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Jurnal Agripet
ISSN : 14114623     EISSN : 24604534     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health, Agriculture,
Jurnal Agripet is an open access and online journal that encompasses a broad range of research topics in animal science and biotechnology including animal physiology and nutrition, feed processing and technology, animal productions, animal genetics, breeding and reproduction, meat and milk sciences, animal health, behavior and welfare, animal housing and livestock farming system. Jurnal Agripet publishes original research results and reviews on animal with focused on farm animals both ruminants and non-ruminants. Studies with other animals besides farm animals also can be considered for publication if the subjects of research areas are still related to farm animal aspects.
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Articles 356 Documents
Kajian Aspek Reproduksi dan Estimasi Ekonomi pada Ternak Sapi yang di Inovasi Teknologi Reproduksi Mas Yedi Sumaryadi; Dadang Mulyadi Saleh; Budi Haryanto; Dedi Herdiansah; Sudrajat Sudrajat; Chotim A Yasin
Jurnal Agripet Vol 10, No 1 (2010): Volume 10, No. 1, April 2010
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (129.126 KB) | DOI: 10.17969/agripet.v10i1.601

Abstract

Study of reproduction and economic estimation aspect in cow which innovated of reproduction technologyABSTRACT. Twenty cows head were used in research to know aspect reproduce and economic estimation in cow which innovated by reproduction technology. All of cows in allocated into two groups at random each 10 heads. The first group come from farmer of co-operation member of Ciamis was used as control without innovated by reproduction technology, that mean the cow was naturally of oestrous and inseminated with frozen semen not a result of separation sex. The second group come from farmer group “lumba-lumba” innovated with oestrous synchronization which was injected prosolvin of 7.5 mg per headl by intramuscular (i.m.) and super ovulated with injected fertagyl of 150 mg per tail by i.m., and then it oestrous was inseminated with frozen semen result of sex separation. Research result indicates that technically there were difference of performance reproduce in cow which is innovated by reproduction technology than control. It concluded that the improvement of reproduction efficiency in cow after innovated by technology of reproduction in term of type of birth in twin and increasing of male sex up to 12 percent. It is in line with the economic estimation of cow which is technological application of reproduction improves generating revenue up to 22.35 percent per month.
Determination of Cadmium Accumulation in Livers and Feces of Kacang Goats Grazing Tsunami Affected Land Cut Dahlia Iskandar; Triva Murtina Lubis
Jurnal Agripet Vol 10, No 1 (2010): Volume 10, No. 1, April 2010
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (135.608 KB) | DOI: 10.17969/agripet.v10i1.631

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Penentuan akumulasi cadmium (Cd) dalam hati kambing kacang di daerah tsunamiABSTRAK. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mendeteksi akumulasi cadmium pada hati dan feces kambing Kacang dan sekaligus mengukur kadar akumulasi cadmium tersebut. Limabelas ekor kambing Kacang yang berasal dari rumah potong di daerah Tsunami dan limbelas ekor kambing Kacang yang berasal dari rumah potong di daerah Non-Tsunami. Diikuti dengan lima ekor kambing Kacang dari desa di daerah Tsunami dan lima ekor kambing Kacang dari desa di daerah Non-Tsunami. Ke-empatpuluh ekor kambing Kacang tersebut disembelih untuk diambil hati dan feces. Sebelum hati dan feces tersebut akan dipreparasi untuk analisis akumulasi dari cadmium, dilakukan pengamatan anatomi dari hati dan feces tersebut. Cadmium berakumulasi dihati dan feces dari kambing Kacang, baik yang berasal dari daerah Tsunami dan dari daerah Non-Tsunami. Akumulasi cadmium didalam hati kambing Kacang signifikan lebih tinggi di daerah Non-Tsunami dibandingkan didalam hati kambing Kacang di daerah Tsunami. Pada feces kambing Kacang akumulasi cadmium juga signifikan lebih tinggi di daerah Non-Tsunami dibandingkan didalam feces kambing Kacang di daerah Tsunami.
Uji Sifat Fisik Ransum Ayam Broiler Bentuk Pellet yang Ditambahkan Perekat Onggok Melalui Proses Penyemprotan Air Yuli Retnani; Nining Hasanah; Rahmayeni Rahmayeni; Lidy Herawati
Jurnal Agripet Vol 10, No 1 (2010): Volume 10, No. 1, April 2010
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (123.836 KB) | DOI: 10.17969/agripet.v10i1.632

Abstract

The physical characteristic test of broiler ration pelleted that added of onggok as binder with water spraying processABSTRACT. Pellet is a kind of solidified and mechanically compressed feed. Problem frequently rise is that pellet shape is easily damaged, brittle, and broken during production, transportation and storage processing. The purpose this study was to know the influence of onggok addition as binding agent with 5% water spraying on the physical characteristic of pellet form ration.The data were analyzed by analyzed of variance and the significant experiment results would be examined by orthogonal contrast test. The treatments consist from the first experiment were: A1 = basal ration + 0% spraying water, A2 = basal ration + 5% spraying water, A3 = basal ration + 10% spraying water and A4 = basal ration + 15% spraying water. The best result from the first experiment would be used for the second experiment, the treatments second experiment were: R1 = basal ration + 5% spraying water + 0% onggok, R2 = basal ration + 5% spraying water + 2% onggok, R3 = basal ration + 5% spraying water + 4% onggok and R4 = basal ration + 5% spraying water + 6% onggok.The parameters were water content, water activity, specific gravity, loose bulk density, compressed bulk density, angle of repose, modulus of fineness, average particle sizes and the durability of pellet form. The conclusion of the experiment that added of onggok as binder significant influenced of the characteristic physical pellet, i.e.: increased loose bulk density, compressed bulk density, modulus of fineness, average particle sizes, and durability of pellet, but decreased specific gravity, water content, angle of repose and water activity.
Aktivitas Antimikroba Khamir Asal Dadih (susu kerbau fermentasi) Terhadap Beberapa Bakteri Patogen Yurliasni Yurliasni
Jurnal Agripet Vol 10, No 1 (2010): Volume 10, No. 1, April 2010
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (138.134 KB) | DOI: 10.17969/agripet.v10i1.633

Abstract

Antimicroba activity of yeast dadih (buffalo milk fermentation) origin on pathogenic bacteriaABSTRACT. Research was carried out to study the effect of antimicrobial activity of yeast found in dadih. Yeasts chosen were isolated from dadih (traditionally buffalo milk fermentation). The objective is to know the ability of yeast to inhibit the growth of pathogenic bacteria in milk. They were Candida curiosa, Brettanomyces custersii, and Kluyveromices lactis. Kluy. lactis has strong antimicrobial on Bacillus subtilis with zone of inhibition ± 5mm, C. curiosa on E.coli (5mm) and C. curiosa and Brett. custersii also have strong antimicrobial on S. aureus consecutively 5,75 and 7 mm. As a conclusion the result showed that all of three yeasts selected have capability to stop the growth of pathogenic bacteria of buffalo milk origin in five days.
Identifikasi Sistim Produksi dan Keragaan Produktivitas Domba Ekor Gemuk di Kabupaten Brebes Propinsi Jawa-Tengah Akhmad Sodiq
Jurnal Agripet Vol 10, No 1 (2010): Volume 10, No. 1, April 2010
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (133.886 KB) | DOI: 10.17969/agripet.v10i1.634

Abstract

Identification of production system and productivity level of fat tailed sheep in brebes regency of central javaABSTRACT. Reproductive performance is one of the main determinants of productivity of the sheep. This applies to the breeding of animal for meat production. High reproduction rates are essential for profit in meat sheep production and determined by the number of progeny delivered in a given period of time. The level of reproductive performance is dependent on the interaction of genetic and environmental factors. The evaluation of reproductive performance of a local and adapted breed of sheep such as Fat Tailed Sheep can provide important information to understand its productive potential under local production system. The study was designed to identify characteristic of production system and to find out the level productivity of Fat Tailed Sheep in Brebes areas of Central Java. Livestock On-Farm Trials (LOFT) using multistage sampling was implemented in this study. Descriptive and variance analysis using procedure of General Linear Model (GLM) was applied in this study. This study revealed that (1) In general, production system in Brebes is based on integration scheme of crop livestock in the form of traditional smallholders. In low land area, mostly extensive and tethering model were implemented. Intensive and semi intensive model was found in landless area. (2) Average litter size at birth was 1.54 head and dominated by double litter, followed by single and triplets (46.8, 47.88 and 4.29%). The highest preweaning lamb mortality was 15% with the average 8.9%. Ewe productivity ranges from 1.76-5.24 with average of 2.14 lamb/ewe/year. Least squares analysis of variance reveals that ewe reproduction rate was significantly affected by type of birth.
Keamanan Susu Fermentasi Yang Beredar Di Banda Aceh Berdasarkan Nilai Gizi dan Jumlah Bakteri Pathogen Yusdar Zakaria; Cut Intan Novita; Mira Delima
Jurnal Agripet Vol 10, No 1 (2010): Volume 10, No. 1, April 2010
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (73.358 KB) | DOI: 10.17969/agripet.v10i1.635

Abstract

Safety condition of commercial fermented milk that put on the market in banda aceh based on nutritive value and pathogenic bacteriaABSTRACT. Fermented milk has much value primarily for the health of digestive system. However without hygienically and sterilized treatment it can become toxic to consumers. This research was conducted to observe nutritive value, the present of pathogenic bacteria, and the safety condition of commercial fermented milk that put on the market in Banda Aceh. Samples of commercial fermented milk tested were obtained from recognized retailers in Banda Aceh. Factorial completely randomized design with six replications was applied in this research. Variety of fermented milk products (yoghurt and drink yoghurt) was the first factor to be analyzed, and the second one was expired date of the products (the date of production and the date of by expired). The amount of crude protein and lipid, pH level, and the amount of lactic acid bacteria, Coliform and Staphilococcus aureus were the parameter determined. The variety and the expired date of the products influenced the amount of crude protein and lipid, the pH level, the amount of lactic acid bacteria, Coliform and Staphilococcus aureus in the level of highly significant different (P0,01). There was also found in highly significant interaction (P0,01) between factors that influenced the amount of lactic acid bacteria and Staphilococcus aureus. On the other hand, the amount of Coliform was not influenced by those factors. The study also results in decreasing of the amount of crude protein and lipid as well as lactic acid bacteria caused by the ongoing time of storing. The longer fermented milk was stored, the lower the level of crude protein, lipid and lactic acid bacteria presented. The lipid level of fermented milk products those put on the market in Banda Aceh have been complied with the requirement standard of SNI 01-2981-1992. However, crude protein level has not achieved the requirement standard yet. Due to the amount of Staphylococcus aureus present, the fermented milk products tested, in fact, were not saved to be consumed. On the contrary, although Coliform was also present, the products were in the category of saved to be consumed.
Performans Anak Hasil Persilangan Induk Sapi Bali dengan Beberapa bangsa Pejantan di Kabupaten Batanghari Provinsi Jambi Depison Depison
Jurnal Agripet Vol 10, No 1 (2010): Volume 10, No. 1, April 2010
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (90.045 KB) | DOI: 10.17969/agripet.v10i1.636

Abstract

Bali calf performance hybrid with some of the Bulls In Batanghari District, Jambi ProvinceABSTRACT. This study aimed to find out Bali calf performance hybrid with some of the males in Batanghari District Jambi Province. Variable of this research is the body Weight (age 205 days), weight age one year (365 days) and body size. The method used in this study was to reveal the census data on all the posts that do IB Bali cattle crossing with Simmenthal, Limousin, Brahman, PO and Bali vs bali. Comparison of body weight and one year old weight between the offspring Bali vs Simmenthal, Bali vs Limousin, Bali vs Brahman, Bali vs PO and Bali vs Bali, tested with t tests. The results of the analysis of different tests on average (t-test) show that body weight and weight Age 1 year SimBal Real Different (P 0.05) compared with LimBal, BrahBal, PoBal and BalBal. Based on the results and discussion can be concluded that, Bali cow crosses simmenthal produce offspring with a better than cow crosed Bali with Limousin, Brahman, and PO viewed from of body weight, weight of one year of age and body size.
Pengaruh Formulasi Pakan Hijauan (Rumput Gajah, Kaliandra dan Gamal) terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Bobot Karkas Domba Firdus Firdus
Jurnal Agripet Vol 10, No 1 (2010): Volume 10, No. 1, April 2010
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (55.447 KB) | DOI: 10.17969/agripet.v10i1.637

Abstract

The effect of forage formulation (elephant grass, kaliandra, and gamal leaves) on the growth and carcass of sheepABSTRACT. Feed is one of most important factors to increase animal production. Feeding animal with only one kind of grass such as elephant grass on ruminant animals including sheep is not able to increase the productivity of the animals. Kaliandra and gamal leaves contain high level of protein and can be formulated to ruminant nutrition. The purpose of this experiment is to evaluate the effect of forage namely elephant grass (Penisetum sp.), kaliandra (Caliandra calothyrsus), and gamal (Gliricidia sepium) on the growth and carcass of sheep. Forty nine sheep with the starting weight of 15,42 kg (SD 2,68) were used in this experiment and fed fresh elephant grass (RGS), fresh kaliandra (KS), dried kaliandra (KKR) and steamed kaliandra (KKS). Treatment A: 70 % RGS + 30 % KS, B: 70 % RGS + 30 % GS, C: 70 % RGS + 15 % KS + 15 % GS, D: 70 % RGS + 15 % KKR + 15 % GS, E: 70 % RGS + 15 % KKS + 15 % GS. Animals were fed for 70 days and given free access of water (ad libitum). Data collection was the growth of animals (average daily gain) and the weight of carcass. All data was analyzed by ANOVA. The results of the experiment show that forage formulation (fresh elephant grass, fresh, dried and steamed kaliandra and fresh gamal leaves) were not significantly effect on the growth and carcass of sheep.
Pola Usaha Peternakan Kambing dan Kinerja Produktivitasnya di Wilayah Eks-Karesidenen Banyumas Jawa-Tengah Akhmad Sodiq
Jurnal Agripet Vol 10, No 2 (2010): Volume 10, No. 2, Oktober 2010
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (118.635 KB) | DOI: 10.17969/agripet.v10i2.392

Abstract

Goat farming pattern and their productivity in the area of eks-karesidenan banyumas, central javaABSTRACT. Goats play an important role in the livelihood of rural people in upland and lowland farming systems in the areas of Eks-Karesidenan Banyumas Central Java. The main focus of this study presented in this paper, consist of (i) documenting the regional goat farming pattern, and (ii) find out the level of goat productivity in their farming. Importance of this study related to the development strategic fof their goat farming. Study was conducted in the areas of Eks-Karesidenan Banyumas Central Java (consist of Banyumas, Purbalingga, Banjarnegara, and Cilacap regencies). Upland and lowland areas were selected by purposive sampling method. Qualitative and quantitative descriptive statistic was applied in this study. Most of goats are raised within traditional system, characterized by small-scale production. The production in upland and lowland areas focused on single purposes for producing kid goats from Peranakan Etawah (PE) and Jawa Randu (JR) breeds. PE goats focus on dual purposes for producing milk and meat are mostly found on upland. Flock size of PE and JR goats in upland and lowland ranges from 2 to 9 head (mean: 3.8 head) and from 1 to 6 head (mean: 2.7 head), respectively. Flock size of PE goat focus on dual purposes ranges from 8 to 75 head. PE and JR goats in upland and lowland were dominated by double litter, followed by single and triplets. The highest litter size (1.89 kids) was found in lowland, followed by single purpose of PE and JR goats in upland (1.78 kids), and dual purposes PE goats in upland areas (1.66 kids). Pre-weaning mortality was highest (9.5%) in lowland areas for single purpose of PE and JR goats. Does reproduction and productivity ranges from 1.76-5.24 kids/does/year and 12.92-87.42 kg/does/year, respectively. Doe productivity was lowest (12.92 kg/does/year) in single purpose of PE and JR at lowland due to low of their survival rate and weaning weight.
Purifikasi Imunoglobulin Yolk Pada Ayam yang Divaksin terhadap Ekskretori/Sekretori Stadium L3 Ascaridia galli Darmawi Darmawi; Ummu Balqis; Risa Tiuria; Muhammad Hambal; Samadi Samadi
Jurnal Agripet Vol 10, No 2 (2010): Volume 10, No. 2, Oktober 2010
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (232.859 KB) | DOI: 10.17969/agripet.v10i2.638

Abstract

Purification yolk immunoglobulin of hens vaccinated against excretory/secretory Ascaridia galli L3 larvae stageABSTRACT. The main immunoglobulin fraction of poultry is called IgY, in order to distinguish it from the mammalian IgG. This article focus on purification yolk immunoglobulin of hens vaccinated against excretory/secretory Ascaridia galli larvae to obtained purity IgY. Active vaccinations with excretory/secretory antigen were applied intra muscularly of chickens with an initial dose of 80 μg. The vaccinations were repeated three times with dose of each 60 μg with an interval of one week. The first vaccinations were excretory/secretory antigen mixed with Fruend Adjuvant Complete and subsequently mixed with Freund Adjuvant Incomplete. Antibody response in yolk was detected at weekly intervals by agar gel precipitation test (AGPT). The chicken’s eggs were collected from 49 day after vaccinations. IgY was extracted from egg yolks by means of ammonium sulphate and purified using fast performance liquid chromatography (FPLC). The purity of anti-ekscretory/secretory IgY protein was determined by Bradford method (λ = 280 nm). The result showed that antibody in yolk was begun detect with AGPT at four weeks after vaccination. IgY concentration after purification was 0,875 ± 0.251 mg/ml. This study has shown that the product released in vitro by L3 stage A. galli is capable of stimulating humoral immunity by mean of producing antibody through yolk as biologic manufacturer could be a good choice.

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