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Mirsa Umiyati
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INDONESIA
RETORIKA: Jurnal Ilmu Bahasa
Published by Universitas Warmadewa
ISSN : 24069019     EISSN : 24430668     DOI : 10.22225
Core Subject : Education,
RETORIKA: Jurnal Ilmu Bahasa, 2406-9019 (Print ISSN), 2443-0668 (Electronic ISSN) is the Journal of Linguistics who published research articles and of theoretical articles in linguistic science which published by Linguistic Department, Postgraduated Program, Universitas Warmadewa. The journal is published twice a year every April and October published by Warmadewa Press. This journal encompasses original research articles, review articles, and short communications, including: Morphology Syntax Phonology Semantic Pragmatic Language Typology Discourse Analysis Translation Comparative Linguistics History Linguistic Anthropology Linguistic Ecology Applied Linguistic Language Learning
Articles 189 Documents
Diction and Message Logic in the Podcast of Deddy Corbuzier in Episode "Malih, Pesan Pedas Tuk Ade Londok" Ronald Umbas; I Gusti Agung Sri Rwa Jayantini
RETORIKA: Jurnal Ilmu Bahasa Vol. 7 No. 1 (2021): April
Publisher : Magister of Linguistic, Postgraduated Program, Universitas Warmadewa

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22225/jr.7.1.2902.50-57

Abstract

This study aims to identify diction which is related to message logic in communicating on social media. The identification is carried out based on Deddy Corbuzier’s podcast that is aired on YouTube. The analysis of diction is an interesting study when, as one of the reasons, it is related to the efforts to effectively convey messages that are beneficial to a society. This study combines the concept of diction and Message Logic Theory, particularly "message design logic." The method applied is observation on the data source in the form of a video recording with note-taking techniques by which identification, classification and data reduction could be carried out. There are two main results in this study. First, the diction includes general words consisting of graded words and abstract words, and particular words consisting of proper names and the words that have suggestive power. Second, the dominant message logic that appears in Deddy Corbuzier's podcast episode "Malih, Pesan Pedas Tuk Ade Londok” (Malih, Sharp Message for Ade Londok) is expressive logic and rhetorical logic. The implication of this research on diction and communication logic is a description of the importance of choosing the right words in public spaces. This study also recommends other researchers to do further researches by using more speech data so that public communication patterns can be mapped better.
The Translation of English Activity Verbs Found in Turtle and Dolphin Story I Gusti Bagus Narabhumi; I Nyoman Sedeng; Putu Sutama
RETORIKA: Jurnal Ilmu Bahasa Vol. 7 No. 1 (2021): April
Publisher : Magister of Linguistic, Postgraduated Program, Universitas Warmadewa

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22225/jr.7.1.2893.85-91

Abstract

In trilingual kids’ story book entitled “Turtle and Dolphin” by Dunkle et al (2012), the English text has both Indonesian and Balinese equivalences. This study aims at revealing the translation procedures applied to the English text especially the activity verbs and also the correlation between the translation procedures and the translation shifts that happen as the result of translations. The English activity verbs as the data in this study are collected using documentation method, the analysis is done by applying descriptive qualitative method and the result is shown using the combination of informal and formal methods. The result shows that literal translation is the most frequent translation procedure applied to translate ST into Indonesian (91%) and Balinese (77%). However, there are several English activity verbs transferred into mental verbs, nouns, and prepositions in the TT. Furthermore, when literal translations are applied the shifts that appear are intra-system shifts (36%). When transpositions are applied, the shifts that appear are class shifts (100%). When modulations are applied the shifts that appear are intra-system shifts (60%). Lastly, when adaptations are applied, the shifts that appear are intra-system shifts (37, 5%).
Using the Theory of Conceptual Metaphor to Understand Utterance Metaphorical in English Version of Surah An-Nisa Usmala Dewi Siregar; Syahron Lubis; Khairina Nasution
RETORIKA: Jurnal Ilmu Bahasa Vol. 7 No. 1 (2021): April
Publisher : Magister of Linguistic, Postgraduated Program, Universitas Warmadewa

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22225/jr.7.1.2884.19-24

Abstract

This study discusses the results of the analysis performed to determine the meaning of the metaphor in the Surah An-Nisa English version. This study is carried by applying a systematic method. Through the observation method followed by the note-taking technique, researchers identified the Quran Surah An-Nisa English Version 176 verses to find metaphors and analyzed the data with understanding the meaning of each utterance that appeared by finding keywords from the source domain of the lexicon and the target domain in one metaphorical. The results of data analysis were presented through formal and informal methods. The findings are abstract meaning that are constructed more concrete by God as guidance to humans through metaphorical utterances. The implication of this study helps people to understand the messages of the verse in the Quran, especially the Surah An-Nisa.
The Effectiveness of Flipped Learning During the Pandemic to Improve the Writing Competence of STMIK STIKOM Indonesia Students Kadek Yogi Susana; A A Gede Raka Wahyu Brahma
RETORIKA: Jurnal Ilmu Bahasa Vol. 7 No. 1 (2021): April
Publisher : Magister of Linguistic, Postgraduated Program, Universitas Warmadewa

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22225/jr.7.1.2883.75-84

Abstract

Characteristically flipped learning enables students to utilize their time in class schedule to have discussion and elaborate their analysis especially in writing. The students can obtain learning experience which will shape their English. The research was aimed to determine the effectiveness and impact of flipped learning on developing writing competence of students during the COVID-19 pandemic. There are 32 fourth semester students majoring in Informatics Engineering STMIK STIKOM Indonesia who are the objects of this research. This research was conducted in the form of CAR (Class Action Research) which included the stages of planning, implementing action, observation and reflection which were carried out in two cycles. This study adopts the three-stage model proposed by Estes et al. (2015) for flipped learning: pre-class, in-class and post-class stages. Quantitative data were acquired from the eventual outcomes of convincing articles arranged by the students when the usage of flipped learning. Quantitative data, especially three kinds of data; (pre-test and post-test 1), (pre-test and post-test 2) and (post-test1 and post-test2) were examined utilizing SPSS 21 statistics. The correlation coefficient (r) for the principal informational index was 0.769 and the subsequent informational index was 0.907. The scope of all the correlation coefficients infers that there is an intensive connection among when the use of flipped learning. In view of the aftereffects of the examination utilizing SPSS statistics 21 with a certainty level of 95%, it is realized that H1 is acknowledged and H0 is dismissed, implying that there is a huge impact on the use of flipped learning in improving students’ writing ability.
The Implemetation of Contextual Redefinition Strategy for the Improvement of Reading Skill of STMIK STIKOM Indonesia’s Students Maria Osmunda Eawea Monny; Ni Putu Dian Indra Pratiwi
RETORIKA: Jurnal Ilmu Bahasa Vol. 7 No. 1 (2021): April
Publisher : Magister of Linguistic, Postgraduated Program, Universitas Warmadewa

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22225/jr.7.1.2880.69-74

Abstract

One way of improving understanding of English for Specific Purposes is through Contextual Redefinition Strategy (CRS). The implementation of CRS is meant to enhance the understanding of students of STMIK STIKOM Indonesia mostly in computers and business terms. The implementation of CRS is done through Classroom Action Research (CAR) in 3 stages of activities; those are pre-implementation, Middle Test (Cycle I) and Final Test (Cycle II). Besides, questionnaire is used with the purpose to know students’ attitude towards CRS’ implementation. The results of reading test on pre–implementation show that out of 40 students, there were 26 students did not get the lowest score 55 as the passing score of the college. After the explanation of CRS stages, middle and Final Tests tested the topics of reading texts on computers and business through search for clues in nearby words or sentences, and paragraphs of a text. Specific context clues that should be explicitly considered to understand the meaning of the sentences are definition/explanation, synonym/restatement, antonym/contrast, inference/general, and punctuation context. The results of Middle Test show that 22 students could get the score above 55, however most of students made mistakes in making redefinition based on inference/general and punctuation context. The results of Cycle II show that all students can score above 55. Besides, the results show that the students could improve their understanding for inference/general and punctuation context. The questionnaire shows that the students are motivated to acquire more and more vocabularies based on the needs for computer and business terms. The implementation of CRS does not only improve students’ ability to understand English based on its context but also enrich the vocabularies.
Traditional Madurese Engagement Amids the Social Change of the Kangean Society Fahmi Reza Alfani; Hairus Salikin; Muta’allim; Hosaini; Hasan Sayfullah
RETORIKA: Jurnal Ilmu Bahasa Vol. 7 No. 1 (2021): April
Publisher : Magister of Linguistic, Postgraduated Program, Universitas Warmadewa

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22225/jr.7.1.2633.32-42

Abstract

Kangean is an island that has various traditions, one of which is the engagement tradition. Today, the engagement tradition has undergone a drastic shift, due to the presence of technological media, such as television, cell phones, the internet, and the like. Television, which is basically a medium of entertainment for the wider community, however, for the kangean community, television is one of the causes of social and cultural changes. This study aims to uncover and describe the causes of these changes. This study uses data analysis. Qualitative methods are methods that aim to obtain descriptive data. The data in this study are conversations related to the causes of socio-cultural shifts, the data is transcribed into written texts. The data was collected by interviewing, selecting, describing and verification techniques. Data were analyzed by using descriptive qualitative method which is based on Siswantoro's theory. The results of this study indicate that non-educational shows on television such as soap opera films, promiscuty, blue film, tiktok, life style, speaking style and dress patterns are greatly affect the kangean community especially among teenagers. The negative affects for Kangean teenagers are on social life, lifestyle, speaking style, promiscuty, drug addicts, violating customs, traditions and culture. Therefore, policies are needed to limit the scope of globalization to which ones should be implemented and which should be rejected. This requires the role of the government of the kangean community to act through policies that are more directed at socio-cultural considerations.
An Analysis of Pronunciation Errors Made by Medical Students at S&I Learning Centre Ida Ayu Maharani; I Wayan Pastika; Ni Luh Ketut Mas Indrawati
RETORIKA: Jurnal Ilmu Bahasa Vol. 6 No. 2 (2020): Oktober 2020
Publisher : Magister of Linguistic, Postgraduated Program, Universitas Warmadewa

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22225/jr.6.2.2527.105-112

Abstract

This study discusses about pronunciation errors made by medical students at S&I Learning Centre. The study aims to describe the types of pronunciation errors found in students' utterances using descriptive qualitative method. The subject are medical students at S&I Learning, meanwhile the object of this exploration are students' utterances in English. The data was collected through audio recording and then those was analysed by using theory proposed by Corder by classifying errors into three types. The results show that the sorts of pronunciation errors created by medical student and 2) the cause of pronunciation errors produced by medical students. Students’ pronunciation errors are also classified into three types. Those are interference errors, intralingual errors, and developmental errors. In speaking, teacher and students had their effect to each other. The teacher has duties to assess and address the error of students by addressing the errors produced by learners permanently, particularly at the time when they drilled and practiced the correct pronunciation in speaking skill. In addition, students too should be more dynamic in surveying and correcting the pronunciation themselves. They have to create and improve their pronunciation capacity by appreciating the hypothetical about legitimate phonological. In accordance with this reason, it is necessary to apply an appropriate learning model to reduce pronunciation errors produced by students.
Indonesian Interference in the Students’ Writing of Recount Text at SMA Negeri 1 Toma Rika Purnama Sari; Rahmat Gaho
RETORIKA: Jurnal Ilmu Bahasa Vol. 6 No. 2 (2020): Oktober 2020
Publisher : Magister of Linguistic, Postgraduated Program, Universitas Warmadewa

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22225/jr.6.2.2526.98-104

Abstract

The obejctives of this research is two-fold: to describe how Indonesian language interferes the recount text written by students of SMA Negeri 1 Toma and to identify the types of Indonesian interferences in recount texts written by Students in question. The design of this research is qualitative. Data of the research were analysed using the qualitative data analysis technique of Miles et al. (2014). The data in this research were recount text written by students of SMA Negeri 1 Toma and semistructure interview taken from the students in SMA Negeri 1 Toma. Results show Indonesian language system interfered the recount texts written by students of SMA Negeri 1 Toma in that the students adopted the way of Indonesian words, phrases, and sentences are structured. The types of Indonesian interference occur in recount text written by students of SMA Negeri 1 Toma distinguished into morphological, syntactical and semantic. Therefore, it can be concluded that students adopted the way of Indonesian words, phrases, and sentences are structured because they do not master Indonesian or L2 and English or L3 most in structuring the phrases and sentences. The teaching of English to non-English speaking people should take into account the highlights of the differences between English and Indonesian linguistic system.
An Interreligious Tolerance in Warganet Condolence-expressions on Passing of B.J. Habibie: Anthropolinguistic Study Laily Rahmatika; Agus Budi Wahyudi; Gallant Karunia Assidik
RETORIKA: Jurnal Ilmu Bahasa Vol. 7 No. 1 (2021): April
Publisher : Magister of Linguistic, Postgraduated Program, Universitas Warmadewa

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22225/jr.7.1.2481.43-49

Abstract

The passing of B.J. Habibie is identified as a form of utterance about the existence of interreligious tolerance in Indonesia. Interreligious is intersected with each other in upholding the value of tolerance as manifestation of a sense of Bhineka Tunggal Ika. The research aims to identify the value of tolerance based on potential diversities among interreligious in condolence-expressions. This type of research is a qualitative descriptive study. Data are from Warganet expressions which contain tolerance value. Collecting data uses purposive sampling technique. Data sources are taken from Warganet expressions on Twitter and Instagram. Analyzing data method uses distribution method with markup reading techniques and the equivalent method with referential equivalence technique that refers to the meaning outside of language. The result of this research is that interreligious tolerance is contained in the condolence-expressions in the form of expressions of religious, affection and kinship, and general.
Semantic Broadening of the Word Sudah in the Spoken Use of Bahasa Indonesia in Sumba Raynesta Mikaela Indri Malo
RETORIKA: Jurnal Ilmu Bahasa Vol. 6 No. 2 (2020): Oktober 2020
Publisher : Magister of Linguistic, Postgraduated Program, Universitas Warmadewa

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22225/jr.6.2.2331.156-164

Abstract

This is a descriptive qualitative study which aims at studying the use of the word sudah in the spoken use of Bahasa Indonesia in Sumba. According to Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia, sudah is an adverb used mostly to inform that something has already happened or that something has already been done. The position of sudah in phrases or sentences precedes the verb or adjective that it modifies. However, there is a different use of sudah in Sumba, and probably in mostly eastern islands in Indonesia, where this adverb is placed after the verb. The purpose of this research is to study the meaning brought by this new arrangement of sudah. The data was spoken use of Bahasa Indonesia collected through note-taking at campus, houses, and public places (market and stores). The data collected was then analyzed using agih method or meaning-analysis method. There were also 2 informants asked to get information on the function of the new arrangement. The analysis showed that the adverb sudah underwent the semantic or meaning broadening in its use. This study revealed there were 3 new meanings as the result of broadening process, (1) to give order or to ask other people to do something, (2) to invite other people to do something, and (3) to inform that something is about to happen or to be done soon. With these new meanings, the adverb sudah can also function as an adverb to show that something has not happened yet or something has not been done yet, the contrast of what is suggested in the dictionary.

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