Candra Panji Asmoro, Candra Panji
Fakultas Keperawatan, Universitas Airlangga

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Development Model of Family Empowerment and Peer Group Support in Independence of Caring on Indonesian’s Migrant Worker (TKI) Infected by HIV Nursalam, Nursalam; Yusuf, Ah.; Widyawati, Ika Yuni; Asmoro, Candra Panji
Jurnal NERS Vol 10, No 2 (2015): Vol. 10 Nomor 2 Oktober 2015
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (243.78 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/%oj.Ners102%y265-271

Abstract

Introduction: Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a retrovirus that infects cells of the immune system, destroying or damaging the function of cells of the immune system. This makes the immune system becomes weaker, and people become more liable to infection. A lot of new detected HIV transmission source comes from former workers who work abroad. The challenge in dealing the number of transmission performed comprehensive care of patients and their family empowerment and peer support groups. The aimed of this study was to develop the ability of a family of Indonesian Workers who are infected with HIV and Peer Support Group in independence of care. Methods: This study was used an explanatory design and quasy-experimental. Population in this study were the closest family who care for patients infected with HIV during work abroad as migrant workers in East Java. Samples were selected using simple random sampling technique. The independent variable was the peer group and family support, the dependent variable is the level of independence of care on the respondent. Data were collected using a questionnaire that has been tested for validity and reliability and results were tested using the Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test with alpha ≤0.05. Results: The results showed that this method can improve the independence of the family of the HIV-infected client care during labor as migrant workers abroad with a significance value of p=0.004. Conclusion: Empowerment of family and peer group support can be used to increase the independence of families and patients in the treatment of HIV-infected patients during work abroad as migrant workers. Future studies are expected to use a larger sample.Keywords: empowerment of the family, peer group support, independence treatment, TKI (Indonesian Labor), Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
The Factors Related to the Caring Behavior of Clinical Nursing Students Tintin Sukartini; Candra Panji Asmoro; Fiqih Ardi Pradana
Jurnal Ners Vol. 14 No. 1 (2019): APRIL 2019
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (262.109 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/jn.v14i1.12154

Abstract

Introduction: The CB of clinical nursing students is very important but they are still in the implementation phase of the theory from when it was learned in college. This study aims to describe the correlation between intelligence quotient (IQ), emotional intelligence (EI) and spiritual intelligence (SI) with caring behavior (CB).Methods: This study was descriptive and correlational with a cross-sectional approach. The respondents of this research were all of the clinical nursing students (166 respondents) via the simple random sampling technique. The data was collected using questionnaires and analyzed using the Spearman-rho test with a level of significance ≤ 0.05.Results: The results showed that CB had a correlation with IQ (p=0.019, r=0.211), EI (p=0.048, r=0.178) and SI (p=0.000, r=0.456).Conclusion: IQ, EI, and SI have a correlation with CB. A higher quotient will produce a higher CB. Future research is expected to be able to analyze the other factors related to CB among clinical nursing students.
Why We Have to Develop Instruments of Our Caring Measurement Based on an Indonesian Perspective Candra Panji Asmoro; Rr Tutik Sri Hariyati; Andri Setiya Wahyudi
Jurnal Ners Vol. 14 No. 3 (2019): Special Issue
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jn.v14i3.17216

Abstract

Introduction: Caring is the core or focus in nursing as a form of professional nursing practice. The current caring instrument is an original instrument that measures the attitudes or behavior of nurses, has not paid attention to the administrative and environmental aspects of the hospital. The use of an instrument that does not yet contain certain characteristics gives rise to improper measurement results. The purpose of this study was to explain the importance of developing caring measurement instruments with an Indonesian perspective.Methods: Systematic reviews were carried out from database articles on ScienceDirect, Scopus, Google Scholar, SpringerLink, Wiley online, Proquest, and EBSCOhost. Criteria for articles were articles published in the last 10 years, national and international research locations, and in Indonesian and English. 15 references were obtained from 2100 references that met the predetermined criteria. The development of a caring behavior instrument based on an Indonesian perspective does not yet exist.Results: The results found that development on the basis of linguistics, cultural adjustment, and according to the prevalence of disease in a country because the epidemiology of the disease differs on the climate region.Conclusion: Specific caring instruments in an Indonesian perspective is expected that the research results will be more accurate. 
Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Personal Hygiene Saat Menstruasi Andri Setiya Wahyudi; Candra Panji Asmoro; Ira Suarilah
Jurnal Kesehatan Manarang Vol 4 No 2 (2018): Desember 2018
Publisher : Politeknik Kesehatan Kemenkes Mamuju

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (443.037 KB) | DOI: 10.33490/jkm.v4i2.96

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Adolescents are a transition to adulthood with changes in growth and development. adolescents are at risk of reproductive health especially during menstruation. Personal hygiene during menstruation is the issue of determinants of adolescent health that affect the life of old age, management of disorders at the time of menstruation is to familiarize themselves hygienic behavior. The aim of this research is to know factors related to Personal hygiene during menstruation, such as knowledge, peer communication, menarche age and belief in mythology at siswi in MI Miftahul Ulum Pamekasan. Quantitative research type with cross sectional approach. Respondents in the study were MI Miftahul Ulum Pamekasan as many as 117 siswi. The measuring tool used is questionnaire and tested using Chi Square Sampling is done by purposive sampling method. The results showed that 76.1% of respondents have enough Personal hygiene categories and as many as 23.9% of respondents into the category of Personal hygiene is less. The Chi Square test shows that there is a relationship between knowledge (p = 0.001), peer communication (p = 0.002), and mythic belief (p = 0.001) with Personal hygiene during menstruation, and menarche age (p = 0.473) Personal hygiene during menstruation. Teenagers are expected to increase Personal hygiene during menstruation by providing knowledge gained from mass media, parents, health workers and books. Schools apply health education methods to improve Personal hygiene during menstruation like SGD (Small Group Discussion).
Hubungan Antara Kepribadian, Self-efficacy, dan Dukungan Teman dengan Perilaku Caring Mahasiswa Profesi Ners Nursalam Nursalam; Afita Nur Dwiyanti; Candra Panji Asmoro
Jurnal Penelitian Kesehatan SUARA FORIKES Vol 12 (2021): Nomor Khusus Januari 2021
Publisher : FORIKES

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33846/sf12nk114

Abstract

Nurse students must have caring behavior when providing services, but they have difficulty understanding the meaning and practice of caring behavior. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between the big five personality, self-efficacy, and social support from friends with the caring behavior of the nurse profession students. The design of this study was cross-sectional. The study population was all students of the nurse profession, Faculty of Nursing, Airlangga University in 2020. The sample size was 104 students who were selected using simple random sampling. Data were collected using a questionnaire that has been tested for validity and reliability, then analyzed using logistic regression test. The results showed a relationship between caring behavior and big five personality factors, especially extraversion personality p = 0.046, agreeableness p = 0.014, conscientiousness p = 0.005, self-efficacy p = 0.035, and social support from friends p = 0.003. Openness to experience (p = 0.368) and neuroticism (p = 0.373) were not related to caring behavior. It is recommended that educators provide more examples (role models) of how to behave in proper caring, so that students of the nurse profession can improve their caring behavior. Keywords: caring; social support; personality; self-efficacy ABSTRAK Mahasiswa profesi ners harus memiliki perilaku caring ketika memberikan pelayanan, namun mereka mengalami kesulitan untuk memahami makna dan praktik dari perilaku caring. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui hubungan antara kepribadian big five, self-efficacy, dan dukungan sosial teman dengan perilaku caring mahasiswa profesi ners. Desain penelitian ini adalah cross-sectional. Populasi penelitian adalah seluruh mahasiswa profesi ners, Fakultas Keperawatan, Universitas Airlangga tahun 2020. Besar sampel adalah 104 mahasiswa yang dipilih menggunakan simple random sampling. Data dikumpulkan menggunakan kuesioner yang telah di uji validitas dan reliabilitas, lalu dianalisis menggunakan uji regresi logistik. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan adanya hubungan antara perilaku caring dengan faktor kepribadian big five, khususnya kepribadian extraversion p=0.046, agreeableness p=0,014, conscientiousness p=0,005, self-efficacy p=0,035, dan dukungan sosial teman p=0,003. Kepribadian openness to experience (p=0.368) dan neuroticism (p=0.373) tidak berhubungan dengan perilaku caring. Disarankan agar pendidik lebih memberikan contoh (role model) bagaimana sikap berperilaku caring yang tepat, sehingga mahasiswa profesi ners dapat meningkatkan perilaku caring mereka. Kata kunci: caring; dukungan sosial; kepribadian; self-efficacy
Differences in the Characteristics of Ischemic and Haemorrhage Stroke Patients with Mechanical Phlebitis Yeni Siswanti; Ika Yuni Widyawati; Candra Panji Asmoro
Critical Medical and Surgical Nursing Journal (CMSNJ) Vol. 10 No. 2 (2021): OCTOBER 2021
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (213.902 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/cmsnj.v10i2.26637

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Introduction: One of the complications of stroke patients receiving intravenous therapy is mechanical phlebitis. The purpose of this study was to analyze the differences characteristic of stroke patients who experienced mechanical phlebitisMethods: This study was used a comparative descriptive method with a documentation study design. The subjects of this study were stroke patients who experienced mechanical phlebitis from January 2018 until September 2020. The sampling method used total sampling with 92 samples. Data analysis using Chi-squared test.Results: Gender (p = 0.020) had a significant difference with the incidence of mechanical phlebitis in stroke patients. Characteristics of age (p=0.511), history of hypertension (p=0.058), diabetes mellitus (p=0.503), pneumonia (p=0.164), and stroke (p= 0.160) did not have a significant difference with the incidence of mechanical phlebitis in stroke patients.Conclusion: There are differences in gender characteristics in stroke patients who experience mechanical phlebitis.
Hubungan Tingkat Pengetahuan dan Diabetes Self-management dengan Tingkat Stres Pasien Diabetes Melitus yang Menjalani Diet Kusnanto Kusnanto; Putri Mei Sundari; Candra Panji Asmoro; Hidayat Arifin
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 22, No 1 (2019): March
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v22i1.780

Abstract

Pengetahuan sangat penting dalam mengembangkan diabetes self-management untuk mencegah resiko komplikasi jangka panjang dengan diet yang ketat. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui hubungan antara pengetahuan dan diabetes self-management dengan tingkat stress pasien diabetes melitus yang menjalani diet. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain cross-sectional. Jumlah total sampel didapatkan sebesar 106 responden dengan multistage sampling, Kriteria inklusi meliputi pasien DM <5 tahun dengan rentang usia 35-55 tahun, tidak menggunakan insulin injeksi, Pasien DM masih berkeluarga dan tinggal dengan keluarganya. Data didapatkan dengan kuesioner Knowledge of Diabetic Diet Questionnaire, Self-Management Dietary Behaviors Questionnaire, dan tingkat stress menjalani diet. Kemudian dianalisis dengan uji Spearman test. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tingkat pengetahuan (p=0,049; r=-0,192) dan diabetes self-management (p=0,000; r=-0,341) memiliki hubungan terhadap tingkat stress saat menjalani diet. Diabetes self-management memiliki hubungan yang sangat kuat dari pada tingkat pengetahuan terhadap tingkat stress pasien diabetes yang menjalani diet. Penelitian selanjutnya diharapkan bisa menggunakan responden dengan wilayah yang lebih luas dan serta mengembangkan intervensi yang lebih baik untuk meningkatkan pengetahuan tentang diet pada pasien diabetes melitus. Kata Kunci: diabetes melitus, diet, self-management, tingkat stres Abstract The correlation between knowledge level and diabetes self-management towards stress level of patients DM with diet. Knowledge is very important in developing diabetes self-management to prevent the risk of long-term complications with a strict diet. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between knowledge and diabetes self-management with stress levels of people with diabetes mellitus who went on a diet. This study uses a cross-sectional design. The total samples obtained were 106 respondents with multistage sampling, inclusion criteria included patients with DM <5 years with a range of ages 35-55 years, did not use insulin injection, DM patients were still married and lived with their families. Data are obtained with questionnaire of Knowledge of Diabetic Diet Questionnaire (KDDQ), a Self-Management Dietary Behaviors Questionnaire (SMDBQ), and a stress level on a diet. Data analyzed by the Spearman Rho. The results showed that the level of knowledge (p=0.049; r=-0.192) and diabetes self-management (p=0,000; r=-0,341) had a relationship to stress levels while on a diet. Diabetes self-management has a very strong relationship to the level of knowledge of the stress level of diabetics with diet. Future studies are expected to be able to use respondents with a wider area and develop better interventions to increase knowledge about diets in people with diabetes mellitus. Keywords: diabetes mellitus, diet, self-management, stress level
Development Model of Family Empowerment and Peer Group Support in Independence of Caring on Indonesian’s Migrant Worker (TKI) Infected by HIV Nursalam Nursalam; Ah. Yusuf; Ika Yuni Widyawati; Candra Panji Asmoro
Jurnal Ners Vol. 10 No. 2 (2015): Oktober 2015
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (243.78 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/jn.v10i2.1347

Abstract

Introduction: Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a retrovirus that infects cells of the immune system, destroying or damaging the function of cells of the immune system. This makes the immune system becomes weaker, and people become more liable to infection. A lot of new detected HIV transmission source comes from former workers who work abroad. The challenge in dealing the number of transmission performed comprehensive care of patients and their family empowerment and peer support groups. The aimed of this study was to develop the ability of a family of Indonesian Workers who are infected with HIV and Peer Support Group in independence of care.Methods: This study was used an explanatory design and quasy-experimental. Population in this study were the closest family who care for patients infected with HIV during work abroad as migrant workers in East Java. Samples were selected using simple random sampling technique. The independent variable was the peer group and family support, the dependent variable is the level of independence of care on the respondent. Data were collected using a questionnaire that has been tested for validity and reliability and results were tested using the Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test with alpha ≤0.05. Results: The results showed that this method can improve the independence of the family of the HIV-infected client care during labor as migrant workers abroad with a significance value of p=0.004.Conclusion: Empowerment of family and peer group support can be used to increase the independence of families and patients in the treatment of HIV-infected patients during work abroad as migrant workers. Future studies are expected to use a larger sample.
Bio-psycho-social-spiritual responses of family and relatives of HIV-Infected Indonesian Migrant Workers Nursalam Nursalam; Ninuk Dian Kurniawati; Abu Bakar; Purwaningsih Purwaningsih; Candra Panji Asmoro
Jurnal Ners Vol. 9 No. 2 (2014): Oktober 2014
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (651.781 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/jn.v9i2.2564

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Introduction: Incidence of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) among Indonesian Migrant Workers (TKI) returning from his destination countries, especially in East Java is quite high. Stress experienced by the patient is affected bythe family member maladaptive behaviors; thus affect healing process and even increased mortality. The purpose of this study was to analyze the response of the bio-psycho-socio-spiritual family of Indonesian Workers who are infected with HIV and compared with the response of non-family workers who are infected with HIV.Method: Research design was comparative to reveal the response of the bio-psycho-socio-spiritual families of HIV-infected familyof migrant workers and non-migrant workers. The population was family of both migrant and non-migrant in two districts in East Java in 2014. Sample of 17 people were recruited by simple random sampling technique. Data were performed at the family home, including biologic response (venous blood sampling for cortisol examination), and measurement of the psychological, social and responses by using questionnaires and interviews. Data were analysed with statistical t test and Mann-Whitney test with a significance level of 0.05.Result: The results showed no differences in the biological response of HIV patients’ families among migrant and non-migrant workers (p = 0.000) although the majority of respondents were in the normal range or not stress. In contrast, the psychology, social and spiritual responsesshowed no statistically significant difference with p = 0.065, p = 0.057, p = 0.243 for psychological, social, and spiritual responses respectively.Discussion: There is a difference in the biological response (cortisol) in the group of family and relatives of patients with HIV among migrant workers compared with non-migrant workers, but there is no statistical difference in the psychological, social and spiritualresponses.
Efek Mie Pisang dan Sukun terhadap Glukosa Darah Sewaktu Nursalam Nursalam; Rista Fauziningtyas; Candra Panji Asmoro; Kusnanto Kusnanto; Merryana Adriani
Jurnal Ners Vol. 11 No. 2 (2016): Oktober 2016
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (261.462 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/jn.v11i2.2622

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Introduction: Public awareness of healthy lifestyles cause a change in the selection of foodstuffs for consumption. Bananas and breadfruit flour additions increase the fiber content on the noodles. The purpose of this study was to determine the composition of noodles flour substitute on the effect on an increase in the lowest Glucose levels. Methods: The research design was pretest posttest control group design. Sample obtained as many as 58 students of the Faculty of Nursing University of Airlangga who meet the inclusion and exclusion criteria. 58 samples were divided into three groups, namely Noodles A (control), B (substitution 30%) and C (substitution 20%). Glucose levels examination carried out before eating noodles and 60 minutes after eat it. The data analysis of this study was the one-way ANOVA. Results: Based on the one-way ANOVA test was obtained p = 0.000 (p <0.050), which means no differences in outcomes in all three groups. The highest increasing of glucose levels is group A and the lowest in group B. Discussion: The addition of banana and breadfruit flour on the noodles can reduce the increase in the glucose levels after eat it. Further research needs to be done to determine the content of noodles with a banana and breadfruit flour and glucose’s responses in patients with diabetic mellitus.