cover
Contact Name
Rike Syahniar
Contact Email
ri.syahniar@umj.ac.id
Phone
+6281113803109
Journal Mail Official
mmjfkk@umj.ac.id
Editorial Address
Faculty of Medicine and Health Universitas Muhammadiyah Jakarta Jl. KH. Ahmad Dahlan, Cirendeu, Ciputat Tangerang Selatan 15419 Indonesia
Location
Kota adm. jakarta selatan,
Dki jakarta
INDONESIA
Muhammadiyah Medical Journal
ISSN : -     EISSN : 2721317X     DOI : 10.24853
Core Subject : Health, Science,
Muhammadiyah Medical Journal (MMJ) Faculty of Medicine and Health is an international journal based on scientific research. The journal is published 2 (two) times in 1 year, March and September. Muhammadiyah Medical Journal Faculty of Medicine and Health invites the lecturers, practitioners and observers as well as S1/S2/S3 students to submit their scientific articles about the progress of science in the field of Medicine. Article will be reviewed with blind-peer review process. The result of review will be announce in Open Journal System.
Articles 25 Documents
THE IMPLEMENTATION OF COMPLIMENTARY FOOD ON STUNTED CHILDREN Rr Dewi Ngaisyah; Selma Avianty
Muhammadiyah Medical Journal Vol 1, No 1 (2020): Muhammadiyah Medical Journal (MMJ)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine and Health Universitas Muhammadiyah Jakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (566.219 KB) | DOI: 10.24853/mmj.1.1.1-9

Abstract

Background: The age of 6-24 months old is a transitional period from breast milk to solid food. It is a critical period where children could easily get malnutrition and infection. The stunting prevalence in Kanigoro Village has surpassed the healthy limit (>20%) and as such, WHO categorized it as a public health nutrition problem. This study figured out the determinant factors of the implementation of complimentary food for breast milk on 6-24 months old stunted children. Methods: This study collected the 5 (five) respondents via purposive sampling methods. The criteria used were the respondents: (1) being 6-24 months old, (2) having the height-for-age z-score value < -2 SD, (3) living in the operational area of the Public Health Center of Saptosari Gunungkidul, and (4) committing to a consensual agreement to be the subjects of the study by submitting a legal informed consent letters. The data of the study were gathered via in-depth interview. The results were then compared to International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) responsive feeding indicators. Results: All of the respondents failed to do the responsive feeding properly and thoroughly. They failed to spoon feed the children, or to help the children eat by themselves, to be patient and to persuade their children to eat, to provide food in safe environment, to make feeding time as also learning time, and to care for the children. The response feeding predisposition factors are the limited time and the respondents’ perception to their children. The enabling factors are the availability and accessibility of resources. The empowering factors are the motivation from family members. Conclusion: It is recommended to involve the results of this study in basic policies formulations of many public health centers. It is expected to help children get better food intake and to optimize their growth. 
MUHAMMADIYAH PRIMARY SCHOOL SANITATION DESCRIPTION IN SAWANGAN DEPOK 2018 Ernyasih Ernyasih; Triana Srisantyorini
Muhammadiyah Medical Journal Vol 1, No 1 (2020): Muhammadiyah Medical Journal (MMJ)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine and Health Universitas Muhammadiyah Jakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (638.289 KB) | DOI: 10.24853/mmj.1.1.10-18

Abstract

Background: Children are the next generation of the nation, so they need a healthy environment in order to work optimally and they spend more time at school so school sanitation is needed. School sanitation is an important element in efforts to improve the quality of education. Increased access to sanitation in schools can have a significant impact on improving the quality of students' health at school. Only around 11.43% of schools from all levels in Indonesia have separate and functioning latrines. Whereas an average of 52.49% of schools have inappropriate toilets, are not separate, or do not function. Muhammadiyah Primary School Sawangan, is one of the places of education where environmental health conditions are quite alarming and have a high risk of diarrhea. The purpose of this research is to know the description of school environmental sanitation in Muhammadiyah primary School Sawangan based on the Decree of the Minister of Health RI Number 1429/Menkes/SK/XII/2006. Methods: The research method used is descriptive qualitative approach. This research was conducted with an observation approach and in-depth interviews related to school sanitation facilities and informants were the Principal and janitor in November 2018. Conclusion: Based on the Decree of the Minister of Health RI No. 1429/Menkes/SK/XII/2006, clean water facilities at primary School Muhammadiyah, Sawangan are categorized as good, toilet facilities are not appropriate, SPAL facilities are appropriate, waste disposal facilities are not appropriate.
EXTRAPULMONARY TUBERCULOSIS PATIENT'S PROFILE IN RSUD CIANJUR 2017 – 2019 Rizqi Primasane Hariyani; Fita Ferdiana; Ferial Hadipoetro
Muhammadiyah Medical Journal Vol 1, No 1 (2020): Muhammadiyah Medical Journal (MMJ)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine and Health Universitas Muhammadiyah Jakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (808.95 KB) | DOI: 10.24853/mmj.1.1.19-25

Abstract

Background: Tuberculosis is one of the 10 causes of death in the world1. Indonesia represents the third country for tuberculosis incidence. Based on the WHO data, the number of extra-pulmonary tuberculosis (EPT) in 2017 is around 896,000 cases, that was 14% of 6.4 million tuberculosis patients2. The incidence of EPT in Indonesia, in 2012, was 17,420 cases from total of 331,424 cases3. So far there was no profile data about EPT in RSUD Cianjur even number of EPT who has been diagnosed by histopathological examination was done. Objective of this study was to determine EPT patient’s profile in RSUD Cianjur 2017 – 2018. Methods: Design of study was cross sectional, 183 samples obtained from the anatomic pathology laboratory data and the medical record for the period January 2017 - May 2019. Results: The results of the study show that the number of EPT patients at RSUD Cianjur in 2017, 2018 and 2019 is as many as 60, 71, and 52 patients. There were 10 patients <15 years of age, 148 patients between 15-50 years of age, and 25 patients >50 years of age. There were 84 male patients and 99 female patients. According to the location, 63 cases occurred in lymph nodes, 67 in the digestive system, 20 in the musculoskeletal system, 25 in the reproductive system, 6 in the thorax, 1 in the thyroid and 1 in the bone marrow. Conclusion: The proportion of patients with EPT in RSUD Cianjur in 2017 – 2019 was 6% of all tuberculosis patients. The percentage of the patients <15 years of age was 5.5%, between 15-50 years of age was 80.87%, and >50 years of age was 13.66%. Of these patients 46% were male and 54% were female. The infected location in the digestive system was 36.61%, lymph nodes were 34.43%, reproductive system was 13.66%, musculoskeletal system was 10.93%, thorax was 3.28%, thyroid was 0.55% and bone marrow was 0.55%.
CLINICAL CHARACTERISTIC OF ADULT PATIENTS WITH DENGUE HEMORRHAGIC FEVER AT PROF. DR. SULIANTI SAROSO SUNTER INFECTIOUS HOSPITAL 2018 Ghina Rasyidah; Adinta Anandani
Muhammadiyah Medical Journal Vol 1, No 1 (2020): Muhammadiyah Medical Journal (MMJ)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine and Health Universitas Muhammadiyah Jakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (534.283 KB) | DOI: 10.24853/mmj.1.1.26-32

Abstract

Background: Dengue is a viral disease transmitted by mosquito to humans and becomes a problem for the health of Indonesian people. Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever occurs due to several epidemiological factors. The purpose of this study is to determine the clinical characteristics of adult patients with Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever at Prof. dr. Sulianti Saroso Sunter Infectious Hospital 2018. Method: This Study was an observational descriptive study by taking medical record samples in 49 adult patients Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever in 2018. Results: From the 49 cases of Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever, the highest fender category was male (65,3%), occurred in the 18-25 year age category (38,8%), and the average patient worked as a Private Employee (55,1%). Most patients were hospitalized for the less than 7 days (83,7%). Clinical manifestations were fever (95,9%), nausea (85,7%) and headache (71,4%). Physical examination found was fever (100%) and hepatomegaly (12,2%). Laboratory tests showed normal hematocrit values (71,4%), thrombocytopenia values (87,8%), normal leukocyte values (49%), positive IgG serology tests (83,7%), IgM serology tests (71,4%), Positive IgM and IgG Serology test (69,3%), and NS1 Serology test (2%). Management provided is the administration of intravenous infus fluid drops (100%), PPI (87,8%), H2 Antagonist (4,1%), and Antipiretik (83,7%). The outcome patient is recovered and no complications were found. Conclusion: Dengue Hemorrhagic fever occurs in the age range of 18-25 years with dominant clinical characteristic of fever and thrombocytopenia. And, the most given treatment is Intravena Fluid therapy. 
THE EFFECT OF SINGLE- AND REPEATED- EXCESSIVE SWIMMING EXERCISE ON KIDNEY HISTOPATHOLOGY OF MALE RATS WISTAR STRAIN (Rattus norvegicus) Wenni Juniarni Tripani; Muhammad In’am Ilmiawan; Willy Handoko
Muhammadiyah Medical Journal Vol 1, No 1 (2020): Muhammadiyah Medical Journal (MMJ)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine and Health Universitas Muhammadiyah Jakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (778.278 KB) | DOI: 10.24853/mmj.1.1.33-42

Abstract

Background: Physical exercise aims to improve or maintain physical fitness. However, excessive physical exercise may cause increase of oxidative stress which leads to cellular injury, including in the proximal tubules of kidney. This research aims to find out the effect of single- and repeated- excessive swimming exercise to the kidney histopathology of male wistar rats (Rattus norvegicus). Methods: This research was an experimental study with complete random and post test only control group design. Twenty seven male wistar rats were divided into three treatment groups: control group, single- excessive swimming exercise group (45 minutes for one day), and repeated- excessive swimming exercise group (45 minutes/day for seven days). In the end of the treatment, the kidney of the rats were taken to be analyzed by using hematoxylin-eosin stain. The mean of proximal tubules injury of kidneys were counted by two observers using blinded method. Data were analyzed by using one way anova test. Result: The analysis showed there was a significant difference in the mean percentage of proximal tubules injury between control group and single swimming group as well as the repeated swimming group (Anova p=0,000), also there was significant difference between the treatment groups (p=0,020). The highest average of proximal tubules injury was in the single swimming group. Conclusion: Single- and repeated- excessive swimming exercise causes the proximal tubules injury of kidney.
Protective Effect of Combination Commercial Black Seed Oil (Nigella sativa) and Honey Against Cisplatin-Induced Hepatotoxicity in Rats Andri Muhrim Siddiq; Muhammad In&#039;am Ilmiawan; Mitra Handini
Muhammadiyah Medical Journal Vol 1, No 2 (2020): Muhammadiyah Medical Journal (MMJ)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine and Health Universitas Muhammadiyah Jakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (568.669 KB) | DOI: 10.24853/mmj.1.2.43-48

Abstract

Background: The chemotherapeutic use of cisplatin (CP) is restricted because of its hepatotoxicity induced by oxidative stress. Malondialdehyde (MDA) is a secondary product of lipid peroxidation as a biomarker of oxidative stress. Individual administration of black seed oil (BSO) or honey (H) demonstrated hepatoprotective effect in rats. Interaction of both substances when administrated as combination can be evaluated using combination index (CI) to quantitatively depict synergism (CI<1), additive (CI=1) and antagonism effect (CI>1). Objective: to know the combination effect of BSO and honey on rat liver tissue given CP exposure. Methods: This study used 30 rats were divided into 10 groups. Normal group (N); Negative control group (NC); P1-P4 groups were administerated BSO (1 and 2 mL/kg) and honey (3.7 and 7.4 mL/kg); P5-P8 groups were combination of BSO and H. P1-P8 groups were given BSO and honey orally for 21 days. On the 18th day, NC and P1-P8 groups were given CP 8 mg/kg intraperitoneally, while the N group was given NaCl 0.9% 1 mL/kg intraperitoneally. Result: Malondialdehyde (MDA) levels were found to be lower in P1-P8 groups compared to negative control group and P6 and P7 groups have levels equivalent to MDA levels of normal control group (p > 0.05). Conclusion: Combination of BSO and honey provides a protective effect on cisplatin-induced rat liver tissue damage indicated by reduced MDA levels, but all combination group showed antagonism effect.
Comparison of Tryglicerides Levels and Total Cholesterol in Ischemic Stroke and Haemorrhagic Stroke Patients Hijriyah Putri Tarmizi Hasibuan; Isra Thristy
Muhammadiyah Medical Journal Vol 1, No 2 (2020): Muhammadiyah Medical Journal (MMJ)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine and Health Universitas Muhammadiyah Jakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (121.655 KB) | DOI: 10.24853/mmj.1.2.49-56

Abstract

Background: Stroke is the second largest cause of death in the world. Stroke is classified based on its etiology as ischemic stroke and hemorrhagic stroke. Most large-scale studies on the risk of total cholesterol and triglyceride levels in stroke are not distinguished between ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes. Purposes: The purpose of this study was to determine the comparison of triglyceride and total cholesterol levels in ischemic stroke patients with hemorrhagic stroke. Method: Descriptive analytic study using medical records of patients at Medan Haji General Hospital in 2018-2019. The number of ischemic stroke patients is 28 patients and hemorrhagic stroke 28 patients with a total sample of 56 patients. Results: In ischemic stroke patients, the average value of triglyceride levels was 144.75 mg/dL and the average value of total cholesterol was 250.93 mg/dL. In hemorrhagic stroke patients, the average value of triglyceride levels is 126.93 mg/dL and the average total cholesterol level is 174.25 mg/dL. Conclusion: From this study we found a significant difference in total cholesterol between ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes. No significant difference was found in triglycerides between ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes.
Characteristics of Pathological Fluor Albus on Outpatient in Permata Serdang Mother and Child Hospital Year 2019 Hans Eldith Monintja; Adinta Anandani
Muhammadiyah Medical Journal Vol 1, No 2 (2020): Muhammadiyah Medical Journal (MMJ)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine and Health Universitas Muhammadiyah Jakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (675.669 KB) | DOI: 10.24853/mmj.1.2.57-62

Abstract

Background: Based on Indonesia Ministry of Health in 2010, about 75% of woman ever had a vaginal discharge at least once in a lifetime and 45% of woman had vaginal discharge twice or more. The most common risk factor that causing pathological fluor albus is genital organ hygiene. Purposes: The objective of this study is to determine the characteristics of pathological fluor albus on outpatient in RSIA Permata Serdang in 2019. Methods: This was an observational study based on medical record samples in 74 patients with pathological fluor albus between January 2019 and December 2019. Results: From 74 patients with pathological fluor albus, the highest age range occurred 25-29 years age category (24.3%), with the most marital status was married (97.3%), and the most dominant occupation was housewife (51.4%) and mostly living in Serang (52.7%). Clinical manifestations were itching and odor (28.4%), itching (27%), itching with pain and odor (14.9%), odor (10.8%). The secret color is clear (86.5%) followed by white-coloured secret (13.5%). Physical examination have been done with speculum examination (77%). Management provided for the patients are metronidazole (86.5%) and fluconazole (13.5%). Conclusion: Pathological fluor albus at RSIA Permata Serdang occurs often aged 25-29 years in a married woman with the common characteristic complaint was itching with odor.
Potential of Sweet Basil (Ocimum basilicum) as a Hepatoprotector Agent for Liver Injury Related to Drugs Dede Renovaldi; Abdul Khalik Adam
Muhammadiyah Medical Journal Vol 1, No 2 (2020): Muhammadiyah Medical Journal (MMJ)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine and Health Universitas Muhammadiyah Jakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (773.047 KB) | DOI: 10.24853/mmj.1.2.63-68

Abstract

The use of drugs is one of the most common causes of liver injury, because the liver is the main organ that metabolizes drugs. Little is currently done if there is a liver injury due to the hepatotoxic side effects of a drug. Herbal plants have active natural compounds that have pharmacological effects so they are widely used as alternative treatments. Sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum) is one of the most cultivated plants in Asia. Studies on the use of Ocimum basilicum in medicine have been carried out, one of which is the hepatoprotector effect. Studies indicate that Ocimum basilicum is rich in high antioxidant content (flavonoids, saponins, tannins, sterols, triterpenes, and rosmaniric acid) capable of providing hepatoprotector effects by helping the regeneration process of hepatocyte cells that are damaged by hepatotoxic agents and significantly decreasing liver damage biomarkers. The purpose of this review is to explain the potential of Ocimum basilicum as a hepatoprotective agent for liver injury associated with drugs. The conclusion of this review is Ocimum basilicum has high potential in its utilization as a hepatoprotector against liver injury mainly related to the consumption of drugs that have hepatotoxic effects.
The Effect of Olive Oil (Extra Virgine Olive Oil) and Moderate-Intensity Exercise On The Level of High Density Lipoprotein (HDL) in Male Wistar Strain Rat (Rattus novergicus L) Which Was Given High Fatty Diet Ikhsan Syakban Anwari; Hendra Sutysna
Muhammadiyah Medical Journal Vol 1, No 2 (2020): Muhammadiyah Medical Journal (MMJ)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine and Health Universitas Muhammadiyah Jakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (121.699 KB) | DOI: 10.24853/mmj.1.2.69-76

Abstract

Background: Dyslipidemia is a condition where there is an abnormal lipid profile in the blood. Modern patterns and lifestyles such as consuming fast food cause excessive fat consumption which can increase the possibility of contracting blood vessel and heart disease. High levels of High Density Lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol can protect the body against heart disease and stroke, but not many drugs can increase HDL cholesterol levels. Olive oil is an oil that contains 77% Mono Unsaturated Fatty Acid (MUFA) which can reduce LDL cholesterol and increase HDL cholesterol. Objective: To determine the effect of olive oil (Extra Virgine Olive Oil-EVOO) and moderate intensity exercise on high density lipoprotein (HDL) levels in male Wistar strain (Rattus novergicus L) rats fed a high-fat diet. Method: a true experimental research design with a pretest and posttest design with a control group (Pretest and Posttest with Control Group) with simple randomization. Results: There was an increase in HDL levels in the control group (42.50 to 44.50 mg / dl), the olive oil treatment group was (50.83 to 53.33) mg / dL, the moderate intensity exercise treatment group (46.67 to 52 , 00 mg / dl), and the moderate-intensity exercise and olive oil treatment groups (47.50 to 58.67 mg / dl). Conclusion: Extra Virgine Olive Oil, moderate intensity exercise, and Extra Virgine Olive Oil with moderate intensity exercise influence the increase of HDL levels in the blood of male Wistar strain rats fed a high-fatty diet.

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