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Efficacy of Piperazine Dihydrochlloride Against Toxocara Vitulorum in Buffalo Calves Fadjar Satrija; Yusuf Ridwan; Elok Budi Retnani
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 12, No 2 (2011)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (119.319 KB)

Abstract

A study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of piperazine dihydrochloride against natural infectionof Toxocara vitulorum in buffalo calves. In the first trial 60 based on fecal ascarid egg count and bodyweight naturally infected calves were, allocated into four groups. Three groups (groups B, C and D) weregiven piperazine dihydrochloride per os at dose levels of 200, 300 and 500 mg per kg body weight,respectivelythe remain group is non-treated controls. Piperazine treatment reduced egg excretion levels at98 to 99 per cent within 7, 14 and 21 days after treatment. Depite no significant differences were foundamong the three doses, highest egg count reductions were observed in calves given the drug 300 mg per kgbodyweight. The second trial were conducted using 10 additional calves. Piperazine significantly reducedT vitulorum egg excretion by 93% within 7 days post the treatment.
PREVALENCE AND RISK FACTORS OF HOOKWORMS INFECTION ON DOGS IN SUKABUMI REGENCY, WEST JAVA PROVINCE, INDONESIA Yusuf Ridwan; Ardilasunu Wicaksono; Siti Vanessa Fransiska; Princesse Theresa
Jurnal Kedokteran Hewan Vol 14, No 4 (2020): December
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21157/j.ked.hewan.v14i4.16751

Abstract

Hookworms infection remains as an important parasitic infections affecting animal and human health worldwide. However, information on the prevalence and the risk factors of hookworm infection on dogs in Indonesia is very limited. A cross sectional study to estimate the prevalence and to identify risk factors of hookworms infection on dogs was conducted in rural area with different topography, Sukabumi Regency, Indonesia. A Total of 204 dog stool specimens were examined for hookworm eggs using simple flotation methods. The data of related risk factors namely type of topography area (high and low land), purpose of having dog, dog demography, dog reared management and deworming were collected through dog owners interview’s with completed a questionnaire. Those data were analyzed using the chi-square test (χ2) and logistic regression. The prevalence of hookworm on dogs in Sukabumi was 24.5 % (95% Confidence Interval [CI]=19.1-30.8). This prevalence was associated with topography of the area, the age of dog, and type of dog keeping methods. The prevalence of hookworms was higher in the high land area than low land area (OR=5.935, 95% CI=2.764-12.744 ). Logistic regression identified pupies as a high risk group to hookworms infection (OR= 2.041, 95%CI=1.035-4.055). The dog which kept in the cage/tied had higher risk than free roaming dog (OR=3.66, 95%CI=1.479-9.091).Key words: Dog, hookworms, prevalence, risk factors, Sukabumi.
Infestasi pinjal dan infeksi Dipylidium caninum Linnaeus pada kucing liar di lingkungan kampus Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kecamatan Dramaga Aulia Syifak Bashofi; Susi Soviana; Yusuf Ridwan
Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia Vol 12 No 2 (2015): Juli
Publisher : Perhimpunan Entomologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (419.919 KB) | DOI: 10.5994/jei.12.2.108

Abstract

This study was conducted to investigate flea infestation and Dipylidium caninum (Linnaeus 1758) infection on stray cat on Bogor Agricultural University Dramaga. Thirty stray cats were collected from various places around on Bogor Agricultural University Dramaga. The stray cats that showed clinical signs of pruritus and alopecia were collected purposively. The whole body was powdered by gamexan powder, after that the fleas were collected by manual and examined microscopically. The totals of 30 fecal stray cat samples collected and examined toward D. caninum used Mcmaster methode, flotation methode, and saw the existence of proglottid. The result of identification showed that there was found one species of flea, namely Ctenocephalides felis (Bouche 1835), while on faeces was not found D. caninum. Twenty one stray cats were infected by the flea with density average of fleas per cat was 3.8 ± 1.9 individual.
Faktor Risiko dan Prevalensi Infeksi Toxocara vitulorum pada Sapi Potong di Kecamatan Kasiman, Kabupaten Bojonegoro Aji Winarso; Fadjar Satrija; Yusuf Ridwan
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol. 20 No. 2 (2015): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (782.29 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.20.2.85

Abstract

This study were conducted to determine the presence of toxocariosis in beef cattle in Kasiman Subdistrict, the Regency of Bojonegoro kept under the Sekolah Peternakan Rakyat (SPR) programme. The experiment were done to identify several risk factors that may play certain roles on the degree of prevalence and infection intensity. A total of 263 head of local beef cattle with various ages were taken for faecal samples and 80 farmers were interviewed. Results of the experiment indicated the prevalence of toxocariosis was 5.32% (CI 95% = 2.61-8.04%) influenced by age and gender which showed an effect on the risk of infection. The prevalence tends to decline by age group (p <0.001): calves under 6 months of age (23.68%), and between 6-12 months of age (7.41%), 1-2 years old calves (2.04%) and the above 2 years adults (1.34%). The prevalence is higher in the males group (12.7%) compared to the females group (3.0%), (p=0.003). Logistic regression analysis concluded that age was the only affecting variable to the rate of infection with mathematical models for toxocariosis. Logit toxocariosis = -0.058 -1.098 age. 
The Diversity and Activity of Flies (Diptera: Cyclorrhapha) as Forensic Indicators at Outdoor and Indoor Rat Carccasses in Dramaga, Bogor Irwan Ismail; Yusuf Ridwan; Susi Soviana
Jurnal Riset Veteriner Indonesia (Journal of The Indonesian Veterinary Research) VOLUME 2 NO. 2, JULY 2018
Publisher : Hasanuddin University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20956/jrvi.v2i2.4416

Abstract

This study aims to identify the diversity of flies that were caught and interacted with carcasses at the day and night. Each of the three rat carcasses (Rattus norvegicus) was placed outdoor and indoor within the campus of IPB Dramaga. The carcasses were put into a screen cage. Observation of flies was begun at 06:00 am and so on every four hours until the skeletal stage of the carcasses reached. The flies that come to the carcasses and into the screen cage were collected and identified. The decomposition of the indoor carcasses is slower than at outdoor, with the longer fresh stage. Meanwhile, post-decay stage and skeletal stage were achieved at the same time at each location. Nine spesies captured flies which are forensic indicator were Chrysomya megacephala (Fabricius), Chrysomya bezziana Villeneuve, Chrysomya rufifacies (Macquart), Chrysomya saffranea, Chrysomya spp, Lucilia spp, Sarcophaga spp, Calliphora spp and Musca domestica. C. bezziana Villeneuve and C. megacephala (Fabricius) were the dominant flies at outdoor carcasses. Meanwhile, the indoor carcasses was dominated by Lucilia spp.
Aktivitas Anticestoda In Vitro Metabolit Sekunder Daun Miana (Coleus blumei. Benth) terhadap Cacing Hymenolepis microstoma Yusuf Ridwan; Fadjar Satrija; Ekowati Handharyani
Jurnal Medik Veteriner Vol. 3 No. 1 (2020): April
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (527.241 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/jmv.vol3.iss1.2020.31-37

Abstract

Penelitian ini untuk mengetahui golongan senyawa metabolit sekunder dari ekstrak daun miana (Coleus blumei. Benth) yang memiliki aktivitas anticestoda. Daun miana kering diekstraksi dengan metode yang sesuai untuk mendapatkan golongan senyawa metabolit sekunder alkaloid, flavonoid, tanin, dan steroid. Aktivitas anticestoda diukur dengan menghitung waktu kematian cacing Hymenolepis microstoma pada setiap golongan metabolit sekunder konsentrasi 10%. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan tanin memiliki aktivitas anticestoda yang kuat yang tidak berbeda dengan praziquatel sebagai anthelmintik komersial. Akivitas anticestoda flavonoid mirip dengan tanin akan tetapi aktivitasnya masih dibawah  praziquatel. Alkaloid dan steroid memiliki aktivitas anticestoda yang lebih rendah dibandingkan dengan tanin dan flavonoid.  Hasil penelitian ini membuktikan bahwa tanin sebagai senyawa metabolit sekunder yang paling aktif sebagai anticestoda dibandingkan flavonoid, alkaloid, dan steroid.
Toksisitas Akut Ekstrak Daun Miana (Coleus Blumei Benth) pada Mencit (Mus Musculus) Yusuf Ridwan; Fadjar Satrija; Ekowati Handharyani
Acta VETERINARIA Indonesiana Vol. 8 No. 1 (2020): Januari 2020
Publisher : IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (741.657 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/avi.8.1.55-61

Abstract

Coleus blumei memiliki berbagai khasiat untuk mengobati berbagai macam penyakit termasuk kecacingan. Sampai saat ini belum diketahui tingkat dosis yang menyebabkan toksisitas bagi pemakainya. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengevaluasi toksisitas akut ekstrak etanol daun miana pada mencit. Pengujian toksisitas dilakukan pada mencit dengan pemberian per oral untuk menentukan toksisitas akut dan dosis letal 50% (LD50). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan ekstrak daun miana memiliki toksisitas yang rendah. Hasil analisis probit menunjukkan LD50 ekstrak etanol daun miana adalah 9757.14 mg/kg berat badan. Gejala klinis yang terlihat pada mencit sebelum mati adalah tidak aktif, lemah, ritme pernapasan menurun dan bulu berdiri. Pemeriksaan patologi anatomi menunjukkan perdarahan pada rongga perut ditemukan pada dosis 10000 mg/kg bb ekstrak etanol. Hasil pemeriksaan histopatologi menunjukkan adanya pembendungan, oedema, dilatasi tubuli pada organ ginjal. Degenerasi dan nekrosis ditemukan pada organ usus, hati dan ginjal yang meningkat seiring dengan peningkatan dosis ekstrak. Berdasarkan nilai LD50 ekstrak etanol daun miana termasuk dalam kategori toksik ringan. Walaupun termasuk dalam katagori toksik ringan, akan tetapi mulai pada dosis 4000 mg/kg bb ekstrak daun miana menyebabkan degenerasi dan nekrosa sel pada organ usus, hati, dan ginjal.
Kecacingan pada kucing di Klinik Star Vet Bogor Alif Nur Muhamad Muriana; Yusuf Ridwan; Risa Tiuria; Rizal Arifin Akbari
ARSHI Veterinary Letters Vol. 2 No. 4 (2018): ARSHI Veterinary Letters - November 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (456.757 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/avl.2.4.63-64

Abstract

Helminthiasis adalah salah satu penyakit yang perlu diperhatikan pada kucing karena tidak menimbulkan gejala klinis yang serius, kecuali pada infeksi berat dan kronis. Penelitian ini bertujuan mempelajari kejadian kecacingan pada kucing di klinik hewan Starvet Bogor. Data sekunder didapat dari rekam medis periode 2016-2018 dengan total kasus yang ditangani berjumlah 2 535. Total kasus yang diduga kecacingan pada kucing sebesar 49 kasus. Kasus kucing yang positif kecacingan sebesar 43 kasus dan negatif sebesar 6 kasus. Kucing dapat terinfeksi lebih dari satu jenis cacing parasit pada satu waktu yang sama. Jenis cacing parasit yang berhasil diidentifikasi adalah hookworm sebesar 14 dari 27 kasus, Toxocara sp sebesar 11 dari 27 kasus, dan Dipylidium sp sebesar 2 dari 27 kasus. Antelmintika yang banyak digunakan untuk mengobati kasus kecacingan pada kucing memiliki zat aktif praziquantel dan pirantel pamoat.
PREVALENCE AND RISK FACTOR OF STONGYLOIDOSIS IN BEEF CATTLE IN KASIMAN SUBDISTRICT, BOJONEGORO Yusuf Ridwan; Fadjar Satrija; Aji Winarso
Jurnal Kedokteran Hewan Vol 13, No 4 (2019): December
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21157/j.ked.hewan.v13i4.15069

Abstract

A pair of cross-sectional studies was conducted to determine prevalence and risk factors of Strongyloides spp. (threadworm) infections in beef cattle in Kasiman Subdistrict, the Regency of Bojonegoro. A total of 263 and 270 of local beef cattle with various age were selected  for faecal sample during dry season (August-October) and wet season (February-March), respectively. Feces were processed for counting the number of eggs per gram feces (EPG) using McMaster method. The prevalence of strongyloidosis was 4.56% and 7.04% in the dry season and the rainy season, respectively. The factors that associated with prevalence and intensity infection were age and sex of cattle. During the dry season and the rainy season, the calf  and weaner group (1 year) was more susceptible for Strongyloides infection than cattle with older age and showed higher intensity of infection (based on EPG values). The bulls showed a higher risk and intensity of infection than cows.
Koksidiosis pada kangguru pohon kelabu (Dendrolagus inustus) di tempat konservasi ex situ Yusuf Ridwan; Arifin Budiman Nugraha; Hammada Raudlowi
ARSHI Veterinary Letters Vol. 5 No. 4 (2021): ARSHI Veterinary Letters - November 2021
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29244/avl.5.4.63-64

Abstract

Koksidiosis merupakan penyakit yang dapat menyerang berbagai jenis hewan termasuk kangguru. Informasi koksidiosis pada kangguru dahan kelabu masih sangat sedikit. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melakukan observasi kasus koksidiosis pada kanguru pohon kelabu yang meliputi pengamatan gejala klinis, dan mengidentifikasi jenis koksidia. Hasil observasi pada dua ekor kangguru pohon kelabu menunjukkan penurunan aktivitas, lemah, lesu dan nafsu makan menurun. Hasil pemeriksaan feses menunjukkan kedua hewan menderita koksidiosis dengan rata rata jumlah ookista tiap gram feses sebesar 450. Hasil identifikasi menunjukkan jenis koksidia yang menginfeksi adalah dari genus Eimeria spp.