ini memberikan konsekuensi agar penyusunan alat ukur efikasi diri dan program-program peningkatan efikasi guru dalam mengajar dapat mengakomodasinya.Kata kunci: efikasi guru dalam mengajar, analisis kelas laten, kategori unik THE APPLICATION OF LATENT CLASS ANALYSIS TO DETECT THE UNIQUE CHARACTERISTICS ON TEACHERS EFFICACY CONSTRUCTS IN TEACHINGAbstractThis study aims to identify the unique groups based on attributes measured on the efficacy of teachers to bring unique types of teacher efficacy.The research involved a total of 142 teachers who were asked to complete Teaching Efficacy Scale. The results of latent class analysis exhibit four types of teacher’s efficacy based on their similarity responses to given measure. Two classes show an ordered category (high efficacy and low teaching category) whereas two classes show a unique category (efficacy related to interaction with students and efficacy related to teaching preparation). The presence of these two unique classes suggests that teacher perceptions of his/her ability in teaching can be viewed as a type of attribute. There are teachers swho have high levels of efficacy in one dimension but tend to be low on other dimensions. The presence of this type has several consequences for the development of teaching efficacy measure, and programs to improve teachers should accommodate this unique type.Keywords: teaching efficacy, latent class analysis, unique categories
Efikasi Mengajar Sebagai Mediator Peranan Faktor Kepribadian terhadap Performasi Mengajar Guru Rochman Hadjam, M. Noor; Widhiarso, Wahyu
HUMANITAS (Jurnal Psikologi Indonesia) Vol 8, No 1: Januari 2011
Publisher : Universitas Ahmad Dahlan

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Abstract

AbstractThe aim of this study is to test the role of teaching efficacy as a mediatorrelationship between personality factors and optimal teaching performance.Construct personality factor involved is Big Five personality. Participantsin this study were 142 teachers who are representatives of the provincesin Indonesia. Measurement instruments are Five Factors Personality Scale,Teaching Efficacy Scale and Teaching Performance Scale. This studysuggest that the role of personality factors indirectly effect is better to explainvariations in teaching performance than directly effect. This conclusionsare based on two results of the statistical analysis: (1) results fromhierarchical regression analysis indicates that at final stage, entering factorsof teaching efficacy has reduced the role of all five factors of personality tothe teaching performance of teachers ( F = 17.81 p<0.01; R2 = 21.8%).Comparison of coefficient value from two types of effect (direct effectversus indirect effect) in structural equation modeling (SEM), suggest thatthe indirect effect coefficient more significant than direct effect. In general,our findings suggest that construct personality has a broad scope that requireother construct more specific or narrower trait as a mediator in explainingthe behavior of the criteria.
PENGUJIAN KESETARAAN PRESISI DAN SKALA UKUR BUTIR-BUTIR PADA SKALA PSIKOLOGI Widhiarso, Wahyu
Jurnal Kawistara Vol 2, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Sekolah Pascasarjana UGM

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Abstract

The purpose of this study is to identify the measurement models that appropriate to measure psychologicalattributes toward psychological scale. Measurement models that includes is parallel, tau-equivalent andcongeneric models. Each model has different assumptions according to each item’s precision and scalemeasuring on psychological scale. As a sample of psychological scale, this study uses Child DepressionInventory (CDI) and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. Data was taken from the 3.183 adolescents from juniorand senior high school in DIY, with ages ranging from 15 to 19. Both scale were tested using the HotellingT2 test for testing the equality of mean and variance as well as confi rmatory factory analysis throughstructural equation modeling to rest the accuracy of the model. This study found that psychological scalestend to fi t better with the congeneric model than others. The congeneric model is one which assumesthat every item in a scale has a different precision and scale of measure. Therefore, it is concluded thatitems tend to be measured in psychological attributes, with relative variation.
Mengakomodasi Efek Metode dalam Pengujian Validitas Konstruk Melalui Analisis Faktor Konfirmatori Wahyu Widhiarso
Psikologia : Jurnal Psikologi Vol 1, No 1 (2016): January
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Sidoarjo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (581.533 KB) | DOI: 10.21070/psikologia.v1i1.478

Abstract

Literatures in the field of psychometrics recommend researchers to employvarious of methods on measuring individual attributes. Ideally,each methods are complementary and measuresthe construct designed to be measured. However, some problems arise when among the methods is unique and unrelated to the construct being measured. The uniqueness of method can lead what is called the method effect. In testing construct validity using confirmatory factor analysis, the emergence of this effect tend to reducing the goodness of fit indices of the model. There are many ways to solve these problem, one of themis controling the method effects and accommodate it to the model. This paper introduces how to accommodate method effecton the confirmatory factor analysis using structural equation modeling. In the application section, author identify the emergence of method effects due to the differences item writing direction (favorable-unfavorable). The analysis showed that method effectemerge from different writing direction.
Efikasi Mengajar Sebagai Mediator Peranan Faktor Kepribadian terhadap Performasi Mengajar Guru Rochman Hadjam, M. Noor; Widhiarso, Wahyu
HUMANITAS (Jurnal Psikologi Indonesia) Vol 8, No 1: Januari 2011
Publisher : HUMANITAS (Jurnal Psikologi Indonesia)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (155.273 KB)

Abstract

AbstractThe aim of this study is to test the role of teaching efficacy as a mediatorrelationship between personality factors and optimal teaching performance.Construct personality factor involved is Big Five personality. Participantsin this study were 142 teachers who are representatives of the provincesin Indonesia. Measurement instruments are Five Factors Personality Scale,Teaching Efficacy Scale and Teaching Performance Scale. This studysuggest that the role of personality factors indirectly effect is better to explainvariations in teaching performance than directly effect. This conclusionsare based on two results of the statistical analysis: (1) results fromhierarchical regression analysis indicates that at final stage, entering factorsof teaching efficacy has reduced the role of all five factors of personality tothe teaching performance of teachers ( F = 17.81 p<0.01; R2 = 21.8%).Comparison of coefficient value from two types of effect (direct effectversus indirect effect) in structural equation modeling (SEM), suggest thatthe indirect effect coefficient more significant than direct effect. In general,our findings suggest that construct personality has a broad scope that requireother construct more specific or narrower trait as a mediator in explainingthe behavior of the criteria.
Orientasi Kepatutan Sosial dan Respons Tipuan pada Alat Ukur dalam Konteks Seleksi Kerja Widhiarso, Wahyu
Benefit: Jurnal Manajemen dan Bisnis Benefit : Kumpulan Makalah Diskusi Dosen FE UMS Volume 15 No 2 Desember 2011
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/benefit.v15i2.1348

Abstract

This study examined the correlation between social desirability with the magnitude of the individuals’ intensity to fake their responses on personality measurement in the context of job selection. Social desirability bias is defined as the tendency of individuals to give a response in a certain manner that will be viewed favorably by others. 90 students participated in the quasi experimental under within-subject design with two occasions. At the first occasion, participants were asked to complete the five-factor personality scale in an honest way (neutral condition) whereas in the second occasions they were asked to complete as if they are applicants who follow the employment selection (motivational condition). Intensity of faking was operationalized by the differences between both conditions. Data analysis suggests three findings: (a) personality measurement using self-reported techniques was vulnerable to faking when applied to employment selection. (b) There are individual differences in the amount of faking. (c) Social desirability can explain these individual differences, with the effect size between 2% to 20%. This study recommends that the using instrument to measure personality should be modified before it was applied to the selection process with respect to content of indicators and the impact of social desirability
PERANAN KEBERFUNGSIAN KELUARGA PADA PEMAHAMAN DAN PENGUNGKAPAN EMOSI Retnowati, Sofia; Widhiarso, Wahyu; Rohmani, Kumala Windya
p-ISSN 0215-8884
Publisher : Fakultas Psikologi UGM

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Abstract

Penelitian ini berupaya mengidentifikasi peranan keberfungsian keluarga pada pengungkapan emosi. Variabel yang dilibatkan pada penelitian ini adalah keberfungsian keluarga, pemahaman dan pengungkapan emosi. Uji persamaan model struktural menghasilkan angka chi-square sebesar 26,237 dengan p=0,07 (p>0,05) yang mengindikasikan bahwa hipotesis model diterima. Keberfungsian keluarga berperan terhadap pemahaman emosi dan pengungkapan emosi. Nilai koefisien beta yang dihasilkan secara berturut-turut: 0,078 (p
PERANAN KEBERFUNGSIAN KELUARGA PADA PEMAHAMAN DAN PENGUNGKAPAN EMOSI Rohmani, Kumala Windya; Widhiarso, Wahyu; Retnowati, Sofia
Jurnal Psikologi Vol 30, No 2 (2003)
Publisher : Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (89.883 KB)

Abstract

Penelitian ini berupaya mengidentifikasi peranan keberfungsian keluarga pada pengungkapan emosi. Variabel yang dilibatkan pada penelitian ini adalah keberfungsian keluarga, pemahaman dan pengungkapan emosi. Uji persamaan model struktural menghasilkan angka chi-square sebesar 26,237 dengan p=0,07 (p>0,05) yang mengindikasikan bahwa hipotesis model diterima. Keberfungsian keluarga berperan terhadap pemahaman emosi dan pengungkapan emosi. Nilai koefisien beta yang dihasilkan secara berturut-turut: 0,078 (p
Variabel Mediator dan Moderator dalam Penelitian Psikologi Kesehatan Masyarakat Widhiarso, Wahyu; Urbayatun, Siti
Jurnal Psikologi Vol 39, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Many literatures in the field of public health psychology concerned to involve third phenomenon when explain the relationship of two phenomenon. The third phenomenon then formulated as a mediator or moderator variables. Both of these variables are not much utilized by researchers in Indonesia. One of the possibility cause an under utilization of mediator and moderator variables was a technical problem, such as analysis procedures. This paper explains an analysis procedure using a mediator and moderator variables. Terminology and research example using of both variables are introduced then followed by an analysis illustration on empirical data. The demonstration of the procedure in this paper is expected to be as a a guidance for researcher when develop research design and manage data analysis. Keywords: mediator variable, moderator variable, public health psychology