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Character Education Base on Local Wisdom in Aceh (Study on Tradition of Children Education in Aceh Community) Samad, Sri Astuti A.
Al-Ulum Vol 15, No 2 (2015): Al-Ulum
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Sultan Amai Gorontalo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

This study explains about education of children character which base on local wisdoms in Aceh community. The study used historical, sociological and anthropological approach. The local wisdoms have dealt with Islamic religion which is strongly practiced by Aceh community. Religion and Aceh local wisdoms have become part of Aceh community identity for a long time. In this regard, it can be seen in hadih majah (quotes of Aceh): “hukom ngon adat lagee zat ngon sifeut”, it means that religion and tradition are like substance and attribute that cannot be separated. Children education in Acehnese tradition has several phases namely: azan and iqamah, boh nan (naming of child), peutron aneuk (bringing of child into the ground), aqīqah (sacrificing of goat for new-born baby), doda idi (singing and telling story to the child), euntat beut (bringing of child to Islamic school to recitate the holy Quran), peutamat beut (make special party for children after their finishing recitating of the holy Quran). The result of this study shows that those traditions were very important identities to the children of Aceh particularly to perform a good characters and personalities. It also can grow values of tauhid, kindness, togetherness, and intelligence.-----Kajian ini menjelaskan tentang pendidikan karakter anak yang berbasis kearifan lokal dalam Masyarakat Aceh. Studi ini menggunakan pendekatan historis, sosiologis dan antropologis. Kearifan lokal tersebut memiliki kaitan yang erat dengan agama Islam yang dianut secara kuat oleh masyarakat Aceh. Hal ini terlihat dalam hadih majah (pepatah): “hukom ngon adat lagee zat ngon sifeut”, artinya hukum [agama] dan adat, seperti zat dengan sifatnya, tidak dapat dipisahkan. Tradisi mendidik anak dalam masyarakat Aceh dapat disebutkan fase-fasenya yaitu; azan dan iqamah, boh nan (memberi nama), peutron aneuk (bayi diturunkan ke tanah), aqīqah, doda idi (bernyanyi atau bercerita), euntat beut (mengantar mengaji), peutamat beut (tamat mengaji). Temuan penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa tradisi tersebut merupakan entitas yang cukup penting bagi anak dalam memperoleh pendidikan karakter sehingga tertanam nilai-nilai; ketauhidan, kebaikan, kebersamaan, kepahlawanan dan kecerdasan.
PERAN PEREMPUAN DALAM PERKEMBANGAN PENDIDIKAN ISLAM DI ACEH (Kajian Terhadap Kontribusi Wanita dalam Tinjauan Sejarah) A. Samad, Sri Astuti
AL-MAIYYAH Vol 9 No 2 (2016): AL-MAIYYAH
Publisher : AL-MAIYYAH

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (256.274 KB)

Abstract

Acehnese women contribute significantly in the field of development of Islamic education. Among the well-known figures are Datu Beru and Tengku Fakinah. Datu Beru known as Judge women in the kingdom of Linge in Central Aceh. Although she did not have schools but she could become inspiration in the field of science, especially jurisprudence. Meanwhile, Tengku Fakinah was an educator, a woman scholar in Dayah Lam Diran which was a famous Islamic educational institution in that time. Students who studied at the Islamic boarding school come from various parts of Aceh. They are fully involved in the process of social transformation and intellectual transmission. It is proved that the public role of women in Aceh since in the past did not have social and cultural constraints. In addition, the woman clearly has a major contribution in the field of Islamic education.
Konsep Ruh dalam Perspektif Psikologi Pendidikan Barat dan Islam Samad, Sri Astuti A.
FENOMENA FENOMENA Vol 7 No.2, 2015
Publisher : LP2M IAIN Samarinda

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21093/fj.v7i2.300

Abstract

This paper explains the concept of ruh in the context of western and Islamic perspectif using psychology and temathic tafsir as its analysis tool. The term of ”ruh” refers to the description of human both physically and psychologically. It involves 3 dimensions; al-jismiah, al-nafsiyah and al-ruhaniah. al-jismiah deals with the dimension of al-jism (body) and its physical organs. al-nafsiyah consists of  al-aqal, al-nafs and al-qalb. al-ruhaniah consists of al-ruh and fitrah. Western psychology,-pyshoanalysis, behaviorsim, and humanism-, is misuse in interpreting al-ruh. The dimension of al-ruh is the place of the seed of religion. Western psychology views the structure of human psychology reducibility and reductivelly. Islamic psychology, which develops the concept of human structure based  on the understanding of Al-Qur;an, can accomodate that concept as long as it can be places proportionally in the system of the human spirit structure. The dimension of al-ruh can be collaborated and applied furthermore with the methods of former ulama by using more modern approaches, that is, the methods of riyadah, zikir, tazkiyah al-nufus and other methods.
Pembelajaran Arab Melayu dan Pengaruhnya Terhadap Pembentukan Karakter Siswa di Sekolah Dasar Kabupaten Pidie, Aceh A. Samad, Sri Astuti
Ekspose: Jurnal Penelitian Hukum dan Pendidikan Vol 17, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Bone

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35673/ekspose.v17i1.108

Abstract

The current character crisis is a crucial issue amidst global cultural hegemony that has a negative impact. As a result children experience capital decadence, consumerism, free sex and increased crime. Therefore, it is necessary to study how children get character education that can face the global challenge. This study discusses the problem of learning Malay Arabic Book (Arab Melayu) in Primary School in Pidie District using Halaqah method (teacher reading listening students) and peer tutoring. While the books used are; Book of Tawhid, Book of Akhlak, Bidayatul Muhtadi (fiqih), Masaail Muhtadi (fiqih). This learning process then gave birth to student characters such as; strengthening tauhid, diligent worship, obedient to the teacher, obedient to the parents. Obstacles encountered related to learning methods and learning time that can be solved by teachers together.
Konsep Ruh dalam Perspektif Psikologi Pendidikan Barat dan Islam Samad, Sri Astuti A.
FENOMENA FENOMENA Vol 7 No.2, 2015
Publisher : LP2M IAIN Samarinda

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (500.079 KB) | DOI: 10.21093/fj.v7i2.300

Abstract

This paper explains the concept of ruh in the context of western and Islamic perspectif using psychology and temathic tafsir as its analysis tool. The term of ”ruh” refers to the description of human both physically and psychologically. It involves 3 dimensions; al-jismiah, al-nafsiyah and al-ruhaniah. al-jismiah deals with the dimension of al-jism (body) and its physical organs. al-nafsiyah consists of  al-aqal, al-nafs and al-qalb. al-ruhaniah consists of al-ruh and fitrah. Western psychology,-pyshoanalysis, behaviorsim, and humanism-, is misuse in interpreting al-ruh. The dimension of al-ruh is the place of the seed of religion. Western psychology views the structure of human psychology reducibility and reductivelly. Islamic psychology, which develops the concept of human structure based  on the understanding of Al-Qur;an, can accomodate that concept as long as it can be places proportionally in the system of the human spirit structure. The dimension of al-ruh can be collaborated and applied furthermore with the methods of former ulama by using more modern approaches, that is, the methods of riyadah, zikir, tazkiyah al-nufus and other methods.
PERAN PEREMPUAN DALAM PERKEMBANGAN PENDIDIKAN ISLAM DI ACEH (Kajian Terhadap Kontribusi Wanita dalam Tinjauan Sejarah) A. Samad, Sri Astuti
AL-MAIYYAH : Media Transformasi Gender dalam Paradigma Sosial Keagamaan Vol 9 No 2 (2016): AL-MAIYYAH
Publisher : LPPM IAIN Parepare

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (257.7 KB)

Abstract

Acehnese women contribute significantly in the field of development of Islamic education. Among the well-known figures are Datu Beru and Tengku Fakinah. Datu Beru known as Judge women in the kingdom of Linge in Central Aceh. Although she did not have schools but she could become inspiration in the field of science, especially jurisprudence. Meanwhile, Tengku Fakinah was an educator, a woman scholar in Dayah Lam Diran which was a famous Islamic educational institution in that time. Students who studied at the Islamic boarding school come from various parts of Aceh. They are fully involved in the process of social transformation and intellectual transmission. It is proved that the public role of women in Aceh since in the past did not have social and cultural constraints. In addition, the woman clearly has a major contribution in the field of Islamic education.
PERAN PEREMPUAN DALAM PERKEMBANGAN PENDIDIKAN ISLAM DI ACEH (KAJIAN TERHADAP KONTRIBUSI WANITA DALAM TINJAUAN SEJARAH) A. Samad, Sri Astuti
Al-Maiyyah : Media Transformasi Gender dalam Paradigma Sosial Keagamaan Vol 9 No 2 (2016): AL-MAIYYAH
Publisher : LP2M IAIN Parepare

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (257.7 KB) | DOI: 10.35905/almaiyyah.v9i2.346

Abstract

Acehnese women contribute significantly in the field of development of Islamic education. Among the well-known figures are Datu Beru and Tengku Fakinah. Datu Beru known as Judge women in the kingdom of Linge in Central Aceh. Although she did not have schools but she could become inspiration in the field of science, especially jurisprudence. Meanwhile, Tengku Fakinah was an educator, a woman scholar in Dayah Lam Diran which was a famous Islamic educational institution in that time. Students who studied at the Islamic boarding school come from various parts of Aceh. They are fully involved in the process of social transformation and intellectual transmission. It is proved that the public role of women in Aceh since in the past did not have social and cultural constraints. In addition, the woman clearly has a major contribution in the field of Islamic education.
Redesain pendidikan islam: perkembangan pendidikan pasca penerapan syari’at islam di aceh Abidin Nurdin; Sri Astuti A. Samad; Munawwarah Munawwarah
EKSPOSE Vol 19, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Bone

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30863/ekspose.v1i1.886

Abstract

This study aims to discuss the redesign of Islamic education which is focused on the development of Islamic education after the Islamic shari'ah was formally applied in Aceh. As it is understood that the application of Islamic sharia is a part of the historical mandate, and has become a characteristic of the social and cultural order of the Acehnese people which is thick with religious values, the latter is then strengthened by law regulations from the central government. The method used is qualitative research with data collection techniques namely literature review, interviews and observations while the analysis technique uses tryangulation. The result is that since the implementation of Islamic sharia in Aceh there has been a redesign of Islamic education, which is to strengthen the three centers of education which are also based and synergized with Islamic sharia. The three education centers are: first, the (formal) school from elementary school but up to tertiary institutions; secondly, the community (non-formal), at the level of the village where there is a meunasah and the study center as a place of study of tauhid, fiqih and tasawuf; and third, family (informal) through family strengthening. Thus the tri education center is enriched with Islamic sharia values that shape human character and noble character.Kajian ini bertujuan untuk membahas tentang redesain pendidikan Islam yang difokuskan pada perkembangan pendidikan Islam setelah syari’at Islam diterapkan secara formal di Aceh.  Sebagaimana dipahami bahwa penerapan syari’at Islam merupakan bagian dari amanah sejarah, dan telah menjadi karaktersitik tatanan sosial dan budaya masyarakat Aceh yang kental dengan nilai-nilai agama, terakhir kemudian diperkuat dengan peraturan udang-undang dari pemerintah pusat. Metode yang digunakan adalah penelitian kualitatif dengan teknik pengumpulan data yaitu kajian literatur, wawancara dan observasi sedangkan teknik analisis memakai tryangulasi. Hasilnya adalah bahwa sejak penerapan syari’at Islam di Aceh terjadi  redesain pendidikan Islam yaitu menguatkan tiga pusat pendidikan juga berbasis dan bersinergis dengan syar’at Islam. Tri pusat pendidikan tersebut yaitu: pertama, sekolah  (formal) dari Sekolah Dasar tetapi sampai pada Perguruan Tinggi; kedua, masyarakat (non formal), pada level gampong yang terdapat meunasah dan balai pengajian sebagai tempat pengkajian ilmu tauhid, fiqih dan tasawuf; dan ketiga, keluarga (informal) melalui penguatan keluarga. Dengan demikian tri pusat pendidikan tersebut diperkaya dengan nilai-nilai syari’at Islam yang membentuk manusia berkarakter dan berakhlak mulia.
Pembelajaran Arab Melayu dan Pengaruhnya Terhadap Pembentukan Karakter Siswa di Sekolah Dasar Kabupaten Pidie, Aceh Sri Astuti A. Samad
EKSPOSE Vol 17, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Bone

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30863/ekspose.v17i1.108

Abstract

The current character crisis is a crucial issue amidst global cultural hegemony that has a negative impact. As a result children experience capital decadence, consumerism, free sex and increased crime. Therefore, it is necessary to study how children get character education that can face the global challenge. This study discusses the problem of learning Malay Arabic Book (Arab Melayu) in Primary School in Pidie District using Halaqah method (teacher reading listening students) and peer tutoring. While the books used are; Book of Tawhid, Book of Akhlak, Bidayatul Muhtadi (fiqih), Masaail Muhtadi (fiqih). This learning process then gave birth to student characters such as; strengthening tauhid, diligent worship, obedient to the teacher, obedient to the parents. Obstacles encountered related to learning methods and learning time that can be solved by teachers together.
Character Education Base on Local Wisdom in Aceh (Study on Tradition of Children Education in Aceh Community) Sri Astuti A. Samad
Al-Ulum Vol. 15 No. 2 (2015): Al-Ulum
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Sultan Amai Gorontalo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (531.673 KB) | DOI: 10.30603/au.v15i2.206

Abstract

This study explains about education of children character which base on local wisdoms in Aceh community. The study used historical, sociological and anthropological approach. The local wisdoms have dealt with Islamic religion which is strongly practiced by Aceh community. Religion and Aceh local wisdoms have become part of Aceh community identity for a long time. In this regard, it can be seen in hadih majah (quotes of Aceh): “hukom ngon adat lagee zat ngon sifeut”, it means that religion and tradition are like substance and attribute that cannot be separated. Children education in Acehnese tradition has several phases namely: azan and iqamah, boh nan (naming of child), peutron aneuk (bringing of child into the ground), aqīqah (sacrificing of goat for new-born baby), doda idi (singing and telling story to the child), euntat beut (bringing of child to Islamic school to recitate the holy Quran), peutamat beut (make special party for children after their finishing recitating of the holy Quran). The result of this study shows that those traditions were very important identities to the children of Aceh particularly to perform a good characters and personalities. It also can grow values of tauhid, kindness, togetherness, and intelligence.