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Pencegahan Kerusakan Fisiologis Belimbing (Avverhoa carambola) dalam Rantai Pasok dengan Optimisasi Model Kombinasi Perlakuan Air Panas dan CaCl2 Menggunakan Response Surface Method . Sutrisno; Emmy Darmawati; Rokhani Hasbullah; Harli Prawaningrum
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol. 18 No. 1 (2013): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Starfruits is one of exotic tropical fruits that have increasing its popularity both for domestic and global market due to its unique shape and taste, as well as their nutrition values. However, this fruit is considered perishable product with short self-life, thus the proper post harvest treatment should be done to prevent their quality after harvest. In general, the objective of this research was to determine optimum treatment of hot water treatment (HWT) and immersion period in CaCl2 solution using response surface method (RSM) for post harvest handling of starfruits in order to maintain its quality during storage. Among quality parameters tested, weight loss and hardness were found as the most responsive to the combination treatment. Parameter of weight loss rate showed a maximization response with stationary point of HWT’s temperature of 42 °C, expose period for 42 minutes, and immersion period in CaCl2 solution for 38 minutes with respond point of weight loss was 3.74%. Meanwhile, the hardness parameter achievement was the minimum with stationary point of HWT’s temperature of 48 °C, expose period for 35 minutes, and immersion period in CaCl2 solution fpr 35 minutes resulted respond point of hardness of 0.63 Newton. Interest level from the panelist were color, taste, texture and aroma, respectively, whereas the treatment combination that accepted by panelist were (45 °C, 65', 40'), (45 °C, 40', 15'), and (45 °C, 40', 40’).
Study on the Storage Characteristics of Minimally Processed of Oranges (Citrus grandis L.) Under Modified Packaging . Saputera; . Sutrisno; Slamet Susanto; I Wayan Budiastra
Jurnal Keteknikan Pertanian Vol. 14 No. 1 (2000): Buletin Keteknikan Pertanian
Publisher : PERTETA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19028/jtep.014.1.%p

Abstract

Orange (Citrus grandis L.) is one of horticulture commodity which is consummed because of its delicious taste and plenty vitamins and minerals that is required by the humm body. The respiration rate of the minimally processed of orange at 10, 15 and 27.5 OC were 8.10, 13.24 and 28.212 ml/kg. h, re.jp,pectivily. The respiration rate of whole (unpeeled) orange at the same storage temperature were 10.15, 19.13 and 42.28 ml/kg. h, respectivily.
OPTIMASI PROSES EKSTRUSI MI JAGUNG DENGAN METODE PERMUKAAN RESPON [Optimization of Corn Noodle Extrusion Using Response Surface Methodology] Tjahja Muhandri; Adil Basuki Ahza; Rizal Syarief; . Sutrisno
Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan Vol. 22 No. 2 (2011): Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan, IPB Indonesia bekerjasama dengan PATPI

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Abstract

 Cooking loss and elongation are primary noodle quality parameters that depend on microstructure of the noodle. The noodle microstructure is strongly influenced by degree of gelatinization, moisture content, and shear force experienced by the dough. These parameters are controlled by temperature and screw speed of the extruder. The objective of this research was to optimize three processing variables i.e., corn flour moisture (70, 75, 80% dry basis), extruder temperature (80, 85, 90°C), and screw speed (110, 120, 130 rpm). Corn noodles were processed using Scientific Laboratory Single Screw Extruder type LE25-30/C. Optimizations Using Response Surface Methodology were based on four parameters, i.e., hardness, stickiness, elongation, and cooking loss characteristics .Results showed that the optimum processing condition was obtained at moisture of 70% (dry basis), extruder temperature 90°C, and screw speed 130 rpm. Under this condition, corn noodles has hardness of 3039.79 gf, stickiness of -116.2 gf, elongation of 318.68%, and cooking loss of 4.56%.
Development and Validation of Prediction Model for 02 and CO2 Concentration of Fresh Vegetables under Modified Atmosphere Packaging . Sutrisno; Ferry R. Yuda Y.P
Jurnal Keteknikan Pertanian Vol. 13 No. 1 (1999): Buletin Keteknikan Pertanian
Publisher : PERTETA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19028/jtep.013.1.%p

Abstract

A mathematical model was developed to predic O2 and CO2 gaseous concentration for fresh vegetables under modified atmosphere packaging Mathematical models were developed by assump that the slides basin packing it permaeble and the bottom package is imperable.Verification of the model were done by using the experimental data of read chilli, carrot and tomato, the models were generally significant enough to predict the gaseous condition of inside package for fresh vegetables products under MAP.Key words : MAP, prediction models, shelf life, permabilitas, laju respirasi.
Identifikasi Perubahan Mutu Selama Penyimpanan Buah Manggis Menggunakan Near Infra Red Spectroscopy . Sutrisno; Yohanes Aris Purwanto; Emmy Darmawati; Enrico Syaefullah
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol. 17 No. 2 (2012): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

One of quality changes during storage of intact mangosteen fruit is firmness. This occurrence was predicted to have associate with moisture content in the pericarp. The objective of this research was to determine the correlation between moisture content and firmness, and to predict moisture content changes based on reflectance spectrum of near infra red (NIR). The correlation between moisture content and firmness at 13 °C is y = 0.07972x2 – 9.833x + 305.9 while at room temperature showed y = 0.1207x2 – 14.89x + 460.8; in which y refers to firmness and x refers to moisture content in pericarp. The calibration and validation evaluation using partial least square of moisture content resulted in NIR and oven method showed that the magnitude of r is 0.758-0.882; RMSEC and RMSEP is 0.09-0.39%; CV<5% is at 2.5-3.3%. Moisture content prediction using NIR reflectant spektrum is y (temperature:8 °C) = -0.057x + 65.14; y (temperature 13 °C) = -0.253x + 64.96; y (room temperature) = -0.421x + 64.76. 
Pengaruh Pupuk terhadap Pertanaman Kacang Hijau dan Residunya pada Tanaman Kacang Tunggak Sri Ayu Dwi Lestari; . Sutrisno; Henny Kuntyastuti
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol. 23 No. 1 (2018): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (245.843 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.23.1.21

Abstract

The objective of this research was to determine the effect of fertilization on four varieties mungbean in ultisol acid soils and its residual on cowpea. The experiment was conducted at the screen house of Indonesian Legumes and Tuber Crops Research Institute (ILETRI), Malang, East Java, from November 2014-April 2015. Two types of research conducted sequentially, the first planting was four mungbean varieties and the second planting was cowpea (continued from the first planting) without additional fertilizer. This experiment was laid out in split plot design, replicated three times. In the first planting, mungbean as the main plot, namely Kenari (V1), Murai (V2), Kutilang (V3), and Vima 1 (V4). Fertilizer rates as the sub plot, namely control or without fertilizer (P0), 300 kg Phonska/ha (P1), 1500 kg cow manure/ha (P2), 3000 kg cow manure/ha (P3), and 5000 kg cow manure/ha (P4). The cowpea variety used in the second planting was KT 4, with the experiment design following the first planting. The results from first planting showed that growth of mungbean varieties was relatively same at ultisol acid soils, and seed yield can increase by application 300 kg/ha Phonska or 3000 kg cow manure/ha. The growth of cowpea showed the best result on both fertilizers indicating the presence of fertilizer residue from first planting.
Fuzzy Control on Artificial Ripening of Uli Banana . Sugiyono; . Sutrisno; Budi I. Setiawan
Jurnal Keteknikan Pertanian Vol. 13 No. 1 (1999): Buletin Keteknikan Pertanian
Publisher : PERTETA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19028/jtep.013.1.%p

Abstract

Banana is a potential commodity to gain foreign currency since its export has tended to increase yaer by year. Postharvest handling of banana is very important in order to maintain high quality of the products. Artificial ripening is one method applied to control the rate of ripening and in the other side to guarantee the uniformity of quality. Teperature in the ripening chamber plays an important role since it directly influences respiration rate of the products. This research is aimed to apply fuzzy control to regulate the temperature, which is set in order to get better quality of the product. Yhe objective of the fizzy control is to set the temperature into 4 (four) decreasing steps : 1) 24"C. 2)22.5"C 30 21.5 "C and 4) 24 "C each for 24 hours. Respiration rate during these periods are 0.0866 ml CO2/kg/h become 0.06054 ml CO2/kg/h or 3.1716 ml O2/kg/h/ become 0.7016 ml O2/kg/h.
Studyon Characteristics and Shelf Life Prediction of Cashew Appels Using Modified Atmosphere Packaging System La Rianda; . Sutrisno; Rizal Syarief; I Wayan Budiastra
Jurnal Keteknikan Pertanian Vol. 14 No. 1 (2000): Buletin Keteknikan Pertanian
Publisher : PERTETA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19028/jtep.014.1.%p

Abstract

The aims of this research are: I) to identzJL the changes ofphysiologic characteristics of cashew apples during storage under MAP system; 2) to verzfv the changes of their quality during storage; and 3) to establish the optimum gaseous compotition range in the MAS system. To completed the research, the experimen was conducted by four steps activities as follows: I) the measurement of respiration rate; 2) establishment of the range of modijied atmosphere storage for cashew uppels; 3) cojitputingthe packaging area and selecting the kind of plastic film; 4) prediction of shelf lge for cashew appels during srorage under MAP system.
Kajain Dasar Mekanisme Pemisah Biji Buah Asam (Tamarindus indica Leguminosae sp ) Dalam Rangka Perancangan Prototipe Mesin Pengolah Asam Tanpa Biji Husen Asbanu; Sam Herodian; . Sutrisno
Jurnal Keteknikan Pertanian Vol. 26 No. 2 (2012): Jurnal Keteknikan Pertanian
Publisher : PERTETA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (637.163 KB) | DOI: 10.19028/jtep.026.2.%p

Abstract

ABSTRAK Pemisahan biji dan daging buah asam merupakan tantangan dalam pemecahan masalah saat ini yaitu teknologi mekanisasi atau mesin pertanian. Penelitian ini bertujuan membuat suatu kajian dasar mekanisme pemisahan biji buah asam (Tamarindus indica sp) dalam rangka perancangan mesin pengolah asam tanpa biji. Model awal dari alat mesin pemisah biji asam dengan mempelajari konsep perancangan terhadap kinerja unit penyayat dan pemisah biji asam. Perancangan awal bagian pemisahan biji dan daging buah terdiri dari unit penyayatan untuk menyayat buah  asam sebelum buah asam ke unit pengupas yang terdiri dari dua buah silinder pengupas. Unit pengupas dipasang sejajar  sehingga mampu melewatkan daging yang terpisah dan tetap menahan biji asam yang akan dipisahkan dengan unit pemisah biji. Model prototipe awal dari alsin pemisah biji asam telah berhasil dibuat, pada uji model dilakukan pengukuran kecepatan putar dari poros pengupas pada rpm 1065 yang efektif pada tingkat beban yang diuji yaitu pada 100 gram, 200 gram, dan 300 gram. Pengukuran torsi pengupasan  menunjukan nilai torsi terjadi peningkatan yang cukup signifikan  dengan naiknya tingkat beban untuk semua perlakuan, nilai torsi terbesar terjadi pada kecepatan putar 890 rpm dengan nilai torsi sebesar 1,45 Nm pada tingkat beban yang diberikan sebesar 300 gram. Sedangkan pada kecepatan putar 1220 rpm nilai torsi yang terjadi adalah 1,17 Nm dengan tingkat beban yang di berikan sebesar 300 gram. Kata Kunci : Kajian dasar, kinerja, buah asam, pemisah biji  ABSTRACT The process of fruit and seed separation on Tamarind is a challenge for agricultural mechanization technology that must be solved. The purpose of this study is to develop a basic study of the Tamarind fruit separation mechanism (Tamarindus indica sp) as a part of design process on Tamarind seedless processing machine. Initial design of Tamarind seeds separation machine was made by studying the work of  slashing unit and seed separation unit. Tamarind seedless processing machine consist of slicer and peeler. The slicer function is to slice the fruit before it sent into peeler unit which contains two cylindrical peeler. The peeler unit installed parallel so it let through the fruit pulp but still hold the Tamarind seeds that had been separated by the separator unit. Tamarind seeds separation prototype model has been succesfully made. Model testing was done by measuring the rotary speed of spindle peelers on 1065 rpm which considered work effectively for the test load of 100 grams, 200 grams and 300 grams. Further, shaft torque measurements in the process of peeling showed a significant increase in value and it is proportional to the increase in load level for all treatments. Greatest torque happened at 890 rpm rotation speed with a value of 1.45 Nm at 300 gram load. While the rotary speed of 1220 rpm produce 1.17 Nm torque at 300 grams load. Keywords : Basic study, performance, tamarind, seed separator