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SUPPLEMENTATION OF VITAMIN E AND C IN FEED ON MEAT QUALITY, THIOBARBITURIC ACID REACTIVE SUBSTANCE (TBARS) AND MYOGLOBIN LEVEL OF MUSCOVY DUCK MEAT Tugiyanti, E.; Yuwanta, T.; Zuprizal, Zuprizal; Rusman, Rusman
Journal of the Indonesian Tropical Animal Agriculture Vol 39, No 1 (2014): (March)
Publisher : Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/jitaa.39.1.37-44

Abstract

This research was aimed to analyze vitamin E and C supplementation in feed on meet quality,thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) and myoglobin level of muscovy duck. This researchused 84 Indonesian muscovy duck divided into 7 group of experimental diet, namely E0C0 : basal feedwithout vitamin E and C supplementation, E400 : basal feed with 400 IU of vitamin E supplementation,E600 : basal feed with 600 IU of vitamin E supplementation, C400 : basal feed with 400mg vof itamin Csupplementation, C600 : basal feed with 600mg of vitamin C supplementation, E200C200 : basal with 200 IUof vitamin E and 200mg of vitamin C supplementation, E300C300 : basal feed with 300 IU of vitamin Eand 300mg of vitamin C. A completely randomized design was applied and each treatment had 4replications. The data were analyzed using analysis of variance. Analysis of variance showed thattreatments significantly affect (P>0.01) meat quality, myoglobin level and TBARS level. Vitamin E andC was proven able to improve final pH of muscovy duck meat. Supplementation of 300 IU of vitamin Eand 300mg of vitamin C at feed with 21% of protein and 3100 kcal/kg of energy could improve DIA,cooking loss, flavor, and color of muscovy duck meat; however, the highest meat tenderness wasresulted from 400 IU vitamin E supplementation.
Effect of Crude Palm Oil Protection on Fermentation Parameter and Rumen Microbial Activity of Male Local Lamb Tiven, NC; Yusiati, LM; Rusman, Rusman; Santoso, U
ANIMAL PRODUCTION Vol 14, No 3 (2012): September
Publisher : Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Faculty of Animal Science, Purwokerto-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (191.298 KB)

Abstract

Abtstract. The experiment was conducted to determine the effect of protected crude palm oil (CPO) protection in the ration on in vivo fermentation parameters and microbial activity. Fifteenth local male lambs aged 9-12 months weighing 14-17 kg, were divided into 3 groups ration treatment. The first group received only the basal ration (R0), the 2nd group received the basal ration and 3% CPO (R1), while the 3rd group received the basal ration and 3% CPO protected with 2% formaldehyde (R2). The data were analyzed by completely random design with oneway pattern. The different of treatments were tested by Duncan’s New Multiple Range Test. The results showed that addition CPO protected with formaldehid (R2) in sheep ration increasing microbial protein in the rumen fluid.Keywords: fermentation parameters, rumen microbial activit. CPO Abstrak. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui pengaruh proteksi kelapa sawit mentah (CPO) dalam ransum terhadap parameter fermentasi in-vivo dan aktivitas mikroba. Lima belas ekor domba lokal muda jantanumur 9-12 bulan dengan bobot 14-17 kg, dibagi menjadi tiga kelompok perlakuan ransum. Kelompok pertama hanya diberi ransum basal (R0), kelompok kedua diberi ransum basal dan 3% CPO (R1), kelompok ketiga diberi ransum basal dan 3% CPO terproteksi dengan 2% formaldehid (R2). Rancangan Acak Lengkap dan dan anova satu arah digunakan pada penelitian ini dengan uji lanjut jarak ganda Duncan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penambahan CPO terproteksi dengan formaldehida (R2) pada ransum domba meningkatkan protein mikroba dalam cairan rumen.Kata kunci: parameter fermentasi, aktivitas mikroba rumen, CPO NC Tiven  et al/Animal Production 14(3):141-146, September 2012
Nutritional Status Evaluation (Estimated Using Lignin Internal Indicator) of Grazed Yearling Kacang Bucks Adiwiniarti, Retno; Budisatria, I Gede Suparta; Kustantinah, Kustantinah; Rusman, Rusman; Purnomoadi, Agung
ANIMAL PRODUCTION Vol 17, No 3 (2015): September
Publisher : Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Faculty of Animal Science, Purwokerto-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (798.275 KB) | DOI: 10.20884/1.anprod.2015.17.3.522

Abstract

In some areas in Indonesia, farmers usually graze their goats during the day and house them at night.  The goats eat grass without additional concentrate.  However, how much nutrient intakes of grazing goats in Indonesia are seldom calculated. Therefore, this research was set up to investigate the productivity and to estimate the dry matter, protein, and TDN intake of grazed Kacang buck using lignin internal indicator.  About 12 heads of Kacang buck, aged 1-1.5 year (the incisors have erupted 1), having the initial body weight of 18.42+1.78 kg (CV= 9.67%) and reared by farmers in Grobogan, Central Java, Indonesia were used in this study.  Intake and nutrient digestibility of the buck were calculated using lignin as internal marker.  After being reared 86 days, the average daily gains (ADG) of the buck were 3.20+21.14 gram ( -26.16 gram to 53.60 gram). Low ADG of the buck was caused by low DMI, protein and TDN intake.  The Kacang bucks were usually grazed in the soccer fields, back yards, and roadsides, therefore their intake were lower than their maintenance needed.  The averages of DMI, protein and TDN intake were about 1.17+0.17 % their body weight, 30.16+4.18 g and 91.45+11.64 g, respectively. It can be concluded that the productivity of grazing Kacang bucks is relatively very low.
Meat Preservation with Addition of Kecombrang Leaves (Etlingera Elatior) in Refrigerator Temperature Kusuma, Citra; Rusman, Rusman; Jamhari, Jamhari
ANIMAL PRODUCTION Vol 19, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Faculty of Animal Science, Purwokerto-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (695.442 KB) | DOI: 10.20884/1.jap.2017.19.1.587

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of kecombrang leaves (Etlingera elatior) on the physical, chemical and microbiological quality on meat that stored at refrigerator temperatures. The research was conducted in June until August 2016 in the Laboratory of Meat Science and Technology Department of Product Technology, Faculty of Animal Science, Gadjah Mada University. This study used a completely randomized design (CRD) 3 x 3 factorial (3 condition of kecombrang leaves, 3 storage time), each treatment was repeated 3 times, and the different means were tested by Duncan test. The results Showed that the addition of kecombrang leaves and storage time had significantly affected (P<0.05) on the total microbes in meat. Meat control (8,00 log cfu/ml±0,48) and meat with the addition of kecombrang leaves powder (6,59 log cfu/ml±0,40) more effective in suppressing of total microbes that growing compared with kecombrang leaves pasta (7,12 log cfu/ml±0,35). Storage time make pH value and cooking losses in meat decrease.  Kecombrang leaves condition and storage time did not affected to water content, protein content, fat content and tenderness in beef.
PENEGAKAN HUKUM PIDANA PROFESIONAL BERPIHAK PADA FAKTA HUKUM DAN KEADILAN Rusman, Rusman
Jurnal Hukum Mimbar Justitia Vol 3, No 2 (2017): Published 30 Desember 2017
Publisher : Jurnal Hukum Mimbar Justitia

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Abstract

Law enforcement criminal court must dare to be assertive in the process of law enforcement should not be legalitik the chained stream normatik dogmatik, its time to find the ideal concept in accordance with the sense of Justice in favour of society ( public) and realized that the dynamic laws of development. The small settlement of cases does not always have to be boiled down to the Court, using the means and utilizing the penal imprisonment or confinement sentence need to be considered again for the sake of the values of Justice. Investigator required material provisions of law and guided by formyl applicable investigation is part of the process of criminal law enforcement needed material, so that truth refers to legal facts and evidence obtained in order to obtain legal certainty that comes down to fairness. Keywords: Police, Law Enforcement, Professional, Justice.
Supplementation of Vitamin E and C in the Feed on Color, Cooking Loss and Tenderness of Muscovy Ducks Meat Stored in Room Temperature, Refrigerator and Freezer Rusman, Rusman; Zuprizal, Zuprizal; Yuwanta, Tri; Tugiyanti, Elly; Ismoyowati, Ismoyowati
ANIMAL PRODUCTION Vol 17, No 2 (2015): May
Publisher : Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Faculty of Animal Science, Purwokerto-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (577.386 KB) | DOI: 10.20884/1.anprod.2015.17.2.504

Abstract

Research has been conducted to determine the effectiveness of antioxidant supplementation of vitamin E and C in the feed to meat quality of the Muscovy duck meat stored at room temperature, refrigerator and freezer.  Eighty-four Muscovy duck tail males aged 9 weeks maintained for 5 weeks and allocated into 7 treatments with 4 replications and each replication consisted of Muscovy duck 3 heads. Completely Randomized Design was applied, in the which treatments were vitamin E and vitamin C supplementation to the basal feed containing 21% protein and 3100 kcal / kg administered metabolic energy into seven groups namely E0C0: basal feed without Vit E and Vit C, E400: basal feed plus 400 IU of vitamin E, E600: basal feed plus 600 IU of vitamin E, C400: basal feed plus 400 mg / kg feed vitamin C, C600: basal feed plus 600 mg / kg feed as much vitamin C, E200C200: basal feed plus 200 IU vitamin E and 200 mg / kg feed vitamin C, and E300C300: basal feed plus 300 IU of vitamin E and 300 mg / kg feed of vitamin C. The parameters measured were the color of meat that includes the value of L * (lightness), a * (Redness) and b * (yellowness), tenderness and cooking looses.  The data obtained and the analysis of variance followed honestly significant difference test.Muscovy duck meat that vitamin E-supplemented feed brightness levels did not differ (P> 0.05) with non-supplemented,  otherwise Muscovy duck meat that feed supplemented vitamin C or a combination of vitamin E and C levels of brightness up to 3 days either at room temperature or stored the refrigerator is still high.  Supplementation of vitamin E and C was highly significant (P <0.01) against redness (a*) meat stored in different storage means. Muscovy duck meat that feed not supplemented vitamin E and C redness (a*) did not differ (P> 0.05) between the age of 0 hours with that stored in the refrigerator or freezer. B * value of Muscovy duck meat that feed not given vitamin E and C as well as different combinations (P <0.05) with Muscovy duck meat that feed supplemented with vitamin C or a combination of vitamins E and C. The Muscovy duck meat that feed supplemented vitamin E, C or a combination of vitamins E and C if stored at room temperature or refrigerator up to 3 days the value of L* and a* is still high, but the b * low.
Penguatan Life Skills dalam Implementasi Kurikulum 2013 pada SMA (Sekolah Menengah Atas) di Jawa Barat Wahyudin, Dinn; Rusman, Rusman; Rahmawati, Yulia
MIMBAR PENDIDIKAN Vol 2, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17509/mimbardik.v2i1.6023

Abstract

ABSTRAKSI: Tak semua lulusan SMA (Sekolah Menengah Atas) bisa meneruskan pendidikannya ke jenjang PT (Perguruan Tinggi). Oleh sebab itu, lulusan SMA perlu dibekali kemampuan dan keterampilan untuk bisa bertahan dalam menempuh kehidupan usai lulus SMA. Penelitian ini difokuskan pada penguatan pengalaman belajar bercirikan kecakapan hidup dalam implementasi Kurikulum 2013 pada SMA di Jawa Barat, Indonesia. Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk mengetahui pemahaman kepala sekolah dan guru SMA dalam merancang dan mengimplementasikan Kurikulum 2013 dan menjamin lulusannya memiliki keterampilan belajar, keterampilan menggunakan teknologi dan media informasi, serta dapat bekerja dan bertahan dengan menggunakan keterampilan untuk hidup. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode deskriptif, dengan sampel para kepala sekolah dan guru SMA. Hasil penelitian menunjukan masih variatifnya derajat pemahaman kecakapan hidup para guru dan kepala sekolah dalam implementasi Kurikulum 2013. Ada juga sejumlah kendala yang dialami guru dan kepala sekolah dalam implementasi pembelajaran kecakapan hidup. Kendala tersebut bersifat konseptual dan teknis implementatif di sekolah. KATA KUNCI: Manajemen Kurikulum; Kurikulum 2013; Kecakapan Hidup; Pembelajaran Aktif; Kendala Konseptual dan Teknis.  ABSTRACT: “Strengthening the Life Skills in the Implementation of Curriculum 2013 in Senior High Schools in West Java”. Not all Senior High School graduates can continue their education to the College level. Therefore, they need to be provided with the ability and skills to survive in their life after graduation. This study is focused on strengthening the learning experience characterized by life skills in the implementation of Curriculum 2013 in Senior High Schools in West Java, Indonesia. The purpose of the study is to determine the understanding of Senior High Schools’ principals and teachers in designing and implementing Curriculum 2013 and ensuring their graduates to have the skills to learn, to use information technology and media, and to be able to work and survive by using life skills. This research used a descriptive method, with a sample of Senior High Schools’ principals and teachers. The results show that there is still a variation of the teachers and principals’ degrees of understanding of life skills in the implementation of Curriculum 2013. There are also a number of constraints experienced by the teachers and principals in the implementation of the life skills’ learning, which pertain to the conceptual and technical aspects in implementing the life skills in the schools.KEY WORD: Curriculum Management; Curriculum 2013; Life Skills; Active Learning; Conceptual and Technical Constraints.    About the Authors: Dr. Dinn Wahyudin, Dr. Rusman, dan Dr. Yulia Rahmawati adalah Dosen di Program Studi Pengembangan Kurikulum SPs UPI (Sekolah Pascasarjana, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia), Jalan Dr. Setiabudhi No.229 Bandung 40154, Jawa Barat, Indonesia. Emel penulis: dinn_wahyudin@upi.eduHow to cite this article? Wahyudin, Dinn, Rusman Yulia Rahmawati. (2017). “Penguatan Life Skills dalam Implementasi Kurikulum 2013 pada SMA (Sekolah Menengah Atas) di Jawa Barat” in MIMBAR PENDIDIKAN: Jurnal Indonesia untuk Kajian Pendidikan, Vol.2(1) March, pp.65-80. Bandung, Indonesia: UPI [Indonesia University of Education] Press, ISSN 2527-3868 (print) and 2503-457X (online). Chronicle of the article: Accepted (January 15, 2017); Revised (February 15, 2017); and Published (March 30, 2017).
Pola Pendidikan Berkemajuan Rusman, Rusman
Islam Kontemporer Vol 1, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Fakultas Agama Islam

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Abstract

Outdoor life and human life and human is willing to accept the influence of the outside world, ready to communicate with the possibility of exchange of alternatives patterns of thought and behavior deeds. Criteria level of openness of human and moral life of society is determined by the level by level or speed tempo changes and problems faced. Patterns of thought and behavior that is based on the open view of cultural relativity and pluralism or diversity of truth and reality. Instead of society and human beings against which to be covered is marked by a denial of justice could have taken third and only one true law used as guidelines in determining the truth about reality, either about to culture-an, patterns of thought and behavior deeds. In many ways and basically the truth and reality possessed rated dignified absolute, applies whenever and wherever. Resulting symptoms conservative attitudes which do not want changes that may be as a result of the influence that comes from the outside world and different.There are three educational social problems that lead to educational berkemajuan namely: (1) Problems of social progress of students, (2) Problems teacher social progress, and (3) Problems of social advancement of educational institutions (schools). Of these problems can be overcome by implementing three patterns: (1) Pattern nomothetic, (2) Patterns idiographic, and (3) Transactional Pattern.Their harmonious and balanced cooperation, give and receive mutual control and control between teacher education institutions and schools in order devotion to children, students and the development of education in general, will determine much of the future development of the communities.
EKSPLORASI BAHAN ALAMI SEBAGAI ALTERNATIF PENGGANTI BAHAN TAMBAHAN PANGAN (BTP) SINTETIK W, Swastike; E, Suryanto; Rusman, Rusman; Jamhari, Jamhari; Jumeri, Jumeri
Agrimeta: Jurnal Pertanian Berbasis Keseimbangan Ekosistem Vol 8 No 16 (2018): Agrimeta: Jurnal Pertanian Berbasis Keseimbangan Ekosistem
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Mahasaraswati Denpasar

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Abstract

This study aims to explore natural ingredients so that they can be used as alternatives to synthetic additives. The ingredients consist of red dragon fruit, red dragon fruit peel, carrots, beet root and purple sweet potatoes. The results showed that the best sources that have the potential as natural BTP (flavonoid content, antioxidant activity, vitamin C, and the natural color) were beet root carrots and purple sweet potatoes.
Analisis Efisiensi Biaya dan Profitabilitas Usaha Pembibitan Tanaman Di CV. Perapi Kecamatan Kambu Kota Kendari Rusman, Rusman; Iswandi, R. Marsuki; Salam, Idrus
Jurnal Ilmiah Membangun Desa dan Pertanian Vol 4, No 3 (2019)
Publisher : Department of Agribusiness Halu Oleo University Kendari Southeast Sulawesi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (448.426 KB) | DOI: 10.33772/jimdp.v4i3.7991

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Plant nursery business is one of the businesses that have the ability to produce high profits, in the cultivation of plant seeds consisting of coconut, patchouli, nutmeg, cashew, teak, Jabon, biti, and mahogany. The availability of raw materials, consumer demand, and seed prices is a major factor in the sustainability of the nursery business. The purpose of this study was to determine the cost efficiency and profitability of plant nursery businesses in the CV. Perapi Kambu District Kendari City. The research location was determined purposively with the consideration that the plant nursery company was one of the largest producers of seedlings in Kendari City. The analytical method used in this research is a descriptive and analytical method. The analysis used is R-C ratio analysis and Return On Investment (ROI). The results showed that the use of production costs in one production in a plant nursery was classified as efficient, as indicated by the ratio of R-C 1.96 (R-C ratio> 1) and based on Return On Investment analysis with a value of 69% indicating that the nursery business was profitable.