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INFORMASI SPASIAL SEBARAN DAN ANALISIS KEBUTUHAN ALAT DAN MESIN PERTANIAN PRA PANEN PADI DI PROVINSI SUMATERA BARAT Agus Hermansyah; Santosa Santosa; Renny Eka Putri
Jurnal Teknologi Pertanian Andalas Vol 26, No 1 (2022)
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jtpa.26.1.115-123.2022

Abstract

Pendataan terkait sebaran alat dan mesin pertanian di lapangan menjadi hal penting guna merancang pengembangan mekanisasi pertanian.Pemanfaatan alat dan mesin pertanian di Indonesia belum optimal disebabkan oleh distribusi alat dan mesin pertanian belum merata sesuai dengan kebutuhan. Beberapa penelitian melaporkan bahwa sebaran alat dan mesin pertanian di beberapa wilayah di Provinsi Sumatera barat belum merata. Masukan aspek spasial terhadap pendataan alat dan mesin pertanian sangat membantu pengambil kebijakan dalam mengambil suatu keputusan dalam rangka pengembangan mekanisasi pertanian. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah memberikan gambaran secara komprehensif melalui bantuan Sistem Informasi Geografis (SIG) terhadap sebaran alat dan mesin pertanian khususnya traktor roda 2, pompa air, traktor roda 4 dan rice transplanter, melakukan analisa kebutuhan dan tingkat kejenuhan alat dan mesin pertanian serta memberikan rekomendasi terhadap program bantuan Pemerintah dalam hal pengalokasian bantuan ke kabupaten / kota di Provinsi Sumatera Barat. Penelitian dilakukan dengan cara pengambilan data sekunder ke berbagai instansi terkait kemudian melakukan pengolahan dan analisis data dengan bantuan beberapa software seperti Microsoft Excel, Arcgis, Google Earth dan Adobe Photoshop. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa rata-rata tingkat kejenuhan traktor roda 2, pompa air, traktor roda 4 dan rice transplanter dari 19 kabupaten / kota di Provinsi Sumatera Barat adalah sebesar 24,02%. Mengacu kepada luas baku lahan sawah, indeks pertanaman padi dan tingkat kejenuhan alat dan mesin pertanian direkomendasikan 8 Kabupaten yaitu Kabupaten Padang Pariaman, Kabupaten Agam, Kabupaten Lima Puluh Kota, Kabupaten Pasaman Barat, Kabupaten Pesisir Selatan, Kabupaten Solok, Kabupaten Solok Selatan dan Kabupaten Tanah Datar menjadi prioritas utama untuk menerima program bantuan alat dan mesin pertanian dari Pemerintah Pusat maupun Daerah.
Artikel Review: Parameter Operasional Pirolisis Biomassa Sri Aulia Novita; Santosa Santosa; Nofialdi Nofialdi; Andasuryani Andasuryani; Ahmad Fudholi
Agroteknika Vol 4 No 1 (2021): Juni 2021
Publisher : Green Engineering Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32530/agroteknika.v4i1.105

Abstract

Artikel ini menjelaskan definisi pirolisis dan pentingnya proses pirolisis dalam konversi termokimia biomassa menjadi bahan bakar. Teknologi pirolisis berpotensi untuk dikembangkan karena ketersediaan sumber bahan biomassa yang sangat melimpah, teknologinya mudah untuk dikembangkan, bersifat ramah lingkungan dan menguntungkan secara ekonomi. Dalam teknik pirolisis, beberapa parameter yang mempengaruhi proses pirolisis adalah perlakuan awal biomassa, kadar air dan ukuran partikel bahan, komposisi senyawa biomassa, suhu, laju pemanasan, laju alir gas, waktu tinggal, jenis pirolisis, jenis reaktor pirolisis dan final produk pirolisis. Reaktor pirolisis adalah alat pengurai senyawa-senyawa organik yang dilakukan dengan proses pemanasan tanpa berhubungan langsung dengan udara luar dengan suhu 300-6000C. Beberapa jenis reaktor pirolisis yang sering digunakan adalah Fixed-Bed Pyrolyzer, Bubbling Fluidized-Bed Reactors, Circulating Fluidized Bed, Ultra–Rapid Pyrolyzer, Rotating Cone, Ablative Pyrolyzer dan Vacuum Pyrolyzer. Teknik pirolisis menghasilkan tiga macam produk akhir, yaitu bio-oil, arang (biochar) dan gas.
PENERAPAN ANALYTICAL HIERARCHY PROCESS (AHP) DALAM PENENTUAN DAERAH PROSPEKTIF UNTUK PENGEMBANGAN AGROINDUSTRI KELAPA Hermiza Mardesci; Santosa Santosa; Novizar Nazir; Rika Ampuh Hadiguna
Sistemasi: Jurnal Sistem Informasi Vol 8, No 2 (2019): Sistemasi: Jurnal Sistem Informasi
Publisher : Program Studi Sistem Informasi Fakultas Teknik dan Ilmu Komputer

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (278.567 KB) | DOI: 10.32520/stmsi.v8i2.503

Abstract

Pengembangan agroindustri kelapa di sentra daerah penghasil kelapa masih perlu ditingkatkan. Hal ini disebabkan karena masih banyaknya petani kelapa yang masih bertahan dengan tradisi lama, yaitu menjual kelapa bulat tanpa mengolahnya terlebih dahulu. Salah satu strategi pengembangan adalah dengan menentukan daerah potensial untuk pengembangan agroindustri tersebut. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menentukan daerah potensial atau daerah yang prospektif untuk pengembangan agroindustri kelapa. Kriteria yang digunakan adalah jumlah penduduk, luas areal, jumlah produksi, dan jumlah petani kelapa. Sedangkan alternatif adalah mencakup semua daerah penghasil kelapa. Lokasi penelitian dilakukan di kabupaten Indragiri Hilir, yang terdiri atas 20 daerah penghasil kelapa, yaitu Batang Tuaka, Concong, Enok, Gaung Anak serka, Gaung, Kateman, Kempas, Kemuning, Keritang, Kuala Indragiri, Mandah, Pelangiran, Pulau Burung, Reteh, Sungai Batang, Tanah Merah, Teluk Belengkong, Tembilahan, Tembilahan Hulu, dan Tempuling. Penentuan daerah prospektif menggunakan metode Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) dengan bantuan program Expert Choice. Hasil perhitungan menunjukkan bahwa daerah yang paling prospektif untuk pengembangan agroindustri kelapa di Indragiri Hilir adalah Kecamatan Mandah, dengan bobot 0.150.Hasil dari penelitian ini bisa digunakan sebagai pendukung keputusan dalam menentukan daerah untuk pengembangan agroindustri kelapa.
Evaluasi Kinerja Tenaga Kerja Bagian Sortasi Biji Pinang (Areca catechu, L.) Pada CV. ABC Berdasarkan faktor-Faktor Yang Berpengaruh Fikri Arsil; Santosa Santosa
INVENTORY: Industrial Vocational E-Journal On Agroindustry Vol 1, No 1 (2020): Published in June 2020
Publisher : Politeknik ATI Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.52759/inventory.v1i1.16

Abstract

Evaluation of influental factors to labors productivity will get the recommendation on human resource development and increase labors performance by company. The aim of this research to know about the effect on motivation, working environmental, salary, working responbility, and lifespan ofareca nuts sorting labors in CV. ABC based on influental factors. The research uses survey method and doubled linear regression analysis for data processing. The result shows that motivation, working environmental, salary, working responbility, and lifespan have effect on sorting labors in CV. ABC with doubled linear regression analysis is    Y = -4,640 + 0,210 X1 + 0,089 X2 + 0,080 X3 - 0,070 X4 + 0,813 X5.  This equality shows coefficient value from lifespan variable is biggest, it is 0,813. Thus, evaluation to sorting labors get 5 recommendations for increasing labors performance. 
Supply Chain Management Agroindustri : Sebuah Literature Review Dedet Deperiky; Santosa Santosa; Rika Ampuh Hadiguna; Nofialdi Nofialdi
INVENTORY: Industrial Vocational E-Journal On Agroindustry Vol 1, No 1 (2020): Published in June 2020
Publisher : Politeknik ATI Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.52759/inventory.v1i1.17

Abstract

Agroindustry needs further attention from the relationship between supply chain actors to improve efficiency in terms of partnerships and the application of modern technology today. Supply chain management in agroindustry emphasizes a management approach to a network of facilities and distribution channels that includes procurement of materials, production, and delivery of agroindustry products to end consumers. The research methodology used is the Systematic Literature Review (SLR) method, which is the literature review method that identifies, evaluates, and interprets all findings on a research topic, to answer research questions. The results of the study imply that in order to manage the agroindustry supply chain the entire supply chain structure must be well understood by focusing more on the quality of external relations with supply chain actors and who focus actor on partnership, trust and sustainability in conducting agroindustry supply chain activities. Agroindustry managers must investigate why they must manage, what must be managed and how to manage agroindustry supply chains. To explore the agroindustry supply chain that a manager must integrated the system, examine the nature, linkages and dependencies between business operations in the agroindustry supply chain. Suggestions from researchers that this four-step approach to meeting sustainability must be implemented in the agroindustry supply chain, and optimalized or later all organizations will adopt the SCM concept in achieving competitive advantage.
Penggunaan Analisis Regresi Linear Berganda untuk Mendapatkan Model Prediksi Respon Asam Lemak Bebas dan Dobi Hasil Rebusan Tandan Buah Segar Sawit Pandu Imam; Santosa Santosa; Isril Berd; Anwar Kasim
Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pertanian Indonesia Vol 9, No 2 (2017): Vol.(9) No.2, October 2017
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1123.22 KB) | DOI: 10.17969/jtipi.v9i2.8034

Abstract

Target of this research are : ( 1) Knowing physical result of steaming of Fresh Fruit Bunch; ( 2) Knowing the chemical of result of steaming of Fresh Fruit Bunch; ( 3) Finding model of prediction respon result of sterilization of Fresh Fruit Bunch ( 4 ) Determining time depth of steaming most precise to condition of raw material ( FFB ) to be sterilization. This research done at PT.Bio Nusantara Teknologi Bengkulu, by using horizontal type sterilizer. Research method the used  experiment which is  direct to be done at factory.  Multiple regression analysis to analyse data obtained, to the investigation of influence of free variable to variable of respon representing indicator efficacy of sterilization operation. Result of research indicate that treatment of variation : heavy classification of bunches,  fruit maturity and time depth steaming to have an effect on to respon result of sterilization perceived. Model of Prediction of met steaming respon as follows : Y1(Evaporation %) = 5,18 - 0,042 X1- 0,012 X2+0,082 X3 ; Y2 ( Fruit lose, g)=1629,96+8,14X1 - 3,22 X2 - 10,22 X3 ; Y3(Throughput apart mesokarp, g / men ) = - 0,748 - 0,297 X1 + 0,111 X2 + 0,336 X3 ; Y4 (percent heavy of mesokarp = 60,12 - 0,044 X1 + 0,018 X2 - 0,103 X3 ; Y5 ( Amount of kernel break = - 1,515 - 0,06 X1+ 0,035 X2 + 0,115 X3 ; Y6 ( FFA )= - 0,655 + 0,011 X1 + 0,029 X2 + 0,032 X3 and  Y7 ( DOBI) = 5,205 - 0,001 X1 + 0,01 X2 - 0,024 X3. Time depth steaming correct to braise small FFB, unrippe = 95 minute with score assess 7; Small FFB, mature = 95 minute with score assess 6; Small FFB over  mature = 90 minute with score assess 6. Time depth steaming correct for big FFB, unrippe = 100 minute with wight assess 6; Big FFB mature = 80 minute with score assess 5 and for big FFB, over mature = 95 minute with score assess 6.
Model Kebijakan Perkebunan Nilam di Pasaman Barat dengan Pendekatan Sistem Dinamis Dina Rahmayanti; Rika Ampuh Hadiguna; Santosa Santosa; Novizar Nazir
Jurnal Optimasi Sistem Industri Vol. 18 No. 1 (2019): Published in May 2019
Publisher : The Industrial Engineering Department of Engineering Faculty at Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (604.623 KB) | DOI: 10.25077/josi.v18.n1.p65-74.2019

Abstract

This study aims to design a model by providing several policy alternatives that are useful to assist the government in determining appropriate policies in increasing patchouli oil production from the supply aspect. The supply to be studied is patchouli plantations. The plantation is one of the important aspects affecting patchouli oil production. The choice of alternatives is based on testing alternative policies on a computerized model. Patchouli plantation models are made in line with real systems using system dynamics. From the results of the study, there are several policy alternatives that can be taken by the government, policies related to land expansion and conversion, policies related to increasing agricultural production, policies related to human resource improvement, policies related to agricultural equipment assistance and policies related to the use of superior seeds in plantations.
The Effect of Pressure and Temperature on The Particle Board Manufacture from Palm Oil Empty Bunches and Pine Bark Asfarizal Saad; Anwar Kasim; Gunawarman Gunawarman; Santosa Santosa
Jurnal Teknik Mesin (JTM) Vol 9, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : LP2M - Institut Teknologi Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (295.45 KB)

Abstract

The manufacture of particle boards without synthetic adhesives is influenced by the composition of the material, temperature, time, pressure, particle size and method of manufacture. The pressure of one important parameter and its variations often produce different properties. Pine skin is a waste that is not valuable and just wasted. Making particle boards from palm oil empty bunches and pine bark waste is an interesting and new thing. Pinus merkusii leather powder is used as an added ingredient, its composition is 70% tkks and 30% pine merkusii powder with 5-6% moisture content, dry based. The fiber lengths are 0.1-2.0 cm and pressures are 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10 kg.cm-2, temperature 150, 160, 170, 180 and 190ºC. The standard for particle board reference and bending test is SNI 03-2105-2006 and ASTM D1037. The result show of working pressure and heating temperature affect the density, moisture content and MOR. Increasing pressure and temperature tend to increase the MOR value and increase in temperature above 190oC, the MOR value decreases.
Effect of Particles Size on EFB Bio-briquettes of Calorific Value Nofriady Handra; Anwar Kasim; Gunawarman Gunawarman; Santosa Santosa
Jurnal Teknik Mesin (JTM) Vol 7, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : LP2M - Institut Teknologi Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1370.184 KB)

Abstract

The development of biomass has been assumed as an important issue in the past several decades and would remain to be attractive in the future due to its clean, renewable, and carbon–neutral properties. Biomass is one of the most important renewable energy resources in the world. In recent decades, the utilization of biomass has dramatically increased. The objective of this research was to knowing effect of particles size on EFB bio-briquettes of calorific value. There were many reasons. First, biomass is a renewable resource, because of the availability of biomass is unlimited, and its regenerative process runs well. Second, the extraction of biomass energy can be carried out more flexibly. The biomass can be burned directly without high technology. Biomass bio-briquettes are often used as an energy source for cooking purpose and in some industries. The 2% (dry basis) is used as a binder in a mixture with EFB fibre. Samples of solid cylindrical shape Ø 4 cm and 6 cm high and density sample is 0.8 gr/cm2. The pressure is used to generate samples specified in the mold volume. The volume of the cylinder is 75.36 cm2. The particle size briquette of 40 mesh average water content of 9.1% was generated while the size of 60 mesh was 9.5%. The particle size of 60 mesh (smooth) yields the highest value between 20 mesh and 40 mesh. The value of ash content generated by 4.35% is higher than the size of 20 mesh (2.88%) and 40 mesh (3.09%). On the particle size of 20 mesh fibers (more roughly), it yields a calorific value of 4237.5 kal /gr and is higher than 40 mesh fiber particle size (4102.2 kal/gr) and 60 mesh (4066.5 kal/gr). The difference in heating value produced by the three did not show any significant difference.
MANAJEMEN RANTAI PASOK AGROINDUSTRI BAWANG MERAH DI NAGARI ALAHAN PANJANG: PROFIL DAN IDENTIFIKASI MASALAH Dedet Deperiky; Santosa Santosa; Rika ampuh Hadiguna; Nofialdi Nofialdi
Jurnal Daya Saing Vol 7 No 1 (2021)
Publisher : Komunitas Manajemen Kompetitif

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35446/dayasaing.v7i1.626

Abstract

Makalah ini dilakukan untuk mengkaji profil dan permasalahan rantai pasok agroindustri bawang merah di Nagari Alahan Panjang Kabupaten Solok. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode deskriptif kualitatif dengan pendekatan wawancara, ceramah, FGD dan pendampingan penyuluh pertanian dalam konsep rantai pasok. Kerangka kerja tersebut menyarankan bahwa profil dan praktik masalah dalam sistem manajemen rantai pasokan dicirikan oleh tiga faktor berbeda: (1) organisasi rantai pasokan, (2) struktur rantai pasokan (3) manajemen kepercayaan, yang memungkinkan pelaku rantai pasokan untuk secara efektif mencocokkan pasokan dengan pengiriman barang tepat waktu. Pertanyaan pentingnya adalah apakah praktik kolaboratif mengarah pada kinerja operasional yang lebih baik atau tidak. Sebuah studi review digunakan untuk menilai hubungan antara praktek kolaboratif dan kinerja operasional. Hasil tinjauan menunjukkan dampak positif yang signifikan dari faktor kunci praktik kolaboratif pada organisasi rantai pasokan, (2) struktur rantai pasokan, dan (3) kepercayaan manajemen. Temuan menunjukkan berbagi informasi, sinkronisasi keputusan, dan menyelaraskan insentif merupakan penentu penting kinerja operasional. Studi ini menunjukkan bahwa anggota rantai pasokan perlu memahami peran dan model faktor kunci sukses dari praktik kolaboratif yang dapat dirancang ulang untuk meningkatkan kinerja rantai pasokan.