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INDONESIA
Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia
Published by Universitas Sriwijaya
ISSN : 23032960     EISSN : -     DOI : -
Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia merupakan jurnal ilmiah yang menerbitkan artikel hasil penelitian atau ulasan (literature review) tentang Budidaya Perairan (aquaculture). Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia diterbitkan dua kali setahun yaitu pada bulan Juni dan Desember.
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Articles 170 Documents
PEMANFAATAN EKSTRAK DAUN SEMBUNG (Blumea balsamifera L) UNTUK PENGOBATAN PENYAKIT MOTIL AEROMONAS SEPTICAEMIA PADA IKAN LELE Anis Zubaidah; Masitoh Masitoh; Hany Handajani
Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia Vol 9, No 1 (2021): JURNAL AKUAKULTUR RAWA INDONESIA
Publisher : Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36706/jari.v9i1.12080

Abstract

Nga champora is one of the plants than can be antibacterial agent to treat Motile Aeromonas Septicemia (MAS) disease. Nga champora contain more than a hundred active compounds, but most of what is done for research is about flavonoids, alkaloids, steroids, tannin, glicosides and atsiri, which have bioactivity effects both in vivo and in vitro. The purpose of this study is to determine the effectiveness of MAS disease treatment using nga champora. The experimental method was used in this research using with five treatments, thai is: A (500 ppm), B (600 ppm), C (700 ppm), and Kontrol treatment. The results showed that the higher has the higher resistance to A. hydrophillawith a value of 5.7 mm (500 ppm) to 8.3 mm (700 ppm), and a life speed of up to 60% (700 ppm). Then it can be concluded that sembung leaf extract is effectively used as a cure for MAS disease Keywords: alternatif treatment, bacterial disease,  immune respon, maseration
POTENSI ANTIOKSIDAN EKSTRAK METANOL DIATOM Amphora sp. Ach. Khumaidi; Astik Umiyah; Abdul Muqsith; Abdul Wafi
Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia Vol 9, No 1 (2021): JURNAL AKUAKULTUR RAWA INDONESIA
Publisher : Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36706/jari.v9i1.13687

Abstract

Diatoms are a type of microalgae with a quite strong potential in the health sector as antioxidants, anticancer, and antivirals. But until now in Indonesia is still very rarely carried out research on the antioxidant potential of diatoms. The purpose of this study was to determine the antioxidant potential of Amphora sp. extracted with methanol. The method used in the extraction process is maceration, with a ratio of sample and methanol 1: 3 (300 g: 900 ml). The evaporation process compacted maserate resulting from maceration, then analyzed the total chlorophyll content, total flavonoids, and total phenols. Amphora sp. extraction results showed good potential with 7.08 ppm chlorophyll content, total flavonoids 6,299 ppm, and total phenol 7,085 ppm, and IC50 DPPH values of 3332.5 ppm. The IC50 value of the extract of Amphora sp. still classified as very weak antioxidant activity, but in general the extract of Amphora sp. has other bioactive potentials such as chlorophyll, flavonoids, and total phenol which can be used as material for further studies for the development of natural medicinal ingredients from Amphora sp.Key words: antioxidant, diatome, DPPH, macaration, methanol.
KAJIAN PEMBERIAN PAKAN BERBAHAN BAKU LOKAL DENGAN KANDUNGAN PROTEIN YANG BERBEDA TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN IKAN GURAME (Osphronemus goramy Lac.) Aditya Kusuma Nugroho; Siti Hudaidah; Limin Santoso
Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia Vol 9, No 1 (2021): JURNAL AKUAKULTUR RAWA INDONESIA
Publisher : Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36706/jari.v9i1.14257

Abstract

Gourami fish (Osphronemus goramy Lac.) is a freshwater fish commodity that has high economic value because its very popular with all people. But the feed commonly used by gourami fish cultivators is factory-made feed, which is a commercial feed that usually costs quite a lot of money due to the material for making commercial feed, some of which still import from abroad. Therefore it is necessary to find a solution to reduce the cost of cultivation production by replacing commercial feed with homemade feed made from local raw materials. The purpose of this study was to examine the use of local raw materials formulated to make feed suitable for the growth of gourami fish (Osphronemus goramy Lac.) And to analyze the production costs of goramy feed made from local raw materials. This study consisted of 4 treatments and 3 replications using the completely randomized design (CRD) method. The treatments consisted of treatment A (30% protein), treatment B (33% protein), treatment C (36% protein), and treatment D (commercial). The results of this study indicate that the treatment of feed A, B, and C produced the same growth as commercial feed, and treatment of feed A resulted in the lowest feed production costs compared to other treatments. Key word: feed, growth, local raw materials, Oshphronemus goramy
LAMA WAKTU PENCEGAHAN SERANGAN Aeromonas hydrophilla PADA IKAN GABUS (Channa striata) YANG DIBERI PAKAN MENGANDUNG JINTAN HITAM (Nigella sativa) Ahmad Fahrinaldi Aryadinata; Ade Dwi Sasanti; Yulisman Yulisman
Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia Vol 9, No 1 (2021): JURNAL AKUAKULTUR RAWA INDONESIA
Publisher : Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36706/jari.v9i1.11177

Abstract

Black cumin (Nigela sativa) is immunostimulant that is able to improve the mechanism of cellular and humoral immunity response of fish. The aimed of this study was to determine the effect of the different injection times of Aeromonas hydrophilla after feeding with black cumin 3.5% for 14 days on snakehead on the prevalence, total leukocyte, hematocrit, survival rate and absolute growth of snakehead. All the test fish were fed with 3.5% black cumin for 14 days. Fish were fed three times a day at satiation. The treatment P1: injected A. hydrophilla at 10 days after feeding, P2: injected A. hydrophilla at 15 days after feeding and P3: injected with A. hydrophilla 20 days after feeding. The parameters observed were prevalence, total leukocyte, hematocrit, survival rate and absolute growth of snakehead. The results showed the treatment of the difference in injection time significantly effect on the prevalence but did not significantly effect on the survival rate and absolute growth of snakehead. Feeding containing 3.5% black cumin for 14 days can protect snakehead for 20 days after feeding. Prevalence of fish, total leukocyte, hematocrit, survival rate, length growth and weight growth fish in treatment P3, were 26.67%, 3.36 x 104sel.mm-3, 38%, 53%, 1.24 cm and 2.07 g, respectively. Keywords: A. hydrophilla, Black cumin, Snakehead.
MATURASI IKAN LELE MUTIARA Clarias gariepinus BETINA DENGAN ESTRADIOL-17? MELALUI PAKAN Risa Febriyanti; Deny Sapto Chondro Utomo; Munti Sarida
Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia Vol 9, No 1 (2021): JURNAL AKUAKULTUR RAWA INDONESIA
Publisher : Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36706/jari.v9i1.13963

Abstract

Some problems in catfish culture are the spawning circle, female catfish begin to mature gonad at 10 months, and after 1,5 months can spawn again. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the process of accelerating maturation female mutiara catfish with the addition Estradiol-17? by oral treatments. The study was design used 3 treatments : 0 ml/kg feed, 0,4 ml/kg feed, 0,6 ml/kg feed with three individual replications. The result showed that the addition of Estradiol-17? significantly affected on reproductive performance : Gonado Somatic Index (GSI) 102,3% and eggs diameter 16,4% in female mutiara catfish compared with 0 ml/kg feed. Key words : Clarias gariepinus, Eggs Diameter, Estradiol-17ß, Gonadosomatic Index (GSI), Reproductive Performance.
PENGARUH JENIS BAKTERI PROBIOTIK TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN IKAN LELE MUTIARA YANG DIPELIHARA MENGGUNAKAN SISTEM BIOFLOK Harits Noodin; Ita Apriani
Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia Vol 9, No 1 (2021): JURNAL AKUAKULTUR RAWA INDONESIA
Publisher : Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36706/jari.v9i1.14256

Abstract

The main problems faced by fish farmers are waste, uneaten feed and feces.  Which can reduce water quality and have a significant impact on fish growth and survival. This study aims to determine the effect of giving various types of probiotics on the growth rate and viability of Mutiara catfish raised using the biofloc system. We used Lactobacillus sp., Bacillus subtilis, and Nitrobacter as probiotic bacteria. This study used a completely randomized design experimental method with 4 treatments and 3 replications, namely K = probiotic less/control, P1= Lactobacillus probiotic, P2= Bacillus subtilis probiotic, P3= Nitrobacter probiotic. Catfish are reared for 30 days, feeding 3 times a day with FR 5% of body biomass. The parameters observed were absolute length growth, survival, Feed Conversion Ratio (FCR) and Specific Growth Rate (SGR) which were analyzed using ANOVA (P <0.05) and Duncan's test to see the differences between treatments. The results showed that the bacteria probiotic treatment had no significant effect on FCR and fish survival, but had a Lactobacillus sp significant effect on growth in absolute length (3.96 ± 0.06 cm) and the growth rate of daily specific weight (5,45±0,18 %/day).  To increase the length and weight growth of catfish fry, probiotic bacteria of the type Lactobacillus sp. on cultivation media.Key words :biofloc, growth rate, lactobacillus, mutiara catfish, probiotics
POTENSI TANAMAN HERBAL SEBAGAI ANTIMIKROBIAL PADA IKAN LELE SANGKURIANG (Clarias sp.) Nora Simatupang; Dwi Anggraini
Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia Vol 1, No 2 (2013): JURNAL AKUAKULTUR RAWA INDONESIA
Publisher : Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (158.072 KB) | DOI: 10.36706/jari.v1i2.1730

Abstract

ABSTRACT Motile aeromonad septicaemia (MAS) is caused by the bacterium Aeromonas hydrophila. The use of plant (natural materials) from herbal plants such as garlic, lime, turmeric and mengkudu can be as an alternative way to inhibit the activity of A. hydrophila by their active substances which have potency as an antibacterial and immunostimulant. The aim of this study was to analyze the potential of using a mixture of herbal plants to control of A. hydrophila in catfish sangkuriang (Clarias sp.). There were split in two kind of doses namely, preventive garlic;lemon 0,625% and turmeric;mengkudu 1,5%. The preventive treatment was given for two weeks before challenging test. The curative treatment was performed on one week after challenging test. Challenging test was carried out by intramuscularly injecting of 0,1 mL A. hydrophila (105cfu/ml) into the fish. The results of in vitro at doses of 5% of each extract showed antimicrobial. In the in vivo test, extracts of garlic and lime showed antimicrobial at a doses of 0.625%, while turmeric and mengkudu extracts effective inhibited in a doses of 1,5%. Key word: Herbal plants, antimicrobial, catfish sangkuriang 
Pemanfaatan Karbon Aktif Kulit Pisang Kepok (Musa Acuminate L.) Pada Sistem Filtrasi Budidaya Ikan Nila (Oreochormis Niloticus) Ari Prastiawan; Dade Jubaedah; Mochamad Syaifudin
Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia Vol 7, No 1 (2019): JURNAL AKUAKULTUR RAWA INDONESIA
Publisher : Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (286.441 KB) | DOI: 10.36706/jari.v7i1.9022

Abstract

Banana peel production increases every year, but the utilization of banana peels is not optimal yet. Banana peel contains cellulose which can be used to absorb pollutants including heavy metals. The purpose of this research was to determine the best thickness of the activated carbon of banana peel in filtration system of tilapia (Oreochromis  niloticus) culture. This research used the Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with 4 treatments and 3 replications. Treatment were differences thickness of activated carbon of banana peel i.e (P1) control, (P2) thickness of 5 cm (P3) thickness of 10 cm, (P4) thickness of 15 cm. The results showed that the most efficient treatment was P3 in 30 days cultivation with pH 7.0, temperature 28.6 oC, dissolved oxygen 4.10 mgL-1, ammonia 0.09 mgL-1, turbidity 42.65 mgL-1, Zn 0.03 mgL-1, Fe 0.29 mgL-1, 86% of survival rate, 2.53 cm of absolute length growth, 3.33 gram of absolute weight growth and 72.92% of feed efficiency.
MASKULINISASI IKAN CUPANG (Betta sp.) MENGGUNAKAN MADU ALAMI MELALUI METODE PERENDAMAN DENGAN KONSENTRASI BERBEDA Muhamad Arasyidin Lubis; Muslim .; Mirna Fitrani
Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia Vol 5, No 1 (2017): JURNAL AKUAKULTUR RAWA INDONESIA
Publisher : Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (225.447 KB) | DOI: 10.36706/jari.v5i1.5822

Abstract

ABSTRACT The use of natural honey in the process of Betta fish masculinization are expected to reduce the concentration of estrogen hormone and increase the testosterone. The purpose of this research is to determine the effect of natural honey to the percentage of the male betta fish by masculinization. This study has been conducted at the Aquaculture Laboratory, Faculty of Agriculture, Sriwijaya University. This study use a completely randomized design with 4 treatments and 3 replications. The treatment in this research was betta fish larvae aged 5 days that submersed on natural honey media with different concentration for 12 hours. The treatment were the addition of natural honey as much as 4 ml/L (P1), 5 ml/L (P2), 6 ml/L (P3), 7 ml/L (P4) and without natural honey addition as control (P0). Parameters observed consist of percentage of betta fish male, survival rate and quality of water. The result of this research shows that the addition of natural honey with difference concentration has significant effect to male betta fish percentage. Treatment P2 with concentration 5 ml/L is the best result, it produced 77.33% of male betta fish after immersion for 12 hours. Keywords : Betta fish (Betta sp.), Masculinization, Natural honey
PERTUMBUHAN DAN KELANGSUNGAN HIDUP IKAN PATIN (Pangasius SP.) DI SISTEM RESIRKULASI DENGAN PADAT TEBAR BERBEDA Annisa Septimesy; Dade Jubaedah; Ade Dwi Sasanti
Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia Vol 4, No 1 (2016): JURNAL AKUAKULTUR RAWA INDONESIA
Publisher : Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (218.935 KB) | DOI: 10.36706/jari.v4i1.4417

Abstract

ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to observe the effect of stocking density on the growth and survival of catfish (Pangasius sp.) 3 ± 0,5 cm in a recirculation system with water flow of 0.1 L.sec-. This study was conducted in May - June 2016 in the Basic Laboratory of Fisheries, University of Sriwijaya. The research method used a completely randomized design with three treatments and three replications. The treatment were stocking density of fish 20 ind.L-1 (P1),30 ind.L-1 (P2),and 40 ind.L-1 (P3). Parameters observed were fish growth, survival rate and water quality. The results showed that the different stocking density on a recirculation system with water flow 0.1 L.sec-1 did not significantly different to the survival rate. In this research P1 treatment with stocking density 20 fish.L-1was the best treatment, with absolute weight growth 1.03 ± 0.43 g, absolute length growth 1.86 ± 0.50 cm, and survival rate 73.34 ± 4.30 %. Keywords : Stocking density, Recirculation system, Pangasius sp.  

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