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COMPARATIVE STUDY ON THE INTENSITY OF Mycobacterium leprae EXPOSURE TO CHILDREN WHO LIVE IN LOW AND HIGH ALTITUDE IN LOW LEPROSY ENDEMIC AREA OF SOUTH SULAWESI Rachmawati, Rachmawati; Mataallo, Timurleng Tonang; Adam, Safruddin; Adam, A. M.; Amin, Safruddin; Tabri, Farida; Adriaty, Dinar; Wahyuni, Ratna; Iswahyudi, Iswahyudi; Agusni, Indropo
Indonesian Journal of Tropical and Infectious Disease Vol 4, No 4 (2013)
Publisher : Institute of Topical Disease

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Abstract

Background: The intensity of Mycobacterium leprae exposure to people who live in leprosy endemic area could be measured by serological study and detection of the bacilli in the nose cavity. Different geographical altitude might have some influences to this exposure since the bacilli prefer to live in warm areas. Aim: A combined serological and PCR study of leprosy was conducted in Selayar island, South Sulawesi to 80 school children (40 from low land and 40 from highland altitudes) in order to compare the exposure intensity between the two areas. Method: Anti PGL-1 IgM antibody (ELISA) and PCR study to detect M.leprae in the nasal cavity were performed simultaneously from each person. Result: Seropositive cases were found in 23/40 children from low land compared to 16/40 children from high land, but statistically no significant difference (p>0.05). PCR positive for M.leprae in the nasal cavity only found in 1/40 children, both in low and high altitude. Conclusion: It is concluded that although the existence of M.leprae in nasal cavity is minimal, the intensity of exposure to this bacilli still high as indicated by serological study.
Asertivitas Perokok Pasif Ditinjau dari Tingkat Pengetahuan tentang Rokok dan Jenis Kelamin Rachmawati, Rachmawati; Juniarly, Amalia; Izati, Nurul
Jurnal Psikologi Teori dan Terapan Vol 8, No 2 (2018): Jurnal Psikologi Teori dan Terapan
Publisher : Jurusan Psikologi Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan Universitas Negeri Surabay

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Abstract

The purpose of this study is to examine the difference of passive smokers’ assertiveness in terms of their knowledge level of cigarette, and their sexes. The hypothesis is that there is a difference of passive smokers’ assertiveness in terms of their knowledge level of cigarettes, and their sexes. The sample of this study was 314 people divided into 157 male passive smokers and 157 female passive smokers. All participants are living in Palembang city, South Sumatra. Two instruments were used to collect data, namely the scale of assertiveness and the questionnaire of the level of cigarette knowledge. Data were analyzed using one-way anova and t-test. The result shows that there is a significant difference of passive smokers’ assertiveness in terms of the cigarette knowledge level, with p = 0,000 (p <0,05). Likewise, there is a significant difference of assertiveness between male and female passive smokers, with p = 0,000 (p <0.05). Thus, the hypothesis of this study is accepted.Key words: Assertiveness, passive smoker, knowledge of cigarettes, sex.Abstrak: Tujuan penelitian untuk mengetahui perbedaan asertivitas perokok pasif ditinjau dari tingkat pengetahuan tentang rokok dan jenis kelamin. Hipotesis penelitian yaitu ada perbedaan asertivitas perokok pasif ditinjau dari tingkat pengetahuan tentang rokok dan jenis kelamin.. Sampel penelitian adalah 314 orang yang terbagi menjadi 157 orang perokok pasif laki-laki dan 157 perokok pasif perempuan. Seluruh partisipan adalah warga kota Palembang, Sumatera Selatan. Alat ukur yang digunakan adalah skala asertivitas dan angket tingkat pengetahuan tentang rokok. Analisis data menggunakan one-way anova dan t-test. Hasil analisis menunjukkan ada perbedaan yang signifikan asertivitas perokok pasif ditinjau dari tingkat pengetahuan tentang rokok dengan nilai p=0,000 (p<0,05) dan ada perbedaan yang signifikan antara asertivitas perokok pasif laki-laki dan asertivitas perokok pasif perempuan, dengan nilai p=0,000 (p<0,05). Dengan demikian, hipotesis penelitian ini dapat diterima.
PEMANFAATAN PUREE PEPAYA (Carica Papaya L.) DAN PUREE NANAS (Ananas Comosus L.) SEBAGAI ALTERNATIF BAHAN BAKU PRODUKSI GUMDROPS Ramdani, Hisworo; Suprayatmi, Mira; Rachmawati, Rachmawati
JURNAL AGRONIDA Vol 2, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Djuanda Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1384.482 KB) | DOI: 10.30997/jag.v2i2.941

Abstract

The purpose of this research was to determine the ratio of papaya and pineapple puree and proper drying time on the processing of gumdrops. This research used Completely Randomized Design (CRD). The first factor is ratio of papaya and pineapple puree consisting of three levels, namely 1:1, 1:2 and 2:1. The second factor length of drying time (3 hours, 3.5 hours and 4 hours). The characters was observed is color, moisture content, vitamin C, TSS (Total Soluble Solid), hedonic color, aroma, texture and taste. The results of this research shown the ratio of puree and a long drying significantly affected red color (a* value), yellow (b* values), color ⁰Hue, the color intensity (chroma) and brightness (L value), water degree and vitamin C. The recommended composition to make gumdrops is it was made of papaya and pineapple puree by ratio 1:1, with 3 hours drying time. The characteristics of gumdrops product are average value of red color (a* value) 9.9, yellow (b* values)14.6, the color intensity (chroma)17.6, color ⁰Hue 55.8, brightness (L value) 36.0, water degree 14.69 %, vitamin C 42.83 mg/100 g of material, TSS 56 oBrix, color hedonic 4.8 (neutral towards little like), aroma hedonic 4.6 (neutral towards little like), texture hedonic 5.0 (neutral towards little like) dan taste hedonic 5.0 (neutral towards little like). Keywords: Papaya puree, pineapple puree, long drying, gumdrops  ABSTRAKTujuan penelitian ini adalah mengetahui rasio puree pepaya dan puree nanas serta lama pengeringan yang tepat pada pengolahan gumdrops. Penelitian ini menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) dua faktor. Rasio puree yang digunakan terdiri atas 1:1, 1:2 dan 2:1 dengan lama pengeringan yang digunakan 3 jam, 3,5 jam dan 4 jam. Parameter yang diamati adalah warna, kadar air, vitamin C, TPT, hedonik warna, aroma, tekstur dan rasa. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan rasio puree dan lama pengeringan berpengaruh nyata terhadap warna merah (nilai a*), warna kuning (nilai b*), ⁰Hue warna, intensitas warna (chroma) dan kecerahan (nilai L), kadar air dan vitamin C. Gumdrops terpilih diperoleh pada rasio puree pepaya : puree nanas 1:1 dengan lama pengeringan 3 jam dengan nilai rata-rata warna merah (nilai a*) 9.9, warna kuning (nilai b*) 14.6, ⁰Hue warna  55.8, intensitas warna (chroma) 17.6, kecerahan (nilai L) 36.0, kadar air 14.69 %, vitamin C 42.83 mg/100 g bahan, TPT 56 oBrix, hedonik warna 4.8 (netral menuju agak suka), hedonik aroma 4.6 (netral menuju agak suka), hedonik tekstur 5.0 (netral menuju agak suka) dan hedonik rasa 5.0 (netral menuju agak suka). Kata kunci : Puree pepaya,puree nanas, lama pengeringan, gumdrops
Pengaruh Strategi Pemecahan Masalah Wankat dan Oreovocz Terhadap Kemampuan Kognitif Pada Konsep Hukum Newton dan Penerapannya Rachmawati, Rachmawati
Jurnal Gemaedu Vol 3 No 4 (2018): Daftar Isi
Publisher : Persatuan Guru Republik Indonesia (PGRI) Daerah Khusus Ibukota Jakarta

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Abstract

: This study aims to determine the effect of Wankat and Oreovocz problem solving strategies on cognitive abilities in Newton's legal concepts and their application. This research was conducted at the State High School 08 in Bogor City. In this study, the experimental class was class X MIA 2, while the control class was class X MIA 1. Determination of the sample in this study was based on purposive sampling technique. The research method used is a quasi-experimental method. The study took place in the first semester of the 2015-2016 school year. The instrument used is a test instrument in the form of a subjective test. Based on test data analysis, it was concluded that there was an influence of Wankat and Oreovocz's problem solving strategies on cognitive abilities in Newton's legal concepts and their application. This is based on the results of hypothesis testing using the t-test for N = 31 for the posttest data. Sig. (2-tailed) value is 0.001, while the significance value is 0.05 or Sig. (2-tailed) &lt;0.05
KEPUASAN LAYANAN IBU HAMIL PENGGUNA PROGRAM BPJS DI PUSKESMAS SE-KOTA BENGKULU TAHUN 2014 Rachmawati, Rachmawati
JURNAL MEDIA KESEHATAN Vol 8 No 2 (2015): Jurnal Media Kesehatan Poltekkes Kemenkes Bengkulu Volume 8 Nomor 2 Oktober Tahun
Publisher : Politeknik Kesehatan Kemenkes Bengkulu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (49.673 KB) | DOI: 10.33088/jmk.v8i2.274

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With the implementation of BPJS’S programs that replace Jampersal, then patientsatisfaction from cost faktors or foundation complete. Patient Satisfaction can be also assessedfrom the age of mother, education, employment and maternal parity use BPJS’S program. Thepurpose of this observation is for description the level of mother’s satisfaction towardimplementation of BPJS’S program in all clinic of Bengkulu city. The design that use is crossecsional with all of population pregnant mother that do examination in all clinic of Bengkulucity amount 115 people’s taken with Accidental sampling technic. Level analysis of satisfactionof pregnant mother toward implementation of BPJS based on the comparison of the distributionthe patient satisfaction that look from age, education, employment and parity also statistikanalysis with Chi Square test. The result of observation was not relation between age, education,employment of pregnant mother toward implementation BPJS’S program in all clinic ofBengkulu city, while parity analysis there is relation of maternal parity toward implementationBPJS’S program in all clinic Bengkulu city. Be expected medical employment can be improveimplementation BPJS’S program start from level of primer until the level of sekunder be betterthan before.
REKONSTRUKSI OBYEK TIGA DIMENSI DARI CITRA DUA DIMENSI MENGGUNAKAN EPIPOLAR GEOMETRY Rachmawati, Rachmawati; Hidayat, Risanuri; Wibirama, Sunu
Jurnal Teknologi Vol 5 No 2 (2012): Jurnal Teknologi
Publisher : Jurnal Teknologi, Fakultas Teknologi Industri, Institut Sains & Teknologi AKPRIND Yogyakarta

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Abstract

Teknik rekonstruksi objek tiga dimensi terbagi menjadi 2 kategori, yaitu metode aktif: akuisisi model 3D dapat dilakukan dengan laser scanner atau cahaya terstruktur. Metode pasif : rekonstruksi model 3D dengan sekumpulan gambar dari sebuah atau beberapa kamera. Object scanning terkadang membutuhkan peralatan yang mahal dan keahlian khusus untuk mengoperasikan. Sebagai pendekatan yang sederhana dan murah, rekonstruksi objek berdasarkan gambar menjadi lebih popular bagi para peneliti. Paper ini menjelaskan rekonstruksi obyek tiga dimensi (3D) dari kumpulan gambar citra dua dimensi (2D) yang diambil menggunakan sebuah kamera dari posisi berbeda.Tahapan rekonstruksi dapat dibagi menjadi empat bagian: pertama, ekstraksi titik fitur, kedua menghitung fundamental matrik dari titik – titik yang berkoresponden, ketiga menghitung matrik kamera dan terakhir mendapatkan titik-titik 3D untuk semua pasangan titik citra. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah merekonstruksi sebuah obyek 3D menggunakan citra 2D yang diperoleh dengan sebuah kamera dari sudut pandang yang berbeda.Sebagai obyek penelitian adalah sebuah miniatur candi Borobudur.Rekonstruksi koordinat 3D objek candi Borobudur dilakukan dengan algoritma DLT, dan dari hasil rekonstruksi didapat error reproyeksi sebesar 8.864x10-06piksel. Kata kunci :, citra, ,
PENGENALAN KONSEP MATEMATIKA MELALUI PENGGUNAAN BAHAN ALAM PADA ANAK USIA 5-6 TAHUN Rachmawati, Rachmawati
Jurnal Pendidikan dan Pembelajaran Khatulistiwa Vol 6, No 11 (2017): Nopember 2017
Publisher : Jurnal Pendidikan dan Pembelajaran Khatulistiwa

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 Abstract:The purpose of this research is to know the cognitive ability of children in the introduction of mathematical concepts through the use of natural materials in children aged 5-6 years in PAUD Bersinar Kecamatan Pontianak Selatan. Problems that are often found by teachers only use the existing learning media and less creative use of natural materials that exist around PAUD PAUD institutions. Whereas the method used is descriptive method. The results obtained from the 1st cycle of assessment categories developed as expected (BSH) increased to 27%. In cycle 2 the introduction of mathematical concepts using natural ingredients with the category of developing children's assessment as expected increased to 47% and even increased to 70% of children, and 7% of the category categories developed very well in the introduction of mathematical concepts using natural materials.Keyword : Mathematical Concept, Use of Natural Materials  
FAKTOR- FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN KEJADIAN PREEKLAMPSI BERAT (PEB) Novrianti, Silpia; Rachmawati, Rachmawati; Yuniarti, Yuniarti
JURNAL MEDIA KESEHATAN Vol 11 No 2 (2018): Jurnal Media Kesehatan Poltekkes Kemenkes Bengkulu Volume 11 No 2 Desember Tahun
Publisher : Politeknik Kesehatan Kemenkes Bengkulu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33088/jmk.v11i2.373

Abstract

Severe preeclampsia (PEB) is still one of the causes of maternal morbidity and mortality if not adequately treated. There are many things that affect the occurrence of PEB, some of which are maternal age, parity, gestational age and education. The high incidence of PEB in the 2016. Yunus Bengkulu District Hospital Obstetric Room in 2016. The purpose of this study was to determine the factors that influence the incidence of PEB in Yunus Bengkulu Public Hospital in 2016. The design of this study was using case control, with a maternal population 1070 people in 2016 with a sample of 162 people. The analysis was carried out univariately and bivariately using Chi-Square test while multivariate analysis used Logistic Regression test. The results showed that there was a relationship between age, parity, gestational age and education with the incidence of PEB. The results of multivariate analysis showed that education had the most influential relationship to the incidence of severe preeclampsia.
PERBEDAAN PEMBERIAN ASI FIT DAN PIJAT OKSITOSIN TERHADAP LAMA PEMBERIAN ASI TRANSISI Mulyadi, Jesica; Hanifa, Hanifa; Rachmawati, Rachmawati; Kurniawati, PS
JURNAL MEDIA KESEHATAN Vol 13 No 1 (2020): Jurnal Media Kesehatan Poltekkes Kemenkes Bengkulu Volume 13 No 1 Juni 2020
Publisher : Politeknik Kesehatan Kemenkes Bengkulu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33088/jmk.v13i1.479

Abstract

Abstract— ASI (Breast Milk) is a safe and suitable food for babies because it can prevent babies from the risk of gastrointestinal system disorders. Various methods used by postpartum mothers to increase milk production are Oxytocin Massage, IMD, Breast Care, frequency of breastfeeding (Bobak, 2005) and katuk leaf extract (ASI Fit) (Istiqomah and Setiawandari, 2017). The design of this study is quasi-experimental. The sample of this study was 30 respondents divided into 2 groups: 15 postpartum mothers given ASI Fit and 15 postpartum mothers given oxytocin massage. The research instrument used observation sheets. The analysis in this study used the Mann-Whitney test. The results showed the length of Transition ASI expenditure on postpartum mothers after being given Fit ASI and ASI massage for 1.87 days (1-3 days), the duration of Transition ASI expenditure on postpartum mothers after oxytocin massage which was 2.67 days (2-7 days) 4 days), there was a difference in the duration of expenditure for Fit ASI breastfeeding and oxytocin massage for postpartum mothers with p-value = 0.003 (p <0.05), transitional ASI expenditure in the Fit ASI group was faster than 0.800 days compared to the oxytocin group. Keywords — ASIFit, Oxytocin Massage, Transitional Breastmilk Expenditures
AUGMENTED REALITY BERBASIS SEAMLESS LEARNING DAN EDUCATION 3.0 UNTUK PENINGKATAN KEMAMPUAN ANDRAGOGI PENDIDIK SE-KABUPATEN MALANG Nidhom, Ahmad Mursyidun; Smaragdina, Azhar Ahmad; Putro, Setiadi Cahyono; Wibawanto, Slamet; Rachmawati, Nur Sita Yunia; Rachmawati, Rachmawati
Jurnal Graha Pengabdian Vol 1, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Masyarakat (LP2M) Universitas Negeri Malang

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Abstract

Abstrak: Kegiatan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat ini bertujuan untuk mengenalkan teknologi Augmented Reality berbasis Seamless Learning kepada Pendidik Se- Kabupaten Malang, AR Seamles Learning merupakan teknologi modeling 3Dimensi yang dapat meningkatkan kemampuan belajar dewasa (Andragogi) bagi peserta didik maupun pendidik. Workshop dan Pendampingan AR seamless Learning ini dengan pendekatan one time project dan brain storming, one time project dilakukan untuk menghasilkan input project dari pendampingan yang berkelanjutan, hal ini dimaksudkan agar peserta focus dalam pembuatan project. Hasil dari workshop AR Seamless Learning ini pendidik berhasil membuild aplikasi AR sesuai dengan mata pelajaran yang diampu, dengan tingkat keterbacaan marker yang tinggi, demikian pula pemahaman terhadap penggunaan AR seamless dalam pembelajaran. Dengan Kondisi Kelas homogen Kemampuan Andragogi juga meningkat, dengan 3 Sub Variabel, yakni, komunikasi, menyajikan Bahan Ajar dan pemecahan masalah. Secara keeluruhan kenaikan kemampuan Andragogi pada level baik. Abstract: Community Service Activities aims to introduce Augmented Reality technology based on Seamless Learning to Educators in Malang District, AR Seamles Learning is a 3Dimensional modeling technology that can improve adult learning skills (Andragogy) for students and educators. AR Seamless Learning Workshop and Assistance using a one time project approach and brain storming, one time project is carried out to produce project input from ongoing assistance, so that participants focus on making the project. The results of this AR Seamless Learning workshop educators succeeded in building AR applications in accordance with the subjects being taught, with a high level of readability of markers, as well as an understanding of the use of seamless AR in learning. With Homogeneous Class Conditions Andragogy's ability also increases, with 3 Sub Variables, namely, communication, presenting teaching materials and problem solving. Overall, the ability of Andragogy increases at a good level.