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JEJAK
ISSN : 1979715X     EISSN : 24605123     DOI : -
Core Subject : Economy,
JEJAK: Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan p-ISSN 1979-715X | e-ISSN 2460-5123 is a scientific journal that contains the results of research and theoretical studies in the field of economic development, especially on matters of economic policy in Indonesia was published by the Department of Economic Development, Faculty of Economics, Semarang State University and Indonesian Economics Bachelor Society.
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Articles 811 Documents
THE QUALITY OF GROWTH: PERAN TEKNOLOGI DAN INVESTASI HUMAN CAPITAL SEBAGAI PEMACU PERTUMBUHAN EKONOMI BERKUALITAS Prasetyo, P Eko
JEJAK Vol 1, No 1 (2008): Jejak
Publisher : JEJAK

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

In the process of developing economy in a whole and continuously, the macro economy stability of acountry is an essential prerequisite for producing a quality economic growth. For achieving the qualityeconomic growth, there should be a continuous capital human investment and the use of continuousscience and technology (IPTEK). The process of developing economy will be able to transform thesociety condition from vicious circle to virtuous circle condition if the growth of economy is qualified..Keywords: Quality of growth; human capital, technology and virtuous circle.
Linkage of Credit on BI Rate, Funds Rate, Inflation and Government Spending on Capital SIPAHUTAR, MANGASA AUGUSTINUS
JEJAK: Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Vol 10, No 1 (2017): March 2017
Publisher : Semarang State University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/jejak.v10i1.6106

Abstract

Linkage of credit on BI rate, funds rate, inflation, and government spending on capital provides evidence from Indonesia. This paper found advance explanation about banks credit as monetary transmission channel and its role on Indonesian economy. We used credit depth as a ratio of banks credit to GDP nominal, to explain the role of credit in Indonesian economy. We developed a VAR model to measure the response of credit to BI rate, funds rate and inflation rate, and OLS method to find out how banks credit response to government spending on capital. This paper revealed bi-direction causality between credit and BI rate, credit and funds rate, and credit and inflation. There is trade-off between credit and BI rate, credit and funds rate, and credit and inflation, but government spending on capital promotes credit depth. We found that Indonesian banking is bank view, allocated their credit based on their performance, not merely on the monetary policy determined by central bank. For bank view perspectives, we analyzed the link between LDR as an indicator of credit channel mechanism to NPLs and CAR. We found that there is no significant effect of CAR to LDR, but has a strong negatively relationship between NPLs to LDR. This evidence indicates that commercial banks in Indonesia allocated their credit do not related to their capital but merely to the quality of their credit portfolio.Keywords : banks credit, inflation, BI rate, funds rate, government spending on capital
The Phenomenon of Migrant Communities Food Security and Their Participation Purnomo, Didit
JEJAK: Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Vol 10, No 1 (2017): March 2017
Publisher : Semarang State University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/jejak.v10i1.6857

Abstract

The study aimed to analyze and describe a strategy of food security achievement through land use at an area of migrant community. It was located in Wonogiri regency(an area with high migration), Central Java, Indonesia. It employed a mixed-method: quantitative and qualitative approach. Thetwo approaches were used in the survey. The data collections used focus group discussions, in-depth interviews with key informants and participant observations. The results of the study formulated two strategies: land use strength and farmer institutional empowerment. The strategy of land use strength was divided into two scenarios. Scenario 1 referred to a maximal land use through essential food plant and agricultural extension (PPL). Scenario 2 referred to a non-maximal land use through diversification of food plant with a jajar legowo technique. The strategy of farmer institutional empowerment consisted of two scenarios. Scenario 1 referred to a high farmer institutional empowerment trough accompaniment. Scenario 2 referred to a low farmer institutional empowerment through accompaniment with standardization and development.
EFISIENSI TEKNIS USAHATANI MELON PADA MUSIM HUJAN DI KABUPATEN KULON PROGO Darwanto, Dwidjono Hadi; Yekti, Ananti; Jamhari, Jamhari; Hartono, Slamet
JEJAK: Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Vol 10, No 1 (2017): March 2017
Publisher : Semarang State University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/jejak.v10i1.6859

Abstract

Melon merupakan salah satu komoditas hortikultura bernilai ekonomi tinggi yang banyak dibudidayakan di kabupaten Kulon Progo. Sifat produk pertanian yang tergantung pada musim menyebabkan harga produk pertanian berfluktuasi setiap saat. Pada musim hujan harga produk pertanian cenderung lebih mahal, sehingga budidaya melon pada musim hujan berpeluang menghasilkan keuntungan yang tinggi. Untuk dapat meraih keuntungan yang tinggi suatu usahatani harus dilakukan secara efisien. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan tujuan: 1) mengetahui faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi produksi melon pada musim hujan 2) mengukur tingkat efisiensi teknis usahatani melon pada musim hujan dan 3) mengidentifikasi faktor-faktor penyebab terjadinya inefisiensi teknis. Pengumpulan data primer dilakukan pada bulan AprilJuni 2014. Lokasi penelitian ditentukan secara multistage cluster sampling. 45 sampel petani yang menanam melon pada musim hujan diperoleh dengan teknik quota sampling. Efisiensi teknis diukur menggunakan Cobb-Douglas stochastic frontier yang diestimasi menggunakan metode Maximum Likelihood Estimation. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa 1) luas lahan, jumlah benih dan jumlah pupuk K berpengaruh nyata meningkatkan produksi melon pada musim hujan sedangkan penambahan pupuk N akan menurunkan produksi 2) indeks efisiensi teknis petani melon berkisar antara 0,40-0,99 dengan nilai rata-rata 0,77 dan 3) pengalaman berpengaruh nyata meningkatkan efisiensi teknis petani melon pada musim hujan.
STRATEGI PENGEMBANGAN DIVERSIFIKASI PANGAN LOKAL DI KALIMANTAN BARAT Imelda, Imelda; Kusrini, Novira; Hidayat, Rakhmad
JEJAK: Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Vol 10, No 1 (2017): March 2017
Publisher : Semarang State University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/jejak.v10i1.6860

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to develop strategies that can be applied in the development of local food diversification in West Kalimantan. The data used are primary data and secondary data. Variables examined included internal factors (strengths and weaknesses) and external factors (opportunities and threats) in the development of local food diversification in West Kalimantan. Descriptive data were analyzed qualitatively to describe the pattern of food consumption in West Kalimantan and continued with a SWOT analysis to develop strategies for the development of local food diversification in West Kalimantan. The analysis showed that the strategy for the development of local food diversification in West Kalimantan is SO strategy (Strengths - Opportunities), namely: 1) increase the synergy between the government and the micro, small and medium enterprises for the development of food products locally, 2) the use of communications and systems market information in improving the marketing of local food products on micro, small and medium enterprises, and 3) utilization of unutilized agricultural land to improve the quality and quantity of local food products.Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menyusun strategi yang bisa diterapkan dalam upaya pengembangan diversifikasi pangan lokal di Kalimantan Barat. Data yang digunakan adalah data primer dan data sekunder. Variabel yang diteliti meliputi faktor internal (kekuatan dan kelemahan) serta faktor eksternal (peluang dan ancaman) dalam pengembangan diversifikasi pangan lokal di Kalimantan Barat. Analisis data dilakukan secara deskriptif kualitatif untuk menggambarkan pola konsumsi pangan masyarakat Kalimantan Barat dan dilanjutkan dengan analisis SWOT untuk melakukan penyusunan strategi pengembangan diversifikasi pangan lokal di Kalimantan Barat. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa strategi yang bisa diterapkan untuk pengembangan diversifikasi pangan lokal di Kalimantan Barat yaitu strategi SO (Strengths Opportunities), yaitu peningkatan sinergi antara pemerintah dengan pelaku sektor UMKM (Usaha Mikro, Kecil dan Menengah) untuk pengembangan produk pangan lokal, pemanfaatan komunikasi dan sistem informasi pasar dalam meningkatkan pemasaran hasil produk pangan lokal sektor UMKM (Usaha Mikro, Kecil dan Menengah), serta pemanfaatan lahan pertanian yang belum termanfaatkan untuk meningkatkan kualitas dan kuantitas produk pangan lokal.
PERSEPSI DAN KONTRIBUSI HUTAN RAKYAT TERHADAP KESEJAHTERAAN PETANI DI LERENG GUNUNGAPI MERAPI Setiaji, Setiaji; Sadono, Ronggo; Hartono, Hartono; Machfoedz, Mochammad Maksum
JEJAK: Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Vol 10, No 1 (2017): March 2017
Publisher : Semarang State University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/jejak.v10i1.6861

Abstract

Pressure on forest resources causes overexploitation, so that forest resources cant provide optimal benefits. High demands for timber have created opportunity for the development of community forests in Indonesia. The opportunity has been used relatively well by community forest farmers, such as in Cangkringan Sub-District, Sleman Regency. This study was aimed to learn the economic condition of community forest farmers by calculating income balance, expense, welfare, and perception of community forest farmer family. The data of this study was collected using purposive sampling method, with a total of 60 respondents. Secondary data was collected from related government agencies. The research result showed that most community forests useagroforestry system. Sengon, which is the main community of community forest, serves community savings, which is knownas tebang butuh system. 51% respondents agreed to the perception of the importance of community forest.Comprehensive calculation produced positive value, which is bigger than 100% for total percentage of income on expense. Using Sajogyos line of poverty, over (three fourth) of community forest farmer respondents were above the line of poverty or were able to meet their minimum primary needs.Tekanan terhadap sumberdaya hutan menyebabkan terjadinya eksploitasi yang berlebihan sehingga sumberdaya hutan tidak mampu lagi memberikan manfaat yang optimal, permintaan kayu yang tinggi telah menciptakan peluang bagi berkembangnya hutan rakyat di Indonesia. Peluang tersebut telah dimanfaatkan dengan relatif baik oleh para petani hutan rakyat seperti yang terdapat di Kecamatan Cangkringan, Kabupaten Sleman. Penelitian ini bertujuan mempelajari kondisi ekonomi para petani hutan rakyat melalui perhitungan atas neraca pendapatan, pengeluaran, kesejahteraan, dan persepsi keluarga petani hutan rakyat. Data penelitian dikumpulkan dengan metode purposive sampling, dengan jumlah responden 60 orang, data sekunder bersumber dari instansi pemerintah yang terkait. Dari hasil penelitian diketahui bahwa sebagian besar hutan rakyat menggunakan sistem agroforestry, tanaman Sengon yang merupakan komoditi utama hutan rakyat berfungsi sebagai tabungan masyarakat, yang dikenal dengan sistem tebang butuh. Sebanyak 51% responeden memberikan jawaban setuju terhadap persepsi pentingnya hutan rakyat. Perhitungan menyeluruh yang dilakukan didapatkan nilai positif yaitu nilai yang lebih besar dari 100% untuk persentase total pendapatan terhadap pengeluaran. Dengan menggunakan garis kemiskinan Sajogyo, lebih dari (tiga perempat) responden petani hutan rakyat berada di atas garis kemiskinan atau mampu memenuhi kebutuhan primer minimumnya.
FAKTOR DETERMINAN SUKU BUNGA DEPOSITO BERJANGKA TIGA BULAN BANK PERSERO Kurnawan, Tedy; Prajanti, Sucihatiningsih Dian Wisika
JEJAK: Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Vol 10, No 1 (2017): March 2017
Publisher : Semarang State University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/jejak.v10i1.6863

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh Capital Adequacy Ratio (CAR), Biaya Operasional Pendapatan Operasional (BOPO), Inflasi, Nilai tukar dan Jumlah Uang beredar (M1) terhadap suku bunga deposito berjangka tiga bulan Bank Persero di Indonesia 2007-2015. Penelitian ini menggunakan analisis model koreksi kesalahan. Hasil yang diperoleh yaitu CAR memiliki pengaruh signifikan pada jangka panjang dan tidak mempunyai pengaruh pada jangka pendek, BOPO memiliki pengaruh signifikan pada jangka panjang dan jangka pendek, Inflasi memiliki pengaruh signifikan pada jangka panjang dan tidak memiliki pengaruh pada jangka pendek, nilai tukar memiliki pengaruh pada jangka pendek dan jangka panjang, jumlah uang beredar tidak memiliki pengaruh pada jangka pendek dan jangka panjang terhadap suku bunga deposito berjangka 3 bulan bank persero.
FUNGSI PRODUKSI USAHA PERIKANAN JARING CUMI DI KECAMATAN JUWANA KABUPATEN PATI Damayanti, Herna Octivia; Susilowati, Indah; Boesono, Herry
JEJAK: Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Vol 10, No 1 (2017): March 2017
Publisher : Semarang State University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/jejak.v10i1.6864

Abstract

Squid net is one of alternatives to replace trawl net in Pati regency. The purposes of the research are 1) to determine the influence factors, 2) to analyze the return to scale, 3) to analyze cost and return.The research location in Juwana Subdistrict particularly Bakaran Kulon, Dukutalit, Bajomulyo and Bendar Villages. The research conducted on October 2015 to June 2016. The number of final samples was 36, while the formulation of management strategies used 15 samples by snowball sampling. Data analysis techniques used 1) Cobb Douglas production function, 2) revenue-cost ratio analysis. The results of the research are 1) significant inputs for production factor are long trip, Solar fuel, the number of crew and lights. 2) the return to scale of squid net bussiness in Juwana subdistrict Pati regency is -0.231 means decreasing to scale. 3) the R/C ratio of scenario II more profitable for squid net crews than scenario I.
Linkage of Credit on BI Rate, Funds Rate, Inflation and Government Spending on Capital Sipahutar, Mangasa Augustinus; Oktaviani, Rina; Siregar, Hermanto; Juanda, Bambang
JEJAK: Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Vol 10, No 1 (2017): March 2017
Publisher : Semarang State University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/jejak.v10i1.9123

Abstract

Linkage of credit on BI rate, funds rate, inflation, and government spending on capital provides evidence from Indonesia.  This paper found advance explanation about banks credit as monetary transmission channel and its role on Indonesian economy.  We used credit depth as a ratio of banks credit to GDP nominal, to explain the role of credit in Indonesian economy.  We developed a VAR model to measure the response of credit to BI rate, funds rate and inflation rate, and OLS method to find out how banks credit response to government spending on capital. This paper revealed bi-direction causality between credit and BI rate, credit and funds rate, and credit and inflation.  There is trade-off between credit and BI rate, credit and funds rate, and credit and inflation, but government spending on capital promotes credit depth.  We found that Indonesian banking is bank view, allocated their credit based on their performance, not merely on the monetary policy determined by central bank.  For bank view perspectives, we analyzed the link between LDR as an indicator of credit channel mechanism to NPLs and CAR.  We found that there is no significant effect of CAR to LDR, but has a strong negatively relationship between NPLs to LDR.  This evidence indicates that commercial banks in Indonesia allocated their credit do not related to their capital but merely to the quality of their credit portfolio.
Linkage of Credit on BI Rate, Funds Rate, Inflation and Government Spending on Capital Sipahutar, Mangasa Augustinus; Oktaviani, Rina; Siregar, Hermanto; Juanda, Bambang
JEJAK: Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Vol 10, No 1 (2017): March 2017
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/jejak.v10i1.9123

Abstract

Linkage of credit on BI rate, funds rate, inflation, and government spending on capital provides evidence from Indonesia.  This paper found advance explanation about banks credit as monetary transmission channel and its role on Indonesian economy.  We used credit depth as a ratio of banks credit to GDP nominal, to explain the role of credit in Indonesian economy.  We developed a VAR model to measure the response of credit to BI rate, funds rate and inflation rate, and OLS method to find out how banks credit response to government spending on capital. This paper revealed bi-direction causality between credit and BI rate, credit and funds rate, and credit and inflation.  There is trade-off between credit and BI rate, credit and funds rate, and credit and inflation, but government spending on capital promotes credit depth.  We found that Indonesian banking is bank view, allocated their credit based on their performance, not merely on the monetary policy determined by central bank.  For bank view perspectives, we analyzed the link between LDR as an indicator of credit channel mechanism to NPLs and CAR.  We found that there is no significant effect of CAR to LDR, but has a strong negatively relationship between NPLs to LDR.  This evidence indicates that commercial banks in Indonesia allocated their credit do not related to their capital but merely to the quality of their credit portfolio.

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