Mount Salak in West Java has important position as water catcment area of water, rain forest, and bank of biodiversity. To protect and conserve this area, Indonesian goverment through the Forest Department develop has Mount Salak to be National Park. Local people who live surrounding Mount Salak have local wisdoms about the benefit of plant and local perspective to manage biodiversity. For local people, Mount Salak is not only to their daily needs but also to save their history and legend about their ancestor. To collect data, we conducted indepth interview with local peple, observed and involved with their ritual local people of Mount Salak have ritual tradition and local belief about Mount Salak, that keep Mount Salak area protected and conserved sustainability.Keywords: Biodiversity, Gunung Salak, Kepercayaan Lokal, Konservasi, Upacara tradisi,
Studies on the therapeutic use of insects and insect products have been neglected compared to the use of other animals or plants.This study aims to determine the antibacterial and antioxidant potential of ants extracts. Preliminary study related to antibacterial and antioxidant screeningof 17 extracts of ant colonies that belongs to 8 species were performed by Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC)-Bioautography. Antioxidant activity was measured by DPPH free radical scavenging method. The antibacterial activity was done against three pathogenic bacteria, i.e Bacillus subtilis InaCC B-1, Staphylococcus aureus InaCC B-4 and Escherichia coli InaCC B-5 were performed by non-eluted TLC-autobiography assay. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and IC50 values of DPPH radical scavenging activity of active extracts were determined by microdilution in 96-well microplate. The results showed 6 extracts active against B.subtilis, 5 extracts active against S.aureus. The lowest MIC value was 512 µg/ ml. Ten extracts had the antioxidant activity with various IC50 values. The extracts of ants might be used as bioactive resources for antibacterial and antioxidant.
This research aims to see the land use change within ethnobotanical perspective. According to observation, interview, and Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) it was known that land in Enggano Island have been changed, even the sacred forest transformed, into kebun/garden and ladang/field. The changes of land use was related with demography, economic, and socio-cultural changes in society. Social change affected the species that were planted by the community. The species with a high economic value and a quick harvest and did not need extra treatment planted by local people to replace the previous plants. The other impact that arises is the exixtence of local initiative to restore areas that should functioned as a forest.
The ethnobotanical study of plants usage of people in the Wawonii island was conductedÃ‚Â in April until May 2006. The local knowledge of medicinal plants in Wawonii island isÃ‚Â a result from interaction people of Wawonii island. Environment, another ethnics andÃ‚Â globalization, it is as cultured processes. Data were collected on the uses of plants, andÃ‚Â more than 62 species of plants were recorded in local names. The data are discussed inÃ‚Â the contect of Wawonii island culture, tradition, and way of life. Furthurmore, plants usedÃ‚Â also show the nearness of emotional relationship between human and environment.Key words: Indigenous knowledge, medicinal plants, Wawonii ethnic, SoutheastSulawesi
Traditional ritual is a kind of expression of art and culture as well as a form of human appreciation of nature, gained through long term and perpetual processes. Traditional ritual thus can thus be regarded as traditional wisdom. Kawin Cai is one of the traditional rituals in Kuningan society derived from inter religious views. Through this ritual we could tell that the people respect their natural environment for sustainable living. Nonetheless, most of the symbolic practices in the ritual are no longer understood by the people, so that anthropological approach is needed to interpret them.
Wawonii ethnic represent the majority groups and ethnic origin dwelling Wawoniiisland, Southeast Sulawesi. In their traditional life, this ethnic has own mannersand customs for managing natural resources. Local knowledge researchÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s aboutenvironment ecosystem of owned Wawonii ethnic have been carried out since2003 to 2006. Several countryside of Wawolaa, Lansilowo, Lampeapi, Bobolioand Dompo-dompo Jaya have been visited during this study. At least 6 kindsenvironment sets have been identified, manely Ã¢â‚¬Å“kura eyaÃ¢â‚¬Â primary forest, Ã¢â‚¬Å“lalibataÃ¢â‚¬Â secondary forest, Ã¢â‚¬Å“anantaluÃ¢â‚¬Â brushes, Ã¢â‚¬Å“laro witaÃ¢â‚¬Â field, Ã¢â‚¬Å“laro leÃ¢â‚¬Â grasslandand Ã¢â‚¬Å“kapoÃ¢â‚¬Â village. Although there local knowledge have a lot of change, howeverit still remain their wisdom and become the guidance in their daily activities.
AbstrakPengetahuan dan pemanfaatan tumbuhan obat masyarakat lokal telah banyak di lakukan di Indonesia. Namun demikian pengetahuan dari masyarakat Tobelo Dalam, di Propinsi Maluku Utara, masih belum banyak diungkapkan. Oleh karena itu survei tumbuhan obat yang dilakukan di T.N. Aketajawe-Lolobata, Pulau Halmahera pada bulan Juni 2010 diharapkan dapat melengkapi data kekayaan, keanekaragaman dan pengetahuan jenis tumbuhan obat masyarakat Indonesia. Metode dilakukan melalui wawancara secara terbuka dan pengamatan langsung di lapangan. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa tidak kurang dari60 jenis termasuk 54 marga dan 35 suku tumbuhan dicatat dimanfaatkan untuk tumbuhan obat. Cara penggunaannya bisa dalam bentuk tunggal maupun ramuan. Beberapa diantaranya yang umum dimanfaatkan masyarakat Tobelo Dalam adalah momongere (Nervilia aragoana Gaud.), gosale (Syzygium malaccense (L.) Merr. & Perry), Begonia holosericea Teijsm.& Binn., yangere (Alstonia scholaris R.Br.) dan gogorati (Arcangelisia flava Merr.). Dua jenis terakhir termasuk tumbuhan langka dan Begonia holosericea, merupakan jenis endemik Maluku. Jenis-jenis yang dikategorikan langka dan endemik ini perlu segera mendapat perhatian untuk upaya konservasinya.Kata Kunci: Maluku Utara, Tobelo Dalam, tumbuhan obat.AbstractKnowledge and use of medicinal plants by local people quite a lot in Indonesia. However, knowledge of the community of Tobelo Dalam in North Maluku, is still rare. The survey to explore local plants which are used as medicinal plants was conducted in Aketajawe-Lolobata National Park, Halmahera Island, North Moluccas Province on June 2010. The methods used were included open-ended discussion and direct observation in the fields. As a result at least 60 plant species, belong to 54 genera and 35 familieswere recorded as medicinal plants. Those plants found were utilized as medicinal plants in a single plant or as mix compound, with other materials. Medicinal plants which are used by Tobelo Dalam communityare momongere (Nervilia aragoana Gaud.), gosale (Syzygium malaccense (L.) Merr. & Perry), Begonia holosericea Teijsm.& Binn., yangere (Alstonia scholaris R.Br.) and gogorati (Arcangelisia flava Merr.) The last two species included in endangered plants and Begonia holosericea is endemic plant of Moluccas. These endangered and endemic plants needs further actions such as conservation.Keywords : Medicinal plants, Tobelo Dalam Community, North Moluccas
ABSTRACTSeren Taun Ceremony at Cigugur, Kuningan District, West Jawa: TraditionalCeremonial For Environment Conservation. Human being couldnât be separatedfrom the environment, but in reality the damage of the land is precisely caused by humanbehavior. The reason of this is that people donât have good relationship with the surroundingenvironment. Following this logic, with participatory observation I have done it in February4 until 15th, 2004, the indigenous people with their tradition have their own way toconserve the land. They have a ritual tradition that can be used as a means of educationfor their adherent. Furthermore, ritual traditions also show the nearness of emotionalrelationship between human and the environment.Keywords: environtment, ritual tradition, Cigugur Kuningan
The biodiversity used by people as a form of interaction between humans and the environment. The biodiversity isa footstep of the interaction among humans. Tepung Tawar is the concept of biodiversity utilization by localcommunality. It is only the interaction between biodiversity and user but beyond biodiversity utilization namelythe interaction among the local. Through ethnographic studies, it is known that the use of plants by Meratuspeople have long history. In this case, tepung tawar is the field in which humans perform another interpretation ofreality. Tepung tawar also is agreement between the two traditions together to save the practices commonlyperformed by the public, religiously and traditionality.Keywords: biodiversity, custom, meratus, mutual interaction, religion
This research was aimed to discover the traditional knowledge of Enggano people when using plants as concoction after giving birth. Data was collected through in depth interview, open-ended, and literature studies. The results showed that Enggano people used specific plants as concoction in childbirth process. There were two types of the concoction. The first was used after giving birth to 40 days, jarak pagar or tiarak (Jatropha curcas L.). The second was used after 40 days to 60 days or after recovery, such as dukung anak (Phyllanthus niruri Linn.), kumis kucing (Orthosiphon stamineus Benth.), temu lawak (Curcuma xanthoriza Roxb.), alang-alang (Imperata cylindrica (L) P. Beauv.), banana (Musa sp.), kencur (Kaempferia galanga L.), turmeric (Curcuma longa L.), and ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe). Results from our literature studies confirmed the efficacy of plants used by Enggano people is scientifically acceptable. Further study on phytochemical aspects of these medicial plants is therefore required to be carried out.