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Pengembangan Silamak Pangek Pisang sebagai Makanan Tradisional Unggulan Nagari Kinari melalui Rekayasa Proses dan Modifikasi Bentuk Kurnia Harlina Dewi; Risa Meutia; Nika Rahma Yanti; Rahmi Awalina
Warta Pengabdian Andalas Vol 27 No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat (LPPM) Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jwa.27.1.58-65.2020

Abstract

Silamak Pangek Pisang is, made of banana fruit, one of the Nagari Kinari Traditional Foods that has the potential to be developed and introduced to the commercial world. The development of Silamak Pangek Pisang as traditional food is expected to be able to be an effort to increase family income. Therefore, it is necessary to transfer a technology and product development, so that these traditional food products and traditional foods can be accepted by many walks of life outside Nagari Kinari. Efforts can be made in developing traditional food products are modification of forms and processes. Form engineering is done by making Silamak Pangek Pisang that easier to consume with better appearance. While the process modification is done to make the Silamak Pangek Pisang less susceptible to damaged. The results show, a transfer of technology occurred where development of traditional food products create a more attractive appearance, and simpler to pack, consumed, with prolonged shelf life.
Pelatihan Penulisan Artikel Populer di Media Massa sebagai Alasan Sosial Virtuous Setyaka; Rahmi Awalina; Eli Ratni
Warta Pengabdian Andalas Vol 27 No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat (LPPM) Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jwa.27.1.66-71.2020

Abstract

Social reason means because there are people or society who should benefit from what is done. The knowledge possessed by lecturers or academics must be used for society. One of the ways to make this knowledge accessible to the public is that lecturers or academics must write it down in the mass media. Mass media is a term that began to be used in the 1920s for a type of media designed to reach a very broad community, often shortened to media. An article published in the mass media is usually referred to as a popular article. The problem is that not every lecturer or academician is able to write popular articles to be published in the mass media. That is why training in writing popular articles was necessary and important to be held, including for lecturers or academics at Andalas University, Padang, West Sumatra, Indonesia. The training was attended by 72 registered lecturers from various faculties: Medicine, Pharmacy, Economics, Dentistry, Humanities, Mathematics and Natural Sciences (MIPA), Public Health, Information Technology, Agriculture, Agricultural Technology, Nursing, Social and Political Sciences (ISIP), and Animal Science.
Pengolahan Minyak Jelantah Menjadi Sabun Cuci sebagai Upaya Pengurangan Limbah Dapur Rumah Tangga Wellyalina Wellyalina; Rozidateno Putri Hanida; Donny Eros; Rahmi Awalina
Warta Pengabdian Andalas Vol 27 No 3 (2020)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat (LPPM) Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jwa.27.3.219-225.2020

Abstract

Using used cooking oil in culinary harms human health because this oil is carcinogenic due to being easily oxidized when it is isogenic. In addition, if used cooking oil becomes waste from household kitchens, it will hurt the earth in the form of the environment. The use of simple technology can help recycle used cooking oil into laundry or body soap, a product that can also be used for daily household needs by the community. The Andalas University community engagement team conducted the training through an online workshop based on the Zoom application on June 4, 2020, which 133 participants attended. The speaker processed used cooking oil with NaOH solution and natural dyes (according to the dose) directly in front of the participants. The participants practised it in their respective homes. Discussions between participants and speaker were conducted interactively, guided by a workshop moderator. At the end of the session, the speaker and participants could demonstrate the soaps recycled from used cooking oil in their respective kitchens. The follow-up to the activity was creating and managing WhatsApp groups as a forum for proactive communication with related topics. Creative participants produce soaps, which can be used for families, reducing daily expenses. It was recommended that the best-produced soaps could also be marketed to the public.
Sosialisasi dan Pelatihan Pengolahan Sampah Organik Menjadi Eco-Enzyme Delvi Yanti; Rahmi Awalina
Warta Pengabdian Andalas Vol 28 No 2 (2021)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat (LPPM) Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jwa.28.2.84-90.2021

Abstract

Waste that is not managed properly can cause the environment to become dirty and cause silting of the river which results in flooding. The amount of waste production is in line with the large number of residents, the higher the population growth rate, the higher and the rate of waste production. Waste management cannot only be done downstream, but also starts from upstream. Many programs have been carried out in waste management, one of which is a waste bank. The waste bank program encourages people to do sorting before depositing inorganic waste in the waste bank. Inorganic waste that can be recycled, such as plastic bottles used for mineral water, can be economically valuable by being put in a tube in a waste bank, while organic waste such as vegetable and fruit residues can be further processed into eco-enzymes. This activity aims to transfer knowledge and technology for processing organic waste into eco-enzymes, so that the community can participate in preserving the earth. The method of activities carried out was counseling and demonstration. This activity achieved the target in accordance with the objectives; this can be seen from the participation and enthusiasm of the community during the activity.
RASIONALITAS PARAKU DALAM MANAGEMEN SISTEM IRIGASI DI JORONG SITUGAR NAGARI TANJUNG BONAI KECAMATAN LINTAU BUO UTARA Rahmi Awalina; Eri Gas Ekaputra; Isril Berd
Jurnal Teknologi Pertanian Andalas Vol 22, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (644.722 KB) | DOI: 10.25077/jtpa.22.1.52-60.2018

Abstract

Penelitian bertujuan untuk melihat paraku sebagai alat bagi air tradisional yang mampu membagi air secara rasionalitas dalam memenuhi kebutuhan air irigasi. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan cara mengukur debit air dengan menggunakan persamaan ambang lebar yang dikorelasikan dengan kebutuhan air setiap sawah yang terairi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa adanya hubungan antara debit pada alat bagi paraku dengan kebutuhan air sawah yang terairi. Paraku mempunyai pola pengaturan air yang sangat proporsional dengan nilai efisiensi 87,9% dan efektifitas 84 %.
ANALISIS FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI PRODUKSI PADI SALIBU DAERAH SUMATERA BARAT Rahmi Awalina; Delvi Yanti; Fadli Irsyad
Jurnal Teknologi Pertanian Andalas Vol 25, No 1 (2021)
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jtpa.25.1.90-95.2021

Abstract

Pada budidaya padi salibu ada beberapa faktor yang berpengaruh antara lain; 1) tinggi pemotongan batang sisa panen, 2) varietas, 3) kondisi air tanah setelah panen, dan 4) pemupukan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis faktor yang mempengaruhi produksi padi salibu pada daerah Sumatera Barat. Pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui metode survai dan pengamatan langsung di lapangan. Pengamatan dilakukan terhadap kondisi air tanah setelah panen, tinggi pemotongan batang padi sisa panen, varietas, dan produksi lahan. Lokasi penelitian adalah beberapa daerah di Propinsi Sumatera Barat yang diambil secara acak. Data hasil pengamatan dianalisis sidik ragamnya yaitu one way anova dengan post test uji Duncan  pada taraf α = 0.05.  Hasil yang diperoleh pada penelitian ini yaitu waktu panen dan tinggi potongan batang padi sisa panen berpengaruh nyata terhadap jumlah anakan padi salibu. Kondisi air tanah pada saat panen berpengaruh pada produksi lahan. Kadar air yang optimum saat panen adalah kondisi lembab.
Membangun Kedaulatan Pangan Melalui Sekolah Lapang Agroekologi dengan Bertani Ramah Lingkungan Rahmi Awalina; Delvi Yanti; Syaifuddin Islami
Warta Pengabdian Andalas Vol 28 No 4 (2021)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat (LPPM) Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jwa.28.4.521-527.2021

Abstract

The concept of food sovereignty has officially become the goal and approach in national food development, as stated in Law no. 18 of 2012 concerning Food, food independence and food security. This activity aimed to provide an overview of the concept of food sovereignty that the community can carry out through the Agroecology Field School. The results from the field school show that food sovereignty was an essential strategy to complement food security as the ultimate goal of food development so that people can be independent without any dependence. Agroecology field school activities emphasize that food sovereignty relates to farmers' rights and access to all agricultural resources, including land, water, production facilities, technology, marketing, and consumption. This condition can be measured at various levels at the individual, household, community and regional levels. The agroecology field school activities were held in two locations: Lubuk Gadang Selatan and Sako Utara Pasia Talang, West Sumatra. The material presented at the extension activity includes Introduction to Agricultural Science, Agroecology, Basics of Agricultural Ecosystems, Food Sovereignty, Cultivation and Breeding Techniques, Plant Maintenance, Fundamentals of Soil Science, Irrigation Management, Plant Breeding and Post Harvest.
Membangun Wirausaha dan Kemandirian Anak-Anak Panti Asuhan Al Ihsan Melalui Pelatihan Pembuatan Selai Tomat Rahmi Awalina; Reni Koja; Nika Rahma Yanti; Wellyalina Wellyalina
Warta Pengabdian Andalas Vol 29 No 1 (2022)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat (LPPM) Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jwa.29.1.43-48.2022

Abstract

The ideal entrepreneur figure requires human qualities that can be competitive. Upgrading humans into functional beings is insufficient to provide intelligence, skills or technical expertise. The primary priority needed is to build a good mental attitude. The training activity for making tomato jam is an opportunity for the orphanage children to increase their knowledge with the hope that their abilities and knowledge will develop and be applied in their lives. The motivation given to the training activities made the children feel that being a child in an orphanage was not an obstacle to continuing to develop. This service activity aims to educate orphanage children with training in making tomato jam as a provision for entrepreneurship. This community service activity was carried out in two stages, including lectures for delivering material and demonstrations of making tomato jam by the service team for orphanage children. The participants of this activity were 25 girls from the Al Ihsan Orphanage in Padang, West Sumatra. Based on the results of the questionnaire that the training participants filled out after the activity, showed that the orphanage children understood every process and practice in making tomato jam well.
STRATEGI PENINGKATAN DAYA SAING PENGEMBANGAN AGRIBISNIS KOPI DI SUMATERA BARAT Rahmi Awalina; Ayendra Asmuti; Zuldadan Naspendra; Syaifuddin Islami
Jurnal Riset Perkebunan Vol. 3 No. 1 (2022): Jurnal Riset Perkebunan (JRP)
Publisher : Jurusan Budidaya Perkebunan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (317.516 KB) | DOI: 10.25077/jrp.3.1.18-26.2022

Abstract

Indonesia is the third largest coffee exporting country in the world after Vietnam. In the current era of trade globalization, market competition is increasingly more stringent, where each country opens up their markets to one another. Therefore, we need to analyze the competitiveness and development of Indonesian coffee agribusiness. Competitiveness The analysis is perfomed by analyzing the comparative advantage Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA) and competitive advantage with Diamond Porter's theoretical approach. The results show that Indonesian coffee, especially West Sumatra, has a competitive advantage, both comparative and competitive. The analysis used for produce an agribusiness development strategy is by SWOT analysis (Strengths, Weaknesses,Opportunities and Threats). The strategy resulting from the analysis is more focused on the technical aspect and cultivation of coffee commodity development.
Early Environmental Awareness Character Education Through Ecoenzyme-Making Training For Telkom Padang Elementary School Students Rahmi Awalina; Wellyalina Wellyalina; Fadli Hafizulhaq; Muhammad Iqbal Abdi Lubis
Andalasian International Journal of Social and Entrepreneurial Development Vol. 3 No. 02 (2023): Andalasian International Journal of Social and Entrepreneurial Development
Publisher : Institute of Research And Community Service, Andalas University / LPPM Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/aijsed.v3.i02.7-12.2023

Abstract

Environmental education needs to be introduced early on to students from elementary school so that it becomes a provision for every student to have a caring attitude in protecting the environment so that the earth remains sustainable. One of the efforts was carried out through ecoenzyme training for elementary school residents and training students in organic waste management to be useful again. This activity was carried out in the Telkom Padang Elementary School (SD), Padang City, West Sumatra. It consists of two stages of activity, namely counseling on organic waste management and the practice of making ecoenzyme. The implementation of these activities went well for three months from November 2022 to February 2023. The results of this activity were educating elementary school students about the importance of preserving the environment by processing waste into ecoenzymes and forming a positive character of loving the environment from an early age in students and residents school.