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Harmful Algal in Banyuasin Coastal Waters, South Sumatera Aryawati, Riris; Bengen, Dietriech Geoffrey; Prartono, Tri; Zulkifli, Hilda
Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education Vol 8, No 2 (2016): September 2016
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences, Semarang State University . Ro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/biosaintifika.v8i2.6356

Abstract

Phytoplankton have important as food-chain major component and primary production of marine environment. However, high abundance of phytoplankton could give harmful effects toward water ecosystem. Moreover, they could produce toxic substances that will be accumulated within their consumer. This accumulation could be dangerous for human or animals.This research were aimed to determine and calculatespecies of harmful algae in Banyuasin coastal waters. The study was conducted on April, June, August, October and December of 2013, and in February 2014, at ten stations. Phytoplankton samples were taken vertically using plankton nets. In the form of cone-shaped with a diameter of 30 cm, length 100 cm and mesh size 30 ?m.The result showed that there are 35 genera of phytoplankton. That have been found and consisted of four groups; Bacillariophyceae, Dinophyceae, Cyanophyceae and Chlorophyceae. 13 species were identified as Harmful Algal (Chaetoceros, Coscinodiscus, Nitzschia, Skeletonema, Thalassiosira, Alexandrium, Ceratium, Dinophysis, Noctiluca, Protoperidinium, Prorocentrum, Anabaena dan Oscillatoria), with seven of them were known for having toxin (Nitzschia, Alexandrium, Dinophysis, Protoperidinium Prorocentrum, Anabaena and Oscillatoria). Monitoring result showed that the highest number of species of potential harmful algal blooms (HABs) occured in June and the highest abundance occured in August, especially Chaetoceros and Skeletonema.How to CiteAryawati, R., Bengen, D. G., Prartono, T., & Zulkifli, H. (2016). Harmful Algal in Banyuasin Coastal Waters, South Sumatera. Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education, 8(2), 231-239.
High utilization of fossil fuel increases the level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere and results in global warming phenomenon. These things establish the world’s thought to look for the other alternative energy that can reduce the use of fossil fuel even to be replaced by the substitute. Recently, Indonesia has been doing the research of microalgae as a feedstock of an alternative biofuel. Fatty acid content that microalgae have is also high to produce biofuel. The steps used in this research TRI PRARTONO; MUJIZAT KAWAROE; DAHLIA WULAN SARI; DINA AUGUSTINE
HAYATI Journal of Biosciences Vol. 17 No. 4 (2010): December 2010
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.4308/hjb.17.4.196

Abstract

High utilization of fossil fuel increases the level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere and results in global warming phenomenon. These things establish the world’s thought to look for the other alternative energy that can reduce the use of fossil fuel even to be replaced by the substitute. Recently, Indonesia has been doing the research of microalgae as a feedstock of an alternative biofuel. Fatty acid content that microalgae have is also high to produce biofuel. The steps used in this research is a 7 days cultivation, harvesting, extraction using hexane, and fatty acid identification using Gas Chromatography of microalgae species. Fatty acid component in some species such as Chlorella sp., Scenedesmus sp., Nannochloropsis sp., and Isochrysis sp. is between 0.21-29.5%; 0.11-25.16%; 0.30-42.32%; 2.06-37.63%, respectively, based on dry weight calculation. The high content of fatty acid in some species of microalgae showed the potential to be the feedstock of producing biofuel in overcoming the limited utilization from petroleum (fossil fuel) presently.
Coral reef communities contain a wide variety of mutualistic associations none more important than the relationship between corals and their symbiotic dinoflagellates of the genus Symbiodinium sp., commonly referred to as zooxanthellae. The function of Zinc (Zn) as cofactor of several enzyme systems such as extracellular carbonic anhydrase (extracellular CA) which catalyzes the interconversion of HCO3- and CO2. Concentrations of dissolved Zn in oligothropic waters are often very low therefore ma WIDIASTUTI KARIM; RICHARDUS KASWADJI; TRI PRARTONO; LILY MARIA GORETTI PANGGABEAN
HAYATI Journal of Biosciences Vol. 18 No. 4 (2011): December 2011
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.4308/hjb.18.4.157

Abstract

Coral reef communities contain a wide variety of mutualistic associations none more important than the relationship between corals and their symbiotic dinoflagellates of the genus Symbiodinium sp., commonly referred to as zooxanthellae. The function of Zinc (Zn) as cofactor of several enzyme systems such as extracellular carbonic anhydrase (extracellular CA) which catalyzes the interconversion of HCO3- and CO2. Concentrations of dissolved Zn in oligothropic waters are often very low therefore may limit the growth of zooxanthellae and their ability to fix CO2 from seawater via the carbonic anhydrase. The aim of this research is to investigate the effect of various concentrations of Zn on the growth and extracellular CA activity in zooxanthellae. Cell density was monitored daily by enumeration with hemocytometer-type chamber (0.1 mm). Extracellular CA was measured in homogenized intact whole cell by a pH drift assay. Results revealed that Zn status strongly influences the growth rate and extracelullar CA activity in zooxanthellae. The specific growth rate and cell density increased two-fold whilst extracelullar CA activity increased 10.5 times higher than that in control with increasing concentrations of Zn from 0 to 80 nM, but decreased when Zn was over 80 nM. Under a concentration of 80 nM was not Zn limited culture, consequently the growth rate of zooxanthellae not dependent on CO2 concentration yet offset by extracelullar CA activity.
Marine Microalgae Tetraselmis suecica as Flocculant Agent of Bio-flocculation Method Mujizat Kawaroe; Tri Prartono; Adriani Sunuddin; Deni Saputra
HAYATI Journal of Biosciences Vol. 23 No. 2 (2016): April 2016
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1035.711 KB) | DOI: 10.4308/hjb.23.2.62

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Microalgae harvesting is an important part in microalgae cultivation system. Techniques for harvesting marine microalgae which are commonly used are centrifugation, filtration and flocculation. These techniques still have some disadvantages, such as not environment friendly, and high usage of energy and cost. Bio-flocculation harvesting technique using microalgae as a flocculant agent can be an alternative way to solve these problems. In this research, mixing of Tetraselmis suecica (flocculant) with Chlorellasp. and Nannochloropsis sp. (non-flocculant) in ratios of 1:4, 2:4, 3:4 and 4:4 (v/v) has been conducted to obtain percent recovery of marine microalgae harvest. The results showed that T. suecica as flocculant agent can fasten the harvesting of Chlorella sp. and Nannochloropsis sp. It was shown by the increase of percent recovery value of Chlorellasp. from 51.14 ± 1.07% to 67.34 ± 0.67% and Nannochloropsis sp. from 20.52 ± 1.17% to 42.43 ± 0.40% during the first hour of flocculating process. Our result showed that bio-flocculation is an environment friendly technique which can be applied to harvest marine microalgae.
Specific Growth Rate of Chlorella sp. And Dunaliella sp. According to Different Concentration of Nutrient and Photoperiod Mujizat Kawaroe; Tri Prartono; Adriani Sunuddin; Dahlia Wulan Sari; Dina Augustine
Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Perairan dan Perikanan Indonesia Vol. 16 No. 1 (2009): Juni 2009
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (224.994 KB)

Abstract

Light and nutrient are factors that support the microalgae growth rate besides COB2B, temperature, and salinity. Microalgae growth of Chorella sp. and Dunaliella sp. were observed to determine the influences of different nutrient concentration and photo period. Microalgae cultivation was located at laboratory using 100 mL Erlenmeyer. The specific growth rate of microalgae was observed for different nutrient concentration and photo period of light treatments. Using Guillard/f2 nutrient, the highest specific growth rate for Chorella sp. was 0.227/d and 0.289/d for Dunaliella sp. The highest microalgae specific growth rate influenced different photo period was 0.39/d and 0.329/d, respectively. Finally, the highest specific growth rate for both cultivated species of microalgae was observed at 2V nutrient concentration and 24 hour period of light treatment.Keywords : Spesific growth rate, photoperiod, nutrient, Chlorella sp., Dunaliella sp.
KEPADATAN DAN LAJU PERTUMBUHAN SPESIFIK Nannochloropsis sp. PADA KULTIVASI HETEROTROPIK MENGGUNAKAN MEDIA HIDROLISAT SINGKONG Mujizat Kawaroe; Tri Prartono; Ganjar Saefurahman
Journal Omni-Akuatika Vol 11, No 2 (2015): Omni-Akuatika November
Publisher : Fisheries and Marine Science Faculty - Jenderal Soedirman University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (74.637 KB) | DOI: 10.20884/1.oa.2015.11.2.35

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Growth of Nannochloropsis sp. was observed in laboratory cultivation condition with enrichment of cassava hydrolysate into culture medium as follow : 25 ml microalgae strain, 75 ml seawater, without cassava hydrolysate (A); 25 ml microalgae strain, 25 ml cassava hydrolysate, 50 ml seawater (B), 25 ml microalgae strain, 50 ml cassava hydrolysate, 25 ml seawater (C). Cultivation condition was fixed as follow temperature 29°C, seawater pH 8, and salinity 30 ‰. Microalgae cultivation was performed at microalgae laboratory of Surfactant and Bioenergy Research Center using 100 ml Erlenmeyer covered by black plastic to prevent the influence of light. The specific growth rate of Nannochloropsis sp. was observed in 7 days for different cultivation medium composition. The highest density of microalgae was in the 4th days with 50ml cassava hydrolysate’s feeding (C treatment) about 172.661 cell/mL. The highest specific growth rate for Nannochloropsis sp. cultivation was observed in the 6th days without cassava hydrolysate’s feeding. Result of statistical analysis showed that different cassava hydrolysate’s feeding treatments (ml) in heterotrophically microalgae cultivation influenced the density of microalgae (cell/mL) but not influenced the specific growth rate of microalgae (per day).Keywords: Cassava hydrolysate, Density, Heterotrophic cultivation, Spesific growth rate, Nannochloropsis sp.
The Production of Organic Matter from Rhizophora mucronata and Sonneratia alba at The Kajhu and Meunasah Mesjid Villages, Aceh Besar Mai Suriani; Dietriech G Bengen; Tri Prartono
Journal Omni-Akuatika Vol 13, No 1 (2017): Omni-Akuatika May
Publisher : Fisheries and Marine Science Faculty - Jenderal Soedirman University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (867.421 KB) | DOI: 10.20884/1.oa.2017.13.1.116

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 Production and decomposition of mangrove litter could contribute organic matter and nutrients to the coastal waters. This study was to estimate the extent to which the rehabilitated mangrove of Rhizophora mucronata and Sonneratia alba contribute organic matter. This study was conducted from November 2015 to January 2016. Litter traps were used to collect the litter production and litterbags to measure decomposition rates. The results showed that the average of litter production for Sonneratia alba and Rhizophora mucronata was 4,38 g.m-2.day-1 and 3,61 g.m-2.day-1, respectively. However, Sonneratia alba apparently showed higher decay rates compare with Rhizophora mucronata. Nutrients element (N and P) released were 321,2 kg.ha-1.years-1 and 47,45 kg.ha-1.years-1 for Sonneratia alba; and 131,4 kg.ha-1.years-1 and 13,14 kg.ha-1.years-1 for Rhizophora mucronata. Overall, this study indicated that the mangrove rehabilitation in the area study contributed insignificantly carbon restocking the affected area, although it was able to provide ecological functions of this mangrove ecosystem.
STRUKTUR DEMOGRAFI POPULASI Rhizophora apiculata DI KAWASAN INDUSTRI PERMINYAKAN PROVINSI RIAU Syahrial Syahrial; Dietriech G Bengen; Tri Prartono; Bintal Amin
JURNAL PERIKANAN TROPIS Vol 5, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Teuku Umar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (316.197 KB) | DOI: 10.35308/jpt.v5i2.1038

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The decline in mangrove vegetation density and the area of mangrove forests in the coastal province of Riau occurred due to the logging of mangrove forests and the conversion of mangrove forests into other uses such as industrial estates. This study aims to collect a database of mangrove ecosystems which includes the ecological structure of R. apiculata in Riau Province. Collecting data of mangrove vegetation condition was done by transect line and plot. The line transect was drawn from the reference point (the outer mangrove stand) with the direction perpendicular to the coastline to the mainland and made plots according to the category. The results showed that the population of R. apiculata was found in large numbers at Station 3 (350 ind) and a small/small amount was found at Station 1 (137 ind). In addition, Stations 1, 2 and 4 have only one grouping population of R. apiculata based on the Bhattacharya method, while Station 3 has two groupings. Furthermore, the highest R. apiculata density for tree category was obtained at Station 4 (1433.33 ind/m2), saplings category at Station 3 (10488.89 ind/m2) and seedlings category at Station 4 (3666667 ind/m2). Furthermore the water temperature ranged from 28.3 – 30.7°C, salinity 27.3 – 31.3, pH 7.3 – 7.9, DO 5.2 – 6.4 and redox potential ranged from 102 – 124 mV. Based on the standard criteria and guidelines for determining mangrove damage according to the Decree of the Minister of Environment No. 201 of 2004, the population density of R. apiculata at the research location is still classified as medium and refers to the Decree of the State Minister of Environment No. 51 of 2004 concerning Sea Water Quality Standards for Marine Biota, as a whole the range of measured water quality parameters is still within tolerance limits for life mangroves.
Estimasi Laju Akumulasi Sedimen di Perairan Laut Jawa Menggunakan Unsupported Pb-210 Santi Susanti; Tri Prartono; Rina Zuraida; Ali Arman Lubis
Jurnal Ilmiah Aplikasi Isotop dan Radiasi Vol 15, No 2 (2019): Desember 2019
Publisher : BATAN

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (531.385 KB) | DOI: 10.17146/jair.2019.15.2.5441

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Akumulasi sedimen di perairan Laut Jawa terjadi cukup cepat karena banyaknya masukan material sedimen dari wilayah sekitar. Sejauh ini belum ada penelitian yang memberikan estimasi laju akumulasi di bagian tengah Laut Jawa dengan menggunakan Pb-210 sebagai tracer. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menghitung estimasi laju akumulasi sedimen Laut Jawa dengan menggunakan profil unsupported Pb-210. Sedimen core diambil dari dua lokasi di perairan Laut Jawa (bagian barat dan timur) menggunakan multicore pada saat cruise kapal riset Geomarin 3, MAJAFLOX 2015, Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Geologi Kelautan (P3GL), Bandung. Diperoleh panjang sedimen core untuk bagian barat dan timur berturut-turut adalah 35 cm dan 37 cm. Contoh sedimen dipotong dengan interval yaitu 2 cm pada kisaran kedalaman (0-10 cm), 4 cm (kedalaman 10-22 cm) dan 6 cm (kedalaman >22 cm). Analisis aktivitas Pb-210 dilakukan menggunakan detektor Passiveted Implanted Planar Silicon (PIPS) Alpha Spektrometer. Model Constant Rate of Supply (CRS) digunakan untuk menghitung laju akumulasi dan umur sedimen. Hasil menunjukkan laju akumulasi sedimen di bagian barat bervariasi antara 0,002-0,014 kg/m2/th dalam kurun waktu tahun 126 tahun dan di bagian timur bervariasi antara 0,002-0,020 kg/m2/thdalam kurun waktu 128 tahun. Laju akumulasi sedimen mulai mengalami peningkatan pada tahun 1950 dengan laju 0,005 kg/m2/thhingga saat ini mencapai 0,020 kg/m2/th.
CHARACTERISTICS OF LIPID BIOMARKERS (N-ALKANES, FATTY ACIDS, STEROLS, N-ALKANOLS AND ISOPRENOID) IN ESTUARINE SEDIMENTS OF MUARA ANGKE JAKARTA BAY AND CILINTANG-UJUNG KULON Mohammad Agung Nugraha; Tri Prartono; Harpasis Slamet Sanusi
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis Vol. 6 No. 2 (2014): Electronik Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis
Publisher : Department of Marine Science and Technology, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (411.535 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jitkt.v6i2.9010

Abstract

ABSTRACT Lipid biomarkers as specific organic compounds can be used to evaluate the possible contribution of organic carbon from different sources or to trace the biological origin of molecules. The purpose of this research was to assess the contribution of sedimentary organic of origin based on the characteristics of lipid biomarkers in the Muara Angke Estuary-Jakarta Bay and Cilintang-Ujung Kulon.  Single sediment sample were collected at the 10 cm deep from the top sediment.  Those samples were extracted by soxhlet apparatus and fractioned prior to GC-MS analysis.  All of those sediment showed different characteristics of biomarker (n-alkanes, fatty acid, sterol,n-alkanols and isoprenoid). They indicated the different of contribution of organic material inputs influenced by the activity of the upland and surrounding the estuary. Keywords: estuary sediment, GC-MS, lipids biomarkers
Co-Authors . Riska Abdullah Hisam bin Omar Achyani, Ratno Adriani Sunuddin Agus Atmadipoera Agus S. Atmadipoera Alan Frendy Koropitan Albida Rante Tasak Ali Arman Ali Arman Ali Arman Ali Arman Ali Arman Ali Arman Lubis Ali Arman Lubis Angga Dwinovantyo Ani Haryati Anna Ida Sunaryo Purwiyanto Asmika Harnalin Simarmata Beta Susanto Barus Beta Susanto Barus Bibiana W. Lay Bintal Amin Chandrika Eka Larasati Dafit Ariyanto DAHLIA WULAN SARI Dedi Soedarma Dedi Soedarma Deni Saputra Dewi S. Ariesta Dewy Septiyanti Yolanda Dietrich G Bengen Dietriech G Bengen Dietriech Geoffrey Bengen DINA AUGUSTINE Dina Augustine DWI ANDREAS SANTOSA Dwi Hindarti Dwi Hindarti Dwiyoga Nugroho Efriyeldi, Efriyeldi Enan M. Adiwilaga Etty Riani Fadli Syamsudin Fadli Syamsudin Ganjar Saefurahman Hadi Hermansyah Hadi Hermansyah Harpasis S Sanusi Harpasis S. Sanusi Harpasis S. Sanusi Harpasis s. Sanusi Harpasis S. Sanusi Harpasis Slamet Sanusi Heron Surbakti Hilda Zulkifli Hilda Zulkifli I Wayan Nurjaya Indra Jaya Indra Jaya Intan Sari Dewi Iswandi Wahab Kolibongso, Duaitd Lestari LILY MARIA GORETTI PANGGABEAN Mai Suriani Mardiansyah Mardiansyah Mohammad Agung Nugraha Mohammad Agung Nugraha Mohammad Sumiran Paputungan Mohammad Tri Hartanto Muhamad Riza Kurnia Lubis Muhammad Trial Fiar Erawan MUJIZAT KAWAROE Mujizat Kawaroe Mujizat Kawaroe Mujizat Kawaroe MUJIZAT KAWAROE Mujizat Kawaroe Mulia Purba Najamuddin N Nella Tri Agustini Neviaty P Zamani Neviaty P. Zamani Nico Wantona Prabowo Restya Rahmaniar RICHARDUS KASWADJI RIDWAN AFFANDI Rina Zuraida Rina Zuraida Riris Aryawati Ruyitno Nuchsin Ruyitno Ruyitno Santi Susanti Santi Susanti Syahrial Syahrial Syahrial Syahrial Syahrial Syahrial WIDIASTUTI KARIM Wike Ayu Eka Putri Yani Permanawati Yeti Darmayati Yeti Darmayati Yuanpin Chang Yunita A. Noya Yusli Wardiatno Zainal Arifin