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Muhammad Amran Shidik
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INDONESIA
BIO-EDU: Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi
Published by Universitas Timor
ISSN : -     EISSN : 25276999     DOI : -
Core Subject : Education, Social,
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Articles 101 Documents
Uji Efektivitas Sediaan Sirup Antipiretik Ekstrak Flavonoid Daun Alvokad (Persea Americana Mill) pada Tikus Putih (Rattus Novergicus L) yang Diinduksi Vaksin DPT-HB. Latjandu, Natalia; Oroh, Diyan
BIO-EDU: Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi Vol 4 No 3 (2019): BIO-EDU: Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi Volume 4 Nomor 3 Tahun 2019
Publisher : Jurusan Pendidikan Biologi, Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan, Universitas Timor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (233.869 KB) | DOI: 10.32938/jbe.v4i3.423

Abstract

This study aims to determine the most effective dose in reducing fever in white rats induced by DPT-HB vaccine. The research method is an experimental laboratory using the method without heating for the manufacture of syrup. The results of initial temperature measurements in all treatment groups of white rats which is the normal temperature of the test animals before the DPT-HB vaccine is obtained ranged between 35.10C-37.10C. after 2 hours of DPT-HB vaccine injection, the body temperature of the white rats was measured again and the results obtained were 36,930C-38,430C. an increase in body temperature after 2 hours of injecting this vaccine compared to the results of measuring body temperature before the vaccine is injected is a sign that the test animal has experienced a fever. The negative control group which was given syrup without extract orally, showed the body temperature of the test animals had decreased as the temperature after injecting the vaccine. On the administration of alvocate leaf flavonoid syrup, the dose ¼ showed a decrease of 0.40C. For the administration of dosage flavonoid syrup extract dosage 1, it showed that the body temperature of the test animals had a temperature drop of 1,330C. And administration of Alvocado leaf flavonoid syrup extract dose 2, showed that the body temperature of the test animals had a temperature drop of 0.6 . While the administration of Alvocado leaf flavonoid extract syrup dose 3, showed that the body temperature of the test animals experienced a temperature increase of -0.2 . From the results obtained, it can be concluded that the most effective dose of antipyretic syrup of alvocado leaf flavonoid extract is dose 1.
Skrining Fitokimia dan Potensi Antidiabetes Ekstrak Etanol Herba Ciplukan (Physalis Angulata L) pada Tikus Putih (Rattus Novergicus) yang Diinduksi Aloksan Maliangkay, Hendra Pratama; Rumondor, Rolef; Kantohe, Mynia
BIO-EDU: Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi Vol 4 No 3 (2019): BIO-EDU: Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi Volume 4 Nomor 3 Tahun 2019
Publisher : Jurusan Pendidikan Biologi, Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan, Universitas Timor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (375.966 KB) | DOI: 10.32938/jbe.v4i3.422

Abstract

The purpose of this study to determine the anti-diabetic potential of ciplukan herbal ethanol extract (Physalis angulata L) in white rats (Rattus norvegicus) induced alloxan given intraperitoneally and comparing its effectiveness with glibenclamide. This study uses 5 groups namely giving aquadest as normal control, giving alloxan as a negative control, giving alloxan and glibenclamide as a positive control and the ethanol extract of ciplukan herbal with a dose of 150 mg/kg BB and 300 mg/kg BB. Blood glucose measurement performed on day 0 (three days after induction), day 7, and day 14. The results showed that ethanol extract of ciplukan herbal (Physalis angulata L) can lower blood glucose levekls. A dose of 150 mg/kg BB have percentage decrease in blood glucose levels on day 7 and day 14 respectively by 14.1%and 70.5%. dose of 300 mg/kg BB have a percentage decrease in blood glucose levels on day 7 and day 14 respectively by 70.5%.and 69.5%. a dose of 150 mg/kg BB is more effective as an anti-diabetic compared with a dose of 300 mg/kg BB. Ethanol extract of ciplukan herbal (Physalis angulata L) also has an activity to repair damaged pancreatic-β cells in rats (Rattus norvegicus) induced by alloxan.
Efek Pemberian Ekstrak Etanol Daun Leilem (Clerodendrum minahasae) terhadap Kadar Kreatinin, Asam Urat dan Ureum pada Tikus Putih (Rattus novergicus) Rumondor, Rolef; Komalig, Muhammad Rino; Kamaluddin, Kamaluddin
BIO-EDU: Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi Vol 4 No 3 (2019): BIO-EDU: Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi Volume 4 Nomor 3 Tahun 2019
Publisher : Jurusan Pendidikan Biologi, Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan, Universitas Timor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (364.794 KB) | DOI: 10.32938/jbe.v4i3.419

Abstract

The progress of science in the field of medicine is currently very rapid along with technological advances, but the use of traditional medicines is increasingly popular. This is due to the low side effects caused by traditional medicines, practical use, easy to obtain and affordable prices. North Sulawesi is one area that has so many types of plants, including leilem plants (Clerodendrum minahassae) of the genus Clerodendrum. Leilem plant is an endemic plant in North Sulawesi which is often consumed by vegetables as a vegetable and is usually added to meat processing. This study aims to determine the effect of ethanol extracts of leilem leaves on the description of urea, uric acid and creatinine values ​​in etylen glycol induced white rats. The study design, the treatment group was divided into 5 groups. The control group (P0), the ethylene glycol group (P1), the rockgin treatment group (P2), the ethanol extract group of leilem leaves at a dose of 150 mg / kgBB (P3), and the ethanol extract group of leilem leaves at a dose of 300 mg / kgBB (P4). The results showed that the ethanol extract of leilem leaves 150 mg / kgBB and 300 mg / kgBB could reduce the levels of ureum, creatinine and uric acid in rats with ethylene glycol treatment. Ethanol extract of leilem leaves 150 mg / kgBB was better in reducing levels of urea, creatinine and uric acid in rats compared with a dose of 300 mg / kgBB (p <0.05)
Indeks Kualitas Air Sungai Noemuti dan Analisis Sensitivitas Santiari, Made
BIO-EDU: Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi Vol 4 No 3 (2019): BIO-EDU: Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi Volume 4 Nomor 3 Tahun 2019
Publisher : Jurusan Pendidikan Biologi, Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan, Universitas Timor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (184.766 KB) | DOI: 10.32938/jbe.v4i3.415

Abstract

Noemuti River is a river located in the South Bikomi District with a length of 30 km that is monitored periodically by the North Central East Regency Environmental Service. Information on the results of this monitoring needs to be conveyed as simple information, one of which is in the form of a water quality index. This study aims to calculate the index value of water quality and conduct a sensitivity analysis. This research is a quantitative descriptive study using secondary data in the form of 2016-2018 monitoring results. The parameters included in the calculation of the water quality index are BOD, COD, TSS, Fecal Coliform, and Total Coliform. Data were analyzed using the pollution index formula to get a water quality index value. Sensitivity analysis was carried out with four scenarios, namely removing parameters a) Fecal Coliform b) Total Coliform c) Fecal Coliform and Total Coliform d) TSS. The Noemuti river water quality index value ranges from 0.26-5.28, with the category good quality to moderately polluted. Sensitivity analysis provides a picture of parameters that influences the water quality index value. The fourth scenario is a scenario that causes a change in the water quality index from the category of moderately polluted to lightly polluted on 2017 data in the second and third points. This means that TSS parameters must be considered to improve river water quality. Also, the loss of the Ci / Lij TSS value as the maximum value decreases the water quality index value means the maximum Ci / Lij value is very vital for the pollution index formula. From the results of the study, it can be concluded that the Noemuti river has been polluted, and TSS is a parameter that needs to be considered in arranging controlling water pollution recommendations.
Pengaruh Kemampuan Awal terhadap Hasil Belajar IPA Biologi Peserta Didik Kelas VIII SMP Negeri 1 Kaledupa Kabupaten Wakatobi Shidik, Muhammad Amran
BIO-EDU: Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi Vol 4 No 2 (2019): BIO-EDU: Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi Volume 4 Nomor 2 Tahun 2019
Publisher : Jurusan Pendidikan Biologi, Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan, Universitas Timor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (169.535 KB) | DOI: 10.32938/jbe.v4i2.395

Abstract

This study discusses fatherly learning about the initial ability of learning outcomes of Biology participants in grade VIII students of SMP Negeri 1 Kaledupa. This research can help educators in preparing teaching materials for students before starting learning. This type of research used in this study is ex post facto. The population in this study were all class VIII of SMP Negeri 1 Kaledupa with a total of 3 classes, while the sample was obtained by 1 class using purposive sampling. The instrument for collecting data uses test instruments for students' initial abilities as well as for learning outcomes. The results of the research show what is meant by Preliminary Principles on the learning outcomes of Biology Science VIII grade students of SMP Negeri 1 Kaledupa. This is based on the results of hypothesis testing using simple regression analysis obtained significance value of 0.004 <0.05. Also, from a simple regression analysis table supported by an initial ability regression coefficient of 0.764 which is claimed to support every 1% of the initial ability score, the added learning outcome score is 0.764. This regression coefficient is positive, so it can be agreed that the direction of the effect of the initial ability variable on learning outcomes is positive.
Pengaruh Model Pembelajaran Inkuiri Terbimbing dengan Mind Map & Kooperatif Tipe Tgt terhadap Pemahaman Konsep Siswa Saridewi, Maria Paulin
BIO-EDU: Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi Vol 4 No 2 (2019): BIO-EDU: Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi Volume 4 Nomor 2 Tahun 2019
Publisher : Jurusan Pendidikan Biologi, Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan, Universitas Timor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (462.474 KB) | DOI: 10.32938/jbe.v4i2.388

Abstract

21st-century learning emphasizes the concept of student-centered learning, so that learning is more meaningful for students, because students are required not only to do the task but also to understand important concepts. However, the problem now faced is the still low understanding of students' concepts. One reason is the teacher teaching method that is still conventional. The learning model that is considered to improve students' conceptual understanding is guided inquiry with mind map and cooperative type TGT. The purpose of this study is to see the effect of guided inquiry learning model with a mind map and cooperative type TGT on understanding students' concepts. The subjects in this study were seventh-grade students of SMPK St. Yoseph Noelbaki. The data of the research results were analyzed by analysis of one-way variance and descriptive. The results showed that there was an effect of the implementation of a guided inquiry learning model with mind map and cooperative TGT type on students' conceptual understanding, with a probability value (sig.) Of 0.01 smaller than the alpha value of 0.05.
Pengaruh Pemberian Pakan Alami dan Buatan terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Kelangsungan Hidup Benih Ikan Lele Dumbo (Clarias gariepinus Burchell.) di Balai Benih Sentral Noekele Kabupaten Kupang Rihi, Apriani P
BIO-EDU: Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi Vol 4 No 2 (2019): BIO-EDU: Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi Volume 4 Nomor 2 Tahun 2019
Publisher : Jurusan Pendidikan Biologi, Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan, Universitas Timor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (551.691 KB) | DOI: 10.32938/jbe.v4i2.387

Abstract

Research on the effect of natural and artificial feed on the growth and survival of African catfish at the Noekele Central Seed Center in Kupang Regency, East Nusa Tenggara Province. The center only uses artificial food as fish food while natural food has never been used, therefore researchers are motivated to use natural food then researchers want to see how the influence of natural food is. The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of natural and artificial feeding on the growth and survival of African catfish (Clarias gariepinus Burchell) at the Noekele Central Seed Center in Kupang Regency, knowing the implementation of research results on the learning process of biology at school. The method used in this study is an experimental study using an experimental design that is Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with 3 treatments, each treatment was repeated 3 times namely P0 (Control), P1 (Pellets), and P2 (Silkworms). The data analysis technique used in this study was that this study was analyzed using analysis of variance (Anova) in accordance with the Completely Randomized Design (CRD). The average subsequent treatment was tested using the Duncan Multiple Range Test (DMRT) with a significant level of 5%. The results showed that the treatment of artificial feed (pellets) and natural feed (silk worms) showed significant differences between the treatments for growth and survival of Dumbo catfish (Clarias gariepinus Burchell.). The highest absolute length growth results were found in the P2 treatment of natural silk worm feed of 3.10 cm and the absolute weight of 2.68 grams of survival of African catfish (Clarias gariepinus Burchell.) Highest seeds in natural and artificial food which was 100%.
Keanekaragaman Kupu-Kupu (Lepidoptera) di Sekitar Pinggiran Sungai Maslete Kabupaten Timor Tengah Utara Nino, Maria Mathilda
BIO-EDU: Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi Vol 4 No 2 (2019): BIO-EDU: Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi Volume 4 Nomor 2 Tahun 2019
Publisher : Jurusan Pendidikan Biologi, Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan, Universitas Timor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (491.067 KB) | DOI: 10.32938/jbe.v4i2.386

Abstract

Research on butterfly diversity has been carried out, especially in Java, but not all regions in Indonesia have obtained data on butterfly diversity. One in the North Central Timor Regency is still not much done, especially around the banks of the river Maslete, North Central Timor Regency. The purpose of this study was to determine the types of butterflies, to know the diversity of butterflies, to determine environmental factors that affect the life of butterflies around the banks of the river Maslete, North Central Timor Regency and to determine the implementation of research results in learning biology in school. The method used in this study is the roaming method. Determination of sampling locations is done by purposive sampling method. Sampling was carried out by following a 500m transect line, the transect line was made on the transect line. The distance between subtransects is 250m. In each subtransect, 2 plots of 5x5 m2 were made. Butterflies are captured using nets and identification is based on the morphological characteristics of the butterfly. The data obtained were analyzed for diversity using the Shannon-wienner diversity index. The results of research around the banks of the river maslete found 7 types of butterflies belonging to 3 families namely Pieridae with 3 types, Nymphalidae with 2 types and Papilionidae with 2 types. The index of butterfly diversity around the banks of the Maslete River is relatively low with an H value of 0.9884. The results of measurements of environmental parameters around the Maslete riverbanks show that air temperatures range between 34.37-34.67o C and humidity ranges between 57-59%.
Intensitas Cahaya dan Efisiensi Fotosintesis pada Tanaman Naungan dan Tanaman Terpapar Cahaya Langsung Yustiningsih, Maria
BIO-EDU: Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi Vol 4 No 2 (2019): BIO-EDU: Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi Volume 4 Nomor 2 Tahun 2019
Publisher : Jurusan Pendidikan Biologi, Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan, Universitas Timor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (549.806 KB) | DOI: 10.32938/jbe.v4i2.385

Abstract

Plant growth and productivity influenced by light. Sunlight activates light-dependent reactions or LDR and Calvin cycle or LIR in plant. Different light intensity induce change of LDR and LIR. Adaptation through efficiency of photon absorption, regulation of photosystem II - photosystem I, and carbon fixation can make photosynthesis efficiently. This paper aims to review research on photosynthesis mechanism in sun and shade plants. Alteration of light absorption in plants produce morphological and physiological adaptations. Plant adaptation mechanism use sieve effect, light channeling, and acclimatization. Distribution of chlorophyll in both types of plants changed the photosynthesis photon flux density. Propagation and distribution of light needed through vacuoles to minimize the distance on electron transport chain. Physiological acclimatization accelerates by changing the composition of chlorophyll and PSII / PSI ratio. Shade plants have a high ratio PS II / PSI and high ratio chlorophyll a / b to increase the light-harvesting complex and make photosynthesis efficiently.
Analisis Kelimpahan Udang Putih di Estuaria Abudonek Kabupaten Malaka Nahak, Konsulatriks Noviyanti; Atini, Blasius; Kolo, Sefrinus M. D.
BIO-EDU: Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi Vol 4 No 1 (2019): BIO-EDU: Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi Volume 4 Nomor 1 Tahun 2019
Publisher : Jurusan Pendidikan Biologi, Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan, Universitas Timor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (372.985 KB) | DOI: 10.32938/jbe.v4i1.345

Abstract

Research with the title "Analysis of White Shrimp Abundance in the Abudenok Estuary of Malacca Regency". The purpose of this study was to determine the abundance of white shrimp in the Abudenok Malacca estuary and to find the parameters of the physical-chemical relationship to the abundance of white shrimp in the Abudenok estuary of Malacca Regency. The subject of this research is White Shrimp. The research data were obtained from the results of fishing catches using a 4 m diameter net. The study was conducted once a week for three weeks in the central and lower reaches of the Abudenok estuary. The results of the analysis of the abundance of white shrimp data shows the composition of the catch is different every week. In the first week the middle Estuary catches 158 white shrimp while the downstream Estuary captures fighting 234 tails In the second week the middle Estuary catches white shrimp winning 147 tails while the downstream Estuary catches white shrimp caught 356 tails. In the second week the middle Estuary catches 174 white shrimp while the downstream Estuary catches fighting 276 white shrimp. Effect of physical-chemical parameters on the abundance of 21.5 0C - 29 0C, current velocity of 0.13 ms-0.18 ms-1, salinity of 26.00 ppt - 29.00 ppt and sand substrate. The author concludes that the abundance of white shrimp in the Abudenok estuary is influenced by physical-chemical parameters, especially temperature, current speed and substrate.

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