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Contact Name
Narantoputrayadi Makan Malay
Contact Email
pbsidun@gmail.com
Phone
+6285239373252
Journal Mail Official
pbsidun@gmail.com
Editorial Address
Universitas Nusa Cendana. Jalan Adi Sucipto - Penfui Kupang.
Location
Kota kupang,
Nusa tenggara timur
INDONESIA
Jurnal Lazuardi
ISSN : 26851652     EISSN : 26851652     DOI : https://doi.org/10.53441/lazuardi
Core Subject : Education,
Journal Lazuardi is published by The Indonesian Language and Literature Education Study Program, Nusa Cendana University. This is a research journal that publishes various studies, literature studies and scientific research on phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, discourse analysis, pragmatics, anthropolinguistics, language and culture, dialectology, languages, linguistic forensics, forensic linguistics, comparative historical linguistics, linguistics, , cognitive linguistics, computational linguistics, corpus linguistics, neurolinguistics, language education, translation, language planning, psycholinguistics, and sociolinguistics. This is published periodically. This time it was published in March, June, September and December. Every article published in The Lazuardi Journal will be published by the reviewers.
Articles 50 Documents
HAMBATAN DALAM PENGEMBANGAN PROGRAM PARIWISATA BUDAYA DI PROVINIS NUSA TENGGARA TIMUR Bustan, Fransiskus; Kabelan, Alexander H.; Mata Rohi , Christoforus D.; Toly Nau, Adryanus S.
Jurnal Lazuardi Vol 3 No 1 (2020): Jurnal Lazuardi
Publisher : Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia Universitas Nusa Cendana

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Abstract

This paper provides the result of study exploring some barriers hampering the development program of cultural tourism in East Nusa Tenggara. The materials of this study were based on data collected through field and libary research. The result of the study shows that barriers hampering the development program of cultural tourism in East Nusa Tenggara are due to the lack of society’s undestanding on the esense of culture, the lack of society’s knowledge on the signifince of culture, the lack of society’s appreciation on their own culture. This paper might be beneficial to enrich the sources of reference for the government and the society of East Nusa Tenggara in developing the programs of cultural tourism.
KONSEPTUALISASI MASYARAKAT MANGGARAI TENTANG BUDAYA LONTO LEOK SEBAGAI PIRANTI HUKUM ADAT RESPONSIF-SOSIOLOGIK DALAM RANGKA PENYELESAIAN KONFLIK PERTANAHAN DAN PEMERTAHANAN HARMONI SOSIAL Agustinus Mahur, Fransiskus Bustan
Jurnal Lazuardi Vol 2 No 2 (2019): Jurnal Lazuardi
Publisher : Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia Universitas Nusa Cendana

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Abstract

This study explores the conceptualisation of Manggarai people on lonto leok culture (LLC) as a responsive-sociologic customary law device in solving land conflict and maintaining social harmony in view of cultural linguistics. In terms of its focus, the study is a decriptive study. The procedures of research were field and library research. The data wera analyzed qualitatively by using inductive method as the analysis was started from the data to the theory or concept dealing with the conceptualisation of Manggarai people on the conceptualisation of Manggarai people on the LLC as a responsive-sociologic customary law device in solving land conflict and maintaining social harmony in view of cultural linguistics. The results of research show that there are several verbal expressions in Manggarai language in which their forms and meanings reflect the function of LLC as a responsive-sociologic customary law device in an attempt to solve land conflicts and maintain social harmony for Manggarai people. The verbal expressions are as follows: (1) Muku ca pu’u neka woléng curup, téu ca ambo néka woléng lako, (2) Ipung ca tiwu neka woleng wintuk, nakeng ca wae neka woleng tae, (3) Ase-kae ca sosor wae neka woleng tae, ase -ka’e ca natas labar neka woleng bantang, and (4) Padir wa’i, rentu sa’i, bantang cama, reje leles nai ca anggit, tuka ca léléng.The result of this study might be beneficial as a source of reference in designing the model of revitalizing the LLC.
KARAKTERISTIK PERKAWINAN CAKO SEBAGAI SIMBOL IDENTITAS KULTURAL MASYARAKAT MANGGARAI Bustan, Fransiskus; Mahur, Agustinus; Djuli, Labu; Bhae, John Bhae
Jurnal Lazuardi Vol 3 No 2 (2020): Jurnal Lazuardi
Publisher : Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia Universitas Nusa Cendana

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Abstract

This paper discusses the characteristics of cako marriage as the symbol of cultural identity for Manggarai society, as reflected in the meaning of the cako marriage, customary rules in the cako marriage, and the changes of social role and status in the cako marriage, in view of social anthropology which deals with the study of the relationship of culture and society. The materials are based on data collected through research which is descriptive in nature. The results of study show that the cako marriage refers to the form of marriage between a man of the elder offspring and a woman of the younger offspring. As the two families are of the same clan, the cako marriage is endogamy. Based on the customary rules of Manggarai society, the cako marriage is only permitted for a woman of the younger offspring of the third layer above. Due to the cako marriage, the social role and status change in some respect as the elder offspring acts as wife taker is known as anak wina in Manggarai language and the younger offspring acts as wife giver known as anak rona in Manggarai language. Being wife taker, the elder offspring holds lower power, or vice versa, being wife giver, the younger offspring holds higher power.
STUDI TENTANG PENGGUNAAN MEDIA PEMBELAJARAN DALAM PEMBELAJARAN BAHASA INDONESIA DI SMPN5 KOTA KUPANG Hendrik Jehane
Jurnal Lazuardi Vol 2 No 2 (2019): Jurnal Lazuardi
Publisher : Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia Universitas Nusa Cendana

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Abstract

ABSTRACT Instructional media is very important to support the scientific-based learning process. The problem of this research is (1) does the Indonesian language teacher in SMPN 5 Kupang City use instructional media in learning Indonesian?; (2) what types of instructional media are used in Indonesian language learning?; (3) is the use of instructional media in accordance with basic competencies and indicators that are set?; (4) how is the creativity of the teacher in designing and using instructional media?; (5) what are the obstacles faced by the teachers in designing and using instructional media? The type of research used is descriptive research. The purpose of descriptive research is to describe a phenomenon as it was at the time of the study. This research approach is a qualitative approach. The result showed that the teachers of SMPN 5 Kupang City used instructional media in learning Indonesian according to minimum standards. The types of instructional media developed and used by teachers in addition to the minimum standard media are images, original objects, the environment, print media, the internet, and the surrounding community. There is still a mismatch between the learning media used with the subject matter being taught. Indonesian language teachers are still not creative enough to design and use instructional media. The lack of electricity and other facilities in school and the lack of mastery of information technology are inhibiting factors for teachers in developing instructional media. The teacher’s effort to overcome the limitations of the instructional media is to use images, original objects, the environment, print media, the internet, and the surrounding community.
ERGATIVITY AND SUBJECT DELETION IN STYLISTIC-GRAMMATICAL CONSTRUCTIONS OF MINANGKABAUNESE Jufizal
Jurnal Lazuardi Vol 3 No 3 (2020): Jurnal Lazuardi
Publisher : Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia Universitas Nusa Cendana

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Abstract

In addition to grammatical-formal constructions, Minangkabaunese has another type of grammatical constructions in which the stylistic-cultural meanings are capsulated. Such stylistic-grammatical constructions bring about language politeness values, as well. This paper, which is derived from and developed based on a part of the result of a research conducted in 2017and in 2019, particularly discusses the phenomena of ergativity and subject deletion of the stylistic-grammatical constructions in Minangkabaunese in conveying language politeness value. Two questions are respectively answered in this paper: (i) what is the degree of ergativity of stylistic-grammatical constructions in Minangkabaunese?; and (ii) how do the ergativity and subject deletion convey the language politeness value and language education? The studies were descriptive-qualitative researches operationally conducted in the form of a field linguistic research. The data are in the form of syntactic constructions which are categorized into the stylistic-grammatical constructions. The result of data analysis reveals that: (i) the stylistic-grammatical constructions of Minangkabaunese have high degree of ergativity; and (ii) they bring about the languge politeness value by means of ergative construction, subject deletion, and using ready-made and fixed constructions. These are all useful for language education, especially in Minangkabaunese and in other languages with the same or similar culture.
PARADIGMA PERUBAHAN STRUKTUR FONOLOGIS KATA BERPOLA DASAR KV-KV DALAM BAHASA DAWAN (Sebuah kajian Linguistik Struktural) Nitbani, Semuel
Jurnal Lazuardi Vol 4 No 2 (2021): JURNAL LAZUARDI EDISI VII BULAN DESEMBER
Publisher : Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia Universitas Nusa Cendana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.53441/jl.Vol4.Iss2.59

Abstract

The sentence structure wants its constituent units to fulfill grammatical and fontological requirements so that the sentence becomes a language unit that is able to express the intended meaning in communication. In Dawan's language, the phonological structure of words plays a role in producing grammatical units both at the morphological level (word formation) and at the syntactic level (formation of phrases, and clauses) in sentence formation through slipping, shifting phoneme positions, changing phoneme positions with substitutions. phoneme. This phenomenon is complex in Dawan's language. This paper only discusses changes in the phonological structure consisting of 2 syllables with a CV-CV pattern, with the vowel in the first syllable being the same as the vowel in the second syllable (V1 = V2), and words with a CV-CV pattern with different vowels in the first syllable. with a vowel in the second syllable (V1 V2). Deletion occurs in words with the pattern V1 = V2, and also applies to the pattern V1 V2 with V1 = e, V2 = i; V1 = o, V2 = a; V1 = i, V2 = a; V1 = e, V2 = a. The displacement of the phonemes occurs in the V1 V2 pattern with V1 = a, V2 = i; V1 = a, V2 = u; V1 = a, V2 = e; V1 = a, V2 = o. The displacement of the phoneme position with the change of the V2 phoneme occurs in the V1 V2 pattern with e → i, i → e, o → u. Changes with the punctuation pattern into a word consisting of 2 syllables with a CV-CV pattern into 1 syllable with a CVC pattern. Likewise, changes to changes both with phoneme changes and without phonemes make vowels (V2) shift from vowels to semivowels so that words that previously consisted of 2 syllables with a CV-CV pattern of 1 syllable with a CVVC pattern. The depiction of 2 vowels in the CVVC pattern shows that V2 does not lose its phonemic loss in this process.
APA CARA-CARA TERBAIK MENCEGAH PERUNDUNGAN DI SEKOLAH Divecha, Diana
Jurnal Lazuardi Vol 4 No 2 (2021): JURNAL LAZUARDI EDISI VII BULAN DESEMBER
Publisher : Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia Universitas Nusa Cendana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.53441/jl.Vol4.Iss2.63

Abstract

All 50 states in the United States require schools to have bullying prevention policies in place. But the policy itself is not enough. Despite that obligation, there still appears to be a slight increase in the various forms of bullying over the past three years. Bullying can take the form of an experienced senior basketball player bullying a new player in front of referees, a child who constantly stigmatizes an immigrant classmate because of cultural differences, or a high school student who is suddenly humiliated and ostracized from her peer group. Bullying happens everywhere, even in the best performing schools, and it hurts everyone involved, from the target audience to the observers, and even the bullies themselves. October is national bullying prevention month, so it's a good time to ask ourselves: What is the best course of action to prevent bullying in schools? That's the question I explored with my friend Marc Brackett of the Yale Center for Emotional Intelligence, in a recent paper in which we looked back at dozens of studies of real-world bullying prevention efforts. As we found, not all approaches to bullying prevention are equally effective. Most bullying prevention programs focus on raising awareness of the problem and implementing its consequences. But programs that rely on zero-tolerance punishment have shown ineffectiveness in the United States, and they often disproportionately target students of color. Programs such as peer mediation that give children responsibility for resolving conflicts can increase bullying. (Victims of adult abuse are never asked to resolve it with the perpetrators, and children have additional legal rights to protection because of their developmental status). According to outside observers, even among adults, it only applies to some people—namely, extroverts, who are sympathetic, and those with high social status and strong moral commitments. Many of the approaches adopted by educators have not been evaluated through research, instead educators tend to choose an approach based solely on what their peers have used. We found two research-proven approaches to be the most promising for reducing bullying cases (corresponding to and compatible with other forms of aggression and conflict). The two approaches are a positive school climate and social and emotional learning.
STRATEGI MARGINALISASI MELALUI WACANA SEBAGAI PRAKTEK SOSIAL DALAM BAHASA INDONESIA Sanda, Fransiskus; Bustan, Fransiskus; Kabelen, Alexander H.
Jurnal Lazuardi Vol 3 No 1 (2020): Jurnal Lazuardi
Publisher : Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia Universitas Nusa Cendana

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Abstract

This study describes and explains marginalisation strategy through discourse as social practice in Indonesian language, as reflected in language behavior appearing in the form of euphemism, disphemism, labelisation, and stereotype, one the basis of library research. The result of study shows that marginalisation strategy through discourse as social practice in Indonesian language designates the power dominance of upper level social class towards lower level social class. The manfestation of the marginalisation strategy is stated and implied in the use of the following words or terms (a) ;pemutusan hubungan kerja’ replacing ‘pemberhentian’ or ‘pemecatan’ (euphemism) in economy discourse, (b) ‘pencaplokan’ or ‘penyerobotan’ with the conotation of negative meaning (diphemism) in political discouse, (c) ‘penggarap liar’ and ‘penyerobot lahan’ with the negative meaning (labelisation) in political discourse, and (d) ‘perempuan’ with the negative meaning and ‘wanita’ with the positive meaning (stereotype) in social and cultural discourse .
FUNGSI DAN MAKNA ALEGORI DALAM SYAIR SU’I UWI SASTRA LISAN NGADHA , FLORES, NUSA TENGGARA TIMUR Nai, Firmina A.
Jurnal Lazuardi Vol 3 No 1 (2020): Jurnal Lazuardi
Publisher : Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia Universitas Nusa Cendana

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Abstract

Studi tentang fungsi dan makna alegori dalam teks syair su’i uwi dengan menggunakan pendekatan ekokritik sastra menempatkan bahasa dan sastra lisan dalam koridor kesadaran akan lingkungan kehidupan, baik hayati maupun sosial budaya. Ekokritik merupakan salah satu prinsip dalam ekolinguistik dialektikal yang digagas oleh Halliday (2001) dengan mengkritisi bagaimana sistem bahasa berpengaruh pada perilaku penggunanya dalam mengelola lingkungan. Menurut Halliday bahasa dan lingkungan merupakan dua hal yang saling mempengaruhi. Halliday juga berpijak pada interelasi bahasa dan lingkungannya seperti yang diformulasikan oleh Jorgen Chr Bang dan Jorgen Door (1993) dalam mengenalkan teori dialektikal ekolinguistik. Teori dialektikal tersebut kemudian melahirkan pendekatan ekokritik sastra dengan dua pendekatan yakni wacana dan realita untuk mengungkapkan makna tekstual dan faktual yang terkandung dalam teks. Hasil analisis menunjukkan data tekstual berupa kisah perjalanan kehidupan para leluhur sampai di Ngadha dan secara faktual dengan menggunakan alegori alam, tumbuhan, dan hewan serta peristiwa perjalanan, teks su’i uwi menampilkan kisah perjalanan batin menuju kehidupan yang lebih berkualitas dengan keberpihakan kepada pelestarian bumi dan ekosistem yang ada di dalamnya. Terdapat 4 makna alegori yakni, ekologis, sosial, hukum adat, dan religious. Makna ekokritik yakni makna ekopolitik berupa saran agar para pembuat kebijakan di daerah Ngadha memiliki political will yang bersandar pada akar tradisi su’i uwi. Political will dari Pemerintah Daerah dalam mendukung ritus-ritus budaya seperti reba. sehingga upaya melestarikan bumi dan ekosistem yang terkandung didalam teks-teks tersebut menjadi informasi baru yang terbarukan karena kembali dicanangkan dalam setiap pelaksanaan ritus reba.
ARTIKEL METAFORA ANTROPOMORFIS SEBAGAI LAMBANG IDENTITAS KULTURAL MASYARAKAT SABU Agustinus Mahur, Frans Bustan
Jurnal Lazuardi Vol 2 No 2 (2019): Jurnal Lazuardi
Publisher : Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia Universitas Nusa Cendana

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Abstract

This research investigates the relationship between Sabu language, Sabu culture, and conceptualization of Sabu people, as reflected in the anthropomorphic metaphor as the cultural identity of the Sabu in terms of their form and meaning. This study is illustrated from cultural linguistics, a new theoretical perspective in cognitive linguistics that explores the relationship of language, culture, and conceptualization. This research is descriptive. The results show that there is a close relationship between Sabu language, Sabu culture, and conceptualization of Sabu people, as reflected in the anthropomorphic metaphor shown by the use of human organs attached to entities in the physical environment. In addition to creating new forms, attachments also present new meanings because of the expansion of meanings from denotative to connotative meanings. Verbal expressions in Sabu that show anthropomorphic metaphorical characteristics as cultural identities of Sabu people, among other things, wat'tu ai 'spring' which refers to the spring and kepue lede 'foot of the mountain' which refers to the bottom of the mountain. Because language functions as the cultural identity of its people, it is recommended that Sabu language must be maintained.