cover
Contact Name
Dharma Lindarto
Contact Email
jetromi@usu.ac.id
Phone
+6282168842564
Journal Mail Official
jetromi@usu.ac.id
Editorial Address
Jalan Dr T Mansur No 9 Padang Bulan, Kecamatan Medan Baru, Kota Medan, Sumatera Utara, Indonesia
Location
Unknown,
Unknown
INDONESIA
Journal of Endocrinology, Tropical Medicine, and Infectious Disease (JETROMI)
Published by TALENTA PUBLISHER
ISSN : 26860872     EISSN : 26860856     DOI : 10.32734
Core Subject : Health, Science,
Journal of Endocrinology, Tropical Medicine and Infectious Diseases (JETROMI) is an international peer-reviewed journal (February, May, August and November) published by TALENTA Publisher, Universitas Sumatera Utara and managed by Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara. It is dedicated to interchange for the articles of high quality research in the field of Medical Science. The journal publishes state-of-art papers in fundamental theory, case report, experiments and simulation, as well as applications, with a systematic proposed method, sufficient review on previous works, expanded discussion and concise conclusion. As our commitment to the advancement of science and technology, the JETROMI follows the open access policy that allows the published articles freely available online without any subscription. Each publication contains 6 (six) research articles which will be published online.
Articles 60 Documents
Effect of Lifestyle Modification with Metformin on Serum Chemerin Concentration of Metabolic Syndrome Subjects Dharma Lindarto; Brama Ihsan Sazli
Journal of Endocrinology, Tropical Medicine, and Infectious Disease (JETROMI) Vol. 1 No. 1 (2019): Journal of Endocrinology, Tropical Medicine, and Infectiouse Disease (JETROMI)
Publisher : TALENTA Publisher, Universitas Sumatera Utara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (313.702 KB) | DOI: 10.32734/jetromi.v1i1.1110

Abstract

Chemerin is adipokine that plays an important role in macrophage infiltration into adipose tissue and may contribute to inflammation development and insulin resistance. This study aimed to determine the effect of lifestyle modification with and without metformin on chemerin in metabolic syndrome. Forty-five metabolic syndrome subjects (IDF-2005) were randomly assigned to one of the two groups: placebo group (n=22) and metformin group (n=23). Both groups underwent a 12-week lifestyle modification (diet and moderate aerobic-exercise). Only 40 participants (placebo group n=20 and metformin group n=20) completed the survey whereas 5 participants dropped out of the study. After their lifestyle was modified, body weight, BMI, WC, and chemerin decreased significantly (p<0.001) in both groups. Moreover, there was a significant difference between both groups in body weight, BMI, and WC (p<0.05) but not for chemerin. Thus, lifestyle modification with metformin improved BW, BMI, WC on metabolic syndrome, and there was no decrease significantly of chemerin between placebo and metformin groups. Further investigations should be done to confirm the effect of lifestyle modification and metformin on chemerin after an extended follow-up period.
The Relationship Between Adma and Anthropometric, Glucose, Lipid, and Inflammatory Parameters in Obese Dharma Lindarto; Brama Ihsan Sazli
Journal of Endocrinology, Tropical Medicine, and Infectious Disease (JETROMI) Vol. 1 No. 1 (2019): Journal of Endocrinology, Tropical Medicine, and Infectiouse Disease (JETROMI)
Publisher : TALENTA Publisher, Universitas Sumatera Utara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (292.51 KB) | DOI: 10.32734/jetromi.v1i1.1111

Abstract

Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) is an endogenous inhibitor of nitric oxideproduction and involved in various pathological processes, especially processes involvingcardiovascular risk. The purpose of this study was to analyze the correlation betweenADMA and anthropometric, glucose, lipid, and inflammatory parameters. The study wasanalyzed by a cross-sectional study of 45 obese subjects at H. Adam Malik Hospital. Bloodtests were carried out after 8-10 hours of fasting against cardiovascular risk: anthropometry(body weight, BMI, and WC), glucose (FPS, PPS, HbA1C, Fasting Insulin, and HOMA-IR), lipid (LDL-C, HDL-C, TG, and sd-LDL), and inflammation (ApoB and hs-CRP)parameters. The results showed of the 45 subjects, the average age was 41.69 ± 5.69 yearsold, and the average BMI was 33.09 ± 5.05 (Obesity I). ADMA was also found to becorrelated significantly with FPG, HBA1c, and TG parameters [r=-0.506, p=0.001; r=-0.334, p=0.013, dan r = -0.315. p=0.017, respectively]. In obesity, ADMA correlatedsignificantly with cardiovascular risk parameters: FPG, HbA1C, and TG.
The Correlation between Body Mass Index and Albumin Level with Sputum Conversion in AFB-Positive Pulmonary TB Patients in Primary Health Center in Medan, Indonesia Juli Yosa Mega; Dina Keumala Sari; Juliandi Harahap
Journal of Endocrinology, Tropical Medicine, and Infectious Disease (JETROMI) Vol. 1 No. 1 (2019): Journal of Endocrinology, Tropical Medicine, and Infectiouse Disease (JETROMI)
Publisher : TALENTA Publisher, Universitas Sumatera Utara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (418.973 KB) | DOI: 10.32734/jetromi.v1i1.1264

Abstract

Tuberculosis (TB) remains a major public issue in Indonesia including in North Sumatra province. Despite reported good efficacy of TB treatment in the region, the success of treatment depends on many factors including nutritional status. This study aims to determine the relationship between Body Mass Index and Albumin level with sputum conversion in AFB-positive pulmonary TB patients.The study was done in two primary health centres in Medan between October and November 2018. A total of 39 newly diagnosed TB patients with confirmed AFB-positve were included in the study.Participants received TB treatment according to the national guidelines. The proportion of participants with below normal, normal and above normal BMI status were 13 (33.3%), 21 (53.9%) and 5 (12.8%), respectively. Level of albumin was determined as normal in 25 participants (64.1%), and the remaining as low. Normal BMI status was significantly associated with increased albumin level (P<0.05). At 2 months follow-up, the sputum conversion was observed in 24 individuals (61.5%), and the conversion was significantly associated with normal BMI and/or normal albumin level (P<0.05). We concluded that nutritional status is an important factor in the success of TB treatment.
Vitamin D Supplementation in Tuberculosis Patients: A Cross Sectional Study Dina Keumala Sari; Nurfida Khairina Arrasyid; Y. S. Harahap
Journal of Endocrinology, Tropical Medicine, and Infectious Disease (JETROMI) Vol. 1 No. 1 (2019): Journal of Endocrinology, Tropical Medicine, and Infectiouse Disease (JETROMI)
Publisher : TALENTA Publisher, Universitas Sumatera Utara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (263.929 KB) | DOI: 10.32734/jetromi.v1i1.1265

Abstract

Previous studies have not been able to show with certainty the effect of vitamin D supplementation in tuberculosis patients. The objective of this study is to determine whether vitamin D supplementation to patients with tuberculosis could influence 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) and calcium serum levels. The results, after 28 days, the vitamin D supplementation showed significant increase of 25(OH)D serum level at the end point (p=0.001), but not for the calcium serum level (p=0.3). The Conclusions is supplementation with 1,000 IU vitamin D per day increased the 25(OH)D serum level but there was no association with the calcium serum level.
Effect of Lifestyle Modification and Metformin on Fetuin-A and Transforming Growth Factor-ß (TGF- ß) in Metabolic Syndrome Melati Silvanni Nasution; Dharma Lindarto
Journal of Endocrinology, Tropical Medicine, and Infectious Disease (JETROMI) Vol. 1 No. 1 (2019): Journal of Endocrinology, Tropical Medicine, and Infectiouse Disease (JETROMI)
Publisher : TALENTA Publisher, Universitas Sumatera Utara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (372.858 KB) | DOI: 10.32734/jetromi.v1i1.1266

Abstract

Fetuin-A is a liver-synthesized protein that is secreted into serum. Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) is a polypeptide member of the TGF-β superfamily of cytokines. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of lifestyle modification and metformin on fetuin-A and Transforming Growth Factor-ß (TGF- ß) in metabolic syndrome (MetS). Forty MetS subjects were randomly assigned to treatment with placebo (n=20) or metformin (n=20) in addition to lifestyle modification for 12 weeks. All 40 participants completed the study. After 12 weeks, both groups had significant reductions in weight, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) (all p<0.001). The placebo group also had significant improvement in fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and C-reactive protein (CRP) (p<0,001 ; p<0.05 respectively). Weight, BMI, WC, FPG, 2-hour postprandial glucose (2h-PPG), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), triglycerides (TG), fetuin-A and TGF- ß in the metformin group decreased significantly compared to the placebo group. Reduction of plasma fetuin-A was significantly associated with TG in the metformin group. Lifestyle modification and treatment with metformin for 12 weeks improved cardio-metabolic risk factors in MetS and reduced fetuin-A levels.
The Correlation between Apolipoprotein B Level and Inflammatory Markers in Obese Dian Anindita Lubis; Dharma Lindarto
Journal of Endocrinology, Tropical Medicine, and Infectious Disease (JETROMI) Vol. 1 No. 1 (2019): Journal of Endocrinology, Tropical Medicine, and Infectiouse Disease (JETROMI)
Publisher : TALENTA Publisher, Universitas Sumatera Utara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (261.559 KB) | DOI: 10.32734/jetromi.v1i1.1267

Abstract

Apolipoprotein B (ApoB) levels reflect the total number potentially atherogenic particles that can predict cardiovascular risk. The purpose of this study was to assess if the ApoB in obese subjects is associated with inflammatory markers. This cross-sectional study was conducted on 80 obese patients at H. Adam Malik Hospital, Medan, Indonesia. Results: Of the 80 patients studied, the average age was 38.95 + 8.13 years old. There was a strong positive correlation between ApoB and triglycerides (r=0.44, p<0.001), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (r=0.74, p<0.001), and HOMA-IR (r=0.31, p=0.005), however not with the inflammatory markers; adiponectin (r=-0.23, p=0.41) and Chemerin (r=0.021, p=0.851). In obesity, ApoB significantly associated with lipid and insulin resistance, as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease.
A Case Report of a Giant Pheochromocytoma Dian Anindita Lubis; Agnes Stephanie Harahap; Em Yunir
Journal of Endocrinology, Tropical Medicine, and Infectious Disease (JETROMI) Vol. 2 No. 1 (2020): Journal of Endocrinology, Tropical Medicine, and Infectiouse Disease (JETROMI)
Publisher : TALENTA Publisher, Universitas Sumatera Utara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (655.112 KB) | DOI: 10.32734/jetromi.v2i1.2037

Abstract

Pheochromocytoma is a rare catecholamine secreting tumor that are usually arise from adrenal medulla and produces signs and symptoms of excessive catecholamine secretion from tumor. A 32 years old female presented to the hospital, with dyspeptic symptoms. She had fluctuative hypertension, palpitation and sweating. Abdominal ultrasonography showed a right adrenal mass, and computed tomography of the adrenal glands confirmed a right adrenal mass. However, clinical biochemistry tests specific for pheochromocytoma was not performed. Laparoscopic right adrenalectomy was done and the adrenal tumor was excised. Histopathology and immunohistochemistry confirmed the diagnosis of adrenal pheochromocytoma; the tumor cells being positive for chromogranin, synaptophysin, S-100 protein, and inhibin. Following the surgery, the patient did well and showed full recovery at follow-up after 1 month.
HIV Infection: What Should We Know? Ridwan Balatif
Journal of Endocrinology, Tropical Medicine, and Infectious Disease (JETROMI) Vol. 2 No. 1 (2020): Journal of Endocrinology, Tropical Medicine, and Infectiouse Disease (JETROMI)
Publisher : TALENTA Publisher, Universitas Sumatera Utara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1335.098 KB) | DOI: 10.32734/jetromi.v2i1.2038

Abstract

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) was first known in 1981 in homosexual groups who had opportunistic infections and malignancies. In Indonesia the first AIDS case was reported in 1987 to a Dutch citizen living in the province of Bali. Cases of HIV infection in Indonesia are reported to increase every year and most occur at the age of 25-49 years. HIV transmission is not easily transmitted, even when an HIV-infected person takes antiretroviral drugs can reduce the risk of transmission by up to 96%. But one of the biggest challenges in managing HIV infection is facing stigma and discrimination. As many as 1 in 5 people living with HIV are afraid to come to the clinic because they will experience discrimination and stigma from the community if this condition occurs will cause treatment delay until PLWHA (People living with HIV/AIDS) will fall to the AIDS stage and PLWHA will be susceptible to opportunistic infections. A clinic in Namibia, when stigma and discrimination were successfully overcome, there was a 20% reduction in mortality in PLWHA
Perioperative Management In Patients With Long-Term Steroid Use Agustia Sukri Ekadamayanti; Hendra Zufry; Krishna Wardhana Sucipto
Journal of Endocrinology, Tropical Medicine, and Infectious Disease (JETROMI) Vol. 2 No. 1 (2020): Journal of Endocrinology, Tropical Medicine, and Infectiouse Disease (JETROMI)
Publisher : TALENTA Publisher, Universitas Sumatera Utara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (547.915 KB) | DOI: 10.32734/jetromi.v2i1.2061

Abstract

Abstract. Systemic corticosteroid given with oral or parenteral route is widely use in the treatment of various condition and has potent anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory, and anti-neoplastic effect. Although steroid has potentially clinical benefit effects, long-term use of this regiment also associated with several serious risks and may deteriorate life quality and highly cost management. Long-term steroid use may altered our body response to stress due to HPA Axis suppression. Surgical procedure will increase stress in our body, which can led into higher demand of cortisol. When surgery performed, a signal from the operation site through afferent nervus will activate hypothalamus to release corticotropin releasing hormone, that will stimulate cortisol hyper secretion. Preoperative management guidelines recommend the use of stress dose or supplementation dose for patient with long-term steroid use, which will be discussed further in this review. Keyword. CORTICOSTEROID, HPA AXIS, SURGERY Abstrak. Kortikosteroid sistemik yang diberikan dengan rute oral atau parenteral banyak digunakan dalam pengobatan berbagai kondisi dan memiliki efek antiinflamasi, imunomodulator, dan anti neoplastik yang kuat. Meskipun steroid berpotensi memiliki efek manfaat klinis, penggunaan jangka panjang resimen ini juga dikaitkan dengan beberapa risiko serius dan dapat menurunkan kualitas hidup dan manajemen biaya tinggi. Penggunaan steroid jangka panjang dapat mengubah respons tubuh kita terhadap stres karena penekanan HPA Axis. Prosedur bedah akan meningkatkan stres di tubuh kita, yang dapat menyebabkan permintaan kortisol yang lebih tinggi. Ketika operasi dilakukan, sinyal dari tempat operasi melalui afferent nervus akan mengaktifkan hipotalamus untuk melepaskan hormon pelepas kortikotropin, yang akan merangsang sekresi hiper kortisol. Pedoman manajemen pra operasi merekomendasikan penggunaan dosis stres atau dosis suplemen untuk pasien dengan penggunaan steroid jangka panjang, yang akan dibahas lebih lanjut dalam ulasan ini. Keyword. CORTICOSTEROID, HPA AXIS, SURGERY
The Analysis of Bacterial Colonization in NPC Patients Intan Keumala Sari
Journal of Endocrinology, Tropical Medicine, and Infectious Disease (JETROMI) Vol. 2 No. 1 (2020): Journal of Endocrinology, Tropical Medicine, and Infectiouse Disease (JETROMI)
Publisher : TALENTA Publisher, Universitas Sumatera Utara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (857.869 KB) | DOI: 10.32734/jetromi.v2i1.3250

Abstract

Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is carcinoma originating from epithelial cells lining the nasopharynx. This epithelial surface is the most important entry point for bacteria. Bacterial colonization of the nasopharyngeal mucosa consists of pathogenic and commensal bacteria which when the immune system declines it will cause other systemic diseases, this can trigger chronic inflammation in the upper respiratory tract. Bacterial colonization of the nasopharynx can be influenced by several factors that are interrelated to one another such as agents (microorganisms), host and the environment. The purpose of this study was to analyze the occurrence of bacterial colonization in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma at H. Adam Malik Hospital and University of Sumatera Utara Hospital. The study was analyzed by a cross-sectional study of 30 NPC subjects. Samples were taken by consecutive sampling from 30 NPC patients who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The result showed of the 30 subjects, the age group between 46 – 65 years (66.7%) with the majority being males (86.7%) and the most common histopathological type was non-keratinizing squamous cell carcinoma (76.7%). The most common bacterial colonization profile found in bacterial cultures of patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma was Staphylococcus aureus in 12 cultures (36.36%). There was no positive correlation found for age, gender, smoking and histopathology type with bacterial colonization in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma.