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Contact Name
Titania T Nugroho
Contact Email
titania.nugroho@lecturer.unri.ac.id
Phone
+62811764031
Journal Mail Official
natur@ejournal.unri.ac.id
Editorial Address
Gedung LPPM Universitas Riau Jl. HR Subrantas Km 12,5 Pekanbaru 28293
Location
Kota pekanbaru,
Riau
INDONESIA
Jurnal Natur Indonesia
Published by Universitas Riau
ISSN : 14109379     EISSN : 25030345     DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.31258/jnat
JURNAL NATUR INDONESIA terbit sejak tahun 1998, merupakan jurnal ilmu sains yang menyajikan artikel mengenai hasil penelitian, pemikiran dan pandangan dari peneliti dan pakar dalam bidang biosains (ilmu dasar), meliputi biologi, fisika, kimia dan matematika. Jurnal Natur Indonesia melibatkan mitra bestari yang menelaah setiap artikel sesuai dengan bidang ilmunya. Nama dan asal institusi mitra bestari tersebut tercantum pada halaman bagian normor 2 dari setiap volume penerbitan. Jurnal ini diterbitkan setahun dua kali, pada bulan April dan Oktober.
Articles 15 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 13, No 3 (2011)" : 15 Documents clear
Adsorption Isotherms of Phenol Onto Adsorbents Derived from Egg Shell and Palm-Oil Shell Asyhar, Rayandra
Jurnal Natur Indonesia Vol 13, No 3 (2011)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (70.222 KB) | DOI: 10.31258/jnat.13.3.276-280

Abstract

The adsorption isotherms of phenol from aqueous solution onto adsorbents obtained from egg shell (ESA) andpalm shell (PSA) were investigated. The objectives of the investigation were to understand the effect of bothadsorbents on solution pH and to study the adsorption equilibrium of phenol onto the adsorbents. The effect ofadsorbent on pH of solution was studied by shaking the adsorbent of 0.1 to 1.5 g with 100 ml of acidic aqueoussolution for 30 min at room temperature. The adsorption experiments were performed by stirring appropriateamount of adsorbent with 100 ml of 50 mg/l concentration of phenol at constant temperature and pressure. TheLangmuir and Fraundlich adsorption models were applied to experimental data and the isotherm constants werecalculated using linier regression analysis. The results showed that the adsorption capacity of the adsorbentsincreases with increasing of dosage and contact time. Also, pH of solution affected the adsorption isotherm ofphenol, where maximum adsorption was observed at pH values lower than 9.
Toksisitas Produk Ekstrasellular (ECP) Streptococcus agalactiae pada Ikan Nila (Oreochromis niloticus) Hardi, Esti Handayani; Sukenda, Sukenda; Harris, Enang; Lusiastuti, Angela Mariana
Jurnal Natur Indonesia Vol 13, No 3 (2011)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (919.679 KB) | DOI: 10.31258/jnat.13.3.187-199

Abstract

This research aimed to know the toxicity of extracellular products (ECP) of Streptococcus agalactiae was tastedin cultured Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). Streptococcus agalactiae had two haemolytic types: β-haemolyticand non-haemolytic type. Toxicity test of ECP to know the virulancy factor of S. agalactiae was still limited. It wasfound that after tested on 15 fish weighing 15 g through intraperitoneal injection 0,1 ml/fish, both bacteria causedchanges in swimming pattern, palatability, external and internal anatomy macroscopically and microscopically.Extracellular products of S. agalactiae non-haemolytic type (BHIA and BHI 24 h) and β-haemolytic type (BHI 72 h)caused mortality 12 hours after injection and the mortality continued till day 7 th of culture. Whirling happened 96hours after injection with ECP S. agalactiae β-haemolytic type (BHIA 72 h incubation) whereas injection with ECP(BHI 24 h) on 72 h after injection and continued untill day 7 th. Behavior disease signs caused by S. agalactiaeoccured on eyes. There were opacity, purulens, eye shrink, lateral and bilateral exopthalmia and haemorrhage oninfected-fish. Silver staining of sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gels to S. agalactiae revealed thatpredominant 51.8-69.6 kDa bands were present in BHIA ECP fraction. The 69.6 kDa was absent from the BHI ECP.Total protein on non-haemolytic S. agalactiae ECP are 28.18 ppm on BHIA medium and 13.64 ppm on BHI medium.Whereas β-haemolytic S. agalactiae ECP are 2.73 ppm on BHIA medium and 8.18 ppm on BHI medium. Concentrationof protein in ECP was one of factor that caused non-haemolytic S. agalactiae more virulent than β-haemolytic type.The conclusion from the research that ECP was virulent factor on β-haemolytic and non-haemolytic S. agalactiaein fish which caused changes in behavior disease signs.
Kandungan Logam Berat Kadmium (Cd) dan Tembaga (Cu) pada Sedimen dan Siput Strombus Canarium Pantai Pulau Bintan Nasution, Syafruddin
Jurnal Natur Indonesia Vol 13, No 3 (2011)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (120.018 KB) | DOI: 10.31258/jnat.13.3.262-268

Abstract

This research was conducted at North Bintan island waters. The sample of sediment and snail S. canarium hasbeen taken from four locations those were Busung, Lobam, Sebung, and Tanjung Bakau coastal waters. Analysisof metal concentrations both in sediment and snail conducted by using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer(AAS)Solar 969 AA. The result showed the highest concentration of Cadmium (Cd) and Cuprum (Cu) in sediment whichwere 0.51 ppm (Cd) and 13.22 ppm (Cu). While the highest concentration of these metals in snail S. Canarium wichwere 0.56 ppm (Cd) and 8.42 (Cu), indicating that the concentration in both sediment and snail still below thenormal threshold. It could be concluded that the Bintan Coast has not been polluted but lightly contaminated.
Aquatic Plants for Acid Mine Drainage Remediation in Simulated Wetland Systems Munawar, Ali; Leitu, Farkhruddin Okte; Bustamam, Hendri
Jurnal Natur Indonesia Vol 13, No 3 (2011)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB) | DOI: 10.31258/jnat.13.3.244-249

Abstract

Aquatic plant is an important component of a constructed wetland system for treating acid mine drainage (AMD).This study was conducted to investigate the remediation effects of planting three aquatic plants species on AMDquality in simulated wetland systems. Simulated wetland systems were constructed using 10-L plastic containersas growth media comprising mixed-organic substrates and aquatic plant species as planting treatments. Thetreatments involved individual plantings with Fimbristilys hispidula (Vahl) Konth, Mariscus compactus (Retz) Druce,and Typha angustifolia L., and mixed-planting with a combined three-plant species. As the control was the unplantedmedia. The plants were continuously flooded with very acidic AMD collected from a mine pit in PT TambangBatubara Bukit Asam, South Sumatra. During the experiment, the acidity (pH), oxidation reduction potential (Eh),and electrical conductivity (EC) of the flooding AMD were measured after 24 hours of the flooding, and thenbiweekly until the plants entered their reproductive stage. To estimate Fe removed by plants, AMD samples weretaken from both planted and unplanted systems for total dissolved Fe analyses. The data revealed some remediationeffects of planting aquatic plants on AMD in the wetland treatment systems. The presence of plants in the wetlandsystem appeared to induce oxygen diffusion to surrounding roots, which might result in Fe precipitation on rootsurface. Although no differences among planting treatments, Fe removals by plants highly correlated (R2=0.92)with the production of plant biomass.
Pengaruh Kolonisasi Trichoderma spp. pada Akar Bibit Pisang terhadap Perkembangan Penyakit Layu Fusarium (Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense) Nurbailis, Nurbailis; Martinius, Martinius
Jurnal Natur Indonesia Vol 13, No 3 (2011)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (57.5 KB) | DOI: 10.31258/jnat.13.3.220-225

Abstract

The purpose of the research was to obtain the superior Trichoderma that had ability to colonize root with the resultbeing effective to supress Fusarium wilt desease and promote banana seedling growth. This experiment consistedof 2 factors and 4 replications. The first factor was Trichoderma spp. namely : A. Trichoderma koningii strain S6sh(TK-S6sh), B Trichoderma viride strain T1sk (TV-T1sk) and Trichoderma harzianum strain S10sh (TH-S10sh). Thesecond factor was the kind of banana namely a.Cavendis, b. Barangan and c. Kepok. The observation werecolonization ability, Fusarium wilt desease development and the banana seedling growth. The result showed thatTV-T1sk was the best spesies to colonize all banana seedling root. The highest colonization in Barangan bananaseedling root reached 80%. Trichoderma colonization in banana seedling root could suppress Fusarium wilt diseasedevelopment and increase banana seedling weight. Higher ability of Trichoderma to colonize banana seedling rootcaused lower disease incidence of Fusarium wilt and greater biomass of banana seedling. Interaction betweenTV-T1Sk and Barangan banana was the best in colonization, so they were effective to suppress Fusarium wiltdesease and increase banana seedling biomass.
Pengaruh Suhu terhadap Perkembangan Pradewasa Parasitoid Eriborus argenteopilosus Cameron (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) Nelly, Novri; Habazar, Trimurti; Syahni, Rahmat; Buchori, Damayanti
Jurnal Natur Indonesia Vol 13, No 3 (2011)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (55.996 KB) | DOI: 10.31258/jnat.13.3.250-255

Abstract

Temperature effect on development time of the preadult parasitoid Eriborus argenteopilosus Cameron(Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) were studied to know development time, degree days and survival rate.Crocidolomia pavonana (Fabricius)(Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) larvae was exposed to E. argenteopilosus female andreared at four different temperatures i.e 160C, 200C, 250C and 300C. Data were analyzed using anova and linearregression to calculate degree day. At 200C E. argenteopilosus showed the highest degree day and survival rate(18.67 %), while at 300C nothing adult parasitoid emergenced. Degree day to development time of parasitoid attemperature 200C i.e fase egg-adult: 300.05; egg-pupae 173.35; pupae-adult 171.
Proses Pembuatan Hidrolisat Protein Ikan Rucah Koesoemawardani, Dyah; Nurainy, Fibra; Hidayati, Sri
Jurnal Natur Indonesia Vol 13, No 3 (2011)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (207.008 KB) | DOI: 10.31258/jnat.13.3.256-261

Abstract

This study aimed to find optimum manufacturing trash fish protein hydrolyzate using the commercial papainenzyme. It is known that fish protein hydrolysates have good functional properties, so it is more widely utilized,especially for food. The study was conducted in two stages, the first stage was to make trash fish protein hydrolyzatetreated with enzyme concentration of 3%, 5%, 7% (w/w), and pH 5; 5.5; 6; 6.5; 7, whereas second stage was to maketrash fish protein hydrolyzate with same from the first stage and so the best treatment followed by treatment ofhalf-hour long incubation and one hour. Parameters observed were soluble protein, foamability, fat binding capacityand emulsion stability. The treatment was repeated three times and the first phase of data analysis using advancedtesting LSD and the second stage using the T test. Results show that the best soluble protein to produce a trashfish protein hydrolyzate enzyme was at a concentration of 5% and pH = 6.5 that was equal to 19.71%. In half an hourincubation produce higher soluble protein values and foamability that were equal to 24.97% and 9.63%, while thebinding capacity of fat in one hour incubation produces a higher value that was equal to 5.03%. Meanwhile, emulsionstability did not differ significantly at both incubation time.
Trapping Activity of Nematode-Trapping Fungus Arthrobotrys dactyloides on the Presence of Sawdust, Microorganisms, and Nematodes Sudirman, Sudirman; Zawani, Karwati
Jurnal Natur Indonesia Vol 13, No 3 (2011)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (353.8 KB) | DOI: 10.31258/jnat.13.3.178-186

Abstract

Once biological control agents of nematodes are introduced into soil, they must function in a very complex and dynamicenvironment. In soil, both nematodes and their antagonists are influenced by other biotic and abiotic factors. However,our knowledge of the effects of these factors in soil is limited. Hence, instead of focusing on the role of individualorganisms in controlling nematode pests, this research aimed to determine the effects of sawdust, microorganisms,and nematodes on trapping activity of Arthrobotrys dactyloides. Experiments were conducted with “standardslide test” and “soil microcosm” using soil amended with various concentrations or without sawdust, with thepresence or the absence of microorganisms, and with the presence or the absence of nematodes (Caenorhabditiselegans and/or Meloidogyne javanica). The experiments were carried out with completely randomized design anddata were analyzed with analysis of variance followed by Tukey’s Honestly Significant Different test. Resultsshowed that sawdust did not have direct effect on ring formation and trapping activity of A. dactyloides. However,sawdust did have effect on microorganisms and C. elegans which then these two factors stimulated ring formationand trapping activity of A. dactyloides.
Kemampuan Beberapa Spesies Jamur Tanah dalam Mengendalikan Globodera rostochiensis (Woll.) pada Tanaman Kentang Kalay, Agusthin Marthin; Natasasmita, Sadeli; Suganda, Tarkus; Simarmata, Tualar
Jurnal Natur Indonesia Vol 13, No 3 (2011)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (57.202 KB) | DOI: 10.31258/jnat.13.3.214-219

Abstract

Potatos cyst nematode (Globodera rostochiensis Woll.) in Indonesia has been find for the first time in Malang EastJava. This nematode suppress potato growth and caused yield looses up to 70.63%. Examination the ability of soilfungus Fusarium oxysporum TR1, F. solani TR2, F. oxysporum KT1, F. chlamydosporum KT2, F. oxysporum SM1,Paecilomyces lilacinus SM3, and F. chlamydosporum SM4 dalam pengendalian G. rostochiensis againsit G.rostochiensis on susceptible potato has been carried in out the green house, using Randomized Block Design withfour replication. Results showed that all of the seven fungi had the capacity to parasite G. rostochiensis. Inoculationof P. lilacinus SM3, F. chlamydosporum SM4, F. oxysporum KT1, and F. oxysporum SM1 decreased female populationto 58.56%, 59.09%, 60.76%, and 61.01% respectively compared to that without inoculation. While the other fungionly decrease female population up to 50%. The impact of male population reduction was the enhancement oftuber weight of potato. Adult male nematode was not found in this experiment.
Identification of Agronomic Traits of Centella asiatica (L.) Urban. Naturally Grown at Regions With Different Altitudes Halimi, Entis Sutisna
Jurnal Natur Indonesia Vol 13, No 3 (2011)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (106.508 KB) | DOI: 10.31258/jnat.13.3.232-236

Abstract

The Centella asiatica is an important herbal plant in Indonesia. The research was done to describe severalagronomic traits that related to yield of the plants grown at regions with different altitudes. The research wascarried out at three different regions of highland, midland, and lowerland, each at >500m, 250-500m, and < 250mabove sea level. The research location was Pagar Alam, Musi Rawas, and Ogan Ilir, respectively. Research indicatedthat the agronomic traits of the plants grown at highland, midland, and lowerland, regions were about the same forgeneral appearance of leaf shape and flower color. The leaf size, number and length of stolone, number of rossets,length of rhizomes, and number of flower were varied depending on the region. The plants grown at highland andmidland region tend to have larger leaf size, shorter petiole and stolone, more number of rossets and stolone,longer rhizomes, and more number of flowers per plant, compared to the plants of lowerland region. This could beindication that Centella asiatica plants grown on midland, and highland were more productive than plants oflowerland region.

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