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Core Subject : Education, Social,
Jurnal Ilmiah Fakutas Filsafat Universitas Katolik Widya Mandala Surabaya. Jurnal ilmiah ini diharapkan menghasilkan kontribusi yang positif dari Fakultas Filsafat bagi pemikiran-pemikiran filosofis di Indonesia yang secara jujur dan setia melihat, memahami, dan menilai realitas sosial di tanah air dengan kritis dan cerdas.
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Articles 56 Documents
Bertemu Dengan Realitas: Belajar Dari Fenomenologi Husserl Emanuel Prasetyono
Arete Vol 1, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK WIDYA MANDALA SURABAYA

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Abstract

Phenomenology would like to restore man’s process of gaining knowledge in the relationship between the ideal transcendental subject which tends to the object, and the appearing object to man’s consciousness, precisely after the long history of tumult and tension between rationalism and empiricism on the valid ground of knowledge. In phenomenology, human consciousness brings man about being capable of transcending himself, his livelihood, the world, and others. In phenomenology, human reason now is as being-in the world, in its relationship with consciousness itself, the world, and others. That human life, the world, and nature live in peace and truth is phenomenology’s contribution to life that we hope it be so.
Fenomenologi Agama Menuju Penghayatan Agama Yang Dewasa Pius Pandor
Arete Vol 1, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK WIDYA MANDALA SURABAYA

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Abstract

One of research methods to analyze religion is phenomenology. This method begins with the phenomenon that appears in consciousness. Experience of religion from teh perspective of phenomenology means that we get into a discourse about subject’s consciousness in the phenomenon which enable someone to get eidos or the essence of religion. From this point of view, subject could distinguish which one constitutes essence or eidos and which one is mere manifestation. This ability is succeeding subject to understand the religion properly. Subject that understands religion properly usually have an ability to accept and celebrates diversity. Besides, subject will always realize that his existence is always in a relation with others’, so that his existence remains as co-existence. This awareness of co-existence at the end leads subject to grow up in the paradigm of pro-existence. It is so crucial a moment amid several violence that takes place in the name of religion in Indonesia that co-existence must be promoted.
Antropologi Pendidikan Heideggerian dan Sumbangannya bagi Praksis Pendidikan Kita Doni Koesoema Albertus
Arete Vol 1, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK WIDYA MANDALA SURABAYA

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Abstract

The institution of education always regards with human formation to lead persons to grow up by assuming that every person is in his journey to perfecting himself. Any practice of institutional education depends much on the concept of anthropology of education. Heidegger sees that any individual has two dimensions i.e. empirical ego and transcendental ego. These two dimensions of ego stay in its unique relationship both with other individuals in the sphere of institutional education and with other things which are manifested to that ego in order to lead him to the truth. Search for truth of his existence as human being is the open way which in turn forces individual to become “being open” and “open being”. Education is a way of thought which involves human existence in its fullest sense.
Komunitas Politis: Fakta atau Hipotesa? Sebuah Pendekatan Fenomenologi Politis Reza A.A Wattimena
Arete Vol 1, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK WIDYA MANDALA SURABAYA

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Abstract

In this paper, I want to give description and analysis concerning the meaning of the term political community. This paper also can be seen as a participation in the perennial debates concerning the problem of the order in the philosophy of social sciences. I will use phenomenology as a method to approach this problem as it developed by John Drummond and Edmund Husserl. The main argument is that the political community is a social fact that develop through hypothesis, and a hyphotesis that based always on social fact. In the end, I will give my critical remarks on this argument.
SKEPTISISME TEOLOGIS DAN JAWABAN FILSAFAT Norbertus Jegalus
Arete Vol 1, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK WIDYA MANDALA SURABAYA

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Abstract

Human language deals with sense experience. When human language has to speak on God, there comes the problem on which experience man can talk about Him. For God does not deal with human sense experience. How is it possible to use human language which is limited to his sense experience, to speak on God without lowering Him on human level? It precisely is the possibility of analogy. Analogy makes human language remain limited to his dimensional life and, at the same time, gives the possibility to speak on and talk with God. For essentially human being is spiritual and his language by his reason and the will contains human capacity to reach God.
IMAN TANPA NALAR, BUNUH DIRI NALAR TANPA IMAN, DELUSI Bambang Sugiharto
Arete Vol 1, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK WIDYA MANDALA SURABAYA

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Abstract

Both whorsippers of extrem rationalism and religious fundamentalists have the tendency of reducting reality in their mere perspective and approach. On the one hand, the extrem rationalists emphasize their approach to reality based on mere verificative and empirical method in so far as there could be no room for religious explanation. On the other hand, religious fundamentalists face the modern world by purifying their doctrines, strengthening the identity, restrictring their normative principles, and taking religion up to the strategy of politic on freedom. It certainly is critical and crucial to watch on reason and faith in each proportion without tending to absolutize its perspective since any tendency to absolutize perspective reduces human capacity to approach reality naively. Without intense dialog, sooner or later faith and reason will come to any kind of pathology and danger of life.
IMAGINE THERE’S A HEAVEN REASONABLE RELIGION, RELIGIOUS REASON Ramon Nadres
Arete Vol 1, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK WIDYA MANDALA SURABAYA

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Abstract

Religious fundamentalism, on the one hand, as manifested in terrorist activity and extreme rationalism which leads to atheism on the other seem to be untenable choices for any honest man. Both put faith and reason at odds with one another. If neither is acceptable, then there must be a middle way. Thomas Aquinas has spoken about the medium virtutis, the golden mean, when it comes to virtuous acts, which avoid vicious extremes in any moral act. How do we find this medium virtutis between faith and reason? After looking at prudence as the recta ratio agibilium and seeing that the guide for the recta ratio is the truth, we then discover that, for moral truth, which is involved in the medium virtutis of faith and reason, the bridging criterion is human nature, and that reason spans not only the empirical realm, but the philosophical and supernatural realms as well.
HUBUNGAN WAHYU DAN AKAL DALAM TRADISI FILSAFAT ISLAM Mukhtasar Syamsuddin
Arete Vol 1, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK WIDYA MANDALA SURABAYA

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Abstract

This paper attempts to represent the world of philosophical thinking on the relationship between faith and reason among moslem scholars and Islamic doctrines. Qoran is the fundamental principle in inspiring any attempt of reason to find the truth. It means that reason still has its place and possibility to find the truth based on the truth of faith which is inspired by Qoran. It is the focus of discussion between the two outstanding moslem scholars, Ibnu Rusyd (520 H/ 1126 A-595/ 1198) and Ibnu Taimiyyah (662/ 1263). Ibnu Rusyd approaches the correlation between faith and reason in the term of relationship (ittisal). Meanwhile, Ibnu Taimiyyah explores the correlation between faith and reason under the term of muwafaqat. These two scholars are different with one another especially in exploring the fundamental meaning of reason (’aql) and revelation (al-naql).
PENDIDIKAN MANUSIA-MANUSIA DEMOKRATIS FILSAFAT PENDIDIKAN NOAM CHOMSKY RELEVANSI SERTA KETERBATASANNYA PADA KONTEKS INDONESIA Reza A.A Wattimena
Arete Vol 1, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK WIDYA MANDALA SURABAYA

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Abstract

Education is the backbone of a civilized society. In the democratic society, education plays an important role to create, spread, and maintain the democratic ideals. That is the main idea in Noam Chomsky’s philosophy of education. There is a deep connection between democratic principles on the one hand, and democratic education paradigm on the other hand. However, these ideal is threatened by authoritarian way of thinking that exist in totalitarian ideology and capitalistic way of thinking. These two ideologies repress human freedom, and destroy democratic culture which is the bed rock of democratic society. Chomsky offers us a knowledge concerning the way to redesign education in facing the challenges of democratic society.
Film Televisi (FTv): Sistem Industri Televisi Yang Membentuk Pengetahuan Penonton Nesia Putri Amarasthi
Arete Vol 6, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK WIDYA MANDALA SURABAYA

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Abstract

This research will take the material object Television Film. Researchers will focus on the topic of Television Film as a language agent. Some points that can be concluded from this research are: First, television has a system in its relation to the mass industry. Television becomes an agent of change. It should be highlighted that this change could be the marginalization and production of perceptions of second-level language systems. Second, television films have a high rating for teens and young people. It means that television films have a good position in the hearts of the audience. Meanwhile, the production of the FTV event does not consider the impact. Third, the language in television films has the most important role of turning a sign system. Fourth, in this paper, knowledge is produced massively on the industrial systems. Fifth, the FTV show controls over the mass culture