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Identification of Physical Characteristics and the Change of Mangrove Region in Coastal Southern Part of Padang City, West Sumatra - Indonesia Yatno, Triyatno Yatno; Febriandi, Febriandi; Putra, Aprizon; Kamal, Eni
Sumatra Journal of Disaster, Geography and Geography Education Vol 3 No 1 (2019): Sumatra Journal of Disaster, Geography and Geography Education (SJDGGE)
Publisher : Sumatra Journal of Disaster, Geography and Geography Education

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (615.478 KB) | DOI: 10.24036/sjdgge.v3i1.196

Abstract

The research about the identification of mangrove physical condition and the change of mangrove area has aims are knowing of mangrove physical condition and the change of mangrove area in the coastal region southern part of Padang city. The method used in this research is the field survey and multi-temporal satellite imagery analysis in 2001 and 2018 year. Based on the field survey at the date of August 18, 2017 generally the mangrove that found in research location i.e Rhizophora Apiculata, Rhizophora mucronata, Sonneratia alba, and Nypa. The spatial distribution of the mangrove ecosystem is dependent on the ecological conditions of the area as reflected by the types of mangrove vegetation that grows and develops in the research location. A decrease in mangrove area that occurred between of 2001 to the 2017 years i.e in the coastal region of Bungus bay i.e 5.54 ha, where the decrease in mangrove area occurred because some mangrove plants were cut down and made the settlement land, while in the region of Sungai Pisang bay happen to increase in mangrove area i.e 36.12 ha, where the increase in mangrove area occurred because of the region obstructed by big waves of the sea (protected small the islands).
Land Cover Change Mangrove Ecosystem in the Coastal Area of Bungus Teluk Kabung Padang City Fadhilah, Lamis Tharra; Kamal, Eni; Mustapha, Muzzneena Ahmad; Putra, Aprizon
Sumatra Journal of Disaster, Geography and Geography Education Vol 3 No 2 (2019): Sumatra Journal of Disaster, Geography and Geography Education (SJDGGE)
Publisher : Sumatra Journal of Disaster, Geography and Geography Education

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (602.874 KB) | DOI: 10.24036/sjdgge.v3i2.248

Abstract

The mangrove ecosystem is an ecosystem that grows above the brackish marshes that are located on coastlines and influenced by the tides of the sea water. The conditions of the mangrove ecosystem continue to experience widespread decline and change in density especially on the coastal area of Bungus Teluk Kabung. The study was conducted in June – August 2019. The purpose of this research is the major analysis of the rate of change of mangrove land cover, analysis of perception/community opinion about the conditions and efforts made by the Government of the mangrove and analysis of the condition of the mangrove ecosystem. The method used is a quantitative approach to descriptive. The result is a mangrove land cover of 2009 covering an area of 80.71 ha while the year 2019 is 60.35 ha, the rate of change (-25,23%/10 year), the change in mangrove area with a change rate of-100% found in the location of Teluk Sirih where the year 2009 (8, 82ha), and the year 2019 (0 ha). The change occurred due to the construction of the PLTU of Teluk Sirih. With the increase of mangrove ecosystem in the area of Pertamina Jetty because of the rehabilitation of local government. Its expansion in the year 2009 (3.06 ha) became the year 2019 (3.96 ha) with the addition of 0.90 ha and the rate of change of 29.41%. NDVI values of 2009 in 0.60 with normal vegetation density conditions and the year 2019 NDVI values in 0.42 with good vegetation density conditions.
Land Cover of Mangrove Ecosystem in Marine Tourism Integrated Mandeh Sub-District Koto XI Tarusan, Pesisir Selatan Regency Agustian, CH.; Kamal, Eni; Mustapha, Muzzneena Ahmad; Putra, Aprizon
Sumatra Journal of Disaster, Geography and Geography Education Vol 3 No 2 (2019): Sumatra Journal of Disaster, Geography and Geography Education (SJDGGE)
Publisher : Sumatra Journal of Disaster, Geography and Geography Education

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (731.393 KB) | DOI: 10.24036/sjdgge.v3i2.270

Abstract

Mangrove is a plant that can live in tidal areas and form a community of independent vegetation, ranges to various disorders, especially marine resource management that is not environmentally friendly causing damage to the Mangrove forest. Thus researched to know the condition, the rate of change in land area and public response to the mangrove ecosystem implemented in August 2019 using Phantom 4 Drone data and a descriptive method Quantitative. The results were adopted, namely, the condition of the mangrove ecosystem was declared normal (0.22) in the year 2009 using NDVI value classification, as well as the year 2019 NDVI value of 1 in the condition is very good. The area on land cover amounted to 406.61 ha in 2019, while the year 2009 amounted to 406.69 ha with a change of-0.08 ha. Mangrove conditions with an area of 79.13 ha in 2009, a decline in 2019 of 60.01 ha, a change of-19.12 ha (-24.16%). The mangrove ecosystem is getting worse because of the road construction that causes some material to fall into the mangrove area that makes the sedimentation wider, as occurs in the segment 3 The change of mangrove overflow from the year 2009 (21.60 ha) 19.83 ha in the year 2019. People are still promoting the economy compared to the survival of mangroves because the existence of mangroves is considered economically beneficial for them.
Fenologi Mangrove (Rhizophora apiculata, R. mucronata dan R.stylosa) di Pulau Unggas, Air Bangis Pasaman Barat, Sumatera Barat Kamal, Eni
Jurnal Natur Indonesia Vol 14, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (55.741 KB) | DOI: 10.31258/jnat.14.1.90-94

Abstract

Phenology of tropical forest plant is a population factor and does not include community factor, this is caused by a genetic determinationand also the influence of the environment. Phenology of plants in mangrove correlated with the time of flowering, fruiting, and productionof fruits or propagules. Phenology research in mangrove plants in the Unggas Island, West Pasaman, done with ‘tagging’ technique method.Signs made of plastic and are numbered. Data collection included from the formation of flower blooming, up to the formation of fruit orpropagules ripe. Phase of the development is categorized to two categories: (a) flower, and (b) fruit. The analysis method is the analysis ofvariance (ANOVA, p<0.01) and post-hoc test, Duncans Multiple Range Test (DMRT, p<0.01) to obtain comparison and differencesbetween the components of flower, flower fall, fruit, and fruit maturity.
Kajian Kondisi Terumbu Karang dan Strategi Pengelolaannya di Pulau Panjang, Air Bangis, Kabupaten Pasaman Barat Oktarina, Angreini; Kamal, Eni; Suparno, Suparno
Jurnal Natur Indonesia Vol 16, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2639.219 KB) | DOI: 10.31258/jnat.16.1.23-31

Abstract

Coral reef ecosystems are essential for the survival of marine life, but the presence of coral reef are declined and decayed.Methods used in this study was a survey method. To retrieve the condition of coral cover using the line intercept transectwhile to determine management strategies using SWOT analysis. The average percentage of coral cover in 8 point researchstations at 50.10% are still in the good condition, which is in the north 3 m depth 53.51%, north 7 m depth 68.14%, east 3 mdepth 93.29%, east 7 m depth 15.93%, south 3 m depth 75.17%, south 7 m depth 20.53%, west 3 m depth 41.50%, and west7 m depth 32.79%. The strategies for coral reef ecosystem management, among others: 1) community-based management, 2)forming Kelompok Masyarakat Pengawas (Pokmaswas) institutions, 3) establish in Panjang Island as a marine conservationareas, 4) Ko-Management-based, 5) effort to improve the economy in order to support the increased knowledge of theimportance of conservation and management of coral reef ecosystem.
New Records of Seagrass Flora in Air Bangis West Sumatera Kamal, Eni; Bujang, Japar Sidik; Zakaria, Muta Hara
Jurnal Natur Indonesia Vol 13, No 1 (2010)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (82.377 KB) | DOI: 10.31258/jnat.13.1.77-81

Abstract

Seagrasses in the Air Bangis Archipelago, west coast of Sumatra were found growing in sandy muddy substratesof the shallow coastal waters at depth of 0.3-2.5 m, dominated by degraded coral reefs around the off-shoreislands. Two species; Enhalus acoroides (L.f) Royle and Thalassia hemprichii (Ehrenb) Aschers were observed atPulau Unggas, Pulau Pasir Panjang and Teluk Tapang. Halodule uninervis (Forssk) Aschers was observed in twolocations; Pasir Panjang and Teluk Tapang. The occurrence of this species is unknown previously and therefore itis a new flora record for Sumatra. With this new record, Sumatra has six species of seagrasses, contributing tohalf of total number of seagrasses occurring in Indonesia. According to leaf width measurements, two morphologicalvariants (narrow and wide leaved) can be distinguished for Halodule uninervis. In addition, descriptions of thespecies and their habitat characteristic are provided.
KONDISI USAHA PERIKANAN TANGKAP PASCA GEMPA DI SUMATERA BARAT Kamal, Eni
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan: Kajian Masalah Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Vol 12, No 1 (2011): JEP Juni 2011
Publisher : Universitas Muhammdaiyah Surakarta

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Abstract

Earthquake that occurred in the area of West Sumatera, especially the earthquake that occurred repeatedly since 2004 to 2009 has greatly impacted to the progress and development of fishing effort in seven districts that have sea area in West Sumatera. This study aims to assess the marine business conditions after the earthquake in West Sumatra for can be considered to make policy in the management of fishing effort further. Marine fisheries statistics data indicate that there has been a decline in the number of fishermen postearthquake from 2005 to 2009 as 22.49 percent, the decline in capture fisheries production to 16.12 percent and a decrease in the fishing fleet to 23.89 percent. In resource management and development strategies in the field of maritime affairs and fisheries, it is important to make a comprehensive policy after the earthquake in West Sumatra.
KONDISI USAHA PERIKANAN TANGKAP PASCA GEMPA DI SUMATERA BARAT Kamal, Eni
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan: Kajian Masalah Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Vol 12, No 1 (2011): JEP Juni 2011
Publisher : Universitas Muhammdaiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/jep.v12i1.208

Abstract

Earthquake that occurred in the area of West Sumatera, especially the earthquake that occurred repeatedly since 2004 to 2009 has greatly impacted to the progress and development of fishing effort in seven districts that have sea area in West Sumatera. This study aims to assess the marine business conditions after the earthquake in West Sumatra for can be considered to make policy in the management of fishing effort further. Marine fisheries statistics data indicate that there has been a decline in the number of fishermen postearthquake from 2005 to 2009 as 22.49 percent, the decline in capture fisheries production to 16.12 percent and a decrease in the fishing fleet to 23.89 percent. In resource management and development strategies in the field of maritime affairs and fisheries, it is important to make a comprehensive policy after the earthquake in West Sumatra.
Analysis of Bakuok Lake Fishery Potential and its Zone in Kampar Regency, Riau Province Novitri, Awinda; Kamal, Eni; Suparno, Suparno; Putra, Aprizon
Sumatra Journal of Disaster, Geography and Geography Education Vol 4 No 1 (2020): Sumatra Journal of Disaster, Geography and Geography Education (SJDGGE)
Publisher : Sumatra Journal of Disaster, Geography and Geography Education

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (199.843 KB) | DOI: 10.24036/sjdgge.v4i1.315

Abstract

Fishery reserves are part of inland public waters in the form of lakes, swamps, rivers or protected puddles. The purpose of this study is to assess fisheries reserves based on social culture, analyze the suitability of locations and analyze zoning in Bokuok lake fishery reserves. The results of the socioculturalanalysis show that the fishery reserves are determined based on the system or customary law regulated in Ninik Mamak Decree No. 04/N.M/TB/IV/2014, have easy access to visit, have Pokmaswas who play an active role, have local wisdom that is Ma'awu activity. The results of the analysis of conformity, station I obtained a score of 75, classified as a fishery sanctuary functioning well and very effective. Station II obtained a score of 62 classified as fisheries asylum functioning well and is very effective. Station III obtained a score of 59 classified as fisheries asylum functioning moderately and quite effectively. The totalarea of Bokuok lake fishery reserves covers an area of 7.31 ha which is divided into 3 zones, the core zone with an area 1.63 ha, sustainable fishery zone with an area of 3.03 ha, utilization zone with an area of 2.65 ha.
KAJIAN GERAKAN PENSEJAHTERAAN EKONOMI MASYARAKAT PESISIR (G-PEMP) DI SUMATERA BARAT Kamal, Eni
Publikasi Penelitian Terapan dan Kebijakan Vol 7 No 1 (2013): Jurnal Pembangunan Manusia
Publisher : Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Daerah Provinsi Sumatera Selatan

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Abstract

The area scope of study implementation ocean and fisheries (G-PEMP) un west Sumatera. Include 7 district/city coast; Pasaman Barat, Agam, Padang Pariaman, Pariaman, Padang, Pesisir Selatan, and the Mentawai Islands, which include 42 coastal districts and 89 coastal villages. From 42 districts and 89 villages deliberately determined several districts and villages in each district / citybased on criteria that could support the success of the program G-PEMP. Policy recommendations on activities of G-PEMP in West Sumatra covered 4 activities; capture fisheries package program, aquaculture package, handling/processing product package, and marketing of fishery products package.