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Journal of International Relations Studies
Published by Universitas Diponegoro
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Core Subject : Education,
Journal of International Relations seeks original manuscripts that provide theoretically informed empirical analyses of issues in international relations, as well as original theoretical or conceptual analyses. The journal represents no particular school or approach, nor is it restricted to any particular methodology. Instead, it seeks to foster an awareness of methodological and epistemological questions in the study of International Relations, and to reflect research and developments of a conceptual, normative and empirical nature in all the major sub-areas of the field.
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Articles 533 Documents
PENGARUH KEPRIBADIAN PRESIDEN JOKOWI DALAM KEBIJAKAN LUAR NEGERI INDONESIA: STUDI KASUS PELANGGARAN CINA DI NATUNA Putra, Tomy Darma; Rosyidin, Mohamad
Journal of International Relations Volume 5, Nomor 2, Tahun 2019
Publisher : International Relations, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Diponegoro

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Abstract

South China Sea dispute is a complicated problem faced by ASEAN countries. Through the Nine Dash Line, China claims that the South China Sea still as its territory. China takes action by militarizing the islands in it. Even though Indonesia is not included in the disputes, it turns out that Natuna waters overlap with the Nine Dash Line owned by China. These problems had caused tensions between the two countries because China had intervened in law enforcement efforts carried out by Indonesian patrol vessels against Chinese fishing vessels that violated Indonesia’s sovereignty. This study will explain the behavior of Indonesia in the dispute. Using the idiosyncratic approach, this study analyzes the political leader, Jokowi, specifically his personal character. This study will use content analysis that focus on Jokowi's statements on the dynamics of the South China Sea dispute and his response to sovereignty violation by China. The results of this study show that there are similarities in Jokowi’s behavior patterns since he was a mayor in responding to a problem. In response to China, Jokowi has character of high nationalism, high need of power, high belief in control over event, low conceptual complexity, and low distrust to other.
15. POSISI AMERIKA SERIKAT TERHADAP REZIM DASAR LAUT INTERNASIONAL OTORITA DASAR LAUT INTERNASIONAL Nugroho, Arif Satrio; Putranti, Ika Riswanti; Basith Dir, Andi Akhmad
Journal of International Relations Volume 2, Nomor 4, Tahun 2016
Publisher : International Relations, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Diponegoro

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Abstract

International Seabed Authority came as an international organization that provided aregime to minimize the territory conflict that feared would be happened among states andminimizing environmental crime that would be occurred in international seabed area whichare beyond any national jurisdiction. As a part of UNCLOS and 1994 Agreement Part XI,the Authority was an international organization which duty is to manage seabed area thatlocated in international territory. But, in its development, United States as an activeparticipant of law of sea treaty development decided to decline the concept of InternationalSeabed Authority and reject the Authority as an international seabed regime until date.United States decided to not join International Seabed Authority and decline mining codeof the Authority as international seabed regime because of politic, economic, social andenvironmental factors which is less profitable if US joined the Authority. Meanwhile,international seabed regime that was built by the Authority is also not in line with USnational interest in international seabed management. Therefore, US established DSHMRA(Deep Seabed Hard Mineral Resource Act) as an alternative legal act to carry out theactivities in the Area. By DSHMRA, US interest in building the hegemony of seabedmanagement could be more facilitated.
Kerjasama Pemerintah Indonesia dan ECPAT dalam Menangani Permasalahan Child Trafficking di Indonesia Bagaskara, Annaas Maulana; Pattipelohy, Shary Charlotte
Journal of International Relations Volume 4, Nomor 3, Tahun 2018
Publisher : International Relations, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Diponegoro

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Abstract

Every year, the number of child trafficking in Indonesia continue to rise. Many of thechildren trapped in this circle of crime. With various motive, they enter the world ofprostitution. To deal with that issue, Indonesian government cooperate with ECPAT as anorganization that aims to end the commercial sexual exploitation of children and childtrafficking since 2009 and continue to seek strategies and implementation to fight childtrafficking in and any form of commercial sexual implementation in Indonesia. Thisresearch is made to know the condition of child trafficking in Indonesia, role of IndonesianGovernment and their cooperation with ECPAT in dealing child trafficking in Indonesiaand also to analyze their success using some indicator such as mutuality of interest and theshadow of the future. The result obtained are cooperation between Indonesian Governmentand ECPAT in Indonesia is not successful because there is a different response betweenboth actors and then having not enough feedback also being a causative factor of howunsuccessful cooperation between Indonesian Government and ECPAT in dealing withchild trafficking in Indonesia.
ANALISIS BERLARUT-LARUTNYA PROSES PENANDATANGANAN KEMBALI MoU ANTARA INDONESIA-CINA DALAM MENANGGULANGI MASALAH NARKOBA PERIODE 2008-2015 Saputra, Dea Tunjung Jatra; Windiani, Reni; Rosyidin, Mohamad
Journal of International Relations Volume 1, Nomor 2, Tahun 2015
Publisher : International Relations, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Diponegoro

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Abstract

Drug becomes important issues because they are threatening allaround countries. A transnational drugs trafficking as in the fase ofIndonesia-China conducted by an international syndicate resulted in aloss of both sides. On December 2, 2003 Indonesia and China agreedto sign a Memorandum of Understanding to combat transnationalcrime, cooperate of narcotics and drugs. Cooperation is carried outby The Indonesia National Police and The Ministry of Public Securityof China. Cooperation agreed upon by the two countries was valid forfive years, before needing a renewal on December 2, 2008. Theresigning process has been slow where several factors have indicatedthat two governments might have not been fruitful. Based on datamining through interviews, the result of this research is process resignatories,because there are several factors such as the existence ofthe counter draft, distribution of authority through the Mutual LegalAssistence system and the differences in the system of government.
Psychoanalytical Approach to Transnational Money Laundering Utilizing Japanese Mobile Online Games with Gacha System: A Forecasting Study Pramanta, Rio Akbar
Journal of International Relations Volume 5, Nomor 4, Tahun 2019
Publisher : International Relations, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Diponegoro

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Abstract

The problems to face money laundering acts are the methods which the criminals are usingthat keeps on changing and improving along with the development of modern technology.While law enforcement mostly trying to prevent it by tampering by the technology used, thereis a blind spot where there exists the reason of why and how the crime was possible in the firstplace. Some even neglected and underestimated by the authorities because of how the societyviews it in general, this is the recklessness the criminals can exploit. While money launderingutilizing Online Games, moreover with a Gacha system may sounds as bizarre as it is, it canbe done and this article is intended to explain the what, why, who, and how of it. Using theLacanian Psychoanalysis as a problem dissecting tool, the key here is to explain what makesthe condition and environment where such crime is possible, involving the Otaku Subculturepart of society in Japan and Indonesia, the companies behind it, and the Mobile Online Gamesitself. This article is forecasting the problems that will emerges concerning the crime of moneylaundering and its methods.
13. Upaya Indonesia dalam Menangani Pemalsuan Obat melalui Member State Mechanism Tahun 2012-2016 Honesty, Annisa Sholiya; Windiani, Reni; Hanura, Marten
Journal of International Relations Volume 3, Nomor 1, Tahun 2017
Publisher : International Relations, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Diponegoro

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Abstract

The World Health Organization formed an international organization Member StateMechanism which aims to tackle counterfeiting drugs in 2012. Indonesia as one of themember, has always been active in the forum. But in fact, until 2016 Indonesia still fail toaddress drugs counterfeiting. The purpose of this research is to find out why the effortsthat have been made by Indonesia still has not managed to tackle drugs counterfeiting, byusing cualitative method, and explanative tipe of research. The concept of internationalcooperation and the international regime are used to explain the results of the cooperationMember State Mechanism and the role of international regimes WHO in assisting theefforts of Indonesia to address drug counterfeiting.The result from this reseach is there aretwo factors that detain Indonesia in addressing drugs counterfeiting. There is externalfactor that comes from international cooperation and internal factor that comes fromdomestic situation.
ASEAN-China Free Trade Agreement (ACFTA) dan Penyelundupan Tekstil Asal Tiongkok di Indonesia Agustina, Dyah Ayu; Windiani, Reni
Journal of International Relations Volume 4, Nomor 4, Tahun 2018
Publisher : International Relations, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Diponegoro

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Abstract

This thesis aims is to analyze the effect of trade agreement between Indonesia and China in ASEAN-China Free Trade Agreement (ACFTA) for smuggling of Chinese textile in Indonesia on 2015-2017. This thesis begins with the descriptions of textile trading’s conditions respectively in Indonesia and China, textile trading between the two countries, textile trading between China and ASEAN, and an explanation of information on Chinese textile smuggling that occurred in the port of Batam. This research’s methode uses qualitative method with explanative type of research and analyzed by collecting data obtained from interviews, books, journals, reports of previous researchers and mass media. The range of research on this screening is from 2015 to 2017. The explanation of the effect of ACFTA on Chinese textile smuggling in Indonesia uses neoliberalism theory and the concept of free trade and deregulation. The results of this study indicate that the concept of deregulation in ACFTA is realized by the decrease of Chinese textile import duty to 0% makes Chinese textile imports in Indonesia cheaper than the domestic. This has resulted in losses for textile businessmen and guiding them to find ways to avoid losses by smuggling Chinese textiles through the port of Batam.
3. Peran Aktor Non-Negara dalam Hubungan Internasional: Studi Kasus Human Rights Watch dalam Krisis Kemanusiaan di Myanmar Ula, Syarifatul; Susiatiningsih, Hermini; Rosyidin, Mohamad
Journal of International Relations Volume 3, Nomor 3, Tahun 2017
Publisher : International Relations, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Diponegoro

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Abstract

The conflict between Rohingya and Rakhine, make it an attractive domain for state-actor as well as non-state actors, such as Human Rights Watch (HRW). HRW was established to engage in the field of the human rights and have a duty to perform its role in the humanitarian crisis in Myanmar and has involved ethnic Rohingya Muslim. This study is initial attempt to analyse the role of HRW in the humanitarian crisis in Myanmar by using the concept of Transnational Advocacy Network (TAN). This study found that the HRW using strategy of information politics as the more dominant tactics used to carry out the role and activities. Strategies symbolic politics is also used as a campaign to get the attention and support of other interntional actors. But in practice, HRW has not succeeded in carrying out its role in leverage politics strategies, and accountability politics, because HRW too independent and not have oversight of the Myanmar government commitements related to the citizenship rights of Muslim ethnic Rohingya.
Analisis Serangan Drone dalam Aksi Counter Terrorism terhadap Hubungan Amerika Serikat dan Pakistan pada Masa Pemerintahan Presiden Barack Obama Tiolina, Jessica; Paramasatya, Satwika
Journal of International Relations Volume 4, Nomor 4, Tahun 2018
Publisher : International Relations, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Diponegoro

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Abstract

The United States and Pakistan have decided to establish a counter terrorism cooperation since the 9/11 incident. This cooperation was initiated by President George Bush as an effort to fight the terrorists. The United States uses drone attacks in counter terrorism operations because they considered drone as a very effective weapon to reduce the number of victims in an arm conflict. The counter terrorism operations was implemented again during the administration of President Barack Obama. Since elected as president, President Barack Obama increased the number of drone attacks in counter terrorism with a targeted killing strategy. The cooperation which initially went well then experienced high tensions due to drone attacks that killed thousands of people in Pakistan. Drone attacks really affected the relations between the United States and Pakistan during the President Barack Obama’s administration. The result of this research indicated that drone attacks affected the relations between the two countries, the tensions between the United States and Pakistan were generated by the high number of drone attacks.
1. PERAN POLISI DAERAH JAWA TENGAH DALAM MENANGGULANGI TERORISME DI JAWA TENGAH PADA PERIODE 2009-2014 A, Tri Puji; Windiani, Reni; Rosyidin, Mohammad
Journal of International Relations Volume 2, Nomor 3, Tahun 2016
Publisher : International Relations, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Diponegoro

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Abstract

This research aims to observe what role conducted by Polda Jateng against terrorism issue.Terrorism is one of the trasnational crime which has frightening effects.Central Java is oneof the province which has a many cases of terrorism from 2009 until 2014. Polda Jateng isan institution that has a role inlaw enforcement andcombating terrorism.This research usesqualitative method with necessary type of descriptive. The data were collected from bothprimary and secondary sources to describe every single roles conducted by Polda Jateng.The result shows that Polda Jateng has a role to preserve the crime scene in everyprosecution case of terrorism.

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