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The Influence of Family Empowerment on the Health Status of Low Birth Weight Infant in Jakarta Yeni Rustina; Astuti Yuni Nursasi; Tri Budiati; Elfi Syahreni; Poppy Fitriyani
Makara Journal of Health Research Vol 18, No 1 (2014): April
Publisher : Universitas Indonesia

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Abstract

Low birth weight (LBW) infant is susceptible to health problems since the infant born, during in the hospital and continue after discharge. The purpose of this study was to identify the influence of family empowerment on the health status of LBW infant. Action research using qualitative and quantitative method was used in this study. Qualitative approach was used to identify the experience of mothers of LBW infants as a data based for intervention development, and quantitative approach was used to evaluate the influence of family empowerment program on the health status of LBW infants. There were 7 participants, 20 mothers and their infants in the intervention group and 27 in the control group involved in this study. The study showed that family empowerment was effective in improving the immunization status and follow- up care attendance, reducing the frequency of acute care visits, increasing mothers' knowledge and skill in providing care. In conclusion, mothers need information on providing a proper care for LBW, and family empowerment can significantly improve maternal knowledge and health status of LBW infants.
The Correlation between Providing Complementary Food and Breast-Feeding with the Growth and Development of Children under the Age of Five Years Old (6-24 months) Dwi Cahya Rahmadiyah; Junaiti Sahar; Poppy Fitriyani
Makara Journal of Health Research Vol 19, No 3 (2015): December
Publisher : Universitas Indonesia

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Abstract

A toddler is a group on the stage of human development that is vulnerable to the risk affecting their health specifically about their growth and development. Providing the appropriate nutrition to toddlers during this risky age of 6 to 24 months is crucial in promoting a proper growth and development. The proper nourishment for toddlers at the age of 6 to 24 months includes breast-feeding and complimentary solid foods. The objective of this study was to determine the correlation between the specific characteristics of a family or a household and the provision of complementary feeding about the growth and development of children (6-24 months) in the village of Curug Cimanggis, Depok. This study used a descriptive correlational, cross-sectional approach using a sample that consisted of 102 children aged 6-24 months, which were collected using a proportional cluster sampling. Based on the Chi Square test, the researchers found no correlation between the provision of complementary feeding with a child’s growth and development. This is because breast-feeding as the source of nourishment is still the major factor that directly influences the growth and development of any toddler between the age of 6-24 months. However, by applying better financial management in conjunction with the ability to modify the practices of how families feed their toddlers, a family may raise and nurture their toddlers so they may grow according to the proper stages of development. The results of this study are expected to serve as an input in improving toddlers’ health care concerning their growth and development by promoting the importance of providing the appropriate complimentary food by the proper guidelines while continuing to breast feed toddlers between the age of 6 to 24 months.
Penerapan Symbolic Modeling melalui Pendekatan Asuhan Keperawatan Keluarga dalam Menurunkan Kejadian Cedera pada Anak Usia Sekolah Ressa Andriyani Utami; Agus Setiawan; Poppy Fitriyani
Jurnal Kesehatan Holistic Vol 2 No 1 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Holistic Volume 2/Nomor 1/Januari 2018
Publisher : Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan RS Husada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33377/jkh.v2i1.23

Abstract

Abstract Injuries are global health threat because 7% of deaths are caused by injuries. The results of basic health research (2013) showed that the incidence of injuries that occurred at home as much as 36.5%. Behavioral factors that include knowledge, attitudes and skills of family and school-age children related to injury prevention affect the incidence of injury in school-aged children. Injury prevention strategy is done with the Symbol Model using video animation involving family. This study aims to provide an overview of the application of Model Sandi (Simbol Andi) in the prevention of injury to the family. The design of this study is a case study. The number of research samples are 10 families taken through purposive sampling technique. This research was conducted for 6 months. The results of the study showed that there was a change of knowledge, attitudes and skill of the family as well as the increasing of family independence level. Intervention Model Sandi is expected to be one of the approaches of family nursing interventions in solving the problem of risk of injury in school-aged children.
Uji Coba Model Pendeteksian Terhadap Penganiayaan Usia Lanjut di Keluarga Etty Rekawati; Widyatuti Widyatuti; Poppy Fitriyani
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 11, No 1 (2007): March
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v11i1.181

Abstract

AbstrakTujuan penelitian ini adalah tersusunnya model pendeteksian terhadap penganiayaan usia lanjut di keluarga. Desain yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah riset operasional, yang pelaksanaannya pada tahap I desain yang digunakan adalah eksploratif, pada tahap II menggunakan desain konfirmatif dan tahap III pengambilan data untuk mengidentifikasi masalah penganiayaan usia lanjut di keluarga. Sampel yang digunakan 11 petugas kesehatan dan 44 usia lanjut yang tinggal di keluarga yang dipilih secara acak di Kecamatan X di wilayah Jakarta Timur. Berdasarkan analisis data diperoleh hasil: instrumen yang digunakan pada penelitian ini didapatkan nilai kevalidan sebesar 0,6900 – 0,7378 yang merupakan nilai lebih dari nilai r tabel (r = 0,288), ini menyatakan bahwa hubungan antar pertanyaan dengan nilai keseluruhan instrument cukup baik, dengan realibilitas (menggunakan α-cronbah) sebesar 0,7275. Masalah penganiayaan yang ditemukan adalah sebesar 18,18% usia lanjut di keluarga mengalami penganiayaan fisik, 97,73% penganiayaan emosi, 13,64% penganiayaan seksual, 31,82% penganiayaan ekonomi/finansial, 61,36% pengabaian dan 29,55% mengalami penelantaran. Usia lanjut yang sering mengalami penganiayaan yaitu yang berumur 60 – 75 tahun, berjenis kelamin perempuan, bersuku bangsa Jawa, Agama Islam, tingkat pendidikan SD dan sudah berstatus janda/duda. Model ini dapat digunakan pendeteksian terhadap penganiayaan usia lanjut secara dini sehingga bagi usia lanjut yang sudah terdeteksi dianiaya oleh keluarga dapat dilakukan penanganan secepatnya. AbstractThe purpose of the study was to arrange detection model of elderly abuse in family. This study used operational research that first stage use eksploratif, second stage use confirmative design, and third stage was data collection to identify elderly abuse in family. Sample that was taken are 11 health staff and 44 elderlies who live in family and randomly chosen. The area of this study was in X district, East Jakarta. The result of this study indicated that validity value is 0,6900-0,7378 (r table = 0,288) with reability (use -cronbah) is 0,7275. This study showed that 18,18% of elderly have physical abuse, 97,73% have emotional abuse, 13,64% have sexual abuse, 31,82% have economic/ financial abuse, 61,36% neglect and 29,55% abandon. The elderly that tend to be abused ranges about 60-75 years old, women, Javanese, Islamic, level of education background is primary school, widow/widower. This study can be used to detect elderly abuse as early as possible to improve elderly welfare in community.
PERILAKU MENONTON TELEVISI DAN PERKEMBANGAN ANAK USIA SEKOLAH MENURUT PERSEPSI IBU Fitriyani, Poppy; Mardhani, Vera
Jurnal Keperawatan Vol 8 No 1 (2016): Maret
Publisher : LPPM STIKES KENDAL

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (18.358 KB) | DOI: 10.32583/keperawatan.8.1.2016.14-19

Abstract

ABSTRAK Pendahuluan: Perilaku menonton televisi dapat mempengaruhi perkembangan anak usia sekolah. Penelitian ini dilakukan bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi hubungan perilaku menonton televisi dengan perkembangan anak usia sekolah menurut persepsi ibu. Metode: Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kuantitatif dengan deskriptif korelatif yang menggunakan kuisioner dalam pengumpulan data dengan jumlah 81 responden dengan karakterisitik responden, yaitu usia, pendidikan dan pekerjaan. Hasil: Tidak terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara perilaku menonton televisi dengan perkembangan anak usia sekolah menurut perepsi ibu, namun orang tua tetap harus waspada dan membimbing saat anak  menonton televisi (?= 0,176; ? = 0,05). Diskusi: Saran untuk pelayanan keperawatan komunitas, perlu memberikan lebih banyak edukasi kesehatan untuk orang tua mengenai perkembangan anak usia sekolah dan perilaku menonton televisi yang harus dikontrol. Pemberian edukasi kesehatan dapat meningkatkan pengetahuan dan mempengaruhi perilaku anak usia sekolah untuk mengontrol perilaku menonton televisi yang lebih efektif.   Kata kunci:Menonton, perkembangan, perilaku, televisi.   ABSTRACT Introduction:Television viewing behavior can affect the development ofschool-age children. This study wascarried outaiming to identify there lation ship of behavior to watch television with the development of school-age childrenas perceived by the mother. Methods: This research is descriptive quantitative correlative witht heuse of questionnaires in the collection of data by the number of 81 respondents with the characteristics of the respondents, namely age, education and occupation. Results: There was nosignificant association between television viewing behavior with the development of school-age children according to mother?s perception, but parents should remain vigilant and guide when children watch television (? =0.176; ?=0.05). Discussion: Suggestions for community nursing services, need toprovide more health education for parents about child development and behavior of school age watch television to be controlled. The provision of health education to increase knowledge and influence the behavior of school-age children to control the television viewing behavioris more effective. Keywords: Behavior,  development, television, watch.
TINGKAT PENGETAHUAN, SIKAP, DAN PERILAKU KELUARGA DENGAN ANAK BALITA YANG MENDERITA ISPA sari, Ayu Puspita; Fitriyani, Poppy
Jurnal Keperawatan Vol 7 No 2 (2015): September
Publisher : LPPM STIKES KENDAL

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (18.358 KB) | DOI: 10.32583/keperawatan.7.2.2015.15-20

Abstract

ABSTRAK Pendahuluan: ISPA termasuk salah satu masalah besar yang terjadi di negara berkembang seperti Indonesia.Tingkat pengetahuan, sikap, dan perilaku  ibu mengenai kesehatan merupakan faktor yang mempengaruhi kejadian ISPA pada anggota keluarga khususnya balita. Metode: Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui gambaran tingkat pengetahuan, sikap, dan perilaku keluarga dengan anak balita yang menderita ISPA di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Pancoran Mas Depok. Penelitian ini melibatkan 92 ibu dengan anak balita ISPA sebagai responden yang diambil dengan menggunakan teknik purposive sampling. Hasil: Hasil penelitian menunjukkan sebagian besar keluarga memiliki pengetahuan yang tinggi terhadap ISPA (63%), sikap yang negatif terhadap ISPA (54,3%), dan perilaku keluarga dalam merawat balita dengan ISPA yang tergolong baik (51,1%). Diskusi: Penelitian ini dapat dijadikan data dasar untuk lebih meningkatkan promosi kesehatan tentang ISPA kepada keluarga.   Kata Kunci : Balita, ISPA, keluarga, pengetahuan, perilaku,sikap   ABSTRACT Introduction:Acute Respiratory Infections (ARI) is one of the major problems that occur in developing countries such as Indonesia. Level of knowledge, attitudes, and behavior of mothers about health is a factor affecting the incidence of ARI in family members, especially toddlers.Methods:This study purposed to describe knowledge level, attitude, and behavior?s family with children who had suffer Acute Respiratory Infections (ARI) in working area of Puskesmas Pancoran Mas Depok. This study involved 92 mothers with children who had suffer ARI as respondents who were taken by using purposive sampling technique.Results:Results showed that most families have a high knowledge of the ARI (63%), negative attitudes towards the ARI (54.3%), and the behavior of the family in caring for children with ARI are classified as good behaviour (51.1%). Discussion:This research can be used as a basic data to enhance health promotions about ARI to family.   Keywords : Children, Acute Respiratory Infections (ARI), family, knowledge, behavior, attitude
REMAJA BISA MENCEGAH GIZI LEBIH DENGAN MENINGKATKAN SELF-EFFICACY DAN KONSUMSI SAYUR-BUAH (Adolescents can prevent overweight with increasing self-efficacy and vegetable-fruit consumption) Widianto, Fauzan; Mulyono, Sigit; Fitriyani, Poppy
IJNP (Indonesian Journal of Nursing Practices) Vol 1, No 2 (2017): Indonesian Journal of Nursing Practices
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18196/ijnp.v1i2.3434

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Abstrak Prevalensi gizi lebih pada remaja setiap tahunnya mengalami peningkatan. Gizi lebih merupakan suatu masalah yang kompleks yang dipengaruhi oleh banyak faktor, salah satunya kurangnya konsumsi sayuran dan buah. kurangnya konsumsi sayuran dan buah di asumsikan tidak adanya keyakinan (self-efficacy) pada remaja untuk mengonsumsi sayuran dan buah karena beberapa hal. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui hubungan self-efficacy dengan konsumsi sayuran-buah dan kejadian gizi lebih. Metode yang digunakan adalah crossectional. Jumlah sampel yang digunakan adalah 156 remaja kelas 7 dan 8. Tekhnik pengambilan sample yang digunakan adalah stritified propotional random sampling. kuesioner yang digunakan adalah Self-efficacy for fruit, vegetable and water intake dan food recall. Penelitian ini menunjukan bahwa self-efficacy berhubungan dengan konsumsi sayuran dan buah dan kejadian gizi lebih (OR=9,467, 2,093). Hasil regersi logistik menunjukan preferensi merupakan variabel confounding pada konsumsi sayuran dan buah. sedangkan jenis kelamin, genetik dan konsumsi sayuran dan buah merupakan variabel confounding dari gizi lebih.Abstract The prevalence of overweight in adolescents each year has increased. Overweight is a complex issue that is influenced by many factors, one of the cautions is the lack of consumption vegetables and fruit. Lack of consumption vegetables and fruit in the adolescents is assumed to be absence of confidence (self-efficacy) in adolescents to eat vegetables and fruit for several reasons. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship self-efficacy with vegetable-fruit consumption and the incidence of overweight. The method of research used way cross sectional. A total samples of 156 teenagers grade 7 and 8 in Junior high schools was involved in this study. Using stratified proportional random sampling. The questionnaires used are Self-efficacy for Fruit, Vegetable and Water Intake and Food Recall.  This study showed that self-efficacy associated with the consumption of vegetables and fruit and the incidence of overwight (OR=9,467, 2,093).. The results of regresion logistic showed  preferences had confounding variable in the consumption of vegetables and fruit. whereas gender, genetics and consumption of vegetables and fruit is a confounding variable of nutrition
The Elderly’s Coping to the Decrease of Musculosceletal Function at Kelurahan Cipinang Muara, Kecamatan Jatinegara, East Jakarta. Astuti Yuni Nursasi; Poppy Fitriyani
Makara Journal of Health Research Vol 6, No 2 (2002): December
Publisher : Universitas Indonesia

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Abstract

The elderly’s coping to the decrease of musculosceletal function at Kelurahan Cipinang Muara, Kecamatan Jatinegara, East Jakarta. The elderly naturally experiences the decrease of musculosceletal function as consequences of physical changes process. Frequently, these changes cause some disturbances like limited mobilization and their productivity. For some circumstances, it causes stressfull moment for them. These stressors motivate the elderly to adjust to the situation, which is named coping. The purpose of this study is to identify the coping strategy which is used by the elderly to cope with the decrese of musculosceletal function. This study conducted at RW 05, RW 08, and RW 11 at Kelurahan Cipinang Muara, Kecamatan Jatinegara, East Jakarta. The participants’ age range between 60-89 years old. Mostly are women (65.2%). Their marital status varied from married (52.17%), widows (41.30%), and widowers (6.52%). The questionnaire was developed using the ways of coping instrument by Folkman and Lazarus. These coping consist of confrontative, seeking social support, planful problem solving, self control, distancing, positive reappraisal, accepting responsibility, and escape/avoidance. The result shows that the participants used all those types of coping.The age does not determine the coping that they have been used. Most participants use adaptive coping, while the mal adaptive coping is used by 30.43% for self control; 13.04% for distancing; and 63.04% for escape/avoidance. In contrast, gender demonsrates the significant differences. Elderly female put a lot efforts to cope with their limited mobilization. They use confrontative(47.83%) and seeking social support (36.96%). Elderly male only use confrontative (21.7%) and seeking social support (36.96%).
Mother's Motivation as a Factor Related to Exclusive Breastfeeding Ghefira Dania; Poppy Fitriyani
Jurnal Ilmu Keperawatan Jiwa Vol. 3 No. 4 (2020): November 2020
Publisher : Persatuan Perawat Nasional Indonesia (PPNI) Jawa Tengah

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32584/jikj.v3i4.822

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The Exposure to The Promotion of Dairy Substitute for Breast Milk and Maternal Motivation As a Factor for Exclusive Breastfeeding. The importance of exclusive breastfeeding has promulgated in health programs, laws, and regulations by Indonesia's Government. However, the rate of exclusive breastfeeding in Indonesia is still low, especially in DKI Jakarta. This research conducted to determine the correlation between maternal motivation to breastfeed exclusively in DKI Jakarta. This type of research is quantitative with a cross-sectional approach. Retrieval data performed on 100 mothers who have babies aged between 7 to 24 months in DKI Jakarta using the consecutive sampling method by filling out an online questionnaire. From this research, it obtained that there was there is a significant correlation between maternal motivation with exclusive breastfeeding (p0,000>α0,005) with OR=6,7667 (95%CI:2,702-16,947) where the high motivation in giving breast milk 6.77 times more potential to be able to give her baby exclusive breastfeeding. 
Gambaran Tingkat Depresi Lansia yang Melakukan Senam Di Panti Sosial Tresna Werdha di Jakarta Sartika Irsa Putri; Poppy Fitriyani
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 19, No 2 (2016): July
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v19i2.464

Abstract

Depresi merupakan masalah psikososial yang sering terjadi pada lansia akibat ketidakmampuan adaptasi masa tua. Aktivitas fisik dapat mencegah timbulnya masalah psikososial pada lansia. Desain penelitian ini menggunakan deskriptif cross sectional dengan teknik consecutive sampling yang bertujuan untuk melihat gambaran tingkat depresi lansia yang melakukan senam. Pengumpulan data menggunakan instrumen Geriatric Depression Scale.   Hasil penelitian terhadap 74 lansia yang mengikuti senam didapatkan mayoritas 65% lansia yang aktif senam tidak mengalami depresi sedangkan 58,8% lansia yang tidak aktif senam lebih banyak mengalami depresi ringan. Oleh karena itu, perawat dan petugas panti perlu memotivasi lansia untuk melakukan senam lansia secara rutin sehingga dapat menurunkan kejadian depresi di panti. Abstract Description of Elderly Depression Level Who Perform Physical  Exercise in Panti Sosial Tresna Werdha, Jakarta. Depression is a psychological problem that often occurs in the elderly due to inability to adapt with aging process. However, depression can be prevented by undertaking physical exercise activity. The aim of this study was to describe the level of depression in elderly who perform physical exercise. The design of this study was descriptive cross sectional study with purposive sampling technique. Data were collected using instruments Geriatric Depression Scale and observation form of physical exercise. The result showed that 74 elderly who undertook physical exercise 65% did not experience depression, while 58,8% who did not perform exercise experienced mild depression. Nurses and social workers should motivate elderly to get into physical exercise in order to reduce the incidence of depression in aged-care institution. Keywords: depression, elderly, Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS), physical exercise