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“CONSTANT, ZIG-ZAG LINEAR, OR MULTIPLE?”: THEMATIC PROGRESSION PATTERNS ON EFL STUDENTS’ RECOUNT TEXTS Merina Devira; Makhroji Makhroji; Allif Syahputra Bania; Novia Sari
Elite : English and Literature Journal Vol 7 No 2 (2020): December
Publisher : UIN Alauddin Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24252/10.24252/elite.v7i2a6

Abstract

The main problem faced by EFL students in writing English texts includes the difficulties to produce a cohesive and coherent text that it seems necessary to show how the tools of Theme and Rheme can be used to help construct the students' good English writing. This study aimed to find out the types of thematic progression patterns in each clause of the recount texts written by students and the dominant pattern of thematic progression revealed from the texts. The research design of this study is a qualitative method which employed the study instrument of the students' recount texts at class IX of SMAN 2 Langsa, Aceh. A content analysis approach by using a Theme and Rheme framework generated from a theory of Systemic Functional Linguistics (SFL) was used to analyze the thematic progression patterns on the students' recount texts, which included several steps: reading the student's texts, identifying the theme and rheme of every clause of the student's text, describing the thematic progression patterns of student's text and drawing the thematic progression pattern on student's text. The findings of the analysis indicated that there are three (3) thematic progression patterns found on the students' recount texts: the Theme Constant, the Theme Zig Zag Linear pattern and Theme Multiple patterns. The dominant type of thematic progression patterns constructed by the students into their recount texts was revealed mostly on 123 constant or reiteration patterns (76.8%), followed by zig-zag patterns of 35 times (21.8%)  and 9 times (1.25%) of multiple patterns. The results of this study will be facilitative as the tools for English language teaching and learning classrooms particularly for writing English texts. 
PENDIDIKAN KARAKTER: MEMBANGUN PERILAKU SADAR SAMPAH PADA MASYARAKAT GAMPOENG MEURANDEH DAYAH, LANGSA LAMA Makhroji Makhroji; Imam Hadi Sutrisno; Mufti Riyani
Global Science Society Vol 2 No 2 (2020): Global Science Society (GSS) Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian Kepada Masyaraka
Publisher : LPPM dan PM Universitas Samudra

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Abstract

Community Service is intended as a preventive effort in handling and managing waste that has had a real impact on the community of Meurandeh Dayah Village. The impact in question is the reduced quality and quantity of water resources, increased cases of Malaria and dengue fever as well as the decreased environmental quality which is generally caused by low public awareness of waste-conscious behavior. Preventive efforts that are expected to touch the root of the problem are the application of character education to be able to build Waste Conscious Behavior in the Community. In general, character education can be applied by 1). Building the character of Caring for the Environment through example. The real step that can be taken is the Establishment of Trash Awareness Cadres. As role models, cadres need to be equipped with knowledge, attitudes, behavior, and skills in managing and processing waste properly and intelligently. 2). Building Character through habituation, one of the habituation activities can be initiated through the Waste Awareness Campaign Program for young peopleCommunity Service is intended as a preventive effort in handling and managing waste that has had a real impact on the community of Meurandeh Dayah Village. The impact in question is the reduced quality and quantity of water resources, increased cases of Malaria and dengue fever as well as the decreased environmental quality which is generally caused by low public awareness of waste-conscious behavior. Preventive efforts that are expected to touch the root of the problem are the application of character education to be able to build Waste Conscious Behavior in the Community. In general, character education can be applied by 1). Building the character of Caring for the Environment through example. The real step that can be taken is the Establishment of Trash Awareness Cadres. As role models, cadres need to be equipped with knowledge, attitudes, behavior, and skills in managing and processing waste properly and intelligently. 2). Building Character through habituation, one of the habituation activities can be initiated through the Waste Awareness Campaign Program for young generation
PELATIHAN PEMBUATAN DETERGEN CAIR BERBASIS AROMA TERAPI SERAI WANGI DENGAN TEKNOLOGI MIXER BOR Makhroji Makhroji; Siska Rita Mahyuny; Nursamsu Nursamsu
Aptekmas Jurnal Pengabdian pada Masyarakat Vol 5 No 3 (2022): APTEKMAS Volume 5 Nomor 3 2022
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36257/apts.v5i3.4857

Abstract

The community service activity program given to partners is in the form of training in the manufacture of aromatherapy-based liquid detergent with drill mixer technology. In the process of this activity, participants will be given a drill mixer as a technology stirrer that produces large amounts of liquid detergent. The process of this activity is also the community service team providing knowledge of the product marketing process that has been made as a group business. The basis of the goal of the community service team to select the Ms. PKK group in Matang Teupah Village, Bendahara District, Aceh Tamiang Regency is that the PKK group has the potential to advance the group, but they are limited in knowledge and funds to start from where to start a business and make products as income. economics for groups. Thus, this service activity was precisely carried out, the proof of this that the service team obtained it was seen by the enthusiasm of Mrs. PKK in Matang Teupah Village who attended the training activity and they were also enthusiastic to help the service team in the process of making liquid detergent. We use the results of this activity as data in distributing an understanding questionnaire which will be evidence that the sustainability of service activities will be carried out next. The results obtained from the questionnaire understanding of 89% on the indicators of knowledge of product-making materials, it can be concluded that service activities have a positive impact on the PKK group.
Pelatihan Pembuatan Sabun Cuci Tangan Cair untuk Pencegahan Penularan COVID-19 di Desa Matang Teupah Makhroji Makhroji; Hasby Hasby; Nursamsu Nursamsu
J-ABDIPAMAS (Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat) Vol 4, No 2 (2020): Oktober 2020
Publisher : IKIP PGRI Bojonegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (158.697 KB) | DOI: 10.30734/j-abdipamas.v4i2.1216

Abstract

ABSTRACTAceh Tamiang Regency is one of the districts in Aceh Province that was affected by the Covid-19 pandemic. The data shows that there are residents of Aceh Tamiang Regency who have been positively infected with this virus. Therefore, one way to prevent the spread of Covid-19 is by washing your hands using running water and soap. The purpose of this activity is to provide outreach to PKK members in Matang Teupah Village, Aceh Tamiang to prevent the spread of Covid-19. Activities carried out by providing training in making liquid hand washing soap for the community, especially members of the PKK Bina Mufakat. It is hoped that from this activity, members of the PKK Bina Mufakata Matang Teupah Village can become village representatives to socialize ways to prevent the spread of Covid-19 to the surrounding community. This activity is also expected to be able to create business opportunities for PKK members and the community. Activities are carried out in 6 (six) stages which include (1) Survey; (2) Identification of potential beneficiaries; (3) Soap Making Test and Organoleptic Test (4) Socialization; (5) Soap Making skills training; (6) Monitoring and Evaluation. This hand-washing soap making training has improved the skills of the community, especially participants in activities amid the Covid-19 pandemic. The results of the evaluation and monitoring show that members of the PKK Bina Mufakat have contributed to socializing healthy living by diligently washing their hands with soap as an effort to prevent Covid-19 from themselves, their families, and the community.Keywords: Training, Liquid Hand Soap, Covid-19ABSTRAKKabupaten Aceh Tamiang merupakan salah satu kabupaten yang berada di Provinsi Aceh yang terkena dampak wabah Covid-19. Data menunjukan bahwa ada warga Kabupaten Aceh Tamiang yang telah positif terinfeksi virus ini. Maka dari itu, salah satu yaitu dengan mencuci tangan menggunakan air mengalir dan sabun. Tujuan kegiatan ini yaitu memberikan sosialisasi kepada ibu-ibu PKK yang di Desa Matang Teupah Kecamatan Bendahara Aceh Tamiang untuk mencegah penyebaran Covid-19. Kegiatan dilakukan dengan memberikan pelatihan pembuatan sabun cuci tangan cair bagi masyarakat khususnya Ibu-ibu PKK Bina Mufakat. Diharapkan dari kegiatan ini, Ibu-Ibu PKK Bina Mufakata Desa Matang Teupah dapat menjadi perwakilan desa untuk mensosialisasikan cara pencegahan penyebaran Covid-19 ke masyarakat sekitar. Kegiatan ini juga diharapkan mampu menciptakan peluang usaha bagi anggota ibu-ibu PKK maupun masyarakat. Kegiatan dilakukan melalui 6 (enam) tahapan yang meliputi (1) Survey; (2) Identifikasi calon penerima manfaat; (3) Uji Pembuatan Sabun dan Uji Organoleptik (4) Sosialisasi; (5)Pelatihan keterampilan Pembuatan Sabun; (6) Monotoring dan Evaluasi. Pelatihan pembuatan sabun cuci tangan ini telah meningkatkan keterampilan masyarakat khususnya peserta kegiatan ditengah pandemi Covid-19. Hasil evaluasi dan monitoring menunjukkan Ibu-ibu PKK Bina Mufakat telah berkontribusi melakukan sosialisasi hidup sehat dengan rajin mencuci tangan dengan sabun sebagai upaya pencegahan Covid-19 baik dari diri sendiri, keluarga, dan masyarakat. Kata kunci: Pelatihan, Sabun Cuci Tangan Cair, Covid-19Akim M. (2013). Efektivitas Hand Sanitizer Dibanding Mencuci Tangan Memakai Sabun dalam Menjaga Kebersihan Tangan pada Mahasiswa Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sumatera Utara Angkatan 2012. Skripsi diterbitkan. Medan: Universitas Sumatera Utara. Chaudhary, N.K., Chaudhary, N., Dahal, M., Guragain, B., Rai, S., Chaudhary, R., dkk. (2020) Fighting the SARS CoV-2 (COVID-19) Pandemic with Soap. Preprints 2020, 2020050060 Dimpudus, S.A., Yamlean P. V.Y., dan Yudistira, A. (2017). Formulasi sediaan sabun cair antiseptik ekstrak etanol bunga pacar air (Impatiens balsamina L.) dan uji efektivitasnya terhadap bakteri Staphylococcus aureus secara In Vitro. PHARMACON Jurnal Ilmiah Farmasi – UNSRAT. 6 (3): 208-215 Hasby, H., Mauliza, M., & Mastura, M. (2019). Pemanfaatan Tanaman Obat Sebagai Pencegahan Penyakit Degeneratif. JPPM (Jurnal Pengabdian dan Pemberdayaan Masyarakat), 3(1), 55-61. Info Covid-19 Aceh. 22 Agustus 2020. Diakses dari https://covid19.acehprov.go.id/. Ganda-Putra, G.P., Wartini, N.M., Wrasiati, L.P. dan Yoga, I.W.G.S. (2017). Penerapan teknologi pembuatan sabun aroma terapi dari minyak kelapa pada KET “Wiguna Mekar” Di Desa Angkah Kecamatan Selemadeg Barat Kabupaten Tabanan. Buletin Udayana Mengabdi. 16 (3), 385-390Silitonga, F.S., khoirunnisa, F., dan Ramdhani, E.P. (2020). Pelatihan Identifikasi Boraks Dan Formalin Pada Makanan Di Kelurahan Tanjung Ayun Sakti. J-Abdipamas, 4 (1): 57-67. SNI. (1996). Standar Mutu Sabun Cair Cair. Jakarta: Dewan Standarisasi Nasional.Worldometers. Info Coronavirus Cases. 22 Agustus 2020.. Diakses dari https://www.worldometers.info/coronavirus//country/indonesia/.
Utilization of Reading Literacy Carts (GELISBA) to Interest in Reading to Support the MBKM Program at Bunda Pusaka Preschool Makhroji Makhroji; Irma Dewi Isda; Sukirno Sukirno
Unram Journal of Community Service Vol. 4 No. 3 (2023): September (In Press)
Publisher : Pascasarjana Universitas Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29303/ujcs.v4i3.475

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Reading as a skill views the nature of reading as a process or activity that applies a set of skills in managing what is read that captures meaning. Developed countries are countries where people's interest in reading is high. Therefore, interest in reading occupies an important position for the progress of a nation. Therefore, in order to increase the reading interest of students at the Early Childhood and Kindergarten levels in Sungai Pauh Pusaka even better, we are holding a work program that is an urgency for PKM activities in the form of procuring Reading Carts which we call Reading Literacy Carts (GELISBA). The objectives in community service activities are as follows: (a) Helping to increase public knowledge by reading various useful information; (b) Helps increase a person's level of understanding in drawing conclusions from the information read; (c) Improve a person's ability to provide critical assessment of a written work; (d) Helping to grow and develop good character within a person; (e) Increasing the value of one's personality through reading and writing activities (f) Fostering and developing a culture of literacy in the midst of society at large; (g) Helps improve the quality of one's time use so that it is more useful. The method of service activities uses the observation method or direct observation. Results of service activities This positively impacts teachers and students who can utilize the Reading Literacy Cart (GELISBA) as a learning medium
A PRAGMATIC ANALYSIS OF POSITIVE POLITENESS STRATEGIES ON TED TALK VIDEO BY EDDY ZHONG Ike Idriani Saragih; Nur Azizah; Ita Rahayu; Evi Zulida; Chairuddin Chairuddin; Makhroji Makhroji
Journal of Education, Linguistics, Literature and Language Teaching Vol 2 No 01 (2019): JURNAL ELLITE ( JOURNAL OF EDUCATION, LINGUISTICS,LITERATURE AND LANGUAGE TEACHI
Publisher : Universitas Samudra

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (563.616 KB) | DOI: 10.33059/ellite.v2i01.1262

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Politeness phenomena do not only occur in daily conversations, but also in the speeches delivered by the speakers. The speech on TED Talk video by Eddy Zhong entitled “How School Makes Kids Less Intelligent” is one of the interesting subjects to be analyzed in terms of positive politeness strategies. This speech explained the speaker's experience during school and how he had built his business in the field of technology since he was 16 years old. In addition, they also conducted experiments and compared the thinking between children who had just entered elementary school and teenagers in senior high school, and the results reinforce his statement about the title he brought Thus, the aims of this research are (1) to find the positive politeness strategies in the speech on TED Talk video by Eddy Zhong entitled “How School Makes Kids Less Intelligent” (2) to analyze the positive politeness strategies in the speech on TED Talk video by Eddy Zhong entitled “How School Makes Kids Less Intelligent”. This research employed descriptive qualitative research. The data were in the form of statements and sentences uttered by Eddy Zhong on TED Talk video entitled “How School Makes Kids Less Intelligent”. The main instrument of the study was the researchers themselves and the secondary instrument was a data sheet. The data were analyzed with the use of a referential method. Such a method analyzes the data in reference to the theory employed in this study. The results of the research show that all of the fifteen strategies of positive politeness appear, except the strategies of (Including both speaker and hearer in the activity; Asserting reciprocal exchange or tit for tat; and Giving gifts to hearer (goods, sympathy, understanding, cooperation)). As it is drawn in Table 1, there are 32 occurrences of positive politeness strategies in a speech on TED Talk video by Eddy Zhong entitled “How School Makes Kids Less Intelligent”. In the highest rank is (Joking to put the hearer at ease) which gets a frequency of 9. The second rank is (using in-group identity markers in speech; and intensifying interest to the hearer in the speaker’s contribution) with 6 data each of these data. The third rank is the strategies of (seeking agreement in safe topics; being optimistic that the hearer wants what the speaker wants; and giving or asking for reasons) which occur in 3 data each of these data. Meanwhile, the last rank is covered by the strategies which have the occurrence 1 data, those are the strategies of (exaggerating (interest, approval, sympathy with hearer); and presupposing, raising, asserting common ground).
LANGUAGE POLICY IN BILINGUAL FAMILIES IN LANGSA Alfi Sahri; Fadlia Fadlia; Makhroji Makhroji; Imran Imran; Evi Zulida
Journal of Education, Linguistics, Literature and Language Teaching Vol 2 No 01 (2019): JURNAL ELLITE ( JOURNAL OF EDUCATION, LINGUISTICS,LITERATURE AND LANGUAGE TEACHI
Publisher : Universitas Samudra

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (392.376 KB) | DOI: 10.33059/ellite.v2i01.1736

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The purpose of this research are: To find out how do parents in bilingual families decide language policy in their family and to find out what are factors influencing of deciding language policy. This study uses descriptive qualitative methods. The subjects of this study were two-language families in the birem puntong with twenty-five families as subjects. The research instruments were dept interview, recording equipment and documentation. The results of these research were birem puntong group did not have a policy to maintain and use regional language at home and in the environment. And factors that influence the use of the term language policy in bilingual are, parental language use and ideology and children and language practice.
A STUDY OF COLLOQUIAL EXPRESSION IN DOCTOR ZHIVAGOS’ NOVEL BY BORIS PASTERNAK Indah Afani; Evi Zulida; Fadlia Fadlia; Makhroji Makhroji; Imran Imran
Journal of Education, Linguistics, Literature and Language Teaching Vol 2 No 01 (2019): JURNAL ELLITE ( JOURNAL OF EDUCATION, LINGUISTICS,LITERATURE AND LANGUAGE TEACHI
Publisher : Universitas Samudra

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (368.152 KB) | DOI: 10.33059/ellite.v2i01.1746

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The problem of this research is what types of colloquial expression found in Boris Pasternaks’ Novel and what are the dominant of colloquial expression found in Boris Pasternaks’ Novel. The purpose of this research are to identify colloquial expression in the novel. The research is accomplished by the researcher by reading the novel. The data are classified according to types of colloquial expression and the patterns of the colloquial expression are found after the classification. This research used qualitative research to analyze the data. Data source of this study is Boris Pasternaks’ Novel. Its title was Dr. Zhivago. It was published by the New American Library, Inc on 1957 years. Its was 909 pages. After the researcher read and analyzed the novel, the researcher found colloquial expression in the novel especially single words, clipped words, constraction and verb adverb combination. The researcher found 314 colloquial expression in the novel. There are single words totally 127, clipped words totally 1, constractions totally 40 and verb adverb combination totally 146. It can be said single words is more dominant of constraction, constractions is more dominant of clipped words. Verb adverb combination is the most dominant of all types. It can be concluded that the novel also uses colloquial expression in the sentence to find out the change in the language used. The researchers hopes for other researchers can develop the subject of this study better.
EFFECTIVENESS OF TEST DESIGN BETWEEN OF CLOZE TEST AND MULTIPLE CHOICE TEST FOR READING COMPREHENSION Elma Tiara; Chairuddin Chairuddin; Makhroji Makhroji; Evi Zulida; Fadlia Fadlia; Rahmiati Rahmiati
Journal of Education, Linguistics, Literature and Language Teaching Vol 2 No 02 (2019): JURNAL ELLITE ( JOURNAL OF EDUCATION, LINGUISTICS,LITERATURE AND LANGUAGE TEACHI
Publisher : Universitas Samudra

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (667.567 KB) | DOI: 10.33059/ellite.v2i02.1782

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The use of tests that is suitable for use by teachers in learning needs to be considered. This aims to produce a satisfactory of the test result. So the teacher needs to consider what type of test is given to students. So the researcher conducted a study to analyze of effectiveness of test design between of cloze test and multiple choice test for reading comprehension at SMA Negeri 3 Langsa. The purposes of research were to find out if there is a difference between multiple choice test and cloze test in teaching EFL for reading comprehension and to find out which of the most effectiveness between multiple choice tests or cloze test in teaching EFL for reading comprehension. The method of this research is qualitative approach. The sample of this research is the students at class XII Bahasa in SMA Negeri 3 Langsa. In this study, the researcher collected data to conduct on 22nd October 2018 until 19th October 2018 in SMAN 3 Langsa. The result of study showed that the result of testing the students’ reading comprehension showed that the students’ test 1 showed that multiple choice test has mean score 8,1 and cloze test has mean score 7,3. It meant multiple choice test more effective in testing reading comprehension for the students. The result of the students’ test 2 showed that multiple choice test has mean score 8 and cloze test has mean score 5,3. It meant multiple choice test more effective in testing reading comprehension for the students and the result of the teachers’ interview showed that multiple choice test more effective than cloze test but the result of the students’ interview showed that multiple choice test was very difficult. It meant the result of the students’ test between the students’ interview opposite because the students said multiple choice test was very difficult, automatically the students got the multiple choice test score lower than the cloze test score.
TEACHER AND STUDENT’S INTERACTION BY USING FOREIGN LANGUAGE INTERACTION (FLINT) Fathya Delona Pratiwi; Chairuddin Chairuddin; Makhroji Makhroji; Evi Zulida; Fadlia Fadlia
Journal of Education, Linguistics, Literature and Language Teaching Vol 2 No 02 (2019): JURNAL ELLITE ( JOURNAL OF EDUCATION, LINGUISTICS,LITERATURE AND LANGUAGE TEACHI
Publisher : Universitas Samudra

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (453.189 KB) | DOI: 10.33059/ellite.v2i02.1789

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The purposes of this research were to describe how was the teacher and student’s interaction and to identify the categories of FLINT were used in English class at SMAN 1 Langsa. The research used qualitative design with the object was teacher- students interaction during the class. The subjects of the research were an English teacher and 30 students at a second-year class. The interaction in the classroom revealed that the teacher interacted with students by being cheerful, good natured, patient, not irritable, having good teaching skill, friendly, companionable, knowledgeable, building good communication, interested in students, understandable, and impartial. The students did most of the role but less increased in planning their own learning, mentoring and learning from other students. Furthermore, the communication that happened in the learning process applied all categories of talk as mentioned in FLINT system. The result of the research showed that the pattern of interaction was mostly started by the teacher with utterance of teacher talk was 424 times in a meeting, while the students talk produced 299 times. Asking questions was the most category occurred with 192 times. The least frequently category was using ideas of students which was only 2 utterances produced by the teacher. In student talk categories, student initiation was the most occurred with 142 times and confusion was the least category used with only 11 times. Based on the result above, it can be suggested for the teacher to increase using ideas of student’s category, the teacher should use more students’ ideas in order to make them understand and less confused while teacher is explaining the topic of the lesson.