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Prevalence and risk factors of Cryptosporidium spp. on dairy farms in Bogor Arifin Budiman Nugraha; Umi Cahyaningsih; Etih Sudarnika
Jurnal Sain Veteriner Vol 39, No 1 (2021): April
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan Universitas Gadjah Mada bekerjasama dengan PB PDHI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jsv.55961

Abstract

Cryptosporidial infection is one of the most common causes of diarrhea in humans and livestock worldwide. This study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of Cryptosporidium infection and to identify potential risk factors associated with shedding of oocysts in Bogor. A total of 308 faecal samples were collected from 136 calves less than 6 months, 44 from those 6-12 months and 128 from those than 12 months. Data of factors potentially associated with the likelihood of Cryptosporidium spp. infection were recorded (i.e., enviromental status, size of herd, and herd management). Cryptosporidium spp. oocyst was identified by using modified acid fast (Ziehl Neelsen) staining technique and microscopically examined under 400x magnifition. Results showed that the prevalence of cryptosporidiosis in Bogor was 21.1% (CI 95%; 16.5%-25.6%). The highest prevalence was 29% (CI 95%; 26.8%-31.7%) in cattle aged less than 6 months. The oocysts abundance were around <5 oocysts per microscopy visual area. Data was analyzed using logistic regression models.  Statistical analysis showed that there were association between cryptosporidiosis and calves aged less than 6 months with an odds ratio (OR) of 2.7 (CI 95%; 1.5-5.2) times compared with cattle aged more than 12 months.
Parasitic Protozoa found in the skin, gills, and intestines of Patin Catfish (Pangasius hypophthalmus) and Common Carp (Cyprinus carpio) Veenu Kumar; Arifin Budiman Nugraha; Umi Cahyaningsih; Tara Puri Ducha Rahmani
Journal of Natural Sciences and Mathematics Research Vol 7, No 2 (2021): December
Publisher : Faculty of Science and Technology, Universitas Islam Negeri Walisongo Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21580/jnsmr.2021.7.2.11493

Abstract

The parasitic protozoa found in "Ikan Patin" or a species of Catfish (Pangasius hypophthalmus) and "Ikan Mas" or Common Carp (Cyprinus carpio) are Trichodina sp., Ichthyophthirius sp. and Myxobolus sp. These protozoa have the potential to cause death in fish and economic losses to fish farmers and sellers. This study was conducted to determine the presence of parasitic protozoa on the skin, gills, and intestines of Catfish and Carp. Samples were taken from the Bursa Ikan Hias Laladon or Laladon Ornamental Fish Market in Bogor, Indonesia. Each species was sampled for as many as 30 fish. The skin, gills, and intestines were examined using the native examination method and Lugol staining. Parasitic protozoa were identified based on their morphology, namely size, and shape. The types of parasitic protozoa found on the skin, gills, and intestines of Catfish and goldfish were Trichodina sp., Ichthyophthirius sp., and Myxobolus sp. The parasites were found in skin organs in as many as 29 samples (96.7%) from Catfish and 30 samples (100%) from Carp. The Genera of Ichthyophthirius sp. were found in the gills of 2 samples (6.7%) in Catfish and 1 sample (3.3%) from positive Carp. Myxobolus sp. was found in the intestines of 11 samples (36.7%) from Catfish and two samples (6.7%) from Carp. The species of Trichodina sp. found based on morphology was Trichodina giurusi.©2021 JNSMR UIN Walisongo. All rights reserved.
Perlakuan Celup Puting setelah Pemerahan terhadap Keberadaan Bakteri Patogen, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus agalactiae, dan E. coli pada Sapi Perah Penderita Mastitis Subklinis di Peternakan KUNAK Bogor Herwin Pisestyani; Etih Sudarnika; Rachmi Ramadhanita; Abdul Zahid Ilyas; Chaerul Basri; Ardilasunu Wicaksono; Arifin Budiman Nugraha; Mirnawati B Sudarwanto1
Jurnal Sain Veteriner Vol 35, No 1 (2017): Juni
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan Universitas Gadjah Mada bekerjasama dengan PB PDHI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (900.728 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jsv.29293

Abstract

Mastitis is udder inflammation that can be caused by the entry of pathogenic bacteria through the teat. One of the treatments that can prevent bacteria infection is teat dipping. This research was aimed to identify the effectof teat dipping after milking to the presence of pathogenic bacteria that cause subclinical mastitis (Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus agalactiae, and Escherichia coli) and the presence of pathogenic bacteria that cause subclinicalmastitis by quarter of udder. Milk samples were taken from normal lactation period of dairy cows, clinically healthy, and positive subclinical mastitis status when the intervention was applied. Sixty seven samples of quarters from 18dairy cows were identified to the presence of pathogenic bacteria that cause subclinical mastitis before teat dipping and at 1st, 2nd, and 3rd months after teat dipping. Identification of the presence of pathogenic bacteria was done byculturing samples on selective agar media. The presence of common pathogenic bacteria, Staphylococcus aureus, and Escherichia coli decreased significantly after teat dipping, while Streptococcus agalactiae and other pathogenicbacteria did not decrease significantly. The presence of pathogenic bacteria based on the quarter of udder did not show the significance difference. Application of teat dipping after milking was able to decrease the presence ofpathogenic bacteria that cause subclinical mastitis.
Role of Teat Dipping After Milking for Subclinical Mastitis Control and Improving Production of Dairy Cow Ardilasunu Wicaksono; Etih Sudarnika; Herwin Pisestyani; Mirnawati Sudarwanto; Abdul Zahid; Arifin Budiman Nugraha; Muhammad Pauzi Lubis; Iccha Pradipta Patsiwi
Buletin Peternakan Vol 43, No 2 (2019): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 43 (2) MAY 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v43i2.30380

Abstract

This study was aimed to compare somatic cell count and milk production on dairy cattle after teat dipping post milking application. Samples collected from total of 121 quarters of dairy cattle in normal lactation period and identified as infected by subclinical mastitis. Subclinical mastitis examination was done by IPB Test Mastitis Test, somatic cell count calculation was done by Breed Method, and observation of milk production was done by calculating milk volume per quarter. Observations were performed during normal lactation periods of 12 weeks. Data were analyzed statistically using Mann-Whitney Test and unpaired t-test. The results showed that the number of somatic cells count in the treatment group with post milking teat dipping application was lower than in the control group and significantly different at week 11 (p = 0.039). Furthermore, the volume of milk production in the treatment group was higher than in the control group and significantly different in almost all weeks of observation (p<0.05). It was showed that post milking teat dipping application can prevent subclinical mastitis infection effectively, seen from low somatic cell count (below 400.000 cells/ml) and can maintain optimum milk production. So that, this application can increase the economic benefits for dairy farmers.
Perbandingan Deteksi Titer Antibodi Pascavaksinasi Rabies Berbasis Kolorimetri Menggunakan ELISA Reader dan Kamera Telepon Genggam Koekoeh Santoso; Ulfatin Khoiriyah Herowati; Dordia Anindita Rotinsulu; Sri Murtini; Muhammad Yusuf Ridwan; Denny Widya Hikman; Abdul Zahid; Ardilasunu Wicaksono; Arifin Budiman Nugraha; Usamah Afiff; Agus Wijaya; Ridi Arif; Ronald Tarigan; Edi Sukmawinata
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 22 No 1 (2021)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (250.315 KB) | DOI: 10.19087/jveteriner.2021.22.1.79

Abstract

Rabies is an infectious disease, zoonotic, caused by virus from the genus Lyssa virus and generally transmitted by the bite of rabid animal, especially rabies infected dog. Rabies is preventable but is always fatal to humans if the central nervous system (CNS) is infected. Vaccination has been used as one of rabies prevention programmed. A total of 83 samples were tested using an Indirect ELISA (Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay) to identify post-vaccination rabies antibody titer. Antibody titres correlated with absorbance values and standard solutions concentrations. Absorbance value can be determined using ELISA reader and mobile phone camera. Absorbance were read at 450 nm and 620 nm as reference using ELISA reader and image from mobile phone camera using image processing software (ImageJ). The aim of this study is to compared between ELISA reader as gold standard and mobile phone camera through validity testing such sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy. There is no significant difference between gold standard and alternative test equipment. The mobile phone camera has sensitivity 98,6%, specificity 88.8 % and accuracy 97,5%. The image processing method using ELISA reader is relatively expensive and difficult to hold in laboratory with minimum funds. Image processing method using a mobile phone camera with ImageJ application is expected to be an alternative tool to read the result of ELISA.
Profil hematologi anjing lokal di wilayah endemik rabies Agus Wijaya; Ronald Tarigan; Koekoeh Santoso; Yusuf Ridwan; Etih Sudarnika; Abdul Zahid Ilyas; Denny Widaya Lukman; Ardilasunu Wicaksono; Arifin Budiman Nugraha; Usamah Afiff; Sri Murtini; Edi Sukmawinata; Annisa Madyanti Geminastiti Parampasi
ARSHI Veterinary Letters Vol. 2 No. 1 (2018): ARSHI Veterinary Letters - Februari 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (283.224 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/avl.2.1.1-2

Abstract

Provinsi Jawa Barat merupakan satu dari 24 provinsi di Indonesia yang dilaporkan belum bebas Rabies. Usaha pembebasan wilayah Jawa Barat dari penyakit Rabies sangat strategis mengingat posisi Jawa Barat berada di antara daerah bebas Rabies. Jampang Tengah menjadi salah satu kecamatan di Sukabumi yang pada tahun 2016 dilaporkan telah terjadi 13 kasus gigitan Rabies. Penelitian ini menggunakan 81 sampel darah anjing lokal yang dikoleksi dari enam desa di kecamatan Jampang Tengah dan diperiksa dengan menggunakan alat Rayto® hematology analyzer. Parameter profil hematologi dikelompokkan berdasarkan perbedaan umur dan jenis kelamin anjing. Hasil pemeriksaan hematologi secara umum berdasarkan umur menunjukkan nilai rataan yang lebih besar pada anjing lokal umur ≥1 tahun dan konsentrasi leukosit menunjukkan nilai statistik yang signifikan berbeda (p<0.05). Berdasarkan jenis kelamin, nilai rataan parameter hematologi secara umum lebih tinggi pada anjing lokal betina dan adanya perbedaan signifikan (p<0.05) pada konsentrasi leukosit dan granulosit.
Koksidiosis pada kangguru pohon kelabu (Dendrolagus inustus) di tempat konservasi ex situ Yusuf Ridwan; Arifin Budiman Nugraha; Hammada Raudlowi
ARSHI Veterinary Letters Vol. 5 No. 4 (2021): ARSHI Veterinary Letters - November 2021
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29244/avl.5.4.63-64

Abstract

Koksidiosis merupakan penyakit yang dapat menyerang berbagai jenis hewan termasuk kangguru. Informasi koksidiosis pada kangguru dahan kelabu masih sangat sedikit. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melakukan observasi kasus koksidiosis pada kanguru pohon kelabu yang meliputi pengamatan gejala klinis, dan mengidentifikasi jenis koksidia. Hasil observasi pada dua ekor kangguru pohon kelabu menunjukkan penurunan aktivitas, lemah, lesu dan nafsu makan menurun. Hasil pemeriksaan feses menunjukkan kedua hewan menderita koksidiosis dengan rata rata jumlah ookista tiap gram feses sebesar 450. Hasil identifikasi menunjukkan jenis koksidia yang menginfeksi adalah dari genus Eimeria spp.