The aim of the present research was to study the quality changes of buffalo’s milk stored in different time period after milking. About 10 liters of fresh buffalo milk which were obtained from Lembah Gumanti, Solok district were used in the experiment. The milk was divided and placed into four groups and stored in room temperature for 4 different time periods: 2, 4, 6 and 8 hours immediately after milking. Parameter measured included: pH, specific gravity and colony number of bacteria. Data was statistically analyzed by variance analysis in Block Randomized Design (RBD) with 4 treatments and 5 replicates. The results indicated that there was significant effect (P<0.01) among the treatment on the characteristic of buffalo milk. It showed that increasing of the storage time after milking have decreased pH and increased specific gravity and bacteria count.
This article describes the results of the community service activities for training, coaching and mentoring on producer dadih groups in the District Tilatang Kamang . This activity aims to: 1) increase the motivation of entrepreneurial partners; 2) increase the insight and knowledge of maintenance management buffaloes; 3) improve the ability of the partners to diversify into multiple product dadih and 4) developing the marketing area. The results of this activity are: 1) increase the entrepreneurial spirit partner as efforts to support the development of the group; 2) Activity buffaloes maintenance management counselling can improve insight and knowledge in raising livestock breeder buffalo; 3) Training and the pilot was able to increase revenue diversification dadih and 4) The promotion and development of network marketing has been used as a marketing strategy to increase the production volume of business groups.
Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh penambahan ekstrak biji mangga terhadap cita rasa dan daya simpan bakso. Penelitian ini menggunakan 2500 g daging sapi bagian paha (otot Biceps femoris) dan ekstrak biji mangga (Mangifera indica) varieta s mangga Arumanis Metoda penelitian yang digunakan adalah eksperimen dengan Rancangan Acak Kelompok yang terdiri dari 5 perlakuan dan 4 ulangan. Perlakuan tersebut adalah penambahan ekstrak biji mangga sebanyak 0% (A), 0,1% (B), 0,2% (C), 0,3% (D) dan 0,4% (E). Peubah yang diamati adalah cita rasa, bilangan TBA dan daya simpan bakso. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan penambahan ekstrak biji mangga dalam pembuatan bakso sangat nyata (P <0,01) menurunkan nilai TBA dan meningkatkan daya simpan bakso, tetapi tidak mempengaruhi cita rasa.Penambahan ekstrak biji mangga sebanyak 0,4 % adalah yang terbaik dalam memperpanjang daya simpan bakso daging yaitu sampai 23,25 jam.Kata kunci : biji mangga, antioksidan, cita rasa, daya simpan, bakso
The research was aimed to evaluate the effect of using cassava starch on the quality and acceptability of meatball. Six kilograms of ground beef meat which have been well mixed with spices of salt, garlic and pepper were divided into 5 sub-groups. Each sub-group of dough was mixed with 5 difrerent levels of cassava starch of 0 % (R0), 5 % (R1), 10 % (R2), 15 % (R3) and 20 % (R4), respectively. The dough were then made in small ball form (meatball) and subdivided into 4 sub-sub-groups as replications. The raw dough of meat ball was then cooked in boiling water for 15 minutes to produce ready to eat meatball products. The products were measured for pH, moisture and protein content, and acceptability. Results indicated that pH, moisture and protein content of the meatball were decreased significantly (P<0,01) by increasing the use of cassava starch. Acceptability of meatball by test consumers, however, was not significantly affected by the use of cassava starch. Therefore, cassava starch could be used up to 20 % in making meat ball.
Penelitian dilakukan dengan menggunakan metode survei. Responden penelitian adalahibu rumah tangga yang ada di kota Padang. Teknik pengambilan sampel secara cluster random sampling berdasarkan wilayah pemukiman yang dibagi menjadi wilayah pusat kota dan wilayah pinggiran kota. Jumlah sampel ditentukan secara quota sebanyak 120 orang yang dipilih dengan metode accidental. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa perilaku ibu rumah tangga dalam memilih daging sapi ditinjau dari aspek fisik daging secara keseluruhan responden memilih daging segar (100%), dari aspek kualitas daging rata-rata responden memilih mengkonsumsi daging padat (76,7%) dan dari aspek harga sangat mempengaruhi konsumen rumah tangga untuk memilih mengkonsumsi daging sapi atau tidak (100%).Kata kunci: perilaku, daging sapi, konsumen rumah tangga, padang
Research on the Potential of Palm Oil Plantation Waste as animal Feed at traditional farming in Teras Terunjam Sub District Mukomuko Regency aims to find out the potential of oil palm plantation wastes as animal feed as well as cattle maintenance pattern of beef cattle. The research method used is survey method by using questionnaire. The samples used were 61 farmer determined by Slovin formula. The observed variables are oil palm plantation waste potential as animal feed which consisted of the midrib and the leafs and technical aspects of livestock raisin. The data was analyzed descriptive based on score of Standard Guidelines Identification Technical Factor of Husbandry from Husbandry Directorate General (1990). The results showed that the potential waste of stem and midrib and the leafs from palm oil for the animal feed namely: 57.657.600 kg for each year and this also can feed 6.318,64 AU. As for the technical aspect in beef cattle farming in Teras Terunjam Subdsitrict, Muko-muko Regency namely: 54.31%, with categoris: 51.64% of breeding, 47.78% of feeding, 64.65% of maintenance, 89.25% of the housing, and 45.48% of healthy technical aspect.
The research of edible offal percentage of male Nias pig in several animal ages has been carried out on ninety male Nias pig, which consisted of five aged group: A (<269 days old), B (270-298 days old), C (299-327 days old), D (328-356 days old) and E (> 357days old). The research was done by measuring of body and edible offal weight, edible offal percentage through out in the slaughter house in Gunungsitoli Nias. The relationship between animal age and each parameter measured were calculated by using regression analysis. The result of research indicated that there was a close relationship between animal age with their edible offal percentage. Increase of pig age were followed by decreasing of offal percentage with correlation coefficients of 0.896.
This activity aims to increase buffalo milk production by improving feed management through the application of science and technology will lead to an increase in the income of Murrah buffalo breeders. This program is conducted to the Kelok Rambai livestock Group, Kapau, Tilatang Kamang District, Agam Regency. This farmer group received assistance from the provincial government of West Sumatra, 15 Murrah buffaloes as milk producers, where the milk produced is fermented into curd. The pattern of maintenance is semi-intensive and the feed provided is inadequate both in quantity and quality and the lack of knowledge of farmers so that the productivity of buffaloes is still low. The method of activities carried out in this service is participatory community empowerment including counseling, training, guidance, discussion and evaluation/monitoring. The training/pilot of feed technology introduced is multi-nutrient feed supplement, namely Urea Saka Blok, and ammoniated rice straw as a quality fiber feed ingredient. In addition, the cultivation of legume feed is indigofera plants which can be used as green concentrate because high protein content. The results of using ammoniated rice straw supplemented with Urea Saka Blok in buffaloes increased feed consumption significantly from an average of 2.5% to 2.75% of body weight or an increase of 0.25%. This increase in feed consumption has implications for milk production which was initially 2 liters per day, increased to 3 liters per day or an increase of about 50%, and what is quite interesting is that until the 10th month of lactation milk production is still 3 liters per day. It is hoped that the community service activities at the Kelok Rambai Cattle Farmer Group can increase the income of group members, apply good maintenance management, increase motivation, apply sustainable introduced feed technology and make Nagari Kapau as one of the centers for Murrah buffalo farming producing milk/curd. in West Sumatra.
In West Sumatra, buffalo milked to produce milk that is processed into curd. The curd was traditional food made from buffalo milk that is cured at room temperature for 2 to 3 days in a bamboo tube closed banana leaves, creamy white with a dense and smooth texture, flavor and aroma typical acid (smell bamboo). Targets was increase efforts to reproduce the variation of production and product (product diversification: Ice curd, buttermilk pudding, curd Aroma Tape, Jelly Candy curd) by using a particular technology, and improving packaging curd in order to expand the market that leads to an increase in income of farmers and businessman curd). Based on the report of activities that have been described, here are some conclusions that can be produced (1). Entrepreneurial motivation training activities can increase entrepreneurial spirit curd producers in an effort to support the development activities of the business group. (2) The maintenance management counseling buffaloes able to develop the knowledge of farmers in raising livestock buffalo. (3). Pilot training and diversification curd able to increase revenue. (4). Promotion and development of network marketing has been used as a marketing strategy to increase production volume group.
This study aims to determine the effect of addition powder carrot as antioxidant agent to antioxidant activity, fat content, mositure, cholesterol, pH value and melting point of sweet cream butter. The method used was experiment laboratory. The materials used were sweet cream butter and carrot powder and the treatments were the addition of carrot powder 0% (A), 2% (B), 4% (C), and 6% (D) then analyzed about antioxidant activity, fat content, mositure, cholesterol, pH value and melting point of sweet cream butter. The data were analyzed by ANOVA using the basic design of Block Randomized Design (BRD) and continued by Duncan's Multiple Range Test (DMRT) if there was a significantly different. Finding suggested an effect of the addition carrot powder could improve the quality (up to 42.55%) of sweet cream butter which is 6% of carrot powder give the best treatment.