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Diversity of Soil Arthropods in Suranadi Nature Park, Lombok, and its role on science lesson in elementary and secondary school Mohammad Liwa Ilhamdi; Muhammad Syazali
Jurnal Biologi Tropis Vol. 21 No. 3 (2021): September - Desember
Publisher : Biology Education Study Program, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, University of Mataram, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29303/jbt.v21i3.2990

Abstract

The absence of data related to Arthropoda classes other than the orders Lepidoptera and Odonata in Suranadi Nature Park raises the need for studies on these fauna. This study aims to analyze the soil arthropod community and its role in science lessons in primary and secondary schools. This descriptive research was carried out from May to December 2019. Samples were collected in three paths, namely the forest edge, the middle of the forest and the waterway using the pit fall trap method. The collected samples were identified to species taxon at the Biology Laboratory of the Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Mataram University. To obtain data on species diversity, an analysis was carried out using the Shannon-Wiener equation. There are 33 species of soil arthropods found. They consist of 3 species from the order Blattodea, 2 species from the order Orthoptera, 4 species from Araneae, 11 species from the order Coleoptera, 10 species from the order Hymenoptera, 1 species each from the orders Homoptera, Tysanura and Diptera. The most abundant species is Platidema sp of the order Coleoptera. Based on the results of the analysis, the diversity index of soil Arthtopoda species in Suranadi Nature Park is 2,628. The qualitative analysis shows that there are 2 elementary and junior high school science topics that are suitable to be taught using the concept of soil arthropod diversity at Suranadi Nature Park.
Species Richness of Arboreal Beetle in Suranadi Nature Park Area and Its Potential as a Source of Science Learning in Elementary Schools Mohammad Liwa Ilhamdi; Muhammad Syazali
Jurnal Biologi Tropis Vol. 22 No. 1 (2022): January - March
Publisher : Biology Education Study Program, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, University of Mataram, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29303/jbt.v22i1.3225

Abstract

The beetle data in Suranadi Nature Park is still limited to species that move on the ground. This study aims to analyze: (1) the species richness of the arboreal beetle, and (2) its potential as a science learning resource in elementary schools. This type of research is descriptive research using a qualitative approach. Sampling was carried out on the type of habitat in Suranadi Nature Park, namely the forest area with rice fields and residential areas, air flow and the middle with a dense canopy. The collected samples were identified to determine the species. The richness of this species data is then analyzed qualitatively to determine its potential as a source of science learning in elementary schools. This is done by comparing the species richness data of beetles and elementary thematic books, then the topics are assessed according to their level. The results showed that the species richness of arboreal beetles in Suranadi Nature Park consisted of 19 species from 5 families. The species are Lema sp., Aulacophora similis, Aulacophora quadrimaculata, Aulocophora sp.1, Aulocophora sp.2, Aulocophora sp.3, Aulocophora sp.4, Aulocophora sp.5 Parchicola sp., Podontia sp., Altica cyanea and Lilioceris sp. (family Chrysomelidae), Mimela sp., Mimela langbianica (Rutelidae), Exopholis hypoleuca, Ontophagus taurus, Protaetia fruhstorferi (Scarabaeidae) and Leptura sp. (family Cerambycidae). This arboreal beetle species data may be used as a source for elementary science learning on 33 sub-themes. Of this number, there are two sub-themes that have very appropriate categories, namely Sub-theme 2 The diversity of living things in my environment and Sub-theme 1 Components of the ecosystem.
The Growth Response of Kale Land (Ipomoea reptans Poir) to the Aplications of Vermicompost and NPK Fertilizer Ahmad Raksun; Mohammad Liwa Ilhamdi; I Wayan Merta; I Gde Mertha
Jurnal Biologi Tropis Vol. 22 No. 2 (2022): April - June
Publisher : Biology Education Study Program, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, University of Mataram, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29303/jbt.v22i2.3447

Abstract

Kale land is a short-lived plant, containing the nutrients needed by the human body. The growth of kale land is influenced by various factors, one of which is the adequate supply of nutrients needed by plants. Fertilization is one of the efforts that can be done to ensure the availability of nutrients on agricultural land. Research has been carried out on the growth response of kale land due to the application of vermicompost and NPK fertilizers. The purpose of this research is to obtain information about (1) increased growth of  kale land due to the application of vermicompost, (2) increased growth of kale land due to application of NPK fertilizer, (3) increased growth of  kale land  due to the interaction of vermicompost and NPK fertilizer treatments. The research was carried out using an experimental method in the form of factorial arranged according to a completely randomized design. The first factor is vermicompost (C) with doses of 0 kg, 0.4 kg, 0.8 kg, 1.2 kg and 1.6 kg vermicompost per square meter of agricultural land. The second factor is the application of NPK fertilizer (P) at a dose of 0 g, 0.5 g, 1 g, 1.5 g per plant. Thus there were 20 treatment combinations and each combination was carried out with 3 replications. The growth parameters observed were plant height, total leaf, leaf length, leaf width and stem diameter of land kale. Research data were analyzed by Anova. The conclusions of the study were: (1) The application of vermicompost could increase plant height, number of leaves, leaf length and leaf width but could not increase stem diameter of kale land (2) application of NPK fertilizer can improve all growth parameters of kale land kangkong. (3) The interaction of vermicompost and NPK fertilizer cannot increase the growth of kale land.
Dynamics of Amphibian Community in Kerandangan Nature Reserve Mohammad Liwa Ilhamdi; Muhammad Syazali
Jurnal Biologi Tropis Vol. 22 No. 2 (2022): April - June
Publisher : Biology Education Study Program, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, University of Mataram, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29303/jbt.v22i2.3453

Abstract

Kerandangan Nature Reserve is an area with important ecological aspects in the fields of economy, culture and education. One of its ecological components is amphibians. Previous research was conducted with brief observations so that the data were not sufficient to provide an overview of community fluctuations due to dependent and independent density factors. The study aim is to analyze the dynamics of the amphibian community during the period 2013 - 2019. The field survey was conducted in 3 different years, namely 2013, 2016, and 2019. Analysis of community dynamics was carried out by comparing the composition and species diversity indexes. Whether or not there are differences in the amphibian community is determined by One Way ANOVA. We found that during the period 2013-2019 there was a change in species composition. However, when compared with the results of research in 2011, the species composition is same as the data for 2019. Species richness is relatively stable unless there is a change in data for 2013 and 2016 with the discovery of Ingerophrynus biporcatus and Kaloula baleata so that the species richness increases to 4. The results of the One Way ANOVA test showed that there was no significant difference in diversity (p > 0.05) during the 2013-2019 timeframe.
KETERAMPILAN PROSES SAINS MAHASISWA PADA TOPIK KEANEKARAGAMAN HAYATI MELALUI IMPLEMENTASI LABORATORIUM ALAM DAN SPADA UNRAM Muhammad Syazali; Mohammad Liwa Ilhamdi
LENSA (Lentera Sains): Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Vol. 12 No. 1 (2022): Mei 2022
Publisher : Faculty of Teaching and Education, University of Wiraraja

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24929/lensa.v12i1.174

Abstract

Keterampilan proses sains mahasiswa pada topik keanekaragaman hayati melalui implementasi Laboratorium Alam dan SPADA UNRAM. Implementasi Laboratorium Alam dan SPADA UNRAM (Universitas Mataram) terbukti dapat meningkatkan keterampilan proses sains mahasiswa pada topik Ekosistem. Fakta ini dapat menjadi landasan ilmiah untuk mengimplementasikannya pada topik lain dengan karakteristik yang sama. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mendeskripsikan keterampilan proses sains mahasiswa pada topik keanekaragaman hayati melalui implementasi Laboratorium Alam dan SPADA UNRAM. Subjek penelitian terdiri dari 28 mahasiswa kelas 5D Sore Prodi PGSD FKIP Universitas Mataram. Data keterampilan proses sains mahasiswa dikoleksi melalui quiz yang dilaksanakan di akhir pembelajaran. Instrumen yang digunakan adalah tes berbentuk essay. Data dianalisis menggunakan statistik deskriptif yang mencakup derajat penguasaan, rata-rata, dan proporsi. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa derajat penguasaan mahasiswa terhadap keterampilan proses sains berada pada kategori kurang. Walaupun demikian, masih terdapat 7.14% mahasiswa dengan KPS kategori sangat baik, 21.43% kategori baik, dan 14.29% kategori cukup. Proporsi yang predominan adalah mahasiswa dengan derajat penguasaan keterampilan proses sains yang berada pada kategori kurang dan sangat kurang (57.14%). Berdasarkan hasil ini dapat disimpulkan bahwa keterampilan proses sains mahasiswa pada topik keanekaragaman hayati melalui implementasi Laboratorium Alam dan SPADA UNRAM masih rendah. Kata kunci: derajat penguasaan, keterampilan proses sains mahasiswa, Laboratorium Alam, SPADA UNRAM ABSTRACT Student science process skills on the topic of biodiversity through the implementation of the Natural Laboratory and SPADA UNRAM. The implementation of Laboratorium Alam and SPADA UNRAM has been proven to improve the science process skills of students on the topic of Ecosystems. This fact can become a scientific basis for implementing it on other topics with the same characteristics. The purpose of this study was to describe the science process skills of students on the topic of biodiversity through the implementation of the Laboratorium Alam and SPADA UNRAM. The research subjects consisted of 28 students in class 5D Sore of PGSD Study Program, FKIP University of Mataram. Data of students science process skills were collected through quizzes which were carried out at the end of the lesson. The instrument used was an essay test. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics that included mastery degrees, mean, and proportion. The results of this study indicate that the mastery degree of students science process skills is in the poor category. However, there are still 7.14% of students with excellent SPS categories, 21.43% good categories, and 14.29% sufficient categories. The predominant proportion is students with mastery degrees of science process skills who are in the low and very poor category (57.14%). Based on these results it can be concluded that the science process skills of students on the topic of biodiversity through the implementation of the Nature Laboratory and SPADA UNRAM are still low. Keywords: degree of mastery, student science process skills, Natural Laboratory, SPADA UNRAM
The Diversity of Dragonflies (Odonata) in the Joben Resort Area, East Lombok Juni Kartini; Syachruddin Syachruddin; Mohammad Liwa Ilhamdi
Jurnal Biologi Tropis Vol. 22 No. 2 (2022): April - June
Publisher : Biology Education Study Program, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, University of Mataram, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29303/jbt.v22i2.3458

Abstract

Dragonfly is a family of insects that are closely related to water. During their life cycle, especially when laying eggs and at the stage of dragonfly nymphs, they spend their lives in healthy water areas because dragonfly nymphs are very sensitive to polluted water quality. Therefore, dragonflies have an important role for the sustainability of the ecosystem, namely acting as predators and indicators of environmental pollution. The high diversity of dragonflies in an area indicates that the area is still not polluted because the environment supports the life of dragonflies. This study aims to determine the diversity of dragonflies (odonata) in the Joben Resort area of ​​East Lombok. This research is an exploratory descriptive study conducted from November to December 2021. Data collection was carried out 4 times and was repeated within 1 month in the morning and evening (08.00-17.00 WITA). The method used is a survey method with a sweeping net technique following a 500 m research path on 3 research paths, namely lane 1 (the river that borders Joben Ecopark), lane 2 (the path leading to the Resort Office and Joben Ecopark) and lane 3 (the river that flows through Joben Ecopark). Bordered by rice fields and Kokok Joben Brain Baths). The calculation of the diversity index of dragonflies uses the Shannon-Wienner formula (H'). The results showed that the types of dragonflies (odonata) found in the Joben Resort Area consisted of 20 species with a total number of individuals found from 3 lanes as many as 864 individuals. The diversity index of dragonflies in the Joben Resort area of ​​East Lombok is 2,309. The conclusion is that the diversity of dragonflies in the Joben Resort area of ​​East Lombok is in the medium category.
Pelatihan Pembuatan Pupuk Organik dengan Bioteknologi EM4 (Effekctive Microorganism) untuk Pengolahan Limbah Ternak di Kelompok Pemuda Mandiri Bug-Bug Lingsar Lombok Barat Mohammad Liwa Ilhamdi; Agil Al Idrus; Lalu Muhyi Abidin; Lale Yaquttunafis; Baiq Salkiyah
Jurnal Pengabdian Magister Pendidikan IPA Vol 4 No 3 (2021)
Publisher : Universitas Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (406.369 KB) | DOI: 10.29303/jpmpi.v4i3.981

Abstract

Beternak merupakan salah satu aktivitas kelompok pemuda mandiri (PKM) Bug-Bug Lingsar Lombok Barat. Aktivitas  ini  menghasilkan limbah ternak yang dapat mengotori lingkungan jika tidak dikelola dengan baik. Limbah dapat berupa kotoran padat, cair maupun bekas sisa-sisa makanan ternak. Salah satu upaya pemanfaatan limbah ini adalah menjadikannya pupuk organic dengan bioteknologi EM4. Permasalahan yang dihadapi oleh Kelompok Pemuda Mandiri Bug-Bug Lingsar Lombok Barat adalah belum mengetahui cara mengolah limbah ternaknya menjadi pupuk organik.   Tujuan kegiatan adalah untuk melatih  anggota KPM membuat pupuk organic dari limbah ternak  dengan bioteknologi EM. Metode pelaksanaan kegiatan pengabdian masyarakat ini adalah pelatihan, praktek dan pendampingan masyarakat mitra pengabdian. Hasil pengabdian menunjukkan bahwa pelatihan pembuatan pupuk organik dengan  bioteknologi EM4 (Effekctive Microorganism) untuk pengolahan  limbah ternak  dapat meningkatkan pengetahuan dan keterampilan  anggota KPM  dan  pembuatan pupuk organik sudah dapat dilakukan dengan baik oleh KPM serta implementasi penggunaan teknologi EM-4 di KPM  dapat 100 % mengatasi  limbah ternak  untuk dijadikan pupuk organik.
Pelatihan Pengelolaan Sampah Di Lingkungan Kampus Fkip Unram Menggunakan Bioteknologi Em4 (Effective Microorganism 4) Menjadi Pupuk Bokashi Mohammad Liwa Ilhamdi; Agil Al Idrus; A. Wahab Jufri; Didik Santoso; I Wayan Mertha
Jurnal Pengabdian Magister Pendidikan IPA Vol 4 No 4 (2021)
Publisher : Universitas Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (630.539 KB) | DOI: 10.29303/jpmpi.v4i4.1027

Abstract

Selama ini pengelolaan sampah di lingkungan belum banyak dilakukan. Sampah yang ada hanya dibuang  ke tempat sampah, Namun jika dikelola dengan baik maka lingkungan akan menjadi sehat dan mendatangkan  keuntungan  karena dapat dijadikan pupuk organik yang  dapat  digunakan untuk menyuburkan lahan pertanian dan mendukung pertanian ramah lingkungan yang diharapkan semua pihak. Di Kampus FKIP Unram belum mengelola sampah dengan mengubah sampah menjadi pupuk. Oleh karena itu perlu upaya untuk  mengelola sampah yang ada menjadi pupuk bokashi dengan bioteknologi EM4. Tujuan dari kegiatan ini ialah mengimplementasikan bioteknologi  EM4  untuk mengelola sampah menjadi pupuk  bokashi. Metode yang digunakan  meliputi  ceramah, pelatihan, diskusi tanya jawab dan pendampingan pengelolaan sampah dengan bioteknologi EM4 di kampus FKIP Universitas Mataram. Hasil pengabdian  sebagai berikut : 1). seluruh peserta antusias mengikuti kegiatan pengabdian pelatihan pengelolaan sampah di lingkungan Kampus FKIP Unram  menggunakan  Bioteknologi EM4 (Effective Microorganism) menjadi  pupuk bokashi. 2). Materi pelatihan 100% peserta  mengikuti dan memahami isi kegiatan pengabdian. 3). Hasil pelatihan dapat diterapkan dengan menghasilkan pupuk bokashi yang siap diaplikasikan untuk tanaman. Kesimpulan kegiatan ini adalah pengelolaan sampah dengan bioteknologi EM4 di Kampus FKIP Unram telah dilakukan dengan menghasilkan produk pupuk bokashi yang baik oleh peserta pengabdian.
Effect of The Addition of Hyacinths as Feed to Increase The Production of Earthworms (Lumbricus rubellus) Rohani Rohani; Karnan Karnan; Mohammad Liwa Ilhamdi
Jurnal Biologi Tropis Vol. 22 No. 3 (2022): July - September
Publisher : Biology Education Study Program, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, University of Mataram, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29303/jbt.v22i3.3816

Abstract

Water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) is one of Indonesia's wild plants which is considered a weed because of its rapid growth that can cause environmental problems. Generally, water hyacinth control is carried out physically/conventionally by throwing it away or burning it, causing new environmental problems. Water hyacinth has a high organic matter content, therefore water hyacinth can be used as an alternative feed to increase the production of earthworms. This study aims to determine the effect of adding water hyacinth as feed to increasing the production of earthworms (Lumbricus rubellus).This study aims to determine the effect of adding water hyacinth as feed to increasing the production of earthworms (Lumbricus rubellus). The research was conducted in the Dasan Dao hamlet, Ranggagata Village, Southwest Praya District, Central Lombok Regency, in the researcher's private house for 60 days. This type of research is an experimental research. The research design used was a completely randomized design with 4 treatments and 4 replications. Treatments were P0 (0 grams of water hyacinth), P1 (50 grams of water hyacinth), P2 (100 grams of water hyacinth), P3 (150 grams of water hyacinth). Parameters observed were the number and weight of earthworms. The results showed that the treatment had a significant effect on the weight and number of earthworms (P<0.05). The results of the treatment on the number of earthworms P0;P1;P2;P3 were 84;93.75;117.25;127.5 and the weight of earthworms was 85;102.5;118.75;124.75. The highest number and weight of earthworms were found in the P3 treatment (150 g of water hyacinth). The conclusion of this research is the addition of water hyacinth as feed can increase the number and weight of earthworms.
Analysis of Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) Growth Due to Treatment of Vermicompost and Different Types of Mulch Ahmad Raksun; Mohammad Liwa Ilhamdi; I Wayan Merta; I Gde Mertha
Jurnal Biologi Tropis Vol. 22 No. 3 (2022): July - September
Publisher : Biology Education Study Program, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, University of Mataram, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29303/jbt.v22i3.4056

Abstract

Beans are vegetables that are widely cultivated in Indonesia. The growth of beans is determined by internal and external factors. The external factor that affects the growth of beans is the availability of nutrients. Vermicompost is an organic fertilizer that can be used to increase beans growth. Research has been carried out on Analysis of Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) Growth Due to Treatment of Vermicompost and Different Types of Mulch. This study aims to determine: (1) the effect of the type of mulch on the growth of beans, (2) the effect of different doses of vermicompost on the growth of beans, (3) the effect of the combination of different types of mulch and the dose of vermicompost on the growth of beans. In this study, a 2-factor design with 4 replications was used. Bean growth parameters include number of leaves, leaf length, leaf width and plant height. Data were analyzed by Anova. The results of the study were: (1) the application of vermicompost significantly increased the number of leaves and plant height, but could not increase the length and width of the beans leaves. (2) the use of mulch can increase the number of leaves, stem height, number of leaves and leaf width of beans, black silver plastic mulch gives better results than rice straw mulch, (3) the interaction of mulch type and dose of vermicompost has no significant effect on all growth parameters measured.