Ika Yuni Widyawati
Faculty Of Nursing Universitas Airlangga

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PERUBAHAN ANTROPOMETRI ANAK USIA SEKOLAH YANG MENGALAMI OBESITAS PASKA PEMBERIAN TERAPI BERMAIN: GOBAK SODOR Intan Widiastuti; Ika Yuni Widyawati; Erna Dwi Wahyuni
Critical Medical and Surgical Nursing Journal (CMSNJ) Vol. 4 No. 2 (2016): APRIL 2016
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (654.397 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/cmsnj.v4i2.12404

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Introduction: Obesity is a metabolic disease in children and adults.gobak sodor play is one of those games that can be given to school-age children to increase physical activity. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of playing therapy gobak sodor changes in anthropometry school-age children who are obese at SDN Kedungdoro V No.310 Surabaya.Methods: A Quasy Experimental method was used in this study. Population was obese children at SDN Keungdoro V No.310 since May–June 2013. Respondents were 20 children who were taken by purposive sampling. Independent variable was playing therapy:go back through the door. Dependent variable was antropometry. Data were collected by using observation sheet and was analyzed by Paired T-Test and Independent TTestwith significance level of p≤0.05.Result: The result of this study showed that playing therapy: go back through the door had changed BMI and abdominal circumferenceon anthropometric but had no effect on upper arm circumference in school-age children whith obese in SDN Kedungdoro V No.310 Surabaya with t-test. In the treatment group BMI paired t-test p=0.000, abdominal circumference p=0.002 and upper arm circumference p=0.002, while in the control group BMI paired t-testp=0.228, abdominal circumference p=0.168 and upper arm circumference p=0.168, independent ttest BMI p=0.002, abdominal circumference p=0.000 and upper arm circumference p=0.771.Discussion: This concluded that go back through the doorplaying therapy could affect only on BMI and abdominal circumference among obese children. Further research, focus to analyze on confounding factors such dietary and activities on obese children is needed.
Penilaian Kemampuan Kognitif dan Psikomotor Perawat Panti Werdha dalam Penilaian Inkontinensia Urin pada Lansia di Panti Surya Surabaya Abigael Grace Prasetiani; Ika Yuni Widyawati; Sukma Randani Ismono
Critical Medical and Surgical Nursing Journal (CMSNJ) Vol. 1 No. 2 (2013): APRIL 2013
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (42.723 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/cmsnj.v1i2.12123

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Introduction: Basic assessment in elderly with urinary or bladder dysfunction need holistically and comprehensive approach. A nurse should be given special training to assess and manage urinary incontinence, because it’s complexity especially in elderly. The aimed of this study was to analyze correlation between cognitive and psychomotor nurses ability in assessing urinary incontinence using the Continence Guidelines Assessment and Provision of Containment Products for Community Nursing (CGA-PCP) in elderly.Method: Descriptive analysis was used in this study. The number of samples were 10 nurses and 20 elderly that choosed randomly to assess urinary incontinence using CGA-PCP. Data were analyze using Spearman Rho with significant value p<0.05.Result: The results showed that the value p=0.00, then the value p=0.00<0.05 meaning there were correlation between cognitive and psychomotor nurse ability.Discussion: The conclusions of this study were correlated between cognitive and psychomotor nurses ability. Hopefully nurses can identify the types of urinary incontinence to determine conservative management of urinary incontinence in elderly
EDUKASI DALAM MENINGKATKAN KEPATUHAN INTAKE CAIRAN PASIEN PENYAKIT GINJAL KRONIK (PGK) ON HEMODIALISIS Desak Putu Kurniawati; Ika Yuni Widyawati; Herdina Mariyanti
Critical Medical and Surgical Nursing Journal (CMSNJ) Vol. 3 No. 2 (2015): APRIL 2015
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (108.747 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/cmsnj.v3i2.12237

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Introduction: One of the causes of death in patients with chronic kidney disease on hemodialysis was due to the problem of uncontrolled fluid intake. The prevalence at Dr. Soetomo reported hospital as much as 80% increase weight more than 6%. Nursing education in fluid restriction was expected to improve adherence to fluid intake, and therefore contributes to the achievement of the ideal IDGW was less than 2%.Method: Design in this study was pre-experiment. The population in the study were all patients with chronic kidney disease undergoing hemodialysis. The samples obtained were 28 respondents who met to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Purposive sampling technique was used in this study. The independent variabel was education. The dependent 2 variabel was Inter Dialitic Weight Gain, Qb and systolic blood pressure. Body weight was observered before and after hemodialysis. Blood pressure was observered during hemodialysis. Data were analyzed using Wilcoxon Signed Rank test with significant level of p=0.005.Result: The results showed that IDWG (p=0.157); Qb (p=0.007) and systolic blood pressure (p=0.021). IDWG patients did not undergo significant changes before and after education. Qb and systolic blood pressure of patients experiencing significant changes before and after education. Nursing educations provides significant effect on the patient's fluid intake compliance with indicator Qb and systolic blood pressure.Conclusions: Nursing educations would provide significant effect on compliance if supported by many factors such as family support advocates, social support and motivation of the patients.The provision of education should be carried out continuously and sustainably to obtain optimal results in patients undergoing regular hemodialysis , especially in terms of compliance with hemodialysis therapy and fluid therapy regimen , in order to achieve adequate dialysis. In a subsequent study can be developed not only limited to the provision of education to the patient but also involve the patient's family .
Penggunaan Kaca Mata Koreksi pada Anak Usia Sekolah dengan Miopia terhadap Prestasi Belajar Di SDN Pacar Keling VI Surabaya Dwi Susi Pristiwatin; Ika Yuni Widyawati; Erna Dwi Wahyuni
Critical Medical and Surgical Nursing Journal (CMSNJ) Vol. 1 No. 2 (2013): APRIL 2013
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (51.288 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/cmsnj.v1i2.12143

Abstract

Introduction: The aimed of using correctional glassesin school age children with miopiais to improve the eyesight so that disorder will not disturb the learning process in school. The aimed of this study was to describe correlation between the use of correctional glasses in school age children with miopiatoward learning achievement in SDN Pacar Keling VI Surabaya.Method: A cross sectional method was used in this study. The populations were school age children(at the age of 6-12 years) with miopiawho are using correctional glasses in SDN Pacar Keling VI Surabaya. Eighty four respondents were collected bysimple random sampling. Data were collected with direct observation, questionnaires and secondary grade report. Datawere analysis with “spearman rank” coefficient of statistic correlation, with significance level p”0.05.Result: The results showed that there were correlation between the use of correctional glasses in school age children with miopia toward learning achievement with p=0,006 and r=0.297, there is indicated there was a low correlation between the use of correctional glasses in school age children with miopia toward learning achievement in SDN Pacar Keling VI Surabaya.Discussion: The conclusion of this research is using of correctional glasses could affect to sharpness of the eyesight. Good sharpness of the eyesight is very important for process of learning in the classroom. The school age children who are suffering miopia are suggested to wear correctional glasses during the process of learning and teaching in the classroom and also during learning by reading at their home, in order to avoid any missed-perception of their knowledge which could impact to their learning achievement.
RELAKSASI OTOT PROGRESIF TERHADAP STRES PSIKOLOGIS DAN PERILAKU PERAWATAN DIRI PASIEN DIABETES MELLITUS TIPE 2 Widyawati, Ika Yuni; Sudiana, I Ketut; Maghfirah, Sholihatul
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 10, No 2 (2015): JURNAL KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT (KEMAS) JANUARY 2015
Publisher : Jurusan Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Fakultas Ilmu Keolahragaan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/kemas.v10i2.3374

Abstract

Penderita DM tipe 2 sering mengalami stres berkaitan dengan terapi yang harus dijalani. Pengalaman stres sebelum dan selama terapi berpengaruh terhadap perilaku perawatan diri. Relaksasi otot progresif merupakan salah satu manajemen stres. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menjelaskan pengaruh relaksasi otot progresif terhadap stres psikologis dan perilaku perawatan diri pada pasien DM Tipe 2 ang dilakukan pada tahun 2014. Desain penelitian ini kuasi eksperimen dengan pre-test dan post-test. Jumlah sampel 30 responden yang terdiri dari kelompok 14 orang kelompok perlakuan dan 16 orang kelompok kontrol. Teknik pengambilan sampel menggunakan purpossive sampling. Analisa data khusus menggunakan  Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test dan Mann-Whitney U Test. Berdasarkan Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test  untuk menguji pre-test dan post-test pada kelompok perlakuan didapatkan hasil stres psikologis p=0,014 (p&lt;0,05) dan perilaku perawatan diri p=0,003 (p&lt;0,05). Mann-Whitney U Test pada post-test kelompok perlakuan dan kontrol didapatkan hasil stres psikologis p=0,035 (p&lt;0,05) dan perilaku perawatan diri p=0,058 (p&gt;0,05) Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini: ada pengaruh relaksasi otot progresif terhadap penurunan stres psikologis pada pasien DM tipe 2 dan tidak ada pengaruh relaksasi otot progresif terhadap perilaku perawatan diri pada pasien DM tipe 2. Penelitian lebih lanjut post-test perilaku perawatan diri perlu dilakukan dengan selang waktu yang lebih lama dibandingkan dengan stres psikologis. Patients with Type 2 Diabetes mellitus often have stress experience related to diabetes therapy. Stress experience before and during therapy affects self-care behaviors. Progressive muscle relaxation is one of stress management. The purpose of this study is to clarify the effect of progressive muscle relaxation on the psychological stress and self-care behavior in patients with Type 2 Diabetes mellitus in 2014. The research design was quasy-experiment with pre-test and post-test design. Total sample was 30 respondents consisting of 14 people in treatment group and 16 people in control group recruited by purpossive sampling. Data were analyzed using the Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test test and Mann-Whitney U Test. The result showed in the experimental group of psychological stress p=0.014 (p&lt;0,05) and self-care behavior of p=0,003 (p&lt;0,05). Mann-Whitney U test to post-test treatment and control groups showed psychological stress p=0,035 (p&lt;0,05) and self-care behavior of p=0,058 (p&gt;0,05).  It is concluded that there was an effect of progressive muscle relaxation on reducing psychological stress in patients with type 2 diabetes and no effect of progressive muscle relaxation on self-care behavior in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Further research about self-care behaviors post-test needs to be done at longer intervals than the psychological stress.
Development Model of Family Empowerment and Peer Group Support in Independence of Caring on Indonesian’s Migrant Worker (TKI) Infected by HIV Nursalam, Nursalam; Yusuf, Ah.; Widyawati, Ika Yuni; Asmoro, Candra Panji
Jurnal NERS Vol 10, No 2 (2015): Vol. 10 Nomor 2 Oktober 2015
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (243.78 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/%oj.Ners102%y265-271

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Introduction: Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a retrovirus that infects cells of the immune system, destroying or damaging the function of cells of the immune system. This makes the immune system becomes weaker, and people become more liable to infection. A lot of new detected HIV transmission source comes from former workers who work abroad. The challenge in dealing the number of transmission performed comprehensive care of patients and their family empowerment and peer support groups. The aimed of this study was to develop the ability of a family of Indonesian Workers who are infected with HIV and Peer Support Group in independence of care. Methods: This study was used an explanatory design and quasy-experimental. Population in this study were the closest family who care for patients infected with HIV during work abroad as migrant workers in East Java. Samples were selected using simple random sampling technique. The independent variable was the peer group and family support, the dependent variable is the level of independence of care on the respondent. Data were collected using a questionnaire that has been tested for validity and reliability and results were tested using the Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test with alpha ≤0.05. Results: The results showed that this method can improve the independence of the family of the HIV-infected client care during labor as migrant workers abroad with a significance value of p=0.004. Conclusion: Empowerment of family and peer group support can be used to increase the independence of families and patients in the treatment of HIV-infected patients during work abroad as migrant workers. Future studies are expected to use a larger sample.Keywords: empowerment of the family, peer group support, independence treatment, TKI (Indonesian Labor), Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
Grieving as an Internal Factor of Nurse-Patient Interaction in a Dialysis Unit Ika Yuni Widyawati; Nursalam Nursalam; Kusnanto Kusnanto; Rachmat Hargono; Pei-Lun Hsieh
Jurnal Ners Vol. 13 No. 1 (2018): April 2018
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (542.888 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/jn.v13i1.8005

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Introduction: The quality of the nurse-patient interaction is one factor that affects the patient adherence, but a study that provides an overview of factors in the nurse-patient interaction in improving or maintaining dialysis patient adherence has not been found. The aim of this study was to provide an overview of the various factors involved in the interaction process between nurses and patients undergoing dialysis in relation to their adherence to fluid and dietary restrictions.Methods: A qualitative research design with an interpretive phenomenology approach was used in this study. The researcher intends to interpret the findings of the research, in this case the activity of the dialysis patients, in order to get a picture of the various factors involved in the process of interaction between nurse and dialysis patient. The unit of analysis used in this study was the disclosure or exposure of the internal factors of the nurse-patient interaction process, especially in relation to fluid and dietary restrictions. There were 15 participants who were selected based on the inclusion criteria. In-depth interviews, with field notes, were used in this study as the data collection method.Results: The analysis of the theme based on the goal of the research includes grieving, needs and values/morals, but in this article, the researchers only describe one theme - grieving.Conclusion: This result provides an overview of the findings on nurse-patient interaction factors that can serve as baseline data for the development of nursing care, both in nursing assessments and interventions aimed at improving dietary adherence and the fluid restriction of dialysis patients.
Memory Songs Decrease Depression For Stroke Patients Harmayetty Harmayetty; Ika Yuni Widyawati; Anggun Perwita Sari
Jurnal Ners Vol. 3 No. 1 (2008): April 2008 - September 2008
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (241.877 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/jn.v3i1.4977

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Introduction: Biological, physical and phsycosocial changes in stroke patient could be a stressor that induced a depression state. There would be an emotional disturbance in stroke patient and stroke attack would be recurrent, if it was not treated. One of the alternative techniques to reduce depression is musical therapy especially memory songs.Methods: This study was used a quasy experimental pre-post test purposive sampling design. The population was stroke patients who treated in Neurological Ward A and Stroke Unit Dr Soetomo Hospital Surabaya. There were 12 respondents divided into 6 respondents for treatment group and 6 respondents for control group. The independent variable was music (memory song) and dependent variable was depression. Data were collected by using questionnaire which adapted from Hamilton Depression Rating Scale and Geriatric Depression Rating Scale, then analyzed by using Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test and Mann Whitney U Test with significance level α≤0.05.Results: The result showed that there was a difference between pre test and post test in depression (p=0.0196) and there was a difference in the depression between treatment group and control group (p=0.002).Conclution: It can be concluded that music (memory songs) has an effect to the depression of stroke patient. Further studies are needed to concerning other factors that may affect the relaxation technique especially in listening music.
Efektifitas Tepid Sponge Bath Suhu 32oC dan 37oC dalam Menurunkan Suhu Tubuh Anak Demam Kusnanto Kusnanto; Ika Yuni Widyawati; Indah Sri Cahyanti
Jurnal Ners Vol. 3 No. 1 (2008): April 2008 - September 2008
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (276.173 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/jn.v3i1.4972

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Introduction: Tepid sponge bath is a therapeutic bath by washing all around of the body with warm water to decrease body temperature. Warm water that used were 32oC (nail warm) and 37oC (warm). The aimed of this study was to compare the effectivity of tepid sponge bath with 32oC and 37oC warm water on decreasing body temperature at toddler with fever.Methods: A quasy experimental pre post test design was used in this study. The population was toddler who had body temperature ≥38oC which treated in anggrek pediatric room dr. Iskak public hospital Tulungagung. There were 26 respondents recruited by using purposive sampling technique and divided into two group, each of 13 respondents received tepid sponge bath with 32oC and others received tepid sponge bath with 37oC warm water. The independent variable was tepid sponge bath and dependent variable was body temperature. Data were collected by using digital termometere and noted in respondent observation, then analyzed by using Paired t-Test and Mann Withney U-Test.Results: The result showed that there was an effectivity on decreasing body temperature by giving tepid sponge bath with 32oC and 37oC warm water with significance level p=0.000 and there was a difference decreasing body temperature among both of them with significance level p=0.016.Conclusion: It can be concluded that tepid sponge bath with 37oC warm water was more effective than tepid sponge bath with 32oC warm water. Further studies should be observed the effectivity of tepid sponge bath with more specific age, fever character and more time and respondent.
Progressive Muscle Relaxation Increase Peak Expiratory Flow Rate On Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Patients Tintin Sukartini; Ika Yuni Widyawati; Yani Indah Sari
Jurnal Ners Vol. 3 No. 1 (2008): April 2008 - September 2008
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (349.265 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/jn.v3i1.4973

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Introduction: Limited progressive air flow in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) can caused by small airway disease (bronchiolitis obstructive) and loss of elasticity of the lung (emphysema). Further it can be decreasing the quality of life in COPD patients because dyspnea and uncomfortable in activity. Progressive muscle relaxation (PMR) is one of the relaxation technique that can repair pulmonary ventilation by decreasing chronic constriction of the respiratory muscles. The objective of this study was to analyze the effect of progressive muscle relaxation on raised peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR).Methods: A pre-experimental one group pre-post test design was used in this study. Population was all of the COPD patients at Pulmonary Specialist Polyclinic Dr Mohamad Soewandhie Surabaya. There were 8 respondents taken by using purposive sampling. PEFR was counted by using peak flow meter every six day. Data were analyzed by using Paired t-Test with significance level  p≤0.05.Results: The result showed that PMR had significance level on increasing of PEFR (p=0.012).Conclusion: It can be concluded that PMR has an effect on raise PEFR. Further studies are recommended to measure the effect of PMR on respiratory rate (RR), heart rate (HR) subjective dyspnoe symptoms, forced expiration volume on the first minute (FEV1) and mid maximum flow rate (MMFR) in COPD patients.