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WILLINGNESS TO PAY LAHAN PEMAKAMAN UMUM KOTA BANDA ACEH DAN SEKITARNYA Dwi Kurniawan, Agung; Zulham, T.
Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Ekonomi Pembangunan Vol 1, No 1 (2016): Agustus
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Ekonomi Pembangunan

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Abstract

This study is aimed at analyzing the factors that influence willingness to pay public cemetery in Banda Aceh and surrounding area. This study is conducted in Banda Aceh and surrounding area with housing complex as the samples.  Ordinary Least Square (OLS) is employed to find the significant influence between price, income, and distance and willingness to pay. The finding of this study revealed that the three variables are theoretically and statistically significant. Variable price has negative coefficient while income and distance has positive coefficient. From the findings of this study it is suggested to the authority to pay more attention in providing public cemetery which is part of green open space. It is also suggested to further researcher to add other variables that may significantly influence willingness to pay public cemetery.Key words: Willingness to Pay, Public Cemetery, Price, Income, Space 
DETERMINING POVERTY ALLEVIATION AND SUPPLY CHAIN STRATEGY THROUGH INCREASING ABSORPTION CAPACITY OF VILLAGE BUDGET ALLOCATION Sufitrayati, Sufitrayati; Nailufar, Fanny; Aliasud, Aliasud; Zulham, T.
International Journal of Supply Chain Management Vol 9, No 1 (2020): International Journal of Supply Chain Management (IJSCM)
Publisher : International Journal of Supply Chain Management

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (209.396 KB)

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Abstract- This study was aimed to determine poverty alleviation strategy through increasing absorption capacity of Village Budget Allocation (ADG) in underdeveloped villages in Aceh Besar district by supply chain strategy. This research used qualitative descriptive analysis method. The research data consisted of primary data by interviewing the respondents such as community and village apparatus and using pre-prepared questionnaires and secondary data sourced from Central Bureau of Statistics (BPS) [1] and several institutions in Aceh Besar district. The result of the research showed that the provision of Village Budget Allocation in Aceh Besar District has been established in Aceh Besar Regent Regulation issued every year. The amount of ADG is calculated based on the gampong weight value using a certain formula, with the main variables including the number of village apparatus, the number of tuha peut (village supervisor), the number of orphans and the acquisition of poor family rice and other additional variables. Therefore, the use of ADG in Aceh Besar is mostly disbursed to the village apparatus or it is usually called the wages in the form of fixed income, allowances and operational activities of other village [2,3]. Only a small portion was used for orphans' assistance and distribution costs of pre-prosperous family rice. This caused that the benefits of using ADG cannot be perceived by the entire village community. Therefore, the strategy that must be done by the local government of Aceh Besar Regency is to arrange the Regulation of the Regent of Aceh Besar regarding the use of ADG with the rules that are more flexible and not standard so that the use of ADG can give benefit to the whole community of village. Determining the use of ADG should not only be allocated to the village apparatus. The community also had the right to utilize ADG funds together, so as to encourage and provide opportunities for the community to utilize ADG for the needs of the village community. With proper use of targeted ADG, it was expected to reduce poverty levels in village.
Asymmetrical Exchange Rates Effect on Indonesia's Trade Balance in Tourism Maulana, Akbar; Dawood, Taufiq Carnegie; Zulham, Teuku
JEJAK: Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Vol 14, No 1 (2021): March 2021
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/jejak.v14i1.27234

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The main objective of this research is to analyze the effect of depreciation and real exchange rate appreciation on Indonesia's tourism trade balance bilaterally against Australia, China, Japan, Malaysia, and Singapore. Such analysis on bilateral relations have never been studied for developing markets countries, namely Indonesia. This study uses a linear ARDL approach and a nonlinear ARDL approach with the dependent variable on the tourism trade balance and the real exchange rate as independent variables. Income, foreign direct investment (FDI), and natural disasters as control variables. The empirical results show that Chinese and Japanese tourists respond positively to the depreciation in the real currency rate of exchange, thereby increasing Indonesia's tourism trade balance. Nonlinear ARDL shows that the relation concerning the real rate of exchange plus the balance of trade is non-symmetrical with respect to China and Japan, while Australia, Malaysia, and Singapore are symmetrical. These results suggest that the government should formulate policies to increase tourist visits from China and Japan. Further empirical results also found a J-curve pattern in Indonesia-China and Indonesia-Japan.
The Impact of Special Autonomy on the Convergence of Regional Economic Growth in Aceh, Indonesia Teuku Zulham; Said Muhammad; Raja Masbar; Sirojuzilam .
Aceh International Journal of Social Science Volume 4 Number 1, June 2015
Publisher : Aceh International Journal of Social Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1239.588 KB) | DOI: 10.12345/aijss.4.1.8682

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This study aims to assess the impact of special autonomy on the convergence of regional economic growth in Aceh, as well as factors that affect the convergence of economic growth before and after the enactment of special autonomy in Aceh. The independent variable in this study is the initial GDP per capita, working population, poor people, school duration, life expectancy, gross fixed capital formation, local revenue, equalization fund, and total receipts. The dependent variable is economic growth. The data used is secondary data in the form of panel data of the 23 districts / cities in Aceh from 1991 to 2012. The model used is panel data regression model which are grouped into two part of analysis which is before special autonomy (1991-2001) and after special autonomy (2002-2012). The estimation results indicate that there is sigma convergence of Aceh's regional economic growth which is shown by the decreasing value of standard deviation from 0.7698 before special autonomy to 0.5411 after special autonomy. In absolute terms, it is also ensued that there is a significant convergence of regional economic growth in Aceh in which the value of half-life of convergence to non-oil is about 27 years. While the speed of convergence after the special autonomy is increased. Conditionally, the exogenous variables that have a significant effect was only local revenues and school duration. Entire period takes 30 years half-life convergence with the speed of convergence on average 2.30 percent per year towards a steady state. The development program in the future should be oriented in creating many more employment opportunities, reducing poverty significantly, the enhancement of life expectancy, increasing people’s education to a higher level, as well as reducing the development gap in each district in Aceh. Keywords: Convergence, Speed of Convergence, Half-Life of Convergence, Special Autonomy, the Regional Economic Growth
ANALISIS STRUKTUR EKONOMI KABUPATEN ACEH BESAR Zakaria Zakaria; Teuku Zulham; Eddy Gunawan
Jurnal Perspektif Ekonomi Darussalam (Darussalam Journal of Economic Perspec Vol 4, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Perspektif Ekonomi Darussalam
Publisher : Program Studi Ekonomi Islam, Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis - Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (678.36 KB) | DOI: 10.24815/jped.v4i1.10921

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Abstract: The main aims of this observation are (1) to find out is there any significant increasing of economic structure in Aceh Besar and (2) to examine the issues of base sector for the economy in Aceh Besar during period 2010-2015. The analysis methods applied in this study are Shift Share Analysis, Shift Share Modification Esteban Marquillas and Location Quotient. The results of the study analysis found was transformation of economic structure from primary sector to secondary sector in Aceh Besar. While the contribution of of secondary sector, primary sector and then tersier sector which had contributed to PDRB in Aceh Besar continously. The base sector which is based on shift share analysis and location quotient analysis are including retail sector; repair of motor vehicles, transportation and storage sector. Agriculture, forestry and fishing sectors are not including to this sector which has comparative advantages, even though the contribution of economic structure of Aceh Besar is still dominated of those sectors. In fact agriculcural sector is not priority sector to be main sector in Aceh. The district government of Aceh Besar is expected to be more notice and promote the sector tertier such as retail trading sector; repair of motor, transportation and storage sector. Agriculture, forestry and fishing, and also accommodation and infrastructures. For those who have the authorities are also expected to be more concern in developing economic sectors which are belonging to Aceh. This issues can be solved through strategic policy in order to extend economic sector.Keywords: Structural Economic, Base Sector, Location quotient (LQ)Abstrak: Tujuan utama dari penelitian ini adalah (1) untuk mengetahui terjadinya pergeseran struktur ekonomi di Kabupaten Aceh dan (2) untuk mengetahui sektor basis atau sektor unggulan dalam perekonomian Kabupaten Aceh Besar selama periode 2010- 2015. Metode penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan Analisis Shift Share Klasik, Analisis Shift Share Esteban-Marquillas dan Location Quotient (LQ). Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa telah terjadi perubahan struktur ekonomi di Kabupaten Aceh Besar dari sektor primer ke sektor sekunder. Hal ini ditunjukkan dengan peranan sektor sekunder yang terus meningkat melalui besarnya kontribusi terhadap PDRB kabupaten Aceh Besar. Sektor unggulan berdasarkan analisis shift share dan location quotient adalah sektor perdagangan besar dan eceran; reparasi mobil dan sepeda motor dan sektor transportasi dan pergudangan. Sektor pertanian, kehutanan, dan perikanan tidak termasuk sebagai sektor yang memiliki keunggulan komparatif (nilai LQ rendah), walaupun bila dilihat secara kontribusi struktur ekonomi kawasan Aceh Besar masih didominasi oleh sektor pertanian, kehutanan dan perikanan, namun nyatanya sektor ini belum betul-betul menjadi andalan prioritas kebijakan pemerintah daerah dalam menjadikan pertanian sebagai sentral utama. Diharapkan kepada Pemerintah Daerah Aceh Besar sebaiknya memperhatikan dan mengembangkan sektor tertier, misalnya perdagangan besar dan eceran; reparasi mobil dan sepeda motor dan sektor transportasi dan pergudangan. serta sarana dan prasarana penunjang lainnya. Dan kepada pengambil kebijakan juga untuk dapat lebih memperhatikan dan mengembangkan sektor-sektor ekonomi yang ada di Aceh. Ini dapat dilakukan dengan mengeluarkan kebijakan-kebijakan yang pro-potensial untuk pengembangan sektor ekonomi. Misalnya pada sektor pertanian perlu lebih didukung untuk menjadikan sebagai agrowisata ataupun agroindustri yang dapat mengolah dan mengatur output sektor tersebut, sektor industri pengolahan perlu didukung dengan menfasilitasi industri pendukung sektor ini, sektor bangunan perlu didukung dengan kemudahan pemberian izin bagi sarana untuk kemanfaatan publik dan lain sebagainya.Kata Kunci :  Struktur Ekonomi, Sektor Ekonomi Unggulan, Location Quotient (LQ) 
PENGARUH SUKU BUNGA, PRODUK DOMESTIK BRUTO DAN NILAI TUKAR TERHADAP EKSPOR DI INDONESIA Okta Rabiana Risma; T. Zulham; Taufiq C. Dawood
Jurnal Perspektif Ekonomi Darussalam (Darussalam Journal of Economic Perspec Vol 4, No 2 (2018): Jurnal Perspektif Ekonomi Darussalam
Publisher : Program Studi Ekonomi Islam, Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis - Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (283.443 KB) | DOI: 10.24815/jped.v4i2.13027

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This research aims to analyze the level of exports in Indonesia by using Time Series data from the year 1990 to 2015 against a variable interest rate loands, gross domestic product, and the exchange rate. Methods of analysis used i.e, Auto Regressive Distributed Lagged (ARDL). The results showed that the three variables have no Granger which is caused by the difference of the order on the test stasioner. Based on a test of wald for the short term that gained and the long-term gross domestic product, exchange rates and interest rates significantly influential credit toward export.Keywords:ARDL, export, interest rate loands, gross domestic product, exchange rates.AbstrakPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis tingkat ekspor di Indonesia dengan menggunakan data Time Series dari tahun 1990 sampai 2015 terhadap variabel suku bunga kredit, produk domestik bruto, dan nilai tukar. Metode analisis yang digunakan yaitu AutoRegressive Distributed Lagged (ARDL).Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ketiga variabel tidak memiliki kointegrasi yang disebabkan oleh perbedaan ordo pada uji stasionernya. Berdasarkan uji wald didapat bahwa untuk jangka pendek dan jangka panjang produk domestik bruto, nilai tukar dan suku bunga kredit berpengaruh secara signifikan terhadap ekspor.
PENGARUH TENAGA KERJA INDONESIA DI LUAR NEGERI DAN REMITANSI TERHADAP PDB PER KAPITA DI INDONESIA Ade Eka Afriska; T. Zulham; Taufiq C. Dawood
Jurnal Perspektif Ekonomi Darussalam (Darussalam Journal of Economic Perspec Vol 4, No 2 (2018): Jurnal Perspektif Ekonomi Darussalam
Publisher : Program Studi Ekonomi Islam, Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis - Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (375.214 KB) | DOI: 10.24815/jped.v4i2.12947

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Money transfer or remittances is one of the main sources of international finance that sometimes exceed the flow of foreign direct investment. This research aims to observe the influence of TKI and the remittance to GDP per Capita in Indonesia by using time series data from the years 1990-2016. Method of the research used Autoregressive Distributed Lagged (ARDL). In Indonesia, the money transfer (remittance) is second after oil and gas (state budget sources or APBN). The result showed that the TKI and positive and significant influential remmitance to GDP per capita Indonesia. Although GDP per capita increased Indonesia result of remittance, but government should increase employment in Indonesia so that Indonesia does not labor must fight and workabroad.Keywords: Remittance, TKI, GDP Per capita, the ARDL.AbstrakPengiriman uang (remitansi) merupakan salah satu sumber keuangan internasional utama yang terkadang melebihi arus investasi langsung asing. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengamati pengaruh TKI dan remitansi terhadap PDB Per Kapita di Indonesia dengan menggunakan data time series dari tahun 1990-2016. Metode analisis yang digunakan yaitu Autoregressive DistributedLagged (ARDL). Di Indonesia, pengiriman uang (remitansi) merupakan sumber APBN kedua setelah Migas. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa TKI dan remitansi berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap PDB per kapita Indonesia. Meskipun PDB per Kapita Indonesia meningkat akibat dari remitansi, akan tetapi pemerintah harus meningkatkan lapangan pekerjaan di Indonesia agar tenaga kerja Indonesia tidak harus berjuang dan bekerja di luar negeri
ANALISIS DETERMINAN PENDAPATAN PEKERJA MISKIN DI PROVINSI ACEH TAHUN 2015 Rudi Hermanto; Teuku Zulham; Chenny Seftarita
Jurnal Perspektif Ekonomi Darussalam (Darussalam Journal of Economic Perspec Vol 2, No 2 (2016): Jurnal Perspektif Ekonomi Darussalam
Publisher : Program Studi Ekonomi Islam, Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis - Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (346.331 KB) | DOI: 10.24815/jped.v2i2.6695

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The purpose of this study is to see how the demographic characteristics of the working poor in The Province of Aceh and analyze the factors that determines the income of the working poor as well as the influence of each of these factors. The data used is the data of the National Socioeconomic Survey (Susenas) in 2015 using the model of Multiple Classification Analysis (MCA). Descriptive analysis showed that there is a significant relationship between income and each independent variable gender, region of residence, marital status, age, education level, field of business, sector employment and working hours. MCA results indicate that the independent variables simultaneously significant effect on income. From 8 demographic variables studied, the undertaking of independent variables, sex, age and level of education have a considerable effect on the incomes of the working poor. In an effort to alleviate the working poor, it takes real action especially the improvement of education and vocational training, the development of the agricultural sector, increased investment in potential rural areas, and the development of informal sector.Penelitian ini bertujuan ingin melihat bagaimana karakteristik demografi dari pekerja miskin di Provinsi Aceh dan menganalisis faktor-faktor apa yang menjadi penentu pendapatan dari pekerja miskin serta besar pengaruh dari masing-masing faktor tersebut. Data yang digunakan adalah data hasil Survei Sosial Ekonomi Nasional (Susenas) 2015 dengan menggunakan model Multiple Classification Analysis (MCA). Hasil analisis deskriptif menunjukkan bahwa terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara pendapatan dan masing-masing variabel bebas jenis kelamin, wilayah tempat tinggal, status perkawinan, umur, tingkat pendidikan, lapangan usaha, sektor pekerjaan, dan jam kerja. Hasil MCA menunjukkan bahwa variabel bebas secara simultan memberikan pengaruh yang nyata terhadap pendapatan. Dari 8 variabel demografi yang diteliti, variabel bebas lapangan usaha, jenis kelamin, umur dan tingkat pendidikan mempunyai pengaruh yang besar terhadap pendapatan pekerja miskin. Dalam upaya pengentasan pekerja miskin, maka dibutuhkan tindakan nyata terutama peningkatan pendidikan dan pelatihan kerja, pengembangan sektor pertanian, peningkatan investasi di daerah perdesaan yang potensial, serta pengembangan sektor informal.
ANALISIS PENGARUH BELANJA PENDIDIKAN, BELANJA KESEHATAN, TINGKAT KEMISKINAN DAN PDRB TERHADAP IPM DI PROVINSI ACEH Muliza Muliza; Teuku Zulham; Chenny Seftarita
Jurnal Perspektif Ekonomi Darussalam (Darussalam Journal of Economic Perspec Vol 3, No 1 (2017): Jurnal Perspektif Ekonomi Darussalam
Publisher : Program Studi Ekonomi Islam, Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis - Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (281.513 KB) | DOI: 10.24815/jped.v3i1.6993

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This study aims to look at the influence of the variables government spending on health and education, poverty and Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of the Human Development Index (HDI) in the province of Aceh. The analytical method used in this research is the analysis of the panel data regression model parameter estimation using a random effects model (REM). The data used is the panel data during the period 2010-2014. The results showed that the variables government spending on education and health sector no significant effect on the human development index, this happens because the district/city governments allocate their spending still more dominant that the type of expenditure that are not directly impact the IPM. While poverty variables significant negative effect on the human development index, then with reduced levels of poverty can enhance human development index. GRDP positive and significant effect on the human development index, which means that the GDP increases, IPM will also increase.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melihat pengaruh dari variabel-variabel belanja pemerintah pada sektor kesehatan dan pendidikan, tingkat kemiskinan serta Produk Domestik Regional Bruto (PDRB) terhadap Indeks Pembangunan Manusia (IPM) di Provinsi Aceh. Metode analisis yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah analisis regresi data panel dengan estimasi parameter model menggunakan random effect model (REM). Data yang digunakan adalah data panel selama periode 2010-2014. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa variabel pengeluaran pemerintah di sektor pendidikan dan kesehatan tidak berpengaruh signifikan terhadap indeks pembangunan manusia, hal ini terjadi karena pemerintah kabupaten/kota masih lebih dominan mengalokasikan belanjanya yang pada jenis belanja yang secara tidak lansung memberikan pengaruh terhadap IPM. Sedangkan variabel kemiskinan berpengaruh negatif dan signifikan terhadap indeks pembangunan manusia, maka dengan menurunnya tingkat kemiskinan dapat meningkatkan indeks pembangunan manusia. PDRB berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap indeks pembangunan manusia, yang berarti PDRB meningkat maka IPM juga akan meningkat.
ANALISIS KETIMPANGAN PEMBANGUNAN DAN DISTRIBUSI PENDAPATAN WILAYAH DI PROVINSI ACEH Muhammad Reza; Abd. Jamal; T. Zulham
Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Publik Indonesia Vol 6, No 1 (2019): Mei 2019
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (978.253 KB) | DOI: 10.24815/ekapi.v6i1.14256

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Abstract The aims of this research are to understand the development disparities, income distribution, human development, and the geographical difficulties in North-East, Center-South East, and West-South of Aceh Regions. The methods of analysis used are Williamson Index, Lorentz Curve, Gini Coefficient, Human Development Index (IPM), and Geographical Difficulties Index (IKG). The results show that based on Williamson Index, the developments in the North-East, Center-South East Regions of Aceh are still low. Based on the Lorenz Curve, West-South Region is far from equality line, it is followed by Center-South East and North-East Regions. Thus, it can be stated that West-South and Center-South East Regions experience relatively greater income disparities compared to North-East Region. Based on Human Development Index Calculation, West-South of Aceh is the region that has lowest Human Development Index, then it followed by Center-South East and North-East Regions of Aceh. Based on Geographical Difficulties Index, West-South Region of Aceh has the highest Geographical Difficulties Index compared to Center-South East and North-East Regions of Aceh viewed from the existence of basic services, infrastructure condition, and transportation.The government must strive to reduce development disparities in the North-East, Central-Southeast and West-South regions of Aceh so that there will be no provincial division and conflict between regions.